Holy Bible

Deuterocanon and Apocrypha

About the Deuterocanon and Apocrypha –

The word ‘Apocrypha’ means ‘hidden away’ in Greek – though their existence has always been known to scholars. Once added to the Canon, they are known as ‘Deuterocanon’ – meaning ‘added to the canon’.

 

All taking place before the stories of the New Testament, many of these books were found in the Greek, but rejected when the Bible was originally translated into Latin because no texts in Hebrew existed for them. Many were later accepted into the Canon of the Catholic Church at the Council of Trent in 1563, with still others being accepted into Orthodox churches later.

 

Regardless of their acceptance as Canon, these books provide a fascinating and informative look into the lives and faith of their authors.



Apocrypha/Deuterocanon

1 Esdras

2 Esdras

Tobit

Judith

Esther

Wisdom of Solomon

Sirach

Baruch

Azariah

Susanna           (Daniel 13)

Bel                   (Daniel 14)

Manasses

1 Maccabees

2 Maccabees

3 Maccabees

4 Maccabees

Psalm 151


 

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1st Esdras


1And Josias held the feast of the passover in Jerusalem unto his Lord, and offered the passover the fourteenth day of the first month;

2Having set the priests according to their daily courses, being arrayed in long garments, in the temple of the Lord.

3And he spake unto the Levites, the holy ministers of Israel, that they should hallow themselves unto the Lord, to set the holy ark of the Lord in the house that king Solomon the son of David had built:

4And said, Ye shall no more bear the ark upon your shoulders: now therefore serve the Lord your God, and minister unto his people Israel, and prepare you after your families and kindreds,

5According as David the king of Israel prescribed, and according to the magnificence of Solomon his son: and standing in the temple according to the several dignity of the families of you the Levites, who minister in the presence of your brethren the children of Israel,

6Offer the passover in order, and make ready the sacrifices for your brethren, and keep the passover according to the commandment of the Lord, which was given unto Moses.

7And unto the people that was found there Josias gave thirty thousand lambs and kids, and three thousand calves: these things were given of the king's allowance, according as he promised, to the people, to the priests, and to the Levites.

8And Helkias, Zacharias, and Syelus, the governors of the temple, gave to the priests for the passover two thousand and six hundred sheep, and three hundred calves.

9And Jeconias, and Samaias, and Nathanael his brother, and Assabias, and Ochiel, and Joram, captains over thousands, gave to the Levites for the passover five thousand sheep, and seven hundred calves.

10And when these things were done, the priests and Levites, having the unleavened bread, stood in very comely order according to the kindreds,

11And according to the several dignities of the fathers, before the people, to offer to the Lord, as it is written in the book of Moses: and thus did they in the morning.

12And they roasted the passover with fire, as appertaineth: as for the sacrifices, they sod them in brass pots and pans with a good savour,

13And set them before all the people: and afterward they prepared for themselves, and for the priests their brethren, the sons of Aaron.

14For the priests offered the fat until night: and the Levites prepared for themselves, and the priests their brethren, the sons of Aaron.

15The holy singers also, the sons of Asaph, were in their order, according to the appointment of David, to wit, Asaph, Zacharias, and Jeduthun, who was of the king's retinue.

16Moreover the porters were at every gate; it was not lawful for any to go from his ordinary service: for their brethren the Levites prepared for them.

17Thus were the things that belonged to the sacrifices of the Lord accomplished in that day, that they might hold the passover,

18And offer sacrifices upon the altar of the Lord, according to the commandment of king Josias.

19So the children of Israel which were present held the passover at that time, and the feast of sweet bread seven days.

20And such a passover was not kept in Israel since the time of the prophet Samuel.

21Yea, all the kings of Israel held not such a passover as Josias, and the priests, and the Levites, and the Jews, held with all Israel that were found dwelling at Jerusalem.

22In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josias was this passover kept.

23And the works or Josias were upright before his Lord with an heart full of godliness.

24As for the things that came to pass in his time, they were written in former times, concerning those that sinned, and did wickedly against the Lord above all people and kingdoms, and how they grieved him exceedingly, so that the words of the Lord rose up against Israel.

25Now after all these acts of Josias it came to pass, that Pharaoh the king of Egypt came to raise war at Carchamis upon Euphrates: and Josias went out against him.

26But the king of Egypt sent to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, O king of Judea?

27I am not sent out from the Lord God against thee; for my war is upon Euphrates: and now the Lord is with me, yea, the Lord is with me hasting me forward: depart from me, and be not against the Lord.

28Howbeit Josias did not turn back his chariot from him, but undertook to fight with him, not regarding the words of the prophet Jeremy spoken by the mouth of the Lord:

29But joined battle with him in the plain of Magiddo, and the princes came against king Josias.

30Then said the king unto his servants, Carry me away out of the battle; for I am very weak. And immediately his servants took him away out of the battle.

31Then gat he up upon his second chariot; and being brought back to Jerusalem died, and was buried in his father's sepulchre.

32And in all Jewry they mourned for Josias, yea, Jeremy the prophet lamented for Josias, and the chief men with the women made lamentation for him unto this day: and this was given out for an ordinance to be done continually in all the nation of Israel.

33These things are written in the book of the stories of the kings of Judah, and every one of the acts that Josias did, and his glory, and his understanding in the law of the Lord, and the things that he had done before, and the things now recited, are reported in the book of the kings of Israel and Judea.

34And the people took Joachaz the son of Josias, and made him king instead of Josias his father, when he was twenty and three years old.

35And he reigned in Judea and in Jerusalem three months: and then the king of Egypt deposed him from reigning in Jerusalem.

36And he set a tax upon the land of an hundred talents of silver and one talent of gold.

37The king of Egypt also made king Joacim his brother king of Judea and Jerusalem.

38And he bound Joacim and the nobles: but Zaraces his brother he apprehended, and brought him out of Egypt.

39Five and twenty years old was Joacim when he was made king in the land of Judea and Jerusalem; and he did evil before the Lord.

40Wherefore against him Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon came up, and bound him with a chain of brass, and carried him into Babylon.

41Nabuchodonosor also took of the holy vessels of the Lord, and carried them away, and set them in his own temple at Babylon.

42But those things that are recorded of him, and of his uncleaness and impiety, are written in the chronicles of the kings.

43And Joacim his son reigned in his stead: he was made king being eighteen years old;

44And reigned but three months and ten days in Jerusalem; and did evil before the Lord.

45So after a year Nabuchodonosor sent and caused him to be brought into Babylon with the holy vessels of the Lord;

46And made Zedechias king of Judea and Jerusalem, when he was one and twenty years old; and he reigned eleven years:

47And he did evil also in the sight of the Lord, and cared not for the words that were spoken unto him by the prophet Jeremy from the mouth of the Lord.

48And after that king Nabuchodonosor had made him to swear by the name of the Lord, he forswore himself, and rebelled; and hardening his neck, his heart, he transgressed the laws of the Lord God of Israel.

49The governors also of the people and of the priests did many things against the laws, and passed all the pollutions of all nations, and defiled the temple of the Lord, which was sanctified in Jerusalem.

50Nevertheless the God of their fathers sent by his messenger to call them back, because he spared them and his tabernacle also.

51But they had his messengers in derision; and, look, when the Lord spake unto them, they made a sport of his prophets:

52So far forth, that he, being wroth with his people for their great ungodliness, commanded the kings of the Chaldees to come up against them;

53Who slew their young men with the sword, yea, even within the compass of their holy temple, and spared neither young man nor maid, old man nor child, among them; for he delivered all into their hands.

54And they took all the holy vessels of the Lord, both great and small, with the vessels of the ark of God, and the king's treasures, and carried them away into Babylon.

55As for the house of the Lord, they burnt it, and brake down the walls of Jerusalem, and set fire upon her towers:

56And as for her glorious things, they never ceased till they had consumed and brought them all to nought: and the people that were not slain with the sword he carried unto Babylon:

57Who became servants to him and his children, till the Persians reigned, to fulfil the word of the Lord spoken by the mouth of Jeremy:

58Until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths, the whole time of her desolation shall she rest, until the full term of seventy years.

2In the first year of Cyrus king of the Persians, that the word of the Lord might be accomplished, that he had promised by the mouth of Jeremy;

2The Lord raised up the spirit of Cyrus the king of the Persians, and he made proclamation through all his kingdom, and also by writing,

3Saying, Thus saith Cyrus king of the Persians; The Lord of Israel, the most high Lord, hath made me king of the whole world,

4And commanded me to build him an house at Jerusalem in Jewry.

5If therefore there be any of you that are of his people, let the Lord, even his Lord, be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem that is in Judea, and build the house of the Lord of Israel: for he is the Lord that dwelleth in Jerusalem.

6Whosoever then dwell in the places about, let them help him, those, I say, that are his neighbours, with gold, and with silver,

7With gifts, with horses, and with cattle, and other things, which have been set forth by vow, for the temple of the Lord at Jerusalem.

8Then the chief of the families of Judea and of the tribe of Benjamin stood up; the priests also, and the Levites, and all they whose mind the Lord had moved to go up, and to build an house for the Lord at Jerusalem,

9And they that dwelt round about them, and helped them in all things with silver and gold, with horses and cattle, and with very many free gifts of a great number whose minds were stirred up thereto.

10King Cyrus also brought forth the holy vessels, which Nabuchodonosor had carried away from Jerusalem, and had set up in his temple of idols.

11Now when Cyrus king of the Persians had brought them forth, he delivered them to Mithridates his treasurer:

12And by him they were delivered to Sanabassar the governor of Judea.

13And this was the number of them; A thousand golden cups, and a thousand of silver, censers of silver twenty nine, vials of gold thirty, and of silver two thousand four hundred and ten, and a thousand other vessels.

14So all the vessels of gold and of silver, which were carried away, were five thousand four hundred threescore and nine.

15These were brought back by Sanabassar, together with them of the captivity, from Babylon to Jerusalem.

16But in the time of Artexerxes king of the Persians Belemus, and Mithridates, and Tabellius, and Rathumus, and Beeltethmus, and Semellius the secretary, with others that were in commission with them, dwelling in Samaria and other places, wrote unto him against them that dwelt in Judea and Jerusalem these letters following;

17To king Artexerxes our lord, Thy servants, Rathumus the storywriter, and Semellius the scribe, and the rest of their council, and the judges that are in Celosyria and Phenice.

18Be it now known to the lord king, that the Jews that are up from you to us, being come into Jerusalem, that rebellious and wicked city, do build the marketplaces, and repair the walls of it and do lay the foundation of the temple.

19Now if this city and the walls thereof be made up again, they will not only refuse to give tribute, but also rebel against kings.

20And forasmuch as the things pertaining to the temple are now in hand, we think it meet not to neglect such a matter,

21But to speak unto our lord the king, to the intent that, if it be thy pleasure it may be sought out in the books of thy fathers:

22And thou shalt find in the chronicles what is written concerning these things, and shalt understand that that city was rebellious, troubling both kings and cities:

23And that the Jews were rebellious, and raised always wars therein; for the which cause even this city was made desolate.

24Wherefore now we do declare unto thee, O lord the king, that if this city be built again, and the walls thereof set up anew, thou shalt from henceforth have no passage into Celosyria and Phenice.

25Then the king wrote back again to Rathumus the storywriter, to Beeltethmus, to Semellius the scribe, and to the rest that were in commission, and dwellers in Samaria and Syria and Phenice, after this manner;

26I have read the epistle which ye have sent unto me: therefore I commanded to make diligent search, and it hath been found that that city was from the beginning practising against kings;

27And the men therein were given to rebellion and war: and that mighty kings and fierce were in Jerusalem, who reigned and exacted tributes in Celosyria and Phenice.

28Now therefore I have commanded to hinder those men from building the city, and heed to be taken that there be no more done in it;

29And that those wicked workers proceed no further to the annoyance of kings,

30Then king Artexerxes his letters being read, Rathumus, and Semellius the scribe, and the rest that were in commission with them, removing in haste toward Jerusalem with a troop of horsemen and a multitude of people in battle array, began to hinder the builders; and the building of the temple in Jerusalem ceased until the second year of the reign of Darius king of the Persians.

3Now when Darius reigned, he made a great feast unto all his subjects, and unto all his household, and unto all the princes of Media and Persia,

2And to all the governors and captains and lieutenants that were under him, from India unto Ethiopia, of an hundred twenty and seven provinces.

3And when they had eaten and drunken, and being satisfied were gone home, then Darius the king went into his bedchamber, and slept, and soon after awaked.

4Then three young men, that were of the guard that kept the king's body, spake one to another;

5Let every one of us speak a sentence: he that shall overcome, and whose sentence shall seem wiser than the others, unto him shall the king Darius give great gifts, and great things in token of victory:

6As, to be clothed in purple, to drink in gold, and to sleep upon gold, and a chariot with bridles of gold, and an headtire of fine linen, and a chain about his neck:

7And he shall sit next to Darius because of his wisdom, and shall be called Darius his cousin.

8And then every one wrote his sentence, sealed it, and laid it under king Darius his pillow;

9And said that, when the king is risen, some will give him the writings; and of whose side the king and the three princes of Persia shall judge that his sentence is the wisest, to him shall the victory be given, as was appointed.

10The first wrote, Wine is the strongest.

11The second wrote, The king is strongest.

12The third wrote, Women are strongest: but above all things Truth beareth away the victory.

13Now when the king was risen up, they took their writings, and delivered them unto him, and so he read them:

14And sending forth he called all the princes of Persia and Media, and the governors, and the captains, and the lieutenants, and the chief officers;

15And sat him down in the royal seat of judgment; and the writings were read before them.

16And he said, Call the young men, and they shall declare their own sentences. So they were called, and came in.

17And he said unto them, Declare unto us your mind concerning the writings. Then began the first, who had spoken of the strength of wine;

18And he said thus, O ye men, how exceeding strong is wine! it causeth all men to err that drink it:

19It maketh the mind of the king and of the fatherless child to be all one; of the bondman and of the freeman, of the poor man and of the rich:

20It turneth also every thought into jollity and mirth, so that a man remembereth neither sorrow nor debt:

21And it maketh every heart rich, so that a man remembereth neither king nor governor; and it maketh to speak all things by talents:

22And when they are in their cups, they forget their love both to friends and brethren, and a little after draw out swords:

23But when they are from the wine, they remember not what they have done.

24O ye men, is not wine the strongest, that enforceth to do thus? And when he had so spoken, he held his peace.

4Then the second, that had spoken of the strength of the king, began to say,

2O ye men, do not men excel in strength that bear rule over sea and land and all things in them?

3But yet the king is more mighty: for he is lord of all these things, and hath dominion over them; and whatsoever he commandeth them they do.

4If he bid them make war the one against the other, they do it: if he send them out against the enemies, they go, and break down mountains walls and towers.

5They slay and are slain, and transgress not the king's commandment: if they get the victory, they bring all to the king, as well the spoil, as all things else.

6Likewise for those that are no soldiers, and have not to do with wars, but use husbundry, when they have reaped again that which they had sown, they bring it to the king, and compel one another to pay tribute unto the king.

7And yet he is but one man: if he command to kill, they kill; if he command to spare, they spare;

8If he command to smite, they smite; if he command to make desolate, they make desolate; if he command to build, they build;

9If he command to cut down, they cut down; if he command to plant, they plant.

10So all his people and his armies obey him: furthermore he lieth down, he eateth and drinketh, and taketh his rest:

11And these keep watch round about him, neither may any one depart, and do his own business, neither disobey they him in any thing.

12O ye men, how should not the king be mightiest, when in such sort he is obeyed? And he held his tongue.

13Then the third, who had spoken of women, and of the truth, (this was Zorobabel) began to speak.

14O ye men, it is not the great king, nor the multitude of men, neither is it wine, that excelleth; who is it then that ruleth them, or hath the lordship over them? are they not women?

15Women have borne the king and all the people that bear rule by sea and land.

16Even of them came they: and they nourished them up that planted the vineyards, from whence the wine cometh.

17These also make garments for men; these bring glory unto men; and without women cannot men be.

18Yea, and if men have gathered together gold and silver, or any other goodly thing, do they not love a woman which is comely in favour and beauty?

19And letting all those things go, do they not gape, and even with open mouth fix their eyes fast on her; and have not all men more desire unto her than unto silver or gold, or any goodly thing whatsoever?

20A man leaveth his own father that brought him up, and his own country, and cleaveth unto his wife.

21He sticketh not to spend his life with his wife. and remembereth neither father, nor mother, nor country.

22By this also ye must know that women have dominion over you: do ye not labour and toil, and give and bring all to the woman?

23Yea, a man taketh his sword, and goeth his way to rob and to steal, to sail upon the sea and upon rivers;

24And looketh upon a lion, and goeth in the darkness; and when he hath stolen, spoiled, and robbed, he bringeth it to his love.

25Wherefore a man loveth his wife better than father or mother.

26Yea, many there be that have run out of their wits for women, and become servants for their sakes.

27Many also have perished, have erred, and sinned, for women.

28And now do ye not believe me? is not the king great in his power? do not all regions fear to touch him?

29Yet did I see him and Apame the king's concubine, the daughter of the admirable Bartacus, sitting at the right hand of the king,

30And taking the crown from the king's head, and setting it upon her own head; she also struck the king with her left hand.

31And yet for all this the king gaped and gazed upon her with open mouth: if she laughed upon him, he laughed also: but if she took any displeasure at him, the king was fain to flatter, that she might be reconciled to him again.

32O ye men, how can it be but women should be strong, seeing they do thus?

33Then the king and the princes looked one upon another: so he began to speak of the truth.

34O ye men, are not women strong? great is the earth, high is the heaven, swift is the sun in his course, for he compasseth the heavens round about, and fetcheth his course again to his own place in one day.

35Is he not great that maketh these things? therefore great is the truth, and stronger than all things.

36All the earth crieth upon the truth, and the heaven blesseth it: all works shake and tremble at it, and with it is no unrighteous thing.

37Wine is wicked, the king is wicked, women are wicked, all the children of men are wicked, and such are all their wicked works; and there is no truth in them; in their unrighteousness also they shall perish.

38As for the truth, it endureth, and is alwaYs strong; it liveth and conquereth for evermore.

39With her there is no accepting of persons or rewards; but she doeth the things that are just, and refraineth from all unjust and wicked things; and all men do well like of her works.

40Neither in her judgment is any unrighteousness; and she is the strength, kingdom, power, and majesty, of all ages. Blessed be the God of truth.

41And with that he held his peace. And all the people then shouted, and said, Great is Truth, and mighty above all things.

42Then said the king unto him, Ask what thou wilt more than is appointed in the writing, and we will give it thee, because thou art found wisest; and thou shalt sit next me, and shalt be called my cousin.

43Then said he unto the king, Remember thy vow, which thou hast vowed to build Jerusalem, in the day when thou camest to thy kingdom,

44And to send away all the vessels that were taken away out of Jerusalem, which Cyrus set apart, when he vowed to destroy Babylon, and to send them again thither.

45Thou also hast vowed to build up the temple, which the Edomites burned when Judea was made desolate by the Chaldees.

46And now, O lord the king, this is that which I require, and which I desire of thee, and this is the princely liberality proceeding from thyself: I desire therefore that thou make good the vow, the performance whereof with thine own mouth thou hast vowed to the King of heaven.

47Then Darius the king stood up, and kissed him, and wrote letters for him unto all the treasurers and lieutenants and captains and governors, that they should safely convey on their way both him, and all those that go up with him to build Jerusalem.

48He wrote letters also unto the lieutenants that were in Celosyria and Phenice, and unto them in Libanus, that they should bring cedar wood from Libanus unto Jerusalem, and that they should build the city with him.

49Moreover he wrote for all the Jews that went out of his realm up into Jewry, concerning their freedom, that no officer, no ruler, no lieutenant, nor treasurer, should forcibly enter into their doors;

50And that all the country which they hold should be free without tribute; and that the Edomites should give over the villages of the Jews which then they held:

51Yea, that there should be yearly given twenty talents to the building of the temple, until the time that it were built;

52And other ten talents yearly, to maintain the burnt offerings upon the altar every day, as they had a commandment to offer seventeen:

53And that all they that went from Babylon to build the city should have free liberty, as well they as their posterity, and all the priests that went away.

54He wrote also concerning. the charges, and the priests' vestments wherein they minister;

55And likewise for the charges of the Levites, to be given them until the day that the house were finished, and Jerusalem builded up.

56And he commanded to give to all that kept the city pensions and wages.

57He sent away also all the vessels from Babylon, that Cyrus had set apart; and all that Cyrus had given in commandment, the same charged he also to be done, and sent unto Jerusalem.

58Now when this young man was gone forth, he lifted up his face to heaven toward Jerusalem, and praised the King of heaven,

59And said, From thee cometh victory, from thee cometh wisdom, and thine is the glory, and I am thy servant.

60Blessed art thou, who hast given me wisdom: for to thee I give thanks, O Lord of our fathers.

61And so he took the letters, and went out, and came unto Babylon, and told it all his brethren.

62And they praised the God of their fathers, because he had given them freedom and liberty

63To go up, and to build Jerusalem, and the temple which is called by his name: and they feasted with instruments of musick and gladness seven days.

5After this were the principal men of the families chosen according to their tribes, to go up with their wives and sons and daughters, with their menservants and maidservants, and their cattle.

2And Darius sent with them a thousand horsemen, till they had brought them back to Jerusalem safely, and with musical instruments tabrets and flutes.

3And all their brethren played, and he made them go up together with them.

4And these are the names of the men which went up, according to their families among their tribes, after their several heads.

5The priests, the sons of Phinees the son of Aaron: Jesus the son of Josedec, the son of Saraias, and Joacim the son of Zorobabel, the son of Salathiel, of the house of David, out of the kindred of Phares, of the tribe of Judah;

6Who spake wise sentences before Darius the king of Persia in the second year of his reign, in the month Nisan, which is the first month.

7And these are they of Jewry that came up from the captivity, where they dwelt as strangers, whom Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon.

8And they returned unto Jerusalem, and to the other parts of Jewry, every man to his own city, who came with Zorobabel, with Jesus, Nehemias, and Zacharias, and Reesaias, Enenius, Mardocheus. Beelsarus, Aspharasus, Reelius, Roimus, and Baana, their guides.

9The number of them of the nation, and their governors, sons of Phoros, two thousand an hundred seventy and two; the sons of Saphat, four hundred seventy and two:

10The sons of Ares, seven hundred fifty and six:

11The sons of Phaath Moab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve:

12The sons of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four: the sons of Zathul, nine hundred forty and five: the sons of Corbe, seven hundred and five: the sons of Bani, six hundred forty and eight:

13The sons of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three: the sons of Sadas, three thousand two hundred twenty and two:

14The sons of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and seven: the sons of Bagoi, two thousand sixty and six: the sons of Adin, four hundred fifty and four:

15The sons of Aterezias, ninety and two: the sons of Ceilan and Azetas threescore and seven: the sons of Azuran, four hundred thirty and two:

16The sons of Ananias, an hundred and one: the sons of Arom, thirty two: and the sons of Bassa, three hundred twenty and three: the sons of Azephurith, an hundred and two:

17The sons of Meterus, three thousand and five: the sons of Bethlomon, an hundred twenty and three:

18They of Netophah, fifty and five: they of Anathoth, an hundred fifty and eight: they of Bethsamos, forty and two:

19They of Kiriathiarius, twenty and five: they of Caphira and Beroth, seven hundred forty and three: they of Pira, seven hundred:

20They of Chadias and Ammidoi, four hundred twenty and two: they of Cirama and Gabdes, six hundred twenty and one:

21They of Macalon, an hundred twenty and two: they of Betolius, fifty and two: the sons of Nephis, an hundred fifty and six:

22The sons of Calamolalus and Onus, seven hundred twenty and five: the sons of Jerechus, two hundred forty and five:

23The sons of Annas, three thousand three hundred and thirty.

24The priests: the sons of Jeddu, the son of Jesus among the sons of Sanasib, nine hundred seventy and two: the sons of Meruth, a thousand fifty and two:

25The sons of Phassaron, a thousand forty and seven: the sons of Carme, a thousand and seventeen.

26The Levites: the sons of Jessue, and Cadmiel, and Banuas, and Sudias, seventy and four.

27The holy singers: the sons of Asaph, an hundred twenty and eight.

28The porters: the sons of Salum, the sons of Jatal, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Dacobi, the sons of Teta, the sons of Sami, in all an hundred thirty and nine.

29The servants of the temple: the sons of Esau, the sons of Asipha, the sons of Tabaoth, the sons of Ceras, the sons of Sud, the sons of Phaleas, the sons of Labana, the sons of Graba,

30The sons of Acua, the sons of Uta, the sons of Cetab, the sons of Agaba, the sons of Subai, the sons of Anan, the sons of Cathua, the sons of Geddur,

31The sons of Airus, the sons of Daisan, the sons of Noeba, the sons of Chaseba, the sons of Gazera, the sons of Azia, the sons of Phinees, the sons of Azare, the sons of Bastai, the sons of Asana, the sons of Meani, the sons of Naphisi, the sons of Acub, the sons of Acipha, the sons of Assur, the sons of Pharacim, the sons of Basaloth,

32The sons of Meeda, the sons of Coutha, the sons of Charea, the sons of Charcus, the sons of Aserer, the sons of Thomoi, the sons of Nasith, the sons of Atipha.

33The sons of the servants of Solomon: the sons of Azaphion, the sons of Pharira, the sons of Jeeli, the sons of Lozon, the sons of Israel, the sons of Sapheth,

34The sons of Hagia, the sons of Pharacareth, the sons of Sabi, the sons of Sarothie, the sons of Masias, the sons of Gar, the sons of Addus, the sons of Suba, the sons of Apherra, the sons of Barodis, the sons of Sabat, the sons of Allom.

35All the ministers of the temple, and the sons of the servants of Solomon, were three hundred seventy and two.

36These came up from Thermeleth and Thelersas, Charaathalar leading them, and Aalar;

37Neither could they shew their families, nor their stock, how they were of Israel: the sons of Ladan, the son of Ban, the sons of Necodan, six hundred fifty and two.

38And of the priests that usurped the office of the priesthood, and were not found: the sons of Obdia, the sons of Accoz, the sons of Addus, who married Augia one of the daughters of Barzelus, and was named after his name.

39And when the description of the kindred of these men was sought in the register, and was not found, they were removed from executing the office of the priesthood:

40For unto them said Nehemias and Atharias, that they should not be partakers of the holy things, till there arose up an high priest clothed with doctrine and truth.

41So of Israel, from them of twelve years old and upward, they were all in number forty thousand, beside menservants and womenservants two thousand three hundred and sixty.

42Their menservants and handmaids were seven thousand three hundred forty and seven: the singing men and singing women, two hundred forty and five:

43Four hundred thirty and five camels, seven thousand thirty and six horses, two hundred forty and five mules, five thousand five hundred twenty and five beasts used to the yoke.

44And certain of the chief of their families, when they came to the temple of God that is in Jerusalem, vowed to set up the house again in his own place according to their ability,

45And to give into the holy treasury of the works a thousand pounds of gold, five thousand of silver, and an hundred priestly vestments.

46And so dwelt the priests and the Levites and the people in Jerusalem, and in the country, the singers also and the porters; and all Israel in their villages.

47But when the seventh month was at hand, and when the children of Israel were every man in his own place, they came all together with one consent into the open place of the first gate which is toward the east.

48Then stood up Jesus the son of Josedec, and his brethren the priests and Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and his brethren, and made ready the altar of the God of Israel,

49To offer burnt sacrifices upon it, according as it is expressly commanded in the book of Moses the man of God.

50And there were gathered unto them out of the other nations of the land, and they erected the altar upon his own place, because all the nations of the land were at enmity with them, and oppressed them; and they offered sacrifices according to the time, and burnt offerings to the Lord both morning and evening.

51Also they held the feast of tabernacles, as it is commanded in the law, and offered sacrifices daily, as was meet:

52And after that, the continual oblations, and the sacrifice of the sabbaths, and of the new moons, and of all holy feasts.

53And all they that had made any vow to God began to offer sacrifices to God from the first day of the seventh month, although the temple of the Lord was not yet built.

54And they gave unto the masons and carpenters money, meat, and drink, with cheerfulness.

55Unto them of Zidon also and Tyre they gave carrs, that they should bring cedar trees from Libanus, which should be brought by floats to the haven of Joppa, according as it was commanded them by Cyrus king of the Persians.

56And in the second year and second month after his coming to the temple of God at Jerusalem began Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Jesus the son of Josedec, and their brethren, and the priests, and the Levites, and all they that were come unto Jerusalem out of the captivity:

57And they laid the foundation of the house of God in the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come to Jewry and Jerusalem.

58And they appointed the Levites from twenty years old over the works of the Lord. Then stood up Jesus, and his sons and brethren, and Cadmiel his brother, and the sons of Madiabun, with the sons of Joda the son of Eliadun, with their sons and brethren, all Levites, with one accord setters forward of the business, labouring to advance the works in the house of God. So the workmen built the temple of the Lord.

59And the priests stood arrayed in their vestments with musical instruments and trumpets; and the Levites the sons of Asaph had cymbals,

60Singing songs of thanksgiving, and praising the Lord, according as David the king of Israel had ordained.

61And they sung with loud voices songs to the praise of the Lord, because his mercy and glory is for ever in all Israel.

62And all the people sounded trumpets, and shouted with a loud voice, singing songs of thanksgiving unto the Lord for the rearing up of the house of the Lord.

63Also of the priests and Levites, and of the chief of their families, the ancients who had seen the former house came to the building of this with weeping and great crying.

64But many with trumpets and joy shouted with loud voice,

65Insomuch that the trumpets might not be heard for the weeping of the people: yet the multitude sounded marvellously, so that it was heard afar off.

66Wherefore when the enemies of the tribe of Judah and Benjamin heard it, they came to know what that noise of trumpets should mean.

67And they perceived that they that were of the captivity did build the temple unto the Lord God of Israel.

68So they went to Zorobabel and Jesus, and to the chief of the families, and said unto them, We will build together with you.

69For we likewise, as ye, do obey your Lord, and do sacrifice unto him from the days of Azbazareth the king of the Assyrians, who brought us hither.

70Then Zorobabel and Jesus and the chief of the families of Israel said unto them, It is not for us and you to build together an house unto the Lord our God.

71We ourselves alone will build unto the Lord of Israel, according as Cyrus the king of the Persians hath commanded us.

72But the heathen of the land lying heavy upon the inhabitants of Judea, and holding them strait, hindered their building;

73And by their secret plots, and popular persuasions and commotions, they hindered the finishing of the building all the time that king Cyrus lived: so they were hindered from building for the space of two years, until the reign of Darius.

6Now in the second year of the reign of Darius Aggeus and Zacharias the son of Addo, the prophets, prophesied unto the Jews in Jewry and Jerusalem in the name of the Lord God of Israel, which was upon them.

2Then stood up Zorobabel the son of Salatiel, and Jesus the son of Josedec, and began to build the house of the Lord at Jerusalem, the prophets of the Lord being with them, and helping them.

3At the same time came unto them Sisinnes the governor of Syria and Phenice, with Sathrabuzanes and his companions, and said unto them,

4By whose appointment do ye build this house and this roof, and perform all the other things? and who are the workmen that perform these things?

5Nevertheless the elders of the Jews obtained favour, because the Lord had visited the captivity;

6And they were not hindered from building, until such time as signification was given unto Darius concerning them, and an answer received.

7The copy of the letters which Sisinnes, governor of Syria and Phenice, and Sathrabuzanes, with their companions, rulers in Syria and Phenice, wrote and sent unto Darius; To king Darius, greeting:

8Let all things be known unto our lord the king, that being come into the country of Judea, and entered into the city of Jerusalem we found in the city of Jerusalem the ancients of the Jews that were of the captivity

9Building an house unto the Lord, great and new, of hewn and costly stones, and the timber already laid upon the walls.

10And those works are done with great speed, and the work goeth on prosperously in their hands, and with all glory and diligence is it made.

11Then asked we these elders, saying, By whose commandment build ye this house, and lay the foundations of these works?

12Therefore to the intent that we might give knowledge unto thee by writing, we demanded of them who were the chief doers, and we required of them the names in writing of their principal men.

13So they gave us this answer, We are the servants of the Lord which made heaven and earth.

14And as for this house, it was builded many years ago by a king of Israel great and strong, and was finished.

15But when our fathers provoked God unto wrath, and sinned against the Lord of Israel which is in heaven, he gave them over into the power of Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon, of the Chaldees;

16Who pulled down the house, and burned it, and carried away the people captives unto Babylon.

17But in the first year that king Cyrus reigned over the country of Babylon Cyrus the king wrote to build up this house.

18And the holy vessels of gold and of silver, that Nabuchodonosor had carried away out of the house at Jerusalem, and had set them in his own temple those Cyrus the king brought forth again out of the temple at Babylon, and they were delivered to Zorobabel and to Sanabassarus the ruler,

19With commandment that he should carry away the same vessels, and put them in the temple at Jerusalem; and that the temple of the Lord should be built in his place.

20Then the same Sanabassarus, being come hither, laid the foundations of the house of the Lord at Jerusalem; and from that time to this being still a building, it is not yet fully ended.

21Now therefore, if it seem good unto the king, let search be made among the records of king Cyrus:

22And if it be found that the building of the house of the Lord at Jerusalem hath been done with the consent of king Cyrus, and if our lord the king be so minded, let him signify unto us thereof.

23Then commanded king Darius to seek among the records at Babylon: and so at Ecbatane the palace, which is in the country of Media, there was found a roll wherein these things were recorded.

24In the first year of the reign of Cyrus king Cyrus commanded that the house of the Lord at Jerusalem should be built again, where they do sacrifice with continual fire:

25Whose height shall be sixty cubits and the breadth sixty cubits, with three rows of hewn stones, and one row of new wood of that country; and the expences thereof to be given out of the house of king Cyrus:

26And that the holy vessels of the house of the Lord, both of gold and silver, that Nabuchodonosor took out of the house at Jerusalem, and brought to Babylon, should be restored to the house at Jerusalem, and be set in the place where they were before.

27And also he commanded that Sisinnes the governor of Syria and Phenice, and Sathrabuzanes, and their companions, and those which were appointed rulers in Syria and Phenice, should be careful not to meddle with the place, but suffer Zorobabel, the servant of the Lord, and governor of Judea, and the elders of the Jews, to build the house of the Lord in that place.

28I have commanded also to have it built up whole again; and that they look diligently to help those that be of the captivity of the Jews, till the house of the Lord be finished:

29And out of the tribute of Celosyria and Phenice a portion carefully to be given these men for the sacrifices of the Lord, that is, to Zorobabel the governor, for bullocks, and rams, and lambs;

30And also corn, salt, wine, and oil, and that continually every year without further question, according as the priests that be in Jerusalem shall signify to be daily spent:

31That offerings may be made to the most high God for the king and for his children, and that they may pray for their lives.

32And he commanded that whosoever should transgress, yea, or make light of any thing afore spoken or written, out of his own house should a tree be taken, and he thereon be hanged, and all his goods seized for the king.

33The Lord therefore, whose name is there called upon, utterly destroy every king and nation, that stretcheth out his hand to hinder or endamage that house of the Lord in Jerusalem.

34I Darius the king have ordained that according unto these things it be done with diligence.

7Then Sisinnes the governor of Celosyria and Phenice, and Sathrabuzanes, with their companions following the commandments of king Darius,

2Did very carefully oversee the holy works, assisting the ancients of the Jews and governors of the temple.

3And so the holy works prospered, when Aggeus and Zacharias the prophets prophesied.

4And they finished these things by the commandment of the Lord God of Israel, and with the consent of Cyrus, Darius, and Artexerxes, kings of Persia.

5And thus was the holy house finished in the three and twentieth day of the month Adar, in the sixth year of Darius king of the Persians

6And the children of Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and others that were of the captivity, that were added unto them, did according to the things written in the book of Moses.

7And to the dedication of the temple of the Lord they offered an hundred bullocks two hundred rams, four hundred lambs;

8And twelve goats for the sin of all Israel, according to the number of the chief of the tribes of Israel.

9The priests also and the Levites stood arrayed in their vestments, according to their kindreds, in the service of the Lord God of Israel, according to the book of Moses: and the porters at every gate.

10And the children of Israel that were of the captivity held the passover the fourteenth day of the first month, after that the priests and the Levites were sanctified.

11They that were of the captivity were not all sanctified together: but the Levites were all sanctified together.

12And so they offered the passover for all them of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and for themselves.

13And the children of Israel that came out of the captivity did eat, even all they that had separated themselves from the abominations of the people of the land, and sought the Lord.

14And they kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days, making merry before the Lord,

15For that he had turned the counsel of the king of Assyria toward them, to strengthen their hands in the works of the Lord God of Israel.

8And after these things, when Artexerxes the king of the Persians reigned came Esdras the son of Saraias, the son of Ezerias, the son of Helchiah, the son of Salum,

2The son of Sadduc, the son of Achitob, the son of Amarias, the son of Ezias, the son of Meremoth, the son of Zaraias, the son of Savias, the son of Boccas, the son of Abisum, the son of Phinees, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the chief priest.

3This Esdras went up from Babylon, as a scribe, being very ready in the law of Moses, that was given by the God of Israel.

4And the king did him honour: for he found grace in his sight in all his requests.

5There went up with him also certain of the children of Israel, of the priest of the Levites, of the holy singers, porters, and ministers of the temple, unto Jerusalem,

6In the seventh year of the reign of Artexerxes, in the fifth month, this was the king's seventh year; for they went from Babylon in the first day of the first month, and came to Jerusalem, according to the prosperous journey which the Lord gave them.

7For Esdras had very great skill, so that he omitted nothing of the law and commandments of the Lord, but taught all Israel the ordinances and judgments.

8Now the copy of the commission, which was written from Artexerxes the king, and came to Esdras the priest and reader of the law of the Lord, is this that followeth;

9King Artexerxes unto Esdras the priest and reader of the law of the Lord sendeth greeting:

10Having determined to deal graciously, I have given order, that such of the nation of the Jews, and of the priests and Levites being within our realm, as are willing and desirous should go with thee unto Jerusalem.

11As many therefore as have a mind thereunto, let them depart with thee, as it hath seemed good both to me and my seven friends the counsellors;

12That they may look unto the affairs of Judea and Jerusalem, agreeably to that which is in the law of the Lord;

13And carry the gifts unto the Lord of Israel to Jerusalem, which I and my friends have vowed, and all the gold and silver that in the country of Babylon can be found, to the Lord in Jerusalem,

14With that also which is given of the people for the temple of the Lord their God at Jerusalem: and that silver and gold may be collected for bullocks, rams, and lambs, and things thereunto appertaining;

15To the end that they may offer sacrifices unto the Lord upon the altar of the Lord their God, which is in Jerusalem.

16And whatsoever thou and thy brethren will do with the silver and gold, that do, according to the will of thy God.

17And the holy vessels of the Lord, which are given thee for the use of the temple of thy God, which is in Jerusalem, thou shalt set before thy God in Jerusalem.

18And whatsoever thing else thou shalt remember for the use of the temple of thy God, thou shalt give it out of the king's treasury.

19And I king Artexerxes have also commanded the keepers of the treasures in Syria and Phenice, that whatsoever Esdras the priest and the reader of the law of the most high God shall send for, they should give it him with speed,

20To the sum of an hundred talents of silver, likewise also of wheat even to an hundred cors, and an hundred pieces of wine, and other things in abundance.

21Let all things be performed after the law of God diligently unto the most high God, that wrath come not upon the kingdom of the king and his sons.

22I command you also, that ye require no tax, nor any other imposition, of any of the priests, or Levites, or holy singers, or porters, or ministers of the temple, or of any that have doings in this temple, and that no man have authority to impose any thing upon them.

23And thou, Esdras, according to the wisdom of God ordain judges and justices, that they may judge in all Syria and Phenice all those that know the law of thy God; and those that know it not thou shalt teach.

24And whosoever shall transgress the law of thy God, and of the king, shall be punished diligently, whether it be by death, or other punishment, by penalty of money, or by imprisonment.

25Then said Esdras the scribe, Blessed be the only Lord God of my fathers, who hath put these things into the heart of the king, to glorify his house that is in Jerusalem:

26And hath honoured me in the sight of the king, and his counsellors, and all his friends and nobles.

27Therefore was I encouraged by the help of the Lord my God, and gathered together men of Israel to go up with me.

28And these are the chief according to their families and several dignities, that went up with me from Babylon in the reign of king Artexerxes:

29Of the sons of Phinees, Gerson: of the sons of Ithamar, Gamael: of the sons of David, Lettus the son of Sechenias:

30Of the sons of Pharez, Zacharias; and with him were counted an hundred and fifty men:

31Of the sons of Pahath Moab, Eliaonias, the son of Zaraias, and with him two hundred men:

32Of the sons of Zathoe, Sechenias the son of Jezelus, and with him three hundred men: of the sons of Adin, Obeth the son of Jonathan, and with him two hundred and fifty men:

33Of the sons of Elam, Josias son of Gotholias, and with him seventy men:

34Of the sons of Saphatias, Zaraias son of Michael, and with him threescore and ten men:

35Of the sons of Joab, Abadias son of Jezelus, and with him two hundred and twelve men:

36Of the sons of Banid, Assalimoth son of Josaphias, and with him an hundred and threescore men:

37Of the sons of Babi, Zacharias son of Bebai, and with him twenty and eight men:

38Of the sons of Astath, Johannes son of Acatan, and with him an hundred and ten men:

39Of the sons of Adonikam the last, and these are the names of them, Eliphalet, Jewel, and Samaias, and with them seventy men:

40Of the sons of Bago, Uthi the son of Istalcurus, and with him seventy men.

41And these I gathered together to the river called Theras, where we pitched our tents three days: and then I surveyed them.

42But when I had found there none of the priests and Levites,

43Then sent I unto Eleazar, and Iduel, and Masman,

44And Alnathan, and Mamaias, and Joribas, and Nathan, Eunatan, Zacharias, and Mosollamon, principal men and learned.

45And I bade them that they should go unto Saddeus the captain, who was in the place of the treasury:

46And commanded them that they should speak unto Daddeus, and to his brethren, and to the treasurers in that place, to send us such men as might execute the priests' office in the house of the Lord.

47And by the mighty hand of our Lord they brought unto us skilful men of the sons of Moli the son of Levi, the son of Israel, Asebebia, and his sons, and his brethren, who were eighteen.

48And Asebia, and Annus, and Osaias his brother, of the sons of Channuneus, and their sons, were twenty men.

49And of the servants of the temple whom David had ordained, and the principal men for the service of the Levites to wit, the servants of the temple two hundred and twenty, the catalogue of whose names were shewed.

50And there I vowed a fast unto the young men before our Lord, to desire of him a prosperous journey both for us and them that were with us, for our children, and for the cattle:

51For I was ashamed to ask the king footmen, and horsemen, and conduct for safeguard against our adversaries.

52For we had said unto the king, that the power of the Lord our God should be with them that seek him, to support them in all ways.

53And again we besought our Lord as touching these things, and found him favourable unto us.

54Then I separated twelve of the chief of the priests, Esebrias, and Assanias, and ten men of their brethren with them:

55And I weighed them the gold, and the silver, and the holy vessels of the house of our Lord, which the king, and his council, and the princes, and all Israel, had given.

56And when I had weighed it, I delivered unto them six hundred and fifty talents of silver, and silver vessels of an hundred talents, and an hundred talents of gold,

57And twenty golden vessels, and twelve vessels of brass, even of fine brass, glittering like gold.

58And I said unto them, Both ye are holy unto the Lord, and the vessels are holy, and the gold and the silver is a vow unto the Lord, the Lord of our fathers.

59Watch ye, and keep them till ye deliver them to the chief of the priests and Levites, and to the principal men of the families of Israel, in Jerusalem, into the chambers of the house of our God.

60So the priests and the Levites, who had received the silver and the gold and the vessels, brought them unto Jerusalem, into the temple of the Lord.

61And from the river Theras we departed the twelfth day of the first month, and came to Jerusalem by the mighty hand of our Lord, which was with us: and from the beginning of our journey the Lord delivered us from every enemy, and so we came to Jerusalem.

62And when we had been there three days, the gold and silver that was weighed was delivered in the house of our Lord on the fourth day unto Marmoth the priest the son of Iri.

63And with him was Eleazar the son of Phinees, and with them were Josabad the son of Jesu and Moeth the son of Sabban, Levites: all was delivered them by number and weight.

64And all the weight of them was written up the same hour.

65Moreover they that were come out of the captivity offered sacrifice unto the Lord God of Israel, even twelve bullocks for all Israel, fourscore and sixteen rams,

66Threescore and twelve lambs, goats for a peace offering, twelve; all of them a sacrifice to the Lord.

67And they delivered the king's commandments unto the king's stewards' and to the governors of Celosyria and Phenice; and they honoured the people and the temple of God.

68Now when these things were done, the rulers came unto me, and said,

69The nation of Israel, the princes, the priests and Levites, have not put away from them the strange people of the land, nor the pollutions of the Gentiles to wit, of the Canaanites, Hittites, Pheresites, Jebusites, and the Moabites, Egyptians, and Edomites.

70For both they and their sons have married with their daughters, and the holy seed is mixed with the strange people of the land; and from the beginning of this matter the rulers and the great men have been partakers of this iniquity.

71And as soon as I had heard these things, I rent my clothes, and the holy garment, and pulled off the hair from off my head and beard, and sat me down sad and very heavy.

72So all they that were then moved at the word of the Lord God of Israel assembled unto me, whilst I mourned for the iniquity: but I sat still full of heaviness until the evening sacrifice.

73Then rising up from the fast with my clothes and the holy garment rent, and bowing my knees, and stretching forth my hands unto the Lord,

74I said, O Lord, I am confounded and ashamed before thy face;

75For our sins are multiplied above our heads, and our ignorances have reached up unto heaven.

76For ever since the time of our fathers we have been and are in great sin, even unto this day.

77And for our sins and our fathers' we with our brethren and our kings and our priests were given up unto the kings of the earth, to the sword, and to captivity, and for a prey with shame, unto this day.

78And now in some measure hath mercy been shewed unto us from thee, O Lord, that there should be left us a root and a name in the place of thy sanctuary;

79And to discover unto us a light in the house of the Lord our God, and to give us food in the time of our servitude.

80Yea, when we were in bondage, we were not forsaken of our Lord; but he made us gracious before the kings of Persia, so that they gave us food;

81Yea, and honoured the temple of our Lord, and raised up the desolate Sion, that they have given us a sure abiding in Jewry and Jerusalem.

82And now, O Lord, what shall we say, having these things? for we have transgressed thy commandments, which thou gavest by the hand of thy servants the prophets, saying,

83That the land, which ye enter into to possess as an heritage, is a land polluted with the pollutions of the strangers of the land, and they have filled it with their uncleanness.

84Therefore now shall ye not join your daughters unto their sons, neither shall ye take their daughters unto your sons.

85Moreover ye shall never seek to have peace with them, that ye may be strong, and eat the good things of the land, and that ye may leave the inheritance of the land unto your children for evermore.

86And all that is befallen is done unto us for our wicked works and great sins; for thou, O Lord, didst make our sins light,

87And didst give unto us such a root: but we have turned back again to transgress thy law, and to mingle ourselves with the uncleanness of the nations of the land.

88Mightest not thou be angry with us to destroy us, till thou hadst left us neither root, seed, nor name?

89O Lord of Israel, thou art true: for we are left a root this day.

90Behold, now are we before thee in our iniquities, for we cannot stand any longer by reason of these things before thee.

91And as Esdras in his prayer made his confession, weeping, and lying flat upon the ground before the temple, there gathered unto him from Jerusalem a very great multitude of men and women and children: for there was great weeping among the multitude.

92Then Jechonias the son of Jeelus, one of the sons of Israel, called out, and said, O Esdras, we have sinned against the Lord God, we have married strange women of the nations of the land, and now is all Israel aloft.

93Let us make an oath to the Lord, that we will put away all our wives, which we have taken of the heathen, with their children,

94Like as thou hast decreed, and as many as do obey the law of the Lord.

95Arise and put in execution: for to thee doth this matter appertain, and we will be with thee: do valiantly.

96So Esdras arose, and took an oath of the chief of the priests and Levites of all Israel to do after these things; and so they sware.

9Then Esdras rising from the court of the temple went to the chamber of Joanan the son of Eliasib,

2And remained there, and did eat no meat nor drink water, mourning for the great iniquities of the multitude.

3And there was a proclamation in all Jewry and Jerusalem to all them that were of the captivity, that they should be gathered together at Jerusalem:

4And that whosoever met not there within two or three days according as the elders that bare rule appointed, their cattle should be seized to the use of the temple, and himself cast out from them that were of the captivity.

5And in three days were all they of the tribe of Judah and Benjamin gathered together at Jerusalem the twentieth day of the ninth month.

6And all the multitude sat trembling in the broad court of the temple because of the present foul weather.

7So Esdras arose up, and said unto them, Ye have transgressed the law in marrying strange wives, thereby to increase the sins of Israel.

8And now by confessing give glory unto the Lord God of our fathers,

9And do his will, and separate yourselves from the heathen of the land, and from the strange women.

10Then cried the whole multitude, and said with a loud voice, Like as thou hast spoken, so will we do.

11But forasmuch as the people are many, and it is foul weather, so that we cannot stand without, and this is not a work of a day or two, seeing our sin in these things is spread far:

12Therefore let the rulers of the multitude stay, and let all them of our habitations that have strange wives come at the time appointed,

13And with them the rulers and judges of every place, till we turn away the wrath of the Lord from us for this matter.

14Then Jonathan the son of Azael and Ezechias the son of Theocanus accordingly took this matter upon them: and Mosollam and Levis and Sabbatheus helped them.

15And they that were of the captivity did according to all these things.

16And Esdras the priest chose unto him the principal men of their families, all by name: and in the first day of the tenth month they sat together to examine the matter.

17So their cause that held strange wives was brought to an end in the first day of the first month.

18And of the priests that were come together, and had strange wives, there were found:

19Of the sons of Jesus the son of Josedec, and his brethren; Matthelas and Eleazar, and Joribus and Joadanus.

20And they gave their hands to put away their wives and to offer rams to make reconcilement for their errors.

21And of the sons of Emmer; Ananias, and Zabdeus, and Eanes, and Sameius, and Hiereel, and Azarias.

22And of the sons of Phaisur; Elionas, Massias Israel, and Nathanael, and Ocidelus and Talsas.

23And of the Levites; Jozabad, and Semis, and Colius, who was called Calitas, and Patheus, and Judas, and Jonas.

24Of the holy singers; Eleazurus, Bacchurus.

25Of the porters; Sallumus, and Tolbanes.

26Of them of Israel, of the sons of Phoros; Hiermas, and Eddias, and Melchias, and Maelus, and Eleazar, and Asibias, and Baanias.

27Of the sons of Ela; Matthanias, Zacharias, and Hierielus, and Hieremoth, and Aedias.

28And of the sons of Zamoth; Eliadas, Elisimus, Othonias, Jarimoth, and Sabatus, and Sardeus.

29Of the sons of Babai; Johannes, and Ananias and Josabad, and Amatheis.

30Of the sons of Mani; Olamus, Mamuchus, Jedeus, Jasubus, Jasael, and Hieremoth.

31And of the sons of Addi; Naathus, and Moosias, Lacunus, and Naidus, and Mathanias, and Sesthel, Balnuus, and Manasseas.

32And of the sons of Annas; Elionas and Aseas, and Melchias, and Sabbeus, and Simon Chosameus.

33And of the sons of Asom; Altaneus, and Matthias, and Baanaia, Eliphalet, and Manasses, and Semei.

34And of the sons of Maani; Jeremias, Momdis, Omaerus, Juel, Mabdai, and Pelias, and Anos, Carabasion, and Enasibus, and Mamnitanaimus, Eliasis, Bannus, Eliali, Samis, Selemias, Nathanias: and of the sons of Ozora; Sesis, Esril, Azaelus, Samatus, Zambis, Josephus.

35And of the sons of Ethma; Mazitias, Zabadaias, Edes, Juel, Banaias.

36All these had taken strange wives, and they put them away with their children.

37And the priests and Levites, and they that were of Israel, dwelt in Jerusalem, and in the country, in the first day of the seventh month: so the children of Israel were in their habitations.

38And the whole multitude came together with one accord into the broad place of the holy porch toward the east:

39And they spake unto Esdras the priest and reader, that he would bring the law of Moses, that was given of the Lord God of Israel.

40So Esdras the chief priest brought the law unto the whole multitude from man to woman, and to all the priests, to hear law in the first day of the seventh month.

41And he read in the broad court before the holy porch from morning unto midday, before both men and women; and the multitude gave heed unto the law.

42And Esdras the priest and reader of the law stood up upon a pulpit of wood, which was made for that purpose.

43And there stood up by him Mattathias, Sammus, Ananias, Azarias, Urias, Ezecias, Balasamus, upon the right hand:

44And upon his left hand stood Phaldaius, Misael, Melchias, Lothasubus, and Nabarias.

45Then took Esdras the book of the law before the multitude: for he sat honourably in the first place in the sight of them all.

46And when he opened the law, they stood all straight up. So Esdras blessed the Lord God most High, the God of hosts, Almighty.

47And all the people answered, Amen; and lifting up their hands they fell to the ground, and worshipped the Lord.

48Also Jesus, Anus, Sarabias, Adinus, Jacubus, Sabateas, Auteas, Maianeas, and Calitas, Asrias, and Joazabdus, and Ananias, Biatas, the Levites, taught the law of the Lord, making them withal to understand it.

49Then spake Attharates unto Esdras the chief priest. and reader, and to the Levites that taught the multitude, even to all, saying,

50This day is holy unto the Lord; (for they all wept when they heard the law:)

51Go then, and eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send part to them that have nothing;

52For this day is holy unto the Lord: and be not sorrowful; for the Lord will bring you to honour.

53So the Levites published all things to the people, saying, This day is holy to the Lord; be not sorrowful.

54Then went they their way, every one to eat and drink, and make merry, and to give part to them that had nothing, and to make great cheer;

55Because they understood the words wherein they were instructed, and for the which they had been assembled.



2nd Esdras


1The second book of the prophet Esdras, the son of Saraias, the son of Azarias, the son of Helchias, the son of Sadamias, the sou of Sadoc, the son of Achitob,

2The son of Achias, the son of Phinees, the son of Heli, the son of Amarias, the son of Aziei, the son of Marimoth, the son of And he spake unto the of Borith, the son of Abisei, the son of Phinees, the son of Eleazar,

3The son of Aaron, of the tribe of Levi; which was captive in the land of the Medes, in the reign of Artexerxes king of the Persians.

4And the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,

5Go thy way, and shew my people their sinful deeds, and their children their wickedness which they have done against me; that they may tell their children's children:

6Because the sins of their fathers are increased in them: for they have forgotten me, and have offered unto strange gods.

7Am not I even he that brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage? but they have provoked me unto wrath, and despised my counsels.

8Pull thou off then the hair of thy head, and cast all evil upon them, for they have not been obedient unto my law, but it is a rebellious people.

9How long shall I forbear them, into whom I have done so much good?

10Many kings have I destroyed for their sakes; Pharaoh with his servants and all his power have I smitten down.

11All the nations have I destroyed before them, and in the east I have scattered the people of two provinces, even of Tyrus and Sidon, and have slain all their enemies.

12Speak thou therefore unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord,

13I led you through the sea and in the beginning gave you a large and safe passage; I gave you Moses for a leader, and Aaron for a priest.

14I gave you light in a pillar of fire, and great wonders have I done among you; yet have ye forgotten me, saith the Lord.

15Thus saith the Almighty Lord, The quails were as a token to you; I gave you tents for your safeguard: nevertheless ye murmured there,

16And triumphed not in my name for the destruction of your enemies, but ever to this day do ye yet murmur.

17Where are the benefits that I have done for you? when ye were hungry and thirsty in the wilderness, did ye not cry unto me,

18Saying, Why hast thou brought us into this wilderness to kill us? it had been better for us to have served the Egyptians, than to die in this wilderness.

19Then had I pity upon your mournings, and gave you manna to eat; so ye did eat angels' bread.

20When ye were thirsty, did I not cleave the rock, and waters flowed out to your fill? for the heat I covered you with the leaves of the trees.

21I divided among you a fruitful land, I cast out the Canaanites, the Pherezites, and the Philistines, before you: what shall I yet do more for you? saith the Lord.

22Thus saith the Almighty Lord, When ye were in the wilderness, in the river of the Amorites, being athirst, and blaspheming my name,

23I gave you not fire for your blasphemies, but cast a tree in the water, and made the river sweet.

24What shall I do unto thee, O Jacob? thou, Juda, wouldest not obey me: I will turn me to other nations, and unto those will I give my name, that they may keep my statutes.

25Seeing ye have forsaken me, I will forsake you also; when ye desire me to be gracious unto you, I shall have no mercy upon you.

26Whensoever ye shall call upon me, I will not hear you: for ye have defiled your hands with blood, and your feet are swift to commit manslaughter.

27Ye have not as it were forsaken me, but your own selves, saith the Lord.

28Thus saith the Almighty Lord, Have I not prayed you as a father his sons, as a mother her daughters, and a nurse her young babes,

29That ye would be my people, and I should be your God; that ye would be my children, and I should be your father?

30I gathered you together, as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings: but now, what shall I do unto you? I will cast you out from my face.

31When ye offer unto me, I will turn my face from you: for your solemn feastdays, your new moons, and your circumcisions, have I forsaken.

32I sent unto you my servants the prophets, whom ye have taken and slain, and torn their bodies in pieces, whose blood I will require of your hands, saith the Lord.

33Thus saith the Almighty Lord, Your house is desolate, I will cast you out as the wind doth stubble.

34And your children shall not be fruitful; for they have despised my commandment, and done the thing that is an evil before me.

35Your houses will I give to a people that shall come; which not having heard of me yet shall believe me; to whom I have shewed no signs, yet they shall do that I have commanded them.

36They have seen no prophets, yet they shall call their sins to remembrance, and acknowledge them.

37I take to witness the grace of the people to come, whose little ones rejoice in gladness: and though they have not seen me with bodily eyes, yet in spirit they believe the thing that I say.

38And now, brother, behold what glory; and see the people that come from the east:

39Unto whom I will give for leaders, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Oseas, Amos, and Micheas, Joel, Abdias, and Jonas,

40Nahum, and Abacuc, Sophonias, Aggeus, Zachary, and Malachy, which is called also an angel of the Lord.

2Thus saith the Lord, I brought this people out of bondage, and I gave them my commandments by menservants the prophets; whom they would not hear, but despised my counsels.

2The mother that bare them saith unto them, Go your way, ye children; for I am a widow and forsaken.

3I brought you up with gladness; but with sorrow and heaviness have I lost you: for ye have sinned before the Lord your God, and done that thing that is evil before him.

4But what shall I now do unto you? I am a widow and forsaken: go your way, O my children, and ask mercy of the Lord.

5As for me, O father, I call upon thee for a witness over the mother of these children, which would not keep my covenant,

6That thou bring them to confusion, and their mother to a spoil, that there may be no offspring of them.

7Let them be scattered abroad among the heathen, let their names be put out of the earth: for they have despised my covenant.

8Woe be unto thee, Assur, thou that hidest the unrighteous in thee! O thou wicked people, remember what I did unto Sodom and Gomorrha;

9Whose land lieth in clods of pitch and heaps of ashes: even so also will I do unto them that hear me not, saith the Almighty Lord.

10Thus saith the Lord unto Esdras, Tell my people that I will give them the kingdom of Jerusalem, which I would have given unto Israel.

11Their glory also will I take unto me, and give these the everlasting tabernacles, which I had prepared for them.

12They shall have the tree of life for an ointment of sweet savour; they shall neither labour, nor be weary.

13Go, and ye shall receive: pray for few days unto you, that they may be shortened: the kingdom is already prepared for you: watch.

14Take heaven and earth to witness; for I have broken the evil in pieces, and created the good: for I live, saith the Lord.

15Mother, embrace thy children, and bring them up with gladness, make their feet as fast as a pillar: for I have chosen thee, saith the Lord.

16And those that be dead will I raise up again from their places, and bring them out of the graves: for I have known my name in Israel.

17Fear not, thou mother of the children: for I have chosen thee, saith the Lord.

18For thy help will I send my servants Esau and Jeremy, after whose counsel I have sanctified and prepared for thee twelve trees laden with divers fruits,

19And as many fountains flowing with milk and honey, and seven mighty mountains, whereupon there grow roses and lilies, whereby I will fill thy children with joy.

20Do right to the widow, judge for the fatherless, give to the poor, defend the orphan, clothe the naked,

21Heal the broken and the weak, laugh not a lame man to scorn, defend the maimed, and let the blind man come into the sight of my clearness.

22Keep the old and young within thy walls.

23Wheresoever thou findest the dead, take them and bury them, and I will give thee the first place in my resurrection.

24Abide still, O my people, and take thy rest, for thy quietness still come.

25Nourish thy children, O thou good nurse; stablish their feet.

26As for the servants whom I have given thee, there shall not one of them perish; for I will require them from among thy number.

27Be not weary: for when the day of trouble and heaviness cometh, others shall weep and be sorrowful, but thou shalt be merry and have abundance.

28The heathen shall envy thee, but they shall be able to do nothing against thee, saith the Lord.

29My hands shall cover thee, so that thy children shall not see hell.

30Be joyful, O thou mother, with thy children; for I will deliver thee, saith the Lord.

31Remember thy children that sleep, for I shall bring them out of the sides of the earth, and shew mercy unto them: for I am merciful, saith the Lord Almighty.

32Embrace thy children until I come and shew mercy unto them: for my wells run over, and my grace shall not fail.

33I Esdras received a charge of the Lord upon the mount Oreb, that I should go unto Israel; but when I came unto them, they set me at nought, and despised the commandment of the Lord.

34And therefore I say unto you, O ye heathen, that hear and understand, look for your Shepherd, he shall give you everlasting rest; for he is nigh at hand, that shall come in the end of the world.

35Be ready to the reward of the kingdom, for the everlasting light shall shine upon you for evermore.

36Flee the shadow of this world, receive the joyfulness of your glory: I testify my Saviour openly.

37O receive the gift that is given you, and be glad, giving thanks unto him that hath led you to the heavenly kingdom.

38Arise up and stand, behold the number of those that be sealed in the feast of the Lord;

39Which are departed from the shadow of the world, and have received glorious garments of the Lord.

40Take thy number, O Sion, and shut up those of thine that are clothed in white, which have fulfilled the law of the Lord.

41The number of thy children, whom thou longedst for, is fulfilled: beseech the power of the Lord, that thy people, which have been called from the beginning, may be hallowed.

42I Esdras saw upon the mount Sion a great people, whom I could not number, and they all praised the Lord with songs.

43And in the midst of them there was a young man of a high stature, taller than all the rest, and upon every one of their heads he set crowns, and was more exalted; which I marvelled at greatly.

44So I asked the angel, and said, Sir, what are these?

45He answered and said unto me, These be they that have put off the mortal clothing, and put on the immortal, and have confessed the name of God: now are they crowned, and receive palms.

46Then said I unto the angel, What young person is it that crowneth them, and giveth them palms in their hands?

47So he answered and said unto me, It is the Son of God, whom they have confessed in the world. Then began I greatly to commend them that stood so stiffly for the name of the Lord.

48Then the angel said unto me, Go thy way, and tell my people what manner of things, and how great wonders of the Lord thy God, thou hast seen.

3In the thirtieth year after the ruin of the city I was in Babylon, and lay troubled upon my bed, and my thoughts came up over my heart:

2For I saw the desolation of Sion, and the wealth of them that dwelt at Babylon.

3And my spirit was sore moved, so that I began to speak words full of fear to the most High, and said,

4O Lord, who bearest rule, thou spakest at the beginning, when thou didst plant the earth, and that thyself alone, and commandedst the people,

5And gavest a body unto Adam without soul, which was the workmanship of thine hands, and didst breathe into him the breath of life, and he was made living before thee.

6And thou leadest him into paradise, which thy right hand had planted, before ever the earth came forward.

7And unto him thou gavest commandment to love thy way: which he transgressed, and immediately thou appointedst death in him and in his generations, of whom came nations, tribes, people, and kindreds, out of number.

8And every people walked after their own will, and did wonderful things before thee, and despised thy commandments.

9And again in process of time thou broughtest the flood upon those that dwelt in the world, and destroyedst them.

10And it came to pass in every of them, that as death was to Adam, so was the flood to these.

11Nevertheless one of them thou leftest, namely, Noah with his household, of whom came all righteous men.

12And it happened, that when they that dwelt upon the earth began to multiply, and had gotten them many children, and were a great people, they began again to be more ungodly than the first.

13Now when they lived so wickedly before thee, thou didst choose thee a man from among them, whose name was Abraham.

14Him thou lovedst, and unto him only thou shewedst thy will:

15And madest an everlasting covenant with him, promising him that thou wouldest never forsake his seed.

16And unto him thou gavest Isaac, and unto Isaac also thou gavest Jacob and Esau. As for Jacob, thou didst choose him to thee, and put by Esau: and so Jacob became a great multitude.

17And it came to pass, that when thou leadest his seed out of Egypt, thou broughtest them up to the mount Sinai.

18And bowing the heavens, thou didst set fast the earth, movedst the whole world, and madest the depths to tremble, and troubledst the men of that age.

19And thy glory went through four gates, of fire, and of earthquake, and of wind, and of cold; that thou mightest give the law unto the seed of Jacob, and diligence unto the generation of Israel.

20And yet tookest thou not away from them a wicked heart, that thy law might bring forth fruit in them.

21For the first Adam bearing a wicked heart transgressed, and was overcome; and so be all they that are born of him.

22Thus infirmity was made permanent; and the law (also) in the heart of the people with the malignity of the root; so that the good departed away, and the evil abode still.

23So the times passed away, and the years were brought to an end: then didst thou raise thee up a servant, called David:

24Whom thou commandedst to build a city unto thy name, and to offer incense and oblations unto thee therein.

25When this was done many years, then they that inhabited the city forsook thee,

26And in all things did even as Adam and all his generations had done: for they also had a wicked heart:

27And so thou gavest thy city over into the hands of thine enemies.

28Are their deeds then any better that inhabit Babylon, that they should therefore have the dominion over Sion?

29For when I came thither, and had seen impieties without number, then my soul saw many evildoers in this thirtieth year, so that my heart failed me.

30For I have seen how thou sufferest them sinning, and hast spared wicked doers: and hast destroyed thy people, and hast preserved thine enemies, and hast not signified it.

31I do not remember how this way may be left: Are they then of Babylon better than they of Sion?

32Or is there any other people that knoweth thee beside Israel? or what generation hath so believed thy covenants as Jacob?

33And yet their reward appeareth not, and their labour hath no fruit: for I have gone here and there through the heathen, and I see that they flow in wealth, and think not upon thy commandments.

34Weigh thou therefore our wickedness now in the balance, and their's also that dwell the world; and so shall thy name no where be found but in Israel.

35Or when was it that they which dwell upon the earth have not sinned in thy sight? or what people have so kept thy commandments?

36Thou shalt find that Israel by name hath kept thy precepts; but not the heathen.

4And the angel that was sent unto me, whose name was Uriel, gave me an answer,

2And said, Thy heart hath gone to far in this world, and thinkest thou to comprehend the way of the most High?

3Then said I, Yea, my lord. And he answered me, and said, I am sent to shew thee three ways, and to set forth three similitudes before thee:

4Whereof if thou canst declare me one, I will shew thee also the way that thou desirest to see, and I shall shew thee from whence the wicked heart cometh.

5And I said, Tell on, my lord. Then said he unto me, Go thy way, weigh me the weight of the fire, or measure me the blast of the wind, or call me again the day that is past.

6Then answered I and said, What man is able to do that, that thou shouldest ask such things of me?

7And he said unto me, If I should ask thee how great dwellings are in the midst of the sea, or how many springs are in the beginning of the deep, or how many springs are above the firmament, or which are the outgoings of paradise:

8Peradventure thou wouldest say unto me, I never went down into the deep, nor as yet into hell, neither did I ever climb up into heaven.

9Nevertheless now have I asked thee but only of the fire and wind, and of the day wherethrough thou hast passed, and of things from which thou canst not be separated, and yet canst thou give me no answer of them.

10He said moreover unto me, Thine own things, and such as are grown up with thee, canst thou not know;

11How should thy vessel then be able to comprehend the way of the Highest, and, the world being now outwardly corrupted to understand the corruption that is evident in my sight?

12Then said I unto him, It were better that we were not at all, than that we should live still in wickedness, and to suffer, and not to know wherefore.

13He answered me, and said, I went into a forest into a plain, and the trees took counsel,

14And said, Come, let us go and make war against the sea that it may depart away before us, and that we may make us more woods.

15The floods of the sea also in like manner took counsel, and said, Come, let us go up and subdue the woods of the plain, that there also we may make us another country.

16The thought of the wood was in vain, for the fire came and consumed it.

17The thought of the floods of the sea came likewise to nought, for the sand stood up and stopped them.

18If thou wert judge now betwixt these two, whom wouldest thou begin to justify? or whom wouldest thou condemn?

19I answered and said, Verily it is a foolish thought that they both have devised, for the ground is given unto the wood, and the sea also hath his place to bear his floods.

20Then answered he me, and said, Thou hast given a right judgment, but why judgest thou not thyself also?

21For like as the ground is given unto the wood, and the sea to his floods: even so they that dwell upon the earth may understand nothing but that which is upon the earth: and he that dwelleth above the heavens may only understand the things that are above the height of the heavens.

22Then answered I and said, I beseech thee, O Lord, let me have understanding:

23For it was not my mind to be curious of the high things, but of such as pass by us daily, namely, wherefore Israel is given up as a reproach to the heathen, and for what cause the people whom thou hast loved is given over unto ungodly nations, and why the law of our forefathers is brought to nought, and the written covenants come to none effect,

24And we pass away out of the world as grasshoppers, and our life is astonishment and fear, and we are not worthy to obtain mercy.

25What will he then do unto his name whereby we are called? of these things have I asked.

26Then answered he me, and said, The more thou searchest, the more thou shalt marvel; for the world hasteth fast to pass away,

27And cannot comprehend the things that are promised to the righteous in time to come: for this world is full of unrighteousness and infirmities.

28But as concerning the things whereof thou askest me, I will tell thee; for the evil is sown, but the destruction thereof is not yet come.

29If therefore that which is sown be not turned upside down, and if the place where the evil is sown pass not away, then cannot it come that is sown with good.

30For the grain of evil seed hath been sown in the heart of Adam from the beginning, and how much ungodliness hath it brought up unto this time? and how much shall it yet bring forth until the time of threshing come?

31Ponder now by thyself, how great fruit of wickedness the grain of evil seed hath brought forth.

32And when the ears shall be cut down, which are without number, how great a floor shall they fill?

33Then I answered and said, How, and when shall these things come to pass? wherefore are our years few and evil?

34And he answered me, saying, Do not thou hasten above the most Highest: for thy haste is in vain to be above him, for thou hast much exceeded.

35Did not the souls also of the righteous ask question of these things in their chambers, saying, How long shall I hope on this fashion? when cometh the fruit of the floor of our reward?

36And unto these things Uriel the archangel gave them answer, and said, Even when the number of seeds is filled in you: for he hath weighed the world in the balance.

37By measure hath he measured the times; and by number hath he numbered the times; and he doth not move nor stir them, until the said measure be fulfilled.

38Then answered I and said, O Lord that bearest rule, even we all are full of impiety.

39And for our sakes peradventure it is that the floors of the righteous are not filled, because of the sins of them that dwell upon the earth.

40So he answered me, and said, Go thy way to a woman with child, and ask of her when she hath fulfilled her nine months, if her womb may keep the birth any longer within her.

41Then said I, No, Lord, that can she not. And he said unto me, In the grave the chambers of souls are like the womb of a woman:

42For like as a woman that travaileth maketh haste to escape the necessity of the travail: even so do these places haste to deliver those things that are committed unto them.

43From the beginning, look, what thou desirest to see, it shall be shewed thee.

44Then answered I and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, and if it be possible, and if I be meet therefore,

45Shew me then whether there be more to come than is past, or more past than is to come.

46What is past I know, but what is for to come I know not.

47And he said unto me, Stand up upon the right side, and I shall expound the similitude unto thee.

48So I stood, and saw, and, behold, an hot burning oven passed by before me: and it happened that when the flame was gone by I looked, and, behold, the smoke remained still.

49After this there passed by before me a watery cloud, and sent down much rain with a storm; and when the stormy rain was past, the drops remained still.

50Then said he unto me, Consider with thyself; as the rain is more than the drops, and as the fire is greater than the smoke; but the drops and the smoke remain behind: so the quantity which is past did more exceed.

51Then I prayed, and said, May I live, thinkest thou, until that time? or what shall happen in those days?

52He answered me, and said, As for the tokens whereof thou askest me, I may tell thee of them in part: but as touching thy life, I am not sent to shew thee; for I do not know it.

5Nevertheless as coming the tokens, behold, the days shall come, that they which dwell upon earth shall be taken in a great number, and the way of truth shall be hidden, and the land shall be barren of faith.

2But iniquity shall be increased above that which now thou seest, or that thou hast heard long ago.

3And the land, that thou seest now to have root, shalt thou see wasted suddenly.

4But if the most High grant thee to live, thou shalt see after the third trumpet that the sun shall suddenly shine again in the night, and the moon thrice in the day:

5And blood shall drop out of wood, and the stone shall give his voice, and the people shall be troubled:

6And even he shall rule, whom they look not for that dwell upon the earth, and the fowls shall take their flight away together:

7And the Sodomitish sea shall cast out fish, and make a noise in the night, which many have not known: but they shall all hear the voice thereof.

8There shall be a confusion also in many places, and the fire shall be oft sent out again, and the wild beasts shall change their places, and menstruous women shall bring forth monsters:

9And salt waters shall be found in the sweet, and all friends shall destroy one another; then shall wit hide itself, and understanding withdraw itself into his secret chamber,

10And shall be sought of many, and yet not be found: then shall unrighteousness and incontinency be multiplied upon earth.

11One land also shall ask another, and say, Is righteousness that maketh a man righteous gone through thee? And it shall say, No.

12At the same time shall men hope, but nothing obtain: they shall labour, but their ways shall not prosper.

13To shew thee such tokens I have leave; and if thou wilt pray again, and weep as now, and fast even days, thou shalt hear yet greater things.

14Then I awaked, and an extreme fearfulness went through all my body, and my mind was troubled, so that it fainted.

15So the angel that was come to talk with me held me, comforted me, and set me up upon my feet.

16And in the second night it came to pass, that Salathiel the captain of the people came unto me, saying, Where hast thou been? and why is thy countenance so heavy?

17Knowest thou not that Israel is committed unto thee in the land of their captivity?

18Up then, and eat bread, and forsake us not, as the shepherd that leaveth his flock in the hands of cruel wolves.

19Then said I unto him, Go thy ways from me, and come not nigh me. And he heard what I said, and went from me.

20And so I fasted seven days, mourning and weeping, like as Uriel the angel commanded me.

21And after seven days so it was, that the thoughts of my heart were very grievous unto me again,

22And my soul recovered the spirit of understanding, and I began to talk with the most High again,

23And said, O Lord that bearest rule, of every wood of the earth, and of all the trees thereof, thou hast chosen thee one only vine:

24And of all lands of the whole world thou hast chosen thee one pit: and of all the flowers thereof one lily:

25And of all the depths of the sea thou hast filled thee one river: and of all builded cities thou hast hallowed Sion unto thyself:

26And of all the fowls that are created thou hast named thee one dove: and of all the cattle that are made thou hast provided thee one sheep:

27And among all the multitudes of people thou hast gotten thee one people: and unto this people, whom thou lovedst, thou gavest a law that is approved of all.

28And now, O Lord, why hast thou given this one people over unto many? and upon the one root hast thou prepared others, and why hast thou scattered thy only one people among many?

29And they which did gainsay thy promises, and believed not thy covenants, have trodden them down.

30If thou didst so much hate thy people, yet shouldest thou punish them with thine own hands.

31Now when I had spoken these words, the angel that came to me the night afore was sent unto me,

32And said unto me, Hear me, and I will instruct thee; hearken to the thing that I say, and I shall tell thee more.

33And I said, Speak on, my Lord. Then said he unto me, Thou art sore troubled in mind for Israel's sake: lovest thou that people better than he that made them?

34And I said, No, Lord: but of very grief have I spoken: for my reins pain me every hour, while I labour to comprehend the way of the most High, and to seek out part of his judgment.

35And he said unto me, Thou canst not. And I said, Wherefore, Lord? whereunto was I born then? or why was not my mother's womb then my grave, that I might not have seen the travail of Jacob, and the wearisome toil of the stock of Israel?

36And he said unto me, Number me the things that are not yet come, gather me together the dross that are scattered abroad, make me the flowers green again that are withered,

37Open me the places that are closed, and bring me forth the winds that in them are shut up, shew me the image of a voice: and then I will declare to thee the thing that thou labourest to know.

38And I said, O Lord that bearest rule, who may know these things, but he that hath not his dwelling with men?

39As for me, I am unwise: how may I then speak of these things whereof thou askest me?

40Then said he unto me, Like as thou canst do none of these things that I have spoken of, even so canst thou not find out my judgment, or in the end the love that I have promised unto my people.

41And I said, Behold, O Lord, yet art thou nigh unto them that be reserved till the end: and what shall they do that have been before me, or we that be now, or they that shall come after us?

42And he said unto me, I will liken my judgment unto a ring: like as there is no slackness of the last, even so there is no swiftness of the first.

43So I answered and said, Couldest thou not make those that have been made, and be now, and that are for to come, at once; that thou mightest shew thy judgment the sooner?

44Then answered he me, and said, The creature may not haste above the maker; neither may the world hold them at once that shall be created therein.

45And I said, As thou hast said unto thy servant, that thou, which givest life to all, hast given life at once to the creature that thou hast created, and the creature bare it: even so it might now also bear them that now be present at once.

46And he said unto me, Ask the womb of a woman, and say unto her, If thou bringest forth children, why dost thou it not together, but one after another? pray her therefore to bring forth ten children at once.

47And I said, She cannot: but must do it by distance of time.

48Then said he unto me, Even so have I given the womb of the earth to those that be sown in it in their times.

49For like as a young child may not bring forth the things that belong to the aged, even so have I disposed the world which I created.

50And I asked, and said, Seeing thou hast now given me the way, I will proceed to speak before thee: for our mother, of whom thou hast told me that she is young, draweth now nigh unto age.

51He answered me, and said, Ask a woman that beareth children, and she shall tell thee.

52Say unto her, Wherefore are unto they whom thou hast now brought forth like those that were before, but less of stature?

53And she shall answer thee, They that be born in the the strength of youth are of one fashion, and they that are born in the time of age, when the womb faileth, are otherwise.

54Consider thou therefore also, how that ye are less of stature than those that were before you.

55And so are they that come after you less than ye, as the creatures which now begin to be old, and have passed over the strength of youth.

56Then said I, Lord, I beseech thee, if I have found favour in thy sight, shew thy servant by whom thou visitest thy creature.

6And he said unto me, In the beginning, when the earth was made, before the borders of the world stood, or ever the winds blew,

2Before it thundered and lightened, or ever the foundations of paradise were laid,

3Before the fair flowers were seen, or ever the moveable powers were established, before the innumerable multitude of angels were gathered together,

4Or ever the heights of the air were lifted up, before the measures of the firmament were named, or ever the chimneys in Sion were hot,

5And ere the present years were sought out, and or ever the inventions of them that now sin were turned, before they were sealed that have gathered faith for a treasure:

6Then did I consider these things, and they all were made through me alone, and through none other: by me also they shall be ended, and by none other.

7Then answered I and said, What shall be the parting asunder of the times? or when shall be the end of the first, and the beginning of it that followeth?

8And he said unto me, From Abraham unto Isaac, when Jacob and Esau were born of him, Jacob's hand held first the heel of Esau.

9For Esau is the end of the world, and Jacob is the beginning of it that followeth.

10The hand of man is betwixt the heel and the hand: other question, Esdras, ask thou not.

11I answered then and said, O Lord that bearest rule, if I have found favour in thy sight,

12I beseech thee, shew thy servant the end of thy tokens, whereof thou shewedst me part the last night.

13So he answered and said unto me, Stand up upon thy feet, and hear a mighty sounding voice.

14And it shall be as it were a great motion; but the place where thou standest shall not be moved.

15And therefore when it speaketh be not afraid: for the word is of the end, and the foundation of the earth is understood.

16And why? because the speech of these things trembleth and is moved: for it knoweth that the end of these things must be changed.

17And it happened, that when I had heard it I stood up upon my feet, and hearkened, and, behold, there was a voice that spake, and the sound of it was like the sound of many waters.

18And it said, Behold, the days come, that I will begin to draw nigh, and to visit them that dwell upon the earth,

19And will begin to make inquisition of them, what they be that have hurt unjustly with their unrighteousness, and when the affliction of Sion shall be fulfilled;

20And when the world, that shall begin to vanish away, shall be finished, then will I shew these tokens: the books shall be opened before the firmament, and they shall see all together:

21And the children of a year old shall speak with their voices, the women with child shall bring forth untimely children of three or four months old, and they shall live, and be raised up.

22And suddenly shall the sown places appear unsown, the full storehouses shall suddenly be found empty:

23And tha trumpet shall give a sound, which when every man heareth, they shall be suddenly afraid.

24At that time shall friends fight one against another like enemies, and the earth shall stand in fear with those that dwell therein, the springs of the fountains shall stand still, and in three hours they shall not run.

25Whosoever remaineth from all these that I have told thee shall escape, and see my salvation, and the end of your world.

26And the men that are received shall see it, who have not tasted death from their birth: and the heart of the inhabitants shall be changed, and turned into another meaning.

27For evil shall be put out, and deceit shall be quenched.

28As for faith, it shall flourish, corruption shall be overcome, and the truth, which hath been so long without fruit, shall be declared.

29And when he talked with me, behold, I looked by little and little upon him before whom I stood.

30And these words said he unto me; I am come to shew thee the time of the night to come.

31If thou wilt pray yet more, and fast seven days again, I shall tell thee greater things by day than I have heard.

32For thy voice is heard before the most High: for the Mighty hath seen thy righteous dealing, he hath seen also thy chastity, which thou hast had ever since thy youth.

33And therefore hath he sent me to shew thee all these things, and to say unto thee, Be of good comfort and fear not

34And hasten not with the times that are past, to think vain things, that thou mayest not hasten from the latter times.

35And it came to pass after this, that I wept again, and fasted seven days in like manner, that I might fulfil the three weeks which he told me.

36And in the eighth night was my heart vexed within me again, and I began to speak before the most High.

37For my spirit was greatly set on fire, and my soul was in distress.

38And I said, O Lord, thou spakest from the beginning of the creation, even the first day, and saidst thus; Let heaven and earth be made; and thy word was a perfect work.

39And then was the spirit, and darkness and silence were on every side; the sound of man's voice was not yet formed.

40Then commandedst thou a fair light to come forth of thy treasures, that thy work might appear.

41Upon the second day thou madest the spirit of the firmament, and commandedst it to part asunder, and to make a division betwixt the waters, that the one part might go up, and the other remain beneath.

42Upon the third day thou didst command that the waters should be gathered in the seventh part of the earth: six pats hast thou dried up, and kept them, to the intent that of these some being planted of God and tilled might serve thee.

43For as soon as thy word went forth the work was made.

44For immediately there was great and innumerable fruit, and many and divers pleasures for the taste, and flowers of unchangeable colour, and odours of wonderful smell: and this was done the third day.

45Upon the fourth day thou commandedst that the sun should shine, and the moon give her light, and the stars should be in order:

46And gavest them a charge to do service unto man, that was to be made.

47Upon the fifth day thou saidst unto the seventh part, where the waters were gathered that it should bring forth living creatures, fowls and fishes: and so it came to pass.

48For the dumb water and without life brought forth living things at the commandment of God, that all people might praise thy wondrous works.

49Then didst thou ordain two living creatures, the one thou calledst Enoch, and the other Leviathan;

50And didst separate the one from the other: for the seventh part, namely, where the water was gathered together, might not hold them both.

51Unto Enoch thou gavest one part, which was dried up the third day, that he should dwell in the same part, wherein are a thousand hills:

52But unto Leviathan thou gavest the seventh part, namely, the moist; and hast kept him to be devoured of whom thou wilt, and when.

53Upon the sixth day thou gavest commandment unto the earth, that before thee it should bring forth beasts, cattle, and creeping things:

54And after these, Adam also, whom thou madest lord of all thy creatures: of him come we all, and the people also whom thou hast chosen.

55All this have I spoken before thee, O Lord, because thou madest the world for our sakes

56As for the other people, which also come of Adam, thou hast said that they are nothing, but be like unto spittle: and hast likened the abundance of them unto a drop that falleth from a vessel.

57And now, O Lord, behold, these heathen, which have ever been reputed as nothing, have begun to be lords over us, and to devour us.

58But we thy people, whom thou hast called thy firstborn, thy only begotten, and thy fervent lover, are given into their hands.

59If the world now be made for our sakes, why do we not possess an inheritance with the world? how long shall this endure?

7And when I had made an end of speaking these words, there was sent unto me the angel which had been sent unto me the nights afore:

2And he said unto me, Up, Esdras, and hear the words that I am come to tell thee.

3And I said, Speak on, my God. Then said he unto me, The sea is set in a wide place, that it might be deep and great.

4But put the case the entrance were narrow, and like a river;

5Who then could go into the sea to look upon it, and to rule it? if he went not through the narrow, how could he come into the broad?

6There is also another thing; A city is builded, and set upon a broad field, and is full of all good things:

7The entrance thereof is narrow, and is set in a dangerous place to fall, like as if there were a fire on the right hand, and on the left a deep water:

8And one only path between them both, even between the fire and the water, so small that there could but one man go there at once.

9If this city now were given unto a man for an inheritance, if he never shall pass the danger set before it, how shall he receive this inheritance?

10And I said, It is so, Lord. Then said he unto me, Even so also is Israel's portion.

11Because for their sakes I made the world: and when Adam transgressed my statutes, then was decreed that now is done.

12Then were the entrances of this world made narrow, full of sorrow and travail: they are but few and evil, full of perils,: and very painful.

13For the entrances of the elder world were wide and sure, and brought immortal fruit.

14If then they that live labour not to enter these strait and vain things, they can never receive those that are laid up for them.

15Now therefore why disquietest thou thyself, seeing thou art but a corruptible man? and why art thou moved, whereas thou art but mortal?

16Why hast thou not considered in thy mind this thing that is to come, rather than that which is present?

17Then answered I and said, O Lord that bearest rule, thou hast ordained in thy law, that the righteous should inherit these things, but that the ungodly should perish.

18Nevertheless the righteous shall suffer strait things, and hope for wide: for they that have done wickedly have suffered the strait things, and yet shall not see the wide.

19And he said unto me. There is no judge above God, and none that hath understanding above the Highest.

20For there be many that perish in this life, because they despise the law of God that is set before them.

21For God hath given strait commandment to such as came, what they should do to live, even as they came, and what they should observe to avoid punishment.

22Nevertheless they were not obedient unto him; but spake against him, and imagined vain things;

23And deceived themselves by their wicked deeds; and said of the most High, that he is not; and knew not his ways:

24But his law have they despised, and denied his covenants; in his statutes have they not been faithful, and have not performed his works.

25And therefore, Esdras, for the empty are empty things, and for the full are the full things.

26Behold, the time shall come, that these tokens which I have told thee shall come to pass, and the bride shall appear, and she coming forth shall be seen, that now is withdrawn from the earth.

27And whosoever is delivered from the foresaid evils shall see my wonders.

28For my son Jesus shall be revealed with those that be with him, and they that remain shall rejoice within four hundred years.

29After these years shall my son Christ die, and all men that have life.

30And the world shall be turned into the old silence seven days, like as in the former judgments: so that no man shall remain.

31And after seven days the world, that yet awaketh not, shall be raised up, and that shall die that is corrupt

32And the earth shall restore those that are asleep in her, and so shall the dust those that dwell in silence, and the secret places shall deliver those souls that were committed unto them.

33And the most High shall appear upon the seat of judgment, and misery shall pass away, and the long suffering shall have an end:

34But judgment only shall remain, truth shall stand, and faith shall wax strong:

35And the work shall follow, and the reward shall be shewed, and the good deeds shall be of force, and wicked deeds shall bear no rule.

36Then said I, Abraham prayed first for the Sodomites, and Moses for the fathers that sinned in the wilderness:

37And Jesus after him for Israel in the time of Achan:

38And Samuel and David for the destruction: and Solomon for them that should come to the sanctuary:

39And Helias for those that received rain; and for the dead, that he might live:

40And Ezechias for the people in the time of Sennacherib: and many for many.

41Even so now, seeing corruption is grown up, and wickedness increased, and the righteous have prayed for the ungodly: wherefore shall it not be so now also?

42He answered me, and said, This present life is not the end where much glory doth abide; therefore have they prayed for the weak.

43But the day of doom shall be the end of this time, and the beginning of the immortality for to come, wherein corruption is past,

44Intemperance is at an end, infidelity is cut off, righteousness is grown, and truth is sprung up.

45Then shall no man be able to save him that is destroyed, nor to oppress him that hath gotten the victory.

46I answered then and said, This is my first and last saying, that it had been better not to have given the earth unto Adam: or else, when it was given him, to have restrained him from sinning.

47For what profit is it for men now in this present time to live in heaviness, and after death to look for punishment?

48O thou Adam, what hast thou done? for though it was thou that sinned, thou art not fallen alone, but we all that come of thee.

49For what profit is it unto us, if there be promised us an immortal time, whereas we have done the works that bring death?

50And that there is promised us an everlasting hope, whereas ourselves being most wicked are made vain?

51And that there are laid up for us dwellings of health and safety, whereas we have lived wickedly?

52And that the glory of the most High is kept to defend them which have led a wary life, whereas we have walked in the most wicked ways of all?

53And that there should be shewed a paradise, whose fruit endureth for ever, wherein is security and medicine, since we shall not enter into it?

54(For we have walked in unpleasant places.)

55And that the faces of them which have used abstinence shall shine above the stars, whereas our faces shall be blacker than darkness?

56For while we lived and committed iniquity, we considered not that we should begin to suffer for it after death.

57Then answered he me, and said, This is the condition of the battle, which man that is born upon the earth shall fight;

58That, if he be overcome, he shall suffer as thou hast said: but if he get the victory, he shall receive the thing that I say.

59For this is the life whereof Moses spake unto the people while he lived, saying, Choose thee life, that thou mayest live.

60Nevertheless they believed not him, nor yet the prophets after him, no nor me which have spoken unto them,

61That there should not be such heaviness in their destruction, as shall be joy over them that are persuaded to salvation.

62I answered then, and said, I know, Lord, that the most High is called merciful, in that he hath mercy upon them which are not yet come into the world,

63And upon those also that turn to his law;

64And that he is patient, and long suffereth those that have sinned, as his creatures;

65And that he is bountiful, for he is ready to give where it needeth;

66And that he is of great mercy, for he multiplieth more and more mercies to them that are present, and that are past, and also to them which are to come.

67For if he shall not multiply his mercies, the world would not continue with them that inherit therein.

68And he pardoneth; for if he did not so of his goodness, that they which have committed iniquities might be eased of them, the ten thousandth part of men should not remain living.

69And being judge, if he should not forgive them that are cured with his word, and put out the multitude of contentions,

70There should be very few left peradventure in an innumerable multitude.

8And he answered me, saying, The most High hath made this world for many, but the world to come for few.

2I will tell thee a similitude, Esdras; As when thou askest the earth, it shall say unto thee, that it giveth much mould whereof earthen vessels are made, but little dust that gold cometh of: even so is the course of this present world.

3There be many created, but few shall be saved.

4So answered I and said, Swallow then down, O my soul, understanding, and devour wisdom.

5For thou hast agreed to give ear, and art willing to prophesy: for thou hast no longer space than only to live.

6O Lord, if thou suffer not thy servant, that we may pray before thee, and thou give us seed unto our heart, and culture to our understanding, that there may come fruit of it; how shall each man live that is corrupt, who beareth the place of a man?

7For thou art alone, and we all one workmanship of thine hands, like as thou hast said.

8For when the body is fashioned now in the mother's womb, and thou givest it members, thy creature is preserved in fire and water, and nine months doth thy workmanship endure thy creature which is created in her.

9But that which keepeth and is kept shall both be preserved: and when the time cometh, the womb preserved delivereth up the things that grew in it.

10For thou hast commanded out of the parts of the body, that is to say, out of the breasts, milk to be given, which is the fruit of the breasts,

11That the thing which is fashioned may be nourished for a time, till thou disposest it to thy mercy.

12Thou broughtest it up with thy righteousness, and nurturedst it in thy law, and reformedst it with thy judgment.

13And thou shalt mortify it as thy creature, and quicken it as thy work.

14If therefore thou shalt destroy him which with so great labour was fashioned, it is an easy thing to be ordained by thy commandment, that the thing which was made might be preserved.

15Now therefore, Lord, I will speak; touching man in general, thou knowest best; but touching thy people, for whose sake I am sorry;

16And for thine inheritance, for whose cause I mourn; and for Israel, for whom I am heavy; and for Jacob, for whose sake I am troubled;

17Therefore will I begin to pray before thee for myself and for them: for I see the falls of us that dwell in the land.

18But I have heard the swiftness of the judge which is to come.

19Therefore hear my voice, and understand my words, and I shall speak before thee. This is the beginning of the words of Esdras, before he was taken up: and I said,

20O Lord, thou that dwellest in everlastingness which beholdest from above things in the heaven and in the air;

21Whose throne is inestimable; whose glory may not be comprehended; before whom the hosts of angels stand with trembling,

22Whose service is conversant in wind and fire; whose word is true, and sayings constant; whose commandment is strong, and ordinance fearful;

23Whose look drieth up the depths, and indignation maketh the mountains to melt away; which the truth witnesseth:

24O hear the prayer of thy servant, and give ear to the petition of thy creature.

25For while I live I will speak, and so long as I have understanding I will answer.

26O look not upon the sins of thy people; but on them which serve thee in truth.

27Regard not the wicked inventions of the heathen, but the desire of those that keep thy testimonies in afflictions.

28Think not upon those that have walked feignedly before thee: but remember them, which according to thy will have known thy fear.

29Let it not be thy will to destroy them which have lived like beasts; but to look upon them that have clearly taught thy law.

30Take thou no indignation at them which are deemed worse than beasts; but love them that always put their trust in thy righteousness and glory.

31For we and our fathers do languish of such diseases: but because of us sinners thou shalt be called merciful.

32For if thou hast a desire to have mercy upon us, thou shalt be called merciful, to us namely, that have no works of righteousness.

33For the just, which have many good works laid up with thee, shall out of their own deeds receive reward.

34For what is man, that thou shouldest take displeasure at him? or what is a corruptible generation, that thou shouldest be so bitter toward it?

35For in truth them is no man among them that be born, but he hath dealt wickedly; and among the faithful there is none which hath not done amiss.

36For in this, O Lord, thy righteousness and thy goodness shall be declared, if thou be merciful unto them which have not the confidence of good works.

37Then answered he me, and said, Some things hast thou spoken aright, and according unto thy words it shall be.

38For indeed I will not think on the disposition of them which have sinned before death, before judgment, before destruction:

39But I will rejoice over the disposition of the righteous, and I will remember also their pilgrimage, and the salvation, and the reward, that they shall have.

40Like as I have spoken now, so shall it come to pass.

41For as the husbandman soweth much seed upon the ground, and planteth many trees, and yet the thing that is sown good in his season cometh not up, neither doth all that is planted take root: even so is it of them that are sown in the world; they shall not all be saved.

42I answered then and said, If I have found grace, let me speak.

43Like as the husbandman's seed perisheth, if it come not up, and receive not thy rain in due season; or if there come too much rain, and corrupt it:

44Even so perisheth man also, which is formed with thy hands, and is called thine own image, because thou art like unto him, for whose sake thou hast made all things, and likened him unto the husbandman's seed.

45Be not wroth with us but spare thy people, and have mercy upon thine own inheritance: for thou art merciful unto thy creature.

46Then answered he me, and said, Things present are for the present, and things to cometh for such as be to come.

47For thou comest far short that thou shouldest be able to love my creature more than I: but I have ofttimes drawn nigh unto thee, and unto it, but never to the unrighteous.

48In this also thou art marvellous before the most High:

49In that thou hast humbled thyself, as it becometh thee, and hast not judged thyself worthy to be much glorified among the righteous.

50For many great miseries shall be done to them that in the latter time shall dwell in the world, because they have walked in great pride.

51But understand thou for thyself, and seek out the glory for such as be like thee.

52For unto you is paradise opened, the tree of life is planted, the time to come is prepared, plenteousness is made ready, a city is builded, and rest is allowed, yea, perfect goodness and wisdom.

53The root of evil is sealed up from you, weakness and the moth is hid from you, and corruption is fled into hell to be forgotten:

54Sorrows are passed, and in the end is shewed the treasure of immortality.

55And therefore ask thou no more questions concerning the multitude of them that perish.

56For when they had taken liberty, they despised the most High, thought scorn of his law, and forsook his ways.

57Moreover they have trodden down his righteous,

58And said in their heart, that there is no God; yea, and that knowing they must die.

59For as the things aforesaid shalt receive you, so thirst and pain are prepared for them: for it was not his will that men should come to nought:

60But they which be created have defiled the name of him that made them, and were unthankful unto him which prepared life for them.

61And therefore is my judgment now at hand.

62These things have I not shewed unto all men, but unto thee, and a few like thee. Then answered I and said,

63Behold, O Lord, now hast thou shewed me the multitude of the wonders, which thou wilt begin to do in the last times: but at what time, thou hast not shewed me.

9He answered me then, and said, Measure thou the time diligently in itself: and when thou seest part of the signs past, which I have told thee before,

2Then shalt thou understand, that it is the very same time, wherein the Highest will begin to visit the world which he made.

3Therefore when there shall be seen earthquakes and uproars of the people in the world:

4Then shalt thou well understand, that the most High spake of those things from the days that were before thee, even from the beginning.

5For like as all that is made in the world hath a beginning and an end, and the end is manifest:

6Even so the times also of the Highest have plain beginnings in wonder and powerful works, and endings in effects and signs.

7And every one that shall be saved, and shall be able to escape by his works, and by faith, whereby ye have believed,

8Shall be preserved from the said perils, and shall see my salvation in my land, and within my borders: for I have sanctified them for me from the beginning.

9Then shall they be in pitiful case, which now have abused my ways: and they that have cast them away despitefully shall dwell in torments.

10For such as in their life have received benefits, and have not known me;

11And they that have loathed my law, while they had yet liberty, and, when as yet place of repentance was open unto them, understood not, but despised it;

12The same must know it after death by pain.

13And therefore be thou not curious how the ungodly shall be punished, and when: but enquire how the righteous shall be saved, whose the world is, and for whom the world is created.

14Then answered I and said,

15I have said before, and now do speak, and will speak it also hereafter, that there be many more of them which perish, than of them which shall be saved:

16Like as a wave is greater than a drop.

17And he answered me, saying, Like as the field is, so is also the seed; as the flowers be, such are the colours also; such as the workman is, such also is the work; and as the husbandman ls himself, so is his husbandry also: for it was the time of the world.

18And now when I prepared the world, which was not yet made, even for them to dwell in that now live, no man spake against me.

19For then every one obeyed: but now the manners of them which are created in this world that is made are corrupted by a perpetual seed, and by a law which is unsearchable rid themselves.

20So I considered the world, and, behold, there was peril because of the devices that were come into it.

21And I saw, and spared it greatly, and have kept me a grape of the cluster, and a plant of a great people.

22Let the multitude perish then, which was born in vain; and let my grape be kept, and my plant; for with great labour have I made it perfect.

23Nevertheless, if thou wilt cease yet seven days more, (but thou shalt not fast in them,

24But go into a field of flowers, where no house is builded, and eat only the flowers of the field; taste no flesh, drink no wine, but eat flowers only;)

25And pray unto the Highest continually, then will I come and talk with thee.

26So I went my way into the field which is called Ardath, like as he commanded me; and there I sat among the flowers, and did eat of the herbs of the field, and the meat of the same satisfied me.

27After seven days I sat upon the grass, and my heart was vexed within me, like as before:

28And I opened my mouth, and began to talk before the most High, and said,

29O Lord, thou that shewest thyself unto us, thou wast shewed unto our fathers in the wilderness, in a place where no man treadeth, in a barren place, when they came out of Egypt.

30And thou spakest saying, Hear me, O Israel; and mark my words, thou seed of Jacob.

31For, behold, I sow my law in you, and it shall bring fruit in you, and ye shall be honoured in it for ever.

32But our fathers, which received the law, kept it not, and observed not thy ordinances: and though the fruit of thy law did not perish, neither could it, for it was thine;

33Yet they that received it perished, because they kept not the thing that was sown in them.

34And, lo, it ls a custom, when the ground hath received seed, or the sea a ship, or any vessel meat or drink, that, that being perished wherein it was sown or cast into,

35That thing also which was sown, or cast therein, or received, doth perish, and remaineth not with us: but with us it hath not happened so.

36For we that have received the law perish by sin, and our heart also which received it

37Notwithstanding the law perisheth not, but remaineth in his force.

38And when I spake these things in my heart, I looked back with mine eyes, and upon the right side I saw a woman, and, behold, she mourned and wept with a loud voice, and was much grieved in heart, and her clothes were rent, and she had ashes upon her head.

39Then let I my thoughts go that I was in, and turned me unto her,

40And said unto her, Wherefore weepest thou? why art thou so grieved in thy mind?

41And she said unto me, Sir, let me alone, that I may bewail myself, and add unto my sorrow, for I am sore vexed in my mind, and brought very low.

42And I said unto her, What aileth thee? tell me.

43She said unto me, I thy servant have been barren, and had no child, though I had an husband thirty years,

44And those thirty years I did nothing else day and night, and every hour, but make my, prayer to the Highest.

45After thirty years God heard me thine handmaid, looked upon my misery, considered my trouble, and gave me a son: and I was very glad of him, so was my husband also, and all my neighbours: and we gave great honour unto the Almighty.

46And I nourished him with great travail.

47So when he grew up, and came to the time that he should have a wife, I made a feast.

10And it so came to pass, that when my son was entered into his wedding chamber, he fell down, and died.

2Then we all overthrew the lights, and all my neighbours rose up to comfort me: so I took my rest unto the second day at night.

3And it came to pass, when they had all left off to comfort me, to the end I might be quiet; then rose I up by night and fled, and came hither into this field, as thou seest.

4And I do now purpose not to return into the city, but here to stay, and neither to eat nor drink, but continually to mourn and to fast until I die.

5Then left I the meditations wherein I was, and spake to her in anger, saying,

6Thou foolish woman above all other, seest thou not our mourning, and what happeneth unto us?

7How that Sion our mother is full of all heaviness, and much humbled, mourning very sore?

8And now, seeing we all mourn and are sad, for we are all in heaviness, art thou grieved for one son?

9For ask the earth, and she shall tell thee, that it is she which ought to mourn for the fall of so many that grow upon her.

10For out of her came all at the first, and out of her shall all others come, and, behold, they walk almost all into destruction, and a multitude of them is utterly rooted out.

11Who then should make more mourning than she, that hath lost so great a multitude; and not thou, which art sorry but for one?

12But if thou sayest unto me, My lamentation is not like the earth's, because I have lost the fruit of my womb, which I brought forth with pains, and bare with sorrows;

13But the earth not so: for the multitude present in it according to the course of the earth is gone, as it came:

14Then say I unto thee, Like as thou hast brought forth with labour; even so the earth also hath given her fruit, namely, man, ever since the beginning unto him that made her.

15Now therefore keep thy sorrow to thyself, and bear with a good courage that which hath befallen thee.

16For if thou shalt acknowledge the determination of God to be just, thou shalt both receive thy son in time, and shalt be commended among women.

17Go thy way then into the city to thine husband.

18And she said unto me, That will I not do: I will not go into the city, but here will I die.

19So I proceeded to speak further unto her, and said,

20Do not so, but be counselled. by me: for how many are the adversities of Sion? be comforted in regard of the sorrow of Jerusalem.

21For thou seest that our sanctuary is laid waste, our altar broken down, our temple destroyed;

22Our psaltery is laid on the ground, our song is put to silence, our rejoicing is at an end, the light of our candlestick is put out, the ark of our covenant is spoiled, our holy things are defiled, and the name that is called upon us is almost profaned: our children are put to shame, our priests are burnt, our Levites are gone into captivity, our virgins are defiled, and our wives ravished; our righteous men carried away, our little ones destroyed, our young men are brought in bondage, and our strong men are become weak;

23And, which is the greatest of all, the seal of Sion hath now lost her honour; for she is delivered into the hands of them that hate us.

24And therefore shake off thy great heaviness, and put away the multitude of sorrows, that the Mighty may be merciful unto thee again, and the Highest shall give thee rest and ease from thy labour.

25And it came to pass while I was talking with her, behold, her face upon a sudden shined exceedingly, and her countenance glistered, so that I was afraid of her, and mused what it might be.

26And, behold, suddenly she made a great cry very fearful: so that the earth shook at the noise of the woman.

27And I looked, and, behold, the woman appeared unto me no more, but there was a city builded, and a large place shewed itself from the foundations: then was I afraid, and cried with a loud voice, and said,

28Where is Uriel the angel, who came unto me at the first? for he hath caused me to fall into many trances, and mine end is turned into corruption, and my prayer to rebuke.

29And as I was speaking these words behold, he came unto me, and looked upon me.

30And, lo, I lay as one that had been dead, and mine understanding was taken from me: and he took me by the right hand, and comforted me, and set me upon my feet, and said unto me,

31What aileth thee? and why art thou so disquieted? and why is thine understanding troubled, and the thoughts of thine heart?

32And I said, Because thou hast forsaken me, and yet I did according to thy words, and I went into the field, and, lo, I have seen, and yet see, that I am not able to express.

33And he said unto me, Stand up manfully, and I will advise thee.

34Then said I, Speak on, my lord, in me; only forsake me not, lest I die frustrate of my hope.

35For I have seen that I knew not, and hear that I do not know.

36Or is my sense deceived, or my soul in a dream?

37Now therefore I beseech thee that thou wilt shew thy servant of this vision.

38He answered me then, and said, Hear me, and I shall inform thee, and tell thee wherefore thou art afraid: for the Highest will reveal many secret things unto thee.

39He hath seen that thy way is right: for that thou sorrowest continually for thy people, and makest great lamentation for Sion.

40This therefore is the meaning of the vision which thou lately sawest:

41Thou sawest a woman mourning, and thou begannest to comfort her:

42But now seest thou the likeness of the woman no more, but there appeared unto thee a city builded.

43And whereas she told thee of the death of her son, this is the solution:

44This woman, whom thou sawest is Sion: and whereas she said unto thee, even she whom thou seest as a city builded,

45Whereas, I say, she said unto thee, that she hath been thirty years barren: those are the thirty years wherein there was no offering made in her.

46But after thirty years Solomon builded the city and offered offerings: and then bare the barren a son.

47And whereas she told thee that she nourished him with labour: that was the dwelling in Jerusalem.

48But whereas she said unto thee, That my son coming into his marriage chamber happened to have a fail, and died: this was the destruction that came to Jerusalem.

49And, behold, thou sawest her likeness, and because she mourned for her son, thou begannest to comfort her: and of these things which have chanced, these are to be opened unto thee.

50For now the most High seeth that thou art grieved unfeignedly, and sufferest from thy whole heart for her, so hath he shewed thee the brightness of her glory, and the comeliness of her beauty:

51And therefore I bade thee remain in the field where no house was builded:

52For I knew that the Highest would shew this unto thee.

53Therefore I commanded thee to go into the field, where no foundation of any building was.

54For in the place wherein the Highest beginneth to shew his city, there can no man's building be able to stand.

55And therefore fear not, let not thine heart be affrighted, but go thy way in, and see the beauty and greatness of the building, as much as thine eyes be able to see:

56And then shalt thou hear as much as thine ears may comprehend.

57For thou art blessed above many other, and art called with the Highest; and so are but few.

58But to morrow at night thou shalt remain here;

59And so shall the Highest shew thee visions of the high things, which the most High will do unto them that dwell upon the earth in the last days. So I slept that night and another, like as he commanded me.

11Then saw I a dream, and, behold, there came up from the sea an eagle, which had twelve feathered wings, and three heads.

2And I saw, and, behold, she spread her wings over all the earth, and all the winds of the air blew on her, and were gathered together.

3And I beheld, and out of her feathers there grew other contrary feathers; and they became little feathers and small.

4But her heads were at rest: the head in the midst was greater than the other, yet rested it with the residue.

5Moreover I beheld, and, lo, the eagle flew with her feathers, and reigned upon earth, and over them that dwelt therein.

6And I saw that all things under heaven were subject unto her, and no man spake against her, no, not one creature upon earth.

7And I beheld, and, lo, the eagle rose upon her talons, and spake to her feathers, saying,

8Watch not all at once: sleep every one in his own place, and watch by course:

9But let the heads be preserved for the last.

10And I beheld, and, lo, the voice went not out of her heads, but from the midst of her body.

11And I numbered her contrary feathers, and, behold, there were eight of them.

12And I looked, and, behold, on the right side there arose one feather, and reigned over all the earth;

13And so it was, that when it reigned, the end of it came, and the place thereof appeared no more: so the next following stood up. and reigned, and had a great time;

14And it happened, that when it reigned, the end of it came also, like as the first, so that it appeared no more.

15Then came there a voice unto it, and said,

16Hear thou that hast borne rule over the earth so long: this I say unto thee, before thou beginnest to appear no more,

17There shall none after thee attain unto thy time, neither unto the half thereof.

18Then arose the third, and reigned as the other before, and appeared no more also.

19So went it with all the residue one after another, as that every one reigned, and then appeared no more.

20Then I beheld, and, lo, in process of time the feathers that followed stood up upon the right side, that they might rule also; and some of them ruled, but within a while they appeared no more:

21For some of them were set up, but ruled not.

22After this I looked, and, behold, the twelve feathers appeared no more, nor the two little feathers:

23And there was no more upon the eagle's body, but three heads that rested, and six little wings.

24Then saw I also that two little feathers divided themselves from the six, and remained under the head that was upon the right side: for the four continued in their place.

25And I beheld, and, lo, the feathers that were under the wing thought to set up themselves and to have the rule.

26And I beheld, and, lo, there was one set up, but shortly it appeared no more.

27And the second was sooner away than the first.

28And I beheld, and, lo, the two that remained thought also in themselves to reign:

29And when they so thought, behold, there awaked one of the heads that were at rest, namely, it that was in the midst; for that was greater than the two other heads.

30And then I saw that the two other heads were joined with it.

31And, behold, the head was turned with them that were with it, and did eat up the two feathers under the wing that would have reigned.

32But this head put the whole earth in fear, and bare rule in it over all those that dwelt upon the earth with much oppression; and it had the governance of the world more than all the wings that had been.

33And after this I beheld, and, lo, the head that was in the midst suddenly appeared no more, like as the wings.

34But there remained the two heads, which also in like sort ruled upon the earth, and over those that dwelt therein.

35And I beheld, and, lo, the head upon the right side devoured it that was upon the left side.

36Then I head a voice, which said unto me, Look before thee, and consider the thing that thou seest.

37And I beheld, and lo, as it were a roaring lion chased out of the wood: and I saw that he sent out a man's voice unto the eagle, and said,

38Hear thou, I will talk with thee, and the Highest shall say unto thee,

39Art not thou it that remainest of the four beasts, whom I made to reign in my world, that the end of their times might come through them?

40And the fourth came, and overcame all the beasts that were past, and had power over the world with great fearfulness, and over the whole compass of the earth with much wicked oppression; and so long time dwelt he upon the earth with deceit.

41For the earth hast thou not judged with truth.

42For thou hast afflicted the meek, thou hast hurt the peaceable, thou hast loved liars, and destroyed the dwellings of them that brought forth fruit, and hast cast down the walls of such as did thee no harm.

43Therefore is thy wrongful dealing come up unto the Highest, and thy pride unto the Mighty.

44The Highest also hath looked upon the proud times, and, behold, they are ended, and his abominations are fulfilled.

45And therefore appear no more, thou eagle, nor thy horrible wings, nor thy wicked feathers nor thy malicious heads, nor thy hurtful claws, nor all thy vain body:

46That all the earth may be refreshed, and may return, being delivered from thy violence, and that she may hope for the judgment and mercy of him that made her.

12And it came to pass, whiles the lion spake these words unto the eagle, I saw,

2And, behold, the head that remained and the four wings appeared no more, and the two went unto it and set themselves up to reign, and their kingdom was small, and fill of uproar.

3And I saw, and, behold, they appeared no more, and the whole body of the eagle was burnt so that the earth was in great fear: then awaked I out of the trouble and trance of my mind, and from great fear, and said unto my spirit,

4Lo, this hast thou done unto me, in that thou searchest out the ways of the Highest.

5Lo, yet am I weary in my mind, and very weak in my spirit; and little strength is there in me, for the great fear wherewith I was afflicted this night.

6Therefore will I now beseech the Highest, that he will comfort me unto the end.

7And I said, Lord that bearest rule, if I have found grace before thy sight, and if I am justified with thee before many others, and if my prayer indeed be come up before thy face;

8Comfort me then, and shew me thy servant the interpretation and plain difference of this fearful vision, that thou mayest perfectly comfort my soul.

9For thou hast judged me worthy to shew me the last times.

10And he said unto me, This is the interpretation of the vision:

11The eagle, whom thou sawest come up from the sea, is the kingdom which was seen in the vision of thy brother Daniel.

12But it was not expounded unto him, therefore now I declare it unto thee.

13Behold, the days will come, that there shall rise up a kingdom upon earth, and it shall be feared above all the kingdoms that were before it.

14In the same shall twelve kings reign, one after another:

15Whereof the second shall begin to reign, and shall have more time than any of the twelve.

16And this do the twelve wings signify, which thou sawest.

17As for the voice which thou heardest speak, and that thou sawest not to go out from the heads but from the midst of the body thereof, this is the interpretation:

18That after the time of that kingdom there shall arise great strivings, and it shall stand in peril of failing: nevertheless it shall not then fall, but shall be restored again to his beginning.

19And whereas thou sawest the eight small under feathers sticking to her wings, this is the interpretation:

20That in him there shall arise eight kings, whose times shall be but small, and their years swift.

21And two of them shall perish, the middle time approaching: four shall be kept until their end begin to approach: but two shall be kept unto the end.

22And whereas thou sawest three heads resting, this is the interpretation:

23In his last days shall the most High raise up three kingdoms, and renew many things therein, and they shall have the dominion of the earth,

24And of those that dwell therein, with much oppression, above all those that were before them: therefore are they called the heads of the eagle.

25For these are they that shall accomplish his wickedness, and that shall finish his last end.

26And whereas thou sawest that the great head appeared no more, it signifieth that one of them shall die upon his bed, and yet with pain.

27For the two that remain shall be slain with the sword.

28For the sword of the one shall devour the other: but at the last shall he fall through the sword himself.

29And whereas thou sawest two feathers under the wings passing over the head that is on the right side;

30It signifieth that these are they, whom the Highest hath kept unto their end: this is the small kingdom and full of trouble, as thou sawest.

31And the lion, whom thou sawest rising up out of the wood, and roaring, and speaking to the eagle, and rebuking her for her unrighteousness with all the words which thou hast heard;

32This is the anointed, which the Highest hath kept for them and for their wickedness unto the end: he shall reprove them, and shall upbraid them with their cruelty.

33For he shall set them before him alive in judgment, and shall rebuke them, and correct them.

34For the rest of my people shall he deliver with mercy, those that have been pressed upon my borders, and he shall make them joyful until the coming of the day of judgment, whereof I have spoken unto thee from the the beginning.

35This is the dream that thou sawest, and these are the interpretations.

36Thou only hast been meet to know this secret of the Highest.

37Therefore write all these things that thou hast seen in a book, and hide them:

38And teach them to the wise of the people, whose hearts thou knowest may comprehend and keep these secrets.

39But wait thou here thyself yet seven days more, that it may be shewed thee, whatsoever it pleaseth the Highest to declare unto thee. And with that he went his way.

40And it came to pass, when all the people saw that the seven days were past, and I not come again into the city, they gathered them all together, from the least unto the greatest, and came unto me, and said,

41What have we offended thee? and what evil have we done against thee, that thou forsakest us, and sittest here in this place?

42For of all the prophets thou only art left us, as a cluster of the vintage, and as a candle in a dark place, and as a haven or ship preserved from the tempest.

43Are not the evils which are come to us sufficient?

44If thou shalt forsake us, how much better had it been for us, if we also had been burned in the midst of Sion?

45For we are not better than they that died there. And they wept with a loud voice. Then answered I them, and said,

46Be of good comfort, O Israel; and be not heavy, thou house of Jacob:

47For the Highest hath you in remembrance, and the Mighty hath not forgotten you in temptation.

48As for me, I have not forsaken you, neither am I departed from you: but am come into this place, to pray for the desolation of Sion, and that I might seek mercy for the low estate of your sanctuary.

49And now go your way home every man, and after these days will I come unto you.

50So the people went their way into the city, like as I commanded them:

51But I remained still in the field seven days, as the angel commanded me; and did eat only in those days of the flowers of the field, and had my meat of the herbs

13And it came to pass after seven days, I dreamed a dream by night:

2And, lo, there arose a wind from the sea, that it moved all the waves thereof.

3And I beheld, and, lo, that man waxed strong with the thousands of heaven: and when he turned his countenance to look, all the things trembled that were seen under him.

4And whensoever the voice went out of his mouth, all they burned that heard his voice, like as the earth faileth when it feeleth the fire.

5And after this I beheld, and, lo, there was gathered together a multitude of men, out of number, from the four winds of the heaven, to subdue the man that came out of the sea

6But I beheld, and, lo, he had graved himself a great mountain, and flew up upon it.

7But I would have seen the region or place whereout the hill was graven, and I could not.

8And after this I beheld, and, lo, all they which were gathered together to subdue him were sore afraid, and yet durst fight.

9And, lo, as he saw the violence of the multitude that came, he neither lifted up his hand, nor held sword, nor any instrument of war:

10But only I saw that he sent out of his mouth as it had been a blast of fire, and out of his lips a flaming breath, and out of his tongue he cast out sparks and tempests.

11And they were all mixed together; the blast of fire, the flaming breath, and the great tempest; and fell with violence upon the multitude which was prepared to fight, and burned them up every one, so that upon a sudden of an innumerable multitude nothing was to be perceived, but only dust and smell of smoke: when I saw this I was afraid.

12Afterward saw I the same man come down from the mountain, and call unto him another peaceable Multitude.

13And there came much people unto him, whereof some were glad, some were sorry, and some of them were bound, and other some brought of them that were offered: then was I sick through great fear, and I awaked, and said,

14Thou hast shewed thy servant these wonders from the beginning, and hast counted me worthy that thou shouldest receive my prayer:

15Shew me now yet the interpretation of this dream.

16For as I conceive in mine understanding, woe unto them that shall be left in those days and much more woe unto them that are not left behind!

17For they that were not left were in heaviness.

18Now understand I the things that are laid up in the latter days, which shall happen unto them, and to those that are left behind.

19Therefore are they come into great perils and many necessities, like as these dreams declare.

20Yet is it easier for him that is in danger to come into these things, than to pass away as a cloud out of the world, and not to see the things that happen in the last days. And he answered unto me, and said,

21The interpretation of the vision shall I shew thee, and I will open unto thee the thing that thou hast required.

22Whereas thou hast spoken of them that are left behind, this is the interpretation:

23He that shall endure the peril in that time hath kept himself: they that be fallen into danger are such as have works, and faith toward the Almighty.

24Know this therefore, that they which be left behind are more blessed than they that be dead.

25This is the meaning of the vision: Whereas thou sawest a man coming up from the midst of the sea:

26The same is he whom God the Highest hath kept a great season, which by his own self shall deliver his creature: and he shall order them that are left behind.

27And whereas thou sawest, that out of his mouth there came as a blast of wind, and fire, and storm;

28And that he held neither sword, nor any instrument of war, but that the rushing in of him destroyed the whole multitude that came to subdue him; this is the interpretation:

29Behold, the days come, when the most High will begin to deliver them that are upon the earth.

30And he shall come to the astonishment of them that dwell on the earth.

31And one shall undertake to fight against another, one city against another, one place against another, one people against another, and one realm against another.

32And the time shall be when these things shall come to pass, and the signs shall happen which I shewed thee before, and then shall my Son be declared, whom thou sawest as a man ascending.

33And when all the people hear his voice, every man shall in their own land leave the battle they have one against another.

34And an innumerable multitude shall be gathered together, as thou sawest them, willing to come, and to overcome him by fighting.

35But he shall stand upon the top of the mount Sion.

36And Sion shall come, and shall be shewed to all men, being prepared and builded, like as thou sawest the hill graven without hands.

37And this my Son shall rebuke the wicked inventions of those nations, which for their wicked life are fallen into the tempest;

38And shall lay before them their evil thoughts, and the torments wherewith they shall begin to be tormented, which are like unto a flame: and he shall destroy them without labour by the law which is like unto me.

39And whereas thou sawest that he gathered another peaceable multitude unto him;

40Those are the ten tribes, which were carried away prisoners out of their own land in the time of Osea the king, whom Salmanasar the king of Assyria led away captive, and he carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land.

41But they took this counsel among themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt,

42That they might there keep their statutes, which they never kept in their own land.

43And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow places of the river.

44For the most High then shewed signs for them, and held still the flood, till they were passed over.

45For through that country there was a great way to go, namely, of a year and a half: and the same region is called Arsareth.

46Then dwelt they there until the latter time; and now when they shall begin to come,

47The Highest shall stay the springs of the stream again, that they may go through: therefore sawest thou the multitude with peace.

48But those that be left behind of thy people are they that are found within my borders.

49Now when he destroyeth the multitude of the nations that are gathered together, he shall defend his people that remain.

50And then shall he shew them great wonders.

51Then said I, O Lord that bearest rule, shew me this: Wherefore have I seen the man coming up from the midst of the sea?

52And he said unto me, Like as thou canst neither seek out nor know the things that are in the deep of the sea: even so can no man upon earth see my Son, or those that be with him, but in the day time.

53This is the interpretation of the dream which thou sawest, and whereby thou only art here lightened.

54For thou hast forsaken thine own way, and applied thy diligence unto my law, and sought it.

55Thy life hast thou ordered in wisdom, and hast called understanding thy mother.

56And therefore have I shewed thee the treasures of the Highest: after other three days I will speak other things unto thee, and declare unto thee mighty and wondrous things.

57Then went I forth into the field, giving praise and thanks greatly unto the most High because of his wonders which he did in time;

58And because he governeth the same, and such things as fall in their seasons: and there I sat three days.

14And it came to pass upon the third day, I sat under an oak, and, behold, there came a voice out of a bush over against me, and said, Esdras, Esdras.

2And I said, Here am I, Lord And I stood up upon my feet.

3Then said he unto me, In the bush I did manifestly reveal myself unto Moses, and talked with him, when my people served in Egypt:

4And I sent him and led my people out of Egypt, and brought him up to the mount of where I held him by me a long season,

5And told him many wondrous things, and shewed him the secrets of the times, and the end; and commanded him, saying,

6These words shalt thou declare, and these shalt thou hide.

7And now I say unto thee,

8That thou lay up in thy heart the signs that I have shewed, and the dreams that thou hast seen, and the interpretations which thou hast heard:

9For thou shalt be taken away from all, and from henceforth thou shalt remain with my Son, and with such as be like thee, until the times be ended.

10For the world hath lost his youth, and the times begin to wax old.

11For the world is divided into twelve parts, and the ten parts of it are gone already, and half of a tenth part:

12And there remaineth that which is after the half of the tenth part.

13Now therefore set thine house in order, and reprove thy people, comfort such of them as be in trouble, and now renounce corruption,

14Let go from thee mortal thoughts, cast away the burdens of man, put off now the weak nature,

15And set aside the thoughts that are most heavy unto thee, and haste thee to flee from these times.

16For yet greater evils than those which thou hast seen happen shall be done hereafter.

17For look how much the world shall be weaker through age, so much the more shall evils increase upon them that dwell therein.

18For the time is fled far away, and leasing is hard at hand: for now hasteth the vision to come, which thou hast seen.

19Then answered I before thee, and said,

20Behold, Lord, I will go, as thou hast commanded me, and reprove the people which are present: but they that shall be born afterward, who shall admonish them? thus the world is set in darkness, and they that dwell therein are without light.

21For thy law is burnt, therefore no man knoweth the things that are done of thee, or the work that shall begin.

22But if I have found grace before thee, send the Holy Ghost into me, and I shall write all that hath been done in the world since the beginning, which were written in thy law, that men may find thy path, and that they which will live in the latter days may live.

23And he answered me, saying, Go thy way, gather the people together, and say unto them, that they seek thee not for forty days.

24But look thou prepare thee many box trees, and take with thee Sarea, Dabria, Selemia, Ecanus, and Asiel, these five which are ready to write swiftly;

25And come hither, and I shall light a candle of understanding in thine heart, which shall not be put out, till the things be performed which thou shalt begin to write.

26And when thou hast done, some things shalt thou publish, and some things shalt thou shew secretly to the wise: to morrow this hour shalt thou begin to write.

27Then went I forth, as he commanded, and gathered all the people together, and said,

28Hear these words, O Israel.

29Our fathers at the beginning were strangers in Egypt, from whence they were delivered:

30And received the law of life, which they kept not, which ye also have transgressed after them.

31Then was the land, even the land of Sion, parted among you by lot: but your fathers, and ye yourselves, have done unrighteousness, and have not kept the ways which the Highest commanded you.

32And forasmuch as he is a righteous judge, he took from you in time the thing that he had given you.

33And now are ye here, and your brethren among you.

34Therefore if so be that ye will subdue your own understanding, and reform your hearts, ye shall be kept alive and after death ye shall obtain mercy.

35For after death shall the judgment come, when we shall live again: and then shall the names of the righteous be manifest, and the works of the ungodly shall be declared.

36Let no man therefore come unto me now, nor seek after me these forty days.

37So I took the five men, as he commanded me, and we went into the field, and remained there.

38And the next day, behold, a voice called me, saying, Esdras, open thy mouth, and drink that I give thee to drink.

39Then opened I my mouth, and, behold, he reached me a full cup, which was full as it were with water, but the colour of it was like fire.

40And I took it, and drank: and when I had drunk of it, my heart uttered understanding, and wisdom grew in my breast, for my spirit strengthened my memory:

41And my mouth was opened, and shut no more.

42The Highest gave understanding unto the five men, and they wrote the wonderful visions of the night that were told, which they knew not: and they sat forty days, and they wrote in the day, and at night they ate bread.

43As for me. I spake in the day, and I held not my tongue by night.

44In forty days they wrote two hundred and four books.

45And it came to pass, when the forty days were filled, that the Highest spake, saying, The first that thou hast written publish openly, that the worthy and unworthy may read it:

46But keep the seventy last, that thou mayest deliver them only to such as be wise among the people:

47For in them is the spring of understanding, the fountain of wisdom, and the stream of knowledge.

48And I did so.

15Behold, speak thou in the ears of my people the words of prophecy, which I will put in thy mouth, saith the Lord:

2And cause them to be written in paper: for they are faithful and true.

3Fear not the imaginations against thee, let not the incredulity of them trouble thee, that speak against thee.

4For all the unfaithful shall die in their unfaithfulness.

5Behold, saith the Lord, I will bring plagues upon the world; the sword, famine, death, and destruction.

6For wickedness hath exceedingly polluted the whole earth, and their hurtful works are fulfilled.

7Therefore saith the Lord,

8I will hold my tongue no more as touching their wickedness, which they profanely commit, neither will I suffer them in those things, in which they wickedly exercise themselves: behold, the innocent and righteous blood crieth unto me, and the souls of the just complain continually.

9And therefore, saith the Lord, I will surely avenge them, and receive unto me all the innocent blood from among them.

10Behold, my people is led as a flock to the slaughter: I will not suffer them now to dwell in the land of Egypt:

11But I will bring them with a mighty hand and a stretched out arm, and smite Egypt with plagues, as before, and will destroy all the land thereof.

12Egypt shall mourn, and the foundation of it shall be smitten with the plague and punishment that God shall bring upon it.

13They that till the ground shall mourn: for their seeds shall fail through the blasting and hail, and with a fearful constellation.

14Woe to the world and them that dwell therein!

15For the sword and their destruction draweth nigh, and one people shall stand up and fight against another, and swords in their hands.

16For there shall be sedition among men, and invading one another; they shall not regard their kings nor princes, and the course of their actions shall stand in their power.

17A man shall desire to go into a city, and shall not be able.

18For because of their pride the cities shall be troubled, the houses shall be destroyed, and men shall be afraid.

19A man shall have no pity upon his neighbour, but shall destroy their houses with the sword, and spoil their goods, because of the lack of bread, and for great tribulation.

20Behold, saith God, I will call together all the kings of the earth to reverence me, which are from the rising of the sun, from the south, from the east, and Libanus; to turn themselves one against another, and repay the things that they have done to them.

21Like as they do yet this day unto my chosen, so will I do also, and recompense in their bosom. Thus saith the Lord God;

22My right hand shall not spare the sinners, and my sword shall not cease over them that shed innocent blood upon the earth.

23The fire is gone forth from his wrath, and hath consumed the foundations of the earth, and the sinners, like the straw that is kindled.

24Woe to them that sin, and keep not my commandments! saith the Lord.

25I will not spare them: go your way, ye children, from the power, defile not my sanctuary.

26For the Lord knoweth all them that sin against him, and therefore delivereth he them unto death and destruction.

27For now are the plagues come upon the whole earth and ye shall remain in them: for God shall not deliver you, because ye have sinned against him.

28Behold an horrible vision, and the appearance thereof from the east:

29Where the nations of the dragons of Arabia shall come out with many chariots, and the multitude of them shall be carried as the wind upon earth, that all they which hear them may fear and tremble.

30Also the Carmanians raging in wrath shall go forth as the wild boars of the wood, and with great power shall they come, and join battle with them, and shall waste a portion of the land of the Assyrians.

31And then shall the dragons have the upper hand, remembering their nature; and if they shall turn themselves, conspiring together in great power to persecute them,

32Then these shall be troubled bled, and keep silence through their power, and shall flee.

33And from the land of the Assyrians shall the enemy besiege them, and consume some of them, and in their host shall be fear and dread, and strife among their kings.

34Behold clouds from the east and from the north unto the south, and they are very horrible to look upon, full of wrath and storm.

35They shall smite one upon another, and they shall smite down a great multitude of stars upon the earth, even their own star; and blood shall be from the sword unto the belly,

36And dung of men unto the camel's hough.

37And there shall be great fearfulness and trembling upon earth: and they that see the wrath shall be afraid, and trembling shall come upon them.

38And then shall there come great storms from the south, and from the north, and another part from the west.

39And strong winds shall arise from the east, and shall open it; and the cloud which he raised up in wrath, and the star stirred to cause fear toward the east and west wind, shall be destroyed.

40The great and mighty clouds shall be puffed up full of wrath, and the star, that they may make all the earth afraid, and them that dwell therein; and they shall pour out over every high and eminent place an horrible star,

41Fire, and hail, and flying swords, and many waters, that all fields may be full, and all rivers, with the abundance of great waters.

42And they shall break down the cities and walls, mountains and hills, trees of the wood, and grass of the meadows, and their corn.

43And they shall go stedfastly unto Babylon, and make her afraid.

44They shall come to her, and besiege her, the star and all wrath shall they pour out upon her: then shall the dust and smoke go up unto the heaven, and all they that be about her shall bewail her.

45And they that remain under her shall do service unto them that have put her in fear.

46And thou, Asia, that art partaker of the hope of Babylon, and art the glory of her person:

47Woe be unto thee, thou wretch, because thou hast made thyself like unto her; and hast decked thy daughters in whoredom, that they might please and glory in thy lovers, which have always desired to commit whoredom with thee.

48Thou hast followed her that is hated in all her works and inventions: therefore saith God,

49I will send plagues upon thee; widowhood, poverty, famine, sword, and pestilence, to waste thy houses with destruction and death.

50And the glory of thy Power shall be dried up as a flower, the heat shall arise that is sent over thee.

51Thou shalt be weakened as a poor woman with stripes, and as one chastised with wounds, so that the mighty and lovers shall not be able to receive thee.

52Would I with jealousy have so proceeded against thee, saith the Lord,

53If thou hadst not always slain my chosen, exalting the stroke of thine hands, and saying over their dead, when thou wast drunken,

54Set forth the beauty of thy countenance?

55The reward of thy whoredom shall be in thy bosom, therefore shalt thou receive recompence.

56Like as thou hast done unto my chosen, saith the Lord, even so shall God do unto thee, and shall deliver thee into mischief

57Thy children shall die of hunger, and thou shalt fall through the sword: thy cities shall be broken down, and all thine shall perish with the sword in the field.

58They that be in the mountains shall die of hunger, and eat their own flesh, and drink their own blood, for very hunger of bread, and thirst of water.

59Thou as unhappy shalt come through the sea, and receive plagues again.

60And in the passage they shall rush on the idle city, and shall destroy some portion of thy land, and consume part of thy glory, and shall return to Babylon that was destroyed.

61And thou shalt be cast down by them as stubble, and they shall be unto thee as fire;

62And shall consume thee, and thy cities, thy land, and thy mountains; all thy woods and thy fruitful trees shall they burn up with fire.

63Thy children shall they carry away captive, and, look, what thou hast, they shall spoil it, and mar the beauty of thy face.

16Woe be unto thee, Babylon, and Asia! woe be unto thee, Egypt and Syria!

2Gird up yourselves with cloths of sack and hair, bewail your children, and be sorry; for your destruction is at hand.

3A sword is sent upon you, and who may turn it back?

4A fire is sent among you, and who may quench it?

5Plagues are sent unto you, and what is he that may drive them away?

6May any man drive away an hungry lion in the wood? or may any one quench the fire in stubble, when it hath begun to burn?

7May one turn again the arrow that is shot of a strong archer?

8The mighty Lord sendeth the plagues and who is he that can drive them away?

9A fire shall go forth from his wrath, and who is he that may quench it?

10He shall cast lightnings, and who shall not fear? he shall thunder, and who shall not be afraid?

11The Lord shall threaten, and who shall not be utterly beaten to powder at his presence?

12The earth quaketh, and the foundations thereof; the sea ariseth up with waves from the deep, and the waves of it are troubled, and the fishes thereof also, before the Lord, and before the glory of his power:

13For strong is his right hand that bendeth the bow, his arrows that he shooteth are sharp, and shall not miss, when they begin to be shot into the ends of the world.

14Behold, the plagues are sent, and shall not return again, until they come upon the earth.

15The fire is kindled, and shall not be put out, till it consume the foundation of the earth.

16Like as an arrow which is shot of a mighty archer returneth not backward: even so the plagues that shall be sent upon earth shall not return again.

17Woe is me! woe is me! who will deliver me in those days?

18The beginning of sorrows and great mournings; the beginning of famine and great death; the beginning of wars, and the powers shall stand in fear; the beginning of evils! what shall I do when these evils shall come?

19Behold, famine and plague, tribulation and anguish, are sent as scourges for amendment.

20But for all these things they shall not turn from their wickedness, nor be always mindful of the scourges.

21Behold, victuals shall be so good cheap upon earth, that they shall think themselves to be in good case, and even then shall evils grow upon earth, sword, famine, and great confusion.

22For many of them that dwell upon earth shall perish of famine; and the other, that escape the hunger, shall the sword destroy.

23And the dead shall be cast out as dung, and there shall be no man to comfort them: for the earth shall be wasted, and the cities shall be cast down.

24There shall be no man left to till the earth, and to sow it

25The trees shall give fruit, and who shall gather them?

26The grapes shall ripen, and who shall tread them? for all places shall be desolate of men:

27So that one man shall desire to see another, and to hear his voice.

28For of a city there shall be ten left, and two of the field, which shall hide themselves in the thick groves, and in the clefts of the rocks.

29As in an orchard of Olives upon every tree there are left three or four olives;

30Or as when a vineyard is gathered, there are left some clusters of them that diligently seek through the vineyard:

31Even so in those days there shall be three or four left by them that search their houses with the sword.

32And the earth shall be laid waste, and the fields thereof shall wax old, and her ways and all her paths shall grow full of thorns, because no man shall travel therethrough.

33The virgins shall mourn, having no bridegrooms; the women shall mourn, having no husbands; their daughters shall mourn, having no helpers.

34In the wars shall their bridegrooms be destroyed, and their husbands shall perish of famine.

35Hear now these things and understand them, ye servants of the Lord.

36Behold, the word of the Lord, receive it: believe not the gods of whom the Lord spake.

37Behold, the plagues draw nigh, and are not slack.

38As when a woman with child in the ninth month bringeth forth her son, with two or three hours of her birth great pains compass her womb, which pains, when the child cometh forth, they slack not a moment:

39Even so shall not the plagues be slack to come upon the earth, and the world shall mourn, and sorrows shall come upon it on every side.

40O my people, hear my word: make you ready to thy battle, and in those evils be even as pilgrims upon the earth.

41He that selleth, let him be as he that fleeth away: and he that buyeth, as one that will lose:

42He that occupieth merchandise, as he that hath no profit by it: and he that buildeth, as he that shall not dwell therein:

43He that soweth, as if he should not reap: so also he that planteth the vineyard, as he that shall not gather the grapes:

44They that marry, as they that shall get no children; and they that marry not, as the widowers.

45And therefore they that labour labour in vain:

46For strangers shall reap their fruits, and spoil their goods, overthrow their houses, and take their children captives, for in captivity and famine shall they get children.

47And they that occupy their merchandise with robbery, the more they deck their cities, their houses, their possessions, and their own persons:

48The more will I be angry with them for their sin, saith the Lord.

49Like as a whore envieth a right honest and virtuous woman:

50So shall righteousness hate iniquity, when she decketh herself, and shall accuse her to her face, when he cometh that shall defend him that diligently searcheth out every sin upon earth.

51And therefore be ye not like thereunto, nor to the works thereof.

52For yet a little, and iniquity shall be taken away out of the earth, and righteousness shall reign among you.

53Let not the sinner say that he hath not sinned: for God shall burn coals of fire upon his head, which saith before the Lord God and his glory, I have not sinned.

54Behold, the Lord knoweth all the works of men, their imaginations, their thoughts, and their hearts:

55Which spake but the word, Let the earth be made; and it was made: Let the heaven be made; and it was created.

56In his word were the stars made, and he knoweth the number of them.

57He searcheth the deep, and the treasures thereof; he hath measured the sea, and what it containeth.

58He hath shut the sea in the midst of the waters, and with his word hath he hanged the earth upon the waters.

59He spreadeth out the heavens like a vault; upon the waters hath he founded it.

60In the desert hath he made springs of water, and pools upon the tops of the mountains, that the floods might pour down from the high rocks to water the earth.

61He made man, and put his heart in the midst of the body, and gave him breath, life, and understanding.

62Yea and the Spirit of Almighty God, which made all things, and searcheth out all hidden things in the secrets of the earth,

63Surely he knoweth your inventions, and what ye think in your hearts, even them that sin, and would hide their sin.

64Therefore hath the Lord exactly searched out all your works, and he will put you all to shame.

65And when your sins are brought forth, ye shall be ashamed before men, and your own sins shall be your accusers in that day.

66What will ye do? or how will ye hide your sins before God and his angels?

67Behold, God himself is the judge, fear him: leave off from your sins, and forget your iniquities, to meddle no more with them for ever: so shall God lead you forth, and deliver you from all trouble.

68For, behold, the burning wrath of a great multitude is kindled over you, and they shall take away certain of you, and feed you, being idle, with things offered unto idols.

69And they that consent unto them shall be had in derision and in reproach, and trodden under foot.

70For there shall be in every place, and in the next cities, a great insurrection upon those that fear the Lord.

71They shall be like mad men, sparing none, but still spoiling and destroying those that fear the Lord.

72For they shall waste and take away their goods, and cast them out of their houses.

73Then shall they be known, who are my chosen; and they shall be tried as the gold in the fire.

74Hear, O ye my beloved, saith the Lord: behold, the days of trouble are at hand, but I will deliver you from the same.

75Be ye not afraid neither doubt; for God is your guide,

76And the guide of them who keep my commandments and precepts, saith the Lord God: let not your sins weigh you down, and let not your iniquities lift up themselves.

77Woe be unto them that are bound with their sins, and covered with their iniquities like as a field is covered over with bushes, and the path thereof covered with thorns, that no man may travel through!

78It is left undressed, and is cast into the fire to be consumed therewith.



Tobit


1The book of the words of Tobit, son of Tobiel, the son of Ananiel, the son of Aduel, the son of Gabael, of the seed of Asael, of the tribe of Nephthali;

2Who in the time of Enemessar king of the Assyrians was led captive out of Thisbe, which is at the right hand of that city, which is called properly Nephthali in Galilee above Aser.

3I Tobit have walked all the days of my life in the ways of truth and justice, and I did many almsdeeds to my brethren, and my nation, who came with me to Nineve, into the land of the Assyrians.

4And when I was in mine own country, in the land of Israel being but young, all the tribe of Nephthali my father fell from the house of Jerusalem, which was chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, that all the tribes should sacrifice there, where the temple of the habitation of the most High was consecrated and built for all ages.

5Now all the tribes which together revolted, and the house of my father Nephthali, sacrificed unto the heifer Baal.

6But I alone went often to Jerusalem at the feasts, as it was ordained unto all the people of Israel by an everlasting decree, having the firstfruits and tenths of increase, with that which was first shorn; and them gave I at the altar to the priests the children of Aaron.

7The first tenth part of all increase I gave to the sons of Aaron, who ministered at Jerusalem: another tenth part I sold away, and went, and spent it every year at Jerusalem:

8And the third I gave unto them to whom it was meet, as Debora my father's mother had commanded me, because I was left an orphan by my father.

9Furthermore, when I was come to the age of a man, I married Anna of mine own kindred, and of her I begat Tobias.

10And when we were carried away captives to Nineve, all my brethren and those that were of my kindred did eat of the bread of the Gentiles.

11But I kept myself from eating;

12Because I remembered God with all my heart.

13And the most High gave me grace and favour before Enemessar, so that I was his purveyor.

14And I went into Media, and left in trust with Gabael, the brother of Gabrias, at Rages a city of Media ten talents of silver.

15Now when Enemessar was dead, Sennacherib his son reigned in his stead; whose estate was troubled, that I could not go into Media.

16And in the time of Enemessar I gave many alms to my brethren, and gave my bread to the hungry,

17And my clothes to the naked: and if I saw any of my nation dead, or cast about the walls of Nineve, I buried him.

18And if the king Sennacherib had slain any, when he was come, and fled from Judea, I buried them privily; for in his wrath he killed many; but the bodies were not found, when they were sought for of the king.

19And when one of the Ninevites went and complained of me to the king, that I buried them, and hid myself; understanding that I was sought for to be put to death, I withdrew myself for fear.

20Then all my goods were forcibly taken away, neither was there any thing left me, beside my wife Anna and my son Tobias.

21And there passed not five and fifty days, before two of his sons killed him, and they fled into the mountains of Ararath; and Sarchedonus his son reigned in his stead; who appointed over his father's accounts, and over all his affairs, Achiacharus my brother Anael's son.

22And Achiacharus intreating for me, I returned to Nineve. Now Achiacharus was cupbearer, and keeper of the signet, and steward, and overseer of the accounts: and Sarchedonus appointed him next unto him: and he was my brother's son.

2Now when I was come home again, and my wife Anna was restored unto me, with my son Tobias, in the feast of Pentecost, which is the holy feast of the seven weeks, there was a good dinner prepared me, in the which I sat down to eat.

2And when I saw abundance of meat, I said to my son, Go and bring what poor man soever thou shalt find out of our brethren, who is mindful of the Lord; and, lo, I tarry for thee.

3But he came again, and said, Father, one of our nation is strangled, and is cast out in the marketplace.

4Then before I had tasted of any meat, I started up, and took him up into a room until the going down of the sun.

5Then I returned, and washed myself, and ate my meat in heaviness,

6Remembering that prophecy of Amos, as he said, Your feasts shall be turned into mourning, and all your mirth into lamentation.

7Therefore I wept: and after the going down of the sun I went and made a grave, and buried him.

8But my neighbours mocked me, and said, This man is not yet afraid to be put to death for this matter: who fled away; and yet, lo, he burieth the dead again.

9The same night also I returned from the burial, and slept by the wall of my courtyard, being polluted and my face was uncovered:

10And I knew not that there were sparrows in the wall, and mine eyes being open, the sparrows muted warm dung into mine eyes, and a whiteness came in mine eyes: and I went to the physicians, but they helped me not: moreover Achiacharus did nourish me, until I went into Elymais.

11And my wife Anna did take women's works to do.

12And when she had sent them home to the owners, they paid her wages, and gave her also besides a kid.

13And when it was in my house, and began to cry, I said unto her, From whence is this kid? is it not stolen? render it to the owners; for it is not lawful to eat any thing that is stolen.

14But she replied upon me, It was given for a gift more than the wages. Howbeit I did not believe her, but bade her render it to the owners: and I was abashed at her. But she replied upon me, Where are thine alms and thy righteous deeds? behold, thou and all thy works are known.

3Then I being grieved did weep, and in my sorrow prayed, saying,

2O Lord, thou art just, and all thy works and all thy ways are mercy and truth, and thou judgest truly and justly for ever.

3Remember me, and look on me, punish me not for my sins and ignorances, and the sins of mg fathers, who have sinned before thee:

4For they obeyed not thy commandments: wherefore thou hast delivered us for a spoil, and unto captivity, and unto death, and for a proverb of reproach to all the nations among whom we are dispersed.

5And now thy judgments are many and true: deal with me according to my sins and my fathers': because we have not kept thy commandments, neither have walked in truth before thee.

6Now therefore deal with me as seemeth best unto thee, and command my spirit to be taken from me, that I may be dissolved, and become earth: for it is profitable for me to die rather than to live, because I have heard false reproaches, and have much sorrow: command therefore that I may now be delivered out of this distress, and go into the everlasting place: turn not thy face away from me.

7It came to pass the same day, that in Ecbatane a city of Media Sara the daughter of Raguel was also reproached by her father's maids;

8Because that she had been married to seven husbands, whom Asmodeus the evil spirit had killed, before they had lain with her. Dost thou not know, said they, that thou hast strangled thine husbands? thou hast had already seven husbands, neither wast thou named after any of them.

9Wherefore dost thou beat us for them? if they be dead, go thy ways after them, let us never see of thee either son or daughter.

10Whe she heard these things, she was very sorrowful, so that she thought to have strangled herself; and she said, I am the only daughter of my father, and if I do this, it shall be a reproach unto him, and I shall bring his old age with sorrow unto the grave.

11Then she prayed toward the window, and said, Blessed art thou, O Lord my God, and thine holy and glorious name is blessed and honourable for ever: let all thy works praise thee for ever.

12And now, O Lord, I set I mine eyes and my face toward thee,

13And say, Take me out of the earth, that I may hear no more the reproach.

14Thou knowest, Lord, that I am pure from all sin with man,

15And that I never polluted my name, nor the name of my father, in the land of my captivity: I am the only daughter of my father, neither hath he any child to be his heir, neither any near kinsman, nor any son of his alive, to whom I may keep myself for a wife: my seven husbands are already dead; and why should I live? but if it please not thee that I should die, command some regard to be had of me, and pity taken of me, that I hear no more reproach.

16So the prayers of them both were heard before the majesty of the great God.

17And Raphael was sent to heal them both, that is, to scale away the whiteness of Tobit's eyes, and to give Sara the daughter of Raguel for a wife to Tobias the son of Tobit; and to bind Asmodeus the evil spirit; because she belonged to Tobias by right of inheritance. The selfsame time came Tobit home, and entered into his house, and Sara the daughter of Raguel came down from her upper chamber.

4In that day Tobit remembered the money which he had committed to Gabael in Rages of Media,

2And said with himself, I have wished for death; wherefore do I not call for my son Tobias that I may signify to him of the money before I die?

3And when he had called him, he said, My son, when I am dead, bury me; and despise not thy mother, but honour her all the days of thy life, and do that which shall please her, and grieve her not.

4Remember, my son, that she saw many dangers for thee, when thou wast in her womb: and when she is dead, bury her by me in one grave.

5My son, be mindful of the Lord our God all thy days, and let not thy will be set to sin, or to transgress his commandments: do uprightly all thy life long, and follow not the ways of unrighteousness.

6For if thou deal truly, thy doings shall prosperously succeed to thee, and to all them that live justly.

7Give alms of thy substance; and when thou givest alms, let not thine eye be envious, neither turn thy face from any poor, and the face of God shall not be turned away from thee.

8If thou hast abundance give alms accordingly: if thou have but a little, be not afraid to give according to that little:

9For thou layest up a good treasure for thyself against the day of necessity.

10Because that alms do deliver from death, and suffereth not to come into darkness.

11For alms is a good gift unto all that give it in the sight of the most High.

12Beware of all whoredom, my son, and chiefly take a wife of the seed of thy fathers, and take not a strange woman to wife, which is not of thy father's tribe: for we are the children of the prophets, Noe, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: remember, my son, that our fathers from the beginning, even that they all married wives of their own kindred, and were blessed in their children, and their seed shall inherit the land.

13Now therefore, my son, love thy brethren, and despise not in thy heart thy brethren, the sons and daughters of thy people, in not taking a wife of them: for in pride is destruction and much trouble, and in lewdness is decay and great want: for lewdness is the mother of famine.

14Let not the wages of any man, which hath wrought for thee, tarry with thee, but give him it out of hand: for if thou serve God, he will also repay thee: be circumspect my son, in all things thou doest, and be wise in all thy conversation.

15Do that to no man which thou hatest: drink not wine to make thee drunken: neither let drunkenness go with thee in thy journey.

16Give of thy bread to the hungry, and of thy garments to them that are naked; and according to thine abundance give alms: and let not thine eye be envious, when thou givest alms.

17Pour out thy bread on the burial of the just, but give nothing to the wicked.

18Ask counsel of all that are wise, and despise not any counsel that is profitable.

19Bless the Lord thy God alway, and desire of him that thy ways may be directed, and that all thy paths and counsels may prosper: for every nation hath not counsel; but the Lord himself giveth all good things, and he humbleth whom he will, as he will; now therefore, my son, remember my commandments, neither let them be put out of thy mind.

20And now I signify this to they that I committed ten talents to Gabael the son of Gabrias at Rages in Media.

21And fear not, my son, that we are made poor: for thou hast much wealth, if thou fear God, and depart from all sin, and do that which is pleasing in his sight.

5Tobias then answered and said, Father, I will do all things which thou hast commanded me:

2But how can I receive the money, seeing I know him not?

3Then he gave him the handwriting, and said unto him, Seek thee a man which may go with thee, whiles I yet live, and I will give him wages: and go and receive the money.

4Therefore when he went to seek a man, he found Raphael that was an angel.

5But he knew not; and he said unto him, Canst thou go with me to Rages? and knowest thou those places well?

6To whom the angel said, I will go with thee, and I know the way well: for I have lodged with our brother Gabael.

7Then Tobias said unto him, Tarry for me, till I tell my father.

8Then he said unto him, Go and tarry not. So he went in and said to his father, Behold, I have found one which will go with me. Then he said, Call him unto me, that I may know of what tribe he is, and whether he be a trusty man to go with thee.

9So he called him, and he came in, and they saluted one another.

10Then Tobit said unto him, Brother, shew me of what tribe and family thou art.

11To whom he said, Dost thou seek for a tribe or family, or an hired man to go with thy son? Then Tobit said unto him, I would know, brother, thy kindred and name.

12Then he said, I am Azarias, the son of Ananias the great, and of thy brethren.

13Then Tobit said, Thou art welcome, brother; be not now angry with me, because I have enquired to know thy tribe and thy family; for thou art my brother, of an honest and good stock: for I know Ananias and Jonathas, sons of that great Samaias, as we went together to Jerusalem to worship, and offered the firstborn, and the tenths of the fruits; and they were not seduced with the error of our brethren: my brother, thou art of a good stock.

14But tell me, what wages shall I give thee? wilt thou a drachm a day, and things necessary, as to mine own son?

15Yea, moreover, if ye return safe, I will add something to thy wages.

16So they were well pleased. Then said he to Tobias, Prepare thyself for the journey, and God send you a good journey. And when his son had prepared all things far the journey, his father said, Go thou with this man, and God, which dwelleth in heaven, prosper your journey, and the angel of God keep you company. So they went forth both, and the young man's dog with them.

17But Anna his mother wept, and said to Tobit, Why hast thou sent away our son? is he not the staff of our hand, in going in and out before us?

18Be not greedy to add money to money: but let it be as refuse in respect of our child.

19For that which the Lord hath given us to live with doth suffice us.

20Then said Tobit to her, Take no care, my sister; he shall return in safety, and thine eyes shall see him.

21For the good angel will keep him company, and his journey shall be prosperous, and he shall return safe.

22Then she made an end of weeping.

6And as they went on their journey, they came in the evening to the river Tigris, and they lodged there.

2And when the young man went down to wash himself, a fish leaped out of the river, and would have devoured him.

3Then the angel said unto him, Take the fish. And the young man laid hold of the fish, and drew it to land.

4To whom the angel said, Open the fish, and take the heart and the liver and the gall, and put them up safely.

5So the young man did as the angel commanded him; and when they had roasted the fish, they did eat it: then they both went on their way, till they drew near to Ecbatane.

6Then the young man said to the angel, Brother Azarias, to what use is the heart and the liver and the gal of the fish?

7And he said unto him, Touching the heart and the liver, if a devil or an evil spirit trouble any, we must make a smoke thereof before the man or the woman, and the party shall be no more vexed.

8As for the gall, it is good to anoint a man that hath whiteness in his eyes, and he shall be healed.

9And when they were come near to Rages,

10The angel said to the young man, Brother, to day we shall lodge with Raguel, who is thy cousin; he also hath one only daughter, named Sara; I will speak for her, that she may be given thee for a wife.

11For to thee doth the right of her appertain, seeing thou only art of her kindred.

12And the maid is fair and wise: now therefore hear me, and I will speak to her father; and when we return from Rages we will celebrate the marriage: for I know that Raguel cannot marry her to another according to the law of Moses, but he shall be guilty of death, because the right of inheritance doth rather appertain to thee than to any other.

13Then the young man answered the angel, I have heard, brother Azarias that this maid hath been given to seven men, who all died in the marriage chamber.

14And now I am the only son of my father, and I am afraid, lest if I go in unto her, I die, as the other before: for a wicked spirit loveth her, which hurteth no body, but those which come unto her; wherefore I also fear lest I die, and bring my father's and my mother's life because of me to the grave with sorrow: for they have no other son to bury them.

15Then the angel said unto him, Dost thou not remember the precepts which thy father gave thee, that thou shouldest marry a wife of thine own kindred? wherefore hear me, O my brother; for she shall be given thee to wife; and make thou no reckoning of the evil spirit; for this same night shall she be given thee in marriage.

16And when thou shalt come into the marriage chamber, thou shalt take the ashes of perfume, and shalt lay upon them some of the heart and liver of the fish, and shalt make a smoke with it:

17And the devil shall smell it, and flee away, and never come again any more: but when thou shalt come to her, rise up both of you, and pray to God which is merciful, who will have pity on you, and save you: fear not, for she is appointed unto thee from the beginning; and thou shalt preserve her, and she shall go with thee. Moreover I suppose that she shall bear thee children. Now when Tobias had heard these things, he loved her, and his heart was effectually joined to her.

7And when they were come to Ecbatane, they came to the house of Raguel, and Sara met them: and after they had saluted one another, she brought them into the house.

2Then said Raguel to Edna his wife, How like is this young man to Tobit my cousin!

3And Raguel asked them, From whence are ye, brethren? To whom they said, We are of the sons of Nephthalim, which are captives in Nineve.

4Then he said to them, Do ye know Tobit our kinsman? And they said, We know him. Then said he, Is he in good health?

5And they said, He is both alive, and in good health: and Tobias said, He is my father.

6Then Raguel leaped up, and kissed him, and wept,

7And blessed him, and said unto him, Thou art the son of an honest and good man. But when he had heard that Tobit was blind, he was sorrowful, and wept.

8And likewise Edna his wife and Sara his daughter wept. Moreover they entertained them cheerfully; and after that they had killed a ram of the flock, they set store of meat on the table. Then said Tobias to Raphael, Brother Azarias, speak of those things of which thou didst talk in the way, and let this business be dispatched.

9So he communicated the matter with Raguel: and Raguel said to Tobias, Eat and drink, and make merry:

10For it is meet that thou shouldest marry my daughter: nevertheless I will declare unto thee the truth.

11I have given my daughter in marriage te seven men, who died that night they came in unto her: nevertheless for the present be merry. But Tobias said, I will eat nothing here, till we agree and swear one to another.

12Raguel said, Then take her from henceforth according to the manner, for thou art her cousin, and she is thine, and the merciful God give you good success in all things.

13Then he called his daughter Sara, and she came to her father, and he took her by the hand, and gave her to be wife to Tobias, saying, Behold, take her after the law of Moses, and lead her away to thy father. And he blessed them;

14And called Edna his wife, and took paper, and did write an instrument of covenants, and sealed it.

15Then they began to eat.

16After Raguel called his wife Edna, and said unto her, Sister, prepare another chamber, and bring her in thither.

17Which when she had done as he had bidden her, she brought her thither: and she wept, and she received the tears of her daughter, and said unto her,

18Be of good comfort, my daughter; the Lord of heaven and earth give thee joy for this thy sorrow: be of good comfort, my daughter.

8And when they had supped, they brought Tobias in unto her.

2And as he went, he remembered the words of Raphael, and took the ashes of the perfumes, and put the heart and the liver of the fish thereupon, and made a smoke therewith.

3The which smell when the evil spirit had smelled, he fled into the utmost parts of Egypt, and the angel bound him.

4And after that they were both shut in together, Tobias rose out of the bed, and said, Sister, arise, and let us pray that God would have pity on us.

5Then began Tobias to say, Blessed art thou, O God of our fathers, and blessed is thy holy and glorious name for ever; let the heavens bless thee, and all thy creatures.

6Thou madest Adam, and gavest him Eve his wife for an helper and stay: of them came mankind: thou hast said, It is not good that man should be alone; let us make unto him an aid like unto himself.

7And now, O Lord, I take not this my sister for lush but uprightly: therefore mercifully ordain that we may become aged together.

8And she said with him, Amen.

9So they slept both that night. And Raguel arose, and went and made a grave,

10Saying, I fear lest he also be dead.

11But when Raguel was come into his house,

12He said unto his wife Edna. Send one of the maids, and let her see whether he be alive: if he be not, that we may bury him, and no man know it.

13So the maid opened the door, and went in, and found them both asleep,

14And came forth, and told them that he was alive.

15Then Raguel praised God, and said, O God, thou art worthy to be praised with all pure and holy praise; therefore let thy saints praise thee with all thy creatures; and let all thine angels and thine elect praise thee for ever.

16Thou art to be praised, for thou hast made me joyful; and that is not come to me which I suspected; but thou hast dealt with us according to thy great mercy.

17Thou art to be praised because thou hast had mercy of two that were the only begotten children of their fathers: grant them mercy, O Lord, and finish their life in health with joy and mercy.

18Then Raguel bade his servants to fill the grave.

19And he kept the wedding feast fourteen days.

20For before the days of the marriage were finished, Raguel had said unto him by an oath, that he should not depart till the fourteen days of the marriage were expired;

21And then he should take the half of his goods, and go in safety to his father; and should have the rest when I and my wife be dead.

9Then Tobias called Raphael, and said unto him,

2Brother Azarias, take with thee a servant, and two camels, and go to Rages of Media to Gabael, and bring me the money, and bring him to the wedding.

3For Raguel hath sworn that I shall not depart.

4But my father counteth the days; and if I tarry long, he will be very sorry.

5So Raphael went out, and lodged with Gabael, and gave him the handwriting: who brought forth bags which were sealed up, and gave them to him.

6And early in the morning they went forth both together, and came to the wedding: and Tobias blessed his wife.

10Now Tobit his father counted every day: and when the days of the journey were expired, and they came not,

2Then Tobit said, Are they detained? or is Gabael dead, and there is no man to give him the money?

3Therefore he was very sorry.

4Then his wife said unto him, My son is dead, seeing he stayeth long; and she began to wail him, and said,

5Now I care for nothing, my son, since I have let thee go, the light of mine eyes.

6To whom Tobit said, Hold thy peace, take no care, for he is safe.

7But she said, Hold thy peace, and deceive me not; my son is dead. And she went out every day into the way which they went, and did eat no meat on the daytime, and ceased not whole nights to bewail her son Tobias, until the fourteen days of the wedding were expired, which Raguel had sworn that he should spend there. Then Tobias said to Raguel, Let me go, for my father and my mother look no more to see me.

8But his father in law said unto him, Tarry with me, and I will send to thy father, and they shall declare unto him how things go with thee.

9But Tobias said, No; but let me go to my father.

10Then Raguel arose, and gave him Sara his wife, and half his goods, servants, and cattle, and money:

11And he blessed them, and sent them away, saying, The God of heaven give you a prosperous journey, my children.

12And he said to his daughter, Honour thy father and thy mother in law, which are now thy parents, that I may hear good report of thee. And he kissed her. Edna also said to Tobias, The Lord of heaven restore thee, my dear brother, and grant that I may see thy children of my daughter Sara before I die, that I may rejoice before the Lord: behold, I commit my daughter unto thee of special trust; where are do not entreat her evil.

11After these things Tobias went his way, praising God that he had given him a prosperous journey, and blessed Raguel and Edna his wife, and went on his way till they drew near unto Nineve.

2Then Raphael said to Tobias, Thou knowest, brother, how thou didst leave thy father:

3Let us haste before thy wife, and prepare the house.

4And take in thine hand the gall of the fish. So they went their way, and the dog went after them.

5Now Anna sat looking about toward the way for her son.

6And when she espied him coming, she said to his father, Behold, thy son cometh, and the man that went with him.

7Then said Raphael, I know, Tobias, that thy father will open his eyes.

8Therefore anoint thou his eyes with the gall, and being pricked therewith, he shall rub, and the whiteness shall fall away, and he shall see thee.

9Then Anna ran forth, and fell upon the neck of her son, and said unto him, Seeing I have seen thee, my son, from henceforth I am content to die. And they wept both.

10Tobit also went forth toward the door, and stumbled: but his son ran unto him,

11And took hold of his father: and he strake of the gall on his fathers' eyes, saying, Be of good hope, my father.

12And when his eyes began to smart, he rubbed them;

13And the whiteness pilled away from the corners of his eyes: and when he saw his son, he fell upon his neck.

14And he wept, and said, Blessed art thou, O God, and blessed is thy name for ever; and blessed are all thine holy angels:

15For thou hast scourged, and hast taken pity on me: for, behold, I see my son Tobias. And his son went in rejoicing, and told his father the great things that had happened to him in Media.

16Then Tobit went out to meet his daughter in law at the gate of Nineve, rejoicing and praising God: and they which saw him go marvelled, because he had received his sight.

17But Tobias gave thanks before them, because God had mercy on him. And when he came near to Sara his daughter in law, he blessed her, saying, Thou art welcome, daughter: God be blessed, which hath brought thee unto us, and blessed be thy father and thy mother. And there was joy among all his brethren which were at Nineve.

18And Achiacharus, and Nasbas his brother's son, came:

19And Tobias' wedding was kept seven days with great joy.

12Then Tobit called his son Tobias, and said unto him, My son, see that the man have his wages, which went with thee, and thou must give him more.

2And Tobias said unto him, O father, it is no harm to me to give him half of those things which I have brought:

3For he hath brought me again to thee in safety, and made whole my wife, and brought me the money, and likewise healed thee.

4Then the old man said, It is due unto him.

5So he called the angel, and he said unto him, Take half of all that ye have brought and go away in safety.

6Then he took them both apart, and said unto them, Bless God, praise him, and magnify him, and praise him for the things which he hath done unto you in the sight of all that live. It is good to praise God, and exalt his name, and honourably to shew forth the works of God; therefore be not slack to praise him.

7It is good to keep close the secret of a king, but it is honourable to reveal the works of God. Do that which is good, and no evil shall touch you.

8Prayer is good with fasting and alms and righteousness. A little with righteousness is better than much with unrighteousness. It is better to give alms than to lay up gold:

9For alms doth deliver from death, and shall purge away all sin. Those that exercise alms and righteousness shall be filled with life:

10But they that sin are enemies to their own life.

11Surely I will keep close nothing from you. For I said, It was good to keep close the secret of a king, but that it was honourable to reveal the works of God.

12Now therefore, when thou didst pray, and Sara thy daughter in law, I did bring the remembrance of your prayers before the Holy One: and when thou didst bury the dead, I was with thee likewise.

13And when thou didst not delay to rise up, and leave thy dinner, to go and cover the dead, thy good deed was not hid from me: but I was with thee.

14And now God hath sent me to heal thee and Sara thy daughter in law.

15I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of the Holy One.

16Then they were both troubled, and fell upon their faces: for they feared.

17But he said unto them, Fear not, for it shall go well with you; praise God therefore.

18For not of any favour of mine, but by the will of our God I came; wherefore praise him for ever.

19All these days I did appear unto you; but I did neither eat nor drink, but ye did see a vision.

20Now therefore give God thanks: for I go up to him that sent me; but write all things which are done in a book.

21And when they arose, they saw him no more.

22Then they confessed the great and wonderful works of God, and how the angel of the Lord had appeared unto them.

13Then Tobit wrote a prayer of rejoicing, and said, Blessed be God that liveth for ever, and blessed be his kingdom.

2For he doth scourge, and hath mercy: he leadeth down to hell, and bringeth up again: neither is there any that can avoid his hand.

3Confess him before the Gentiles, ye children of Israel: for he hath scattered us among them.

4There declare his greatness, and extol him before all the living: for he is our Lord, and he is the God our Father for ever.

5And he will scourge us for our iniquities, and will have mercy again, and will gather us out of all nations, among whom he hath scattered us.

6If ye turn to him with your whole heart, and with your whole mind, and deal uprightly before him, then will he turn unto you, and will not hide his face from you. Therefore see what he will do with you, and confess him with your whole mouth, and praise the Lord of might, and extol the everlasting King. In the land of my captivity do I praise him, and declare his might and majesty to a sinful nation. O ye sinners, turn and do justice before him: who can tell if he will accept you, and have mercy on you?

7I will extol my God, and my soul shall praise the King of heaven, and shall rejoice in his greatness.

8Let all men speak, and let all praise him for his righteousness.

9O Jerusalem, the holy city, he will scourge thee for thy children's works, and will have mercy again on the sons of the righteous.

10Give praise to the Lord, for he is good: and praise the everlasting King, that his tabernacle may be builded in thee again with joy, and let him make joyful there in thee those that are captives, and love in thee for ever those that are miserable.

11Many nations shall come from far to the name of the Lord God with gifts in their hands, even gifts to the King of heaven; all generations shall praise thee with great joy.

12Cursed are all they which hate thee, and blessed shall all be which love thee for ever.

13Rejoice and be glad for the children of the just: for they shall be gathered together, and shall bless the Lord of the just.

14O blessed are they which love thee, for they shall rejoice in thy peace: blessed are they which have been sorrowful for all thy scourges; for they shall rejoice for thee, when they have seen all thy glory, and shall be glad for ever.

15Let my soul bless God the great King.

16For Jerusalem shall be built up with sapphires and emeralds, and precious stone: thy walls and towers and battlements with pure gold.

17And the streets of Jerusalem shall be paved with beryl and carbuncle and stones of Ophir.

18And all her streets shall say, Alleluia; and they shall praise him, saying, Blessed be God, which hath extolled it for ever.

14So Tobit made an end of praising God.

2And he was eight and fifty years old when he lost his sight, which was restored to him after eight years: and he gave alms, and he increased in the fear of the Lord God, and praised him.

3And when he was very aged he called his son, and the sons of his son, and said to him, My son, take thy children; for, behold, I am aged, and am ready to depart out of this life.

4Go into Media my son, for I surely believe those things which Jonas the prophet spake of Nineve, that it shall be overthrown; and that for a time peace shall rather be in Media; and that our brethren shall lie scattered in the earth from that good land: and Jerusalem shall be desolate, and the house of God in it shall be burned, and shall be desolate for a time;

5And that again God will have mercy on them, and bring them again into the land, where they shall build a temple, but not like to the first, until the time of that age be fulfilled; and afterward they shall return from all places of their captivity, and build up Jerusalem gloriously, and the house of God shall be built in it for ever with a glorious building, as the prophets have spoken thereof.

6And all nations shall turn, and fear the Lord God truly, and shall bury their idols.

7So shall all nations praise the Lord, and his people shall confess God, and the Lord shall exalt his people; and all those which love the Lord God in truth and justice shall rejoice, shewing mercy to our brethren.

8And now, my son, depart out of Nineve, because that those things which the prophet Jonas spake shall surely come to pass.

9But keep thou the law and the commandments, and shew thyself merciful and just, that it may go well with thee.

10And bury me decently, and thy mother with me; but tarry no longer at Nineve. Remember, my son, how Aman handled Achiacharus that brought him up, how out of light he brought him into darkness, and how he rewarded him again: yet Achiacharus was saved, but the other had his reward: for he went down into darkness. Manasses gave alms, and escaped the snares of death which they had set for him: but Aman fell into the snare, and perished.

11Wherefore now, my son, consider what alms doeth, and how righteousness doth deliver. When he had said these things, he gave up the ghost in the bed, being an hundred and eight and fifty years old; and he buried him honourably.

12And when Anna his mother was dead, he buried her with his father. But Tobias departed with his wife and children to Ecbatane to Raguel his father in law,

13Where he became old with honour, and he buried his father and mother in law honourably, and he inherited their substance, and his father Tobit's.

14And he died at Ecbatane in Media, being an hundred and seven and twenty years old.

15But before he died he heard of the destruction of Nineve, which was taken by Nabuchodonosor and Assuerus: and before his death he rejoiced over Nineve.



Judith


1In the twelfth year of the reign of Nabuchodonosor, who reigned in Nineve, the great city; in the days of Arphaxad, which reigned over the Medes in Ecbatane,

2And built in Ecbatane walls round about of stones hewn three cubits broad and six cubits long, and made the height of the wall seventy cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits:

3And set the towers thereof upon the gates of it an hundred cubits high, and the breadth thereof in the foundation threescore cubits:

4And he made the gates thereof, even gates that were raised to the height of seventy cubits, and the breadth of them was forty cubits, for the going forth of his mighty armies, and for the setting in array of his footmen:

5Even in those days king Nabuchodonosor made war with king Arphaxad in the great plain, which is the plain in the borders of Ragau.

6And there came unto him all they that dwelt in the hill country, and all that dwelt by Euphrates, and Tigris and Hydaspes, and the plain of Arioch the king of the Elymeans, and very many nations of the sons of Chelod, assembled themselves to the battle.

7Then Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians sent unto all that dwelt in Persia, and to all that dwelt westward, and to those that dwelt in Cilicia, and Damascus, and Libanus, and Antilibanus, and to all that dwelt upon the sea coast,

8And to those among the nations that were of Carmel, and Galaad, and the higher Galilee, and the great plain of Esdrelom,

9And to all that were in Samaria and the cities thereof, and beyond Jordan unto Jerusalem, and Betane, and Chelus, and Kades, and the river of Egypt, and Taphnes, and Ramesse, and all the land of Gesem,

10Until ye come beyond Tanis and Memphis, and to all the inhabitants of Egypt, until ye come to the borders of Ethiopia.

11But all the inhabitants of the land made light of the commandment of Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians, neither went they with him to the battle; for they were not afraid of him: yea, he was before them as one man, and they sent away his ambassadors from them without effect, and with disgrace.

12Therefore Nabuchodonosor was very angry with all this country, and sware by his throne and kingdom, that he would surely be avenged upon all those coasts of Cilicia, and Damascus, and Syria, and that he would slay with the sword all the inhabitants of the land of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and all Judea, and all that were in Egypt, till ye come to the borders of the two seas.

13Then he marched in battle array with his power against king Arphaxad in the seventeenth year, and he prevailed in his battle: for he overthrew all the power of Arphaxad, and all his horsemen, and all his chariots,

14And became lord of his cities, and came unto Ecbatane, and took the towers, and spoiled the streets thereof, and turned the beauty thereof into shame.

15He took also Arphaxad in the mountains of Ragau, and smote him through with his darts, and destroyed him utterly that day.

16So he returned afterward to Nineve, both he and all his company of sundry nations being a very great multitude of men of war, and there he took his ease, and banqueted, both he and his army, an hundred and twenty days.

2And in the eighteenth year, the two and twentieth day of the first month, there was talk in the house of Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians that he should, as he said, avenge himself on all the earth.

2So he called unto him all his officers, and all his nobles, and communicated with them his secret counsel, and concluded the afflicting of the whole earth out of his own mouth.

3Then they decreed to destroy all flesh, that did not obey the commandment of his mouth.

4And when he had ended his counsel, Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians called Holofernes the chief captain of his army, which was next unto him, and said unto him.

5Thus saith the great king, the lord of the whole earth, Behold, thou shalt go forth from my presence, and take with thee men that trust in their own strength, of footmen an hundred and twenty thousand; and the number of horses with their riders twelve thousand.

6And thou shalt go against all the west country, because they disobeyed my commandment.

7And thou shalt declare unto that they prepare for me earth and water: for I will go forth in my wrath against them and will cover the whole face of the earth with the feet of mine army, and I will give them for a spoil unto them:

8So that their slain shall fill their valleys and brooks and the river shall be filled with their dead, till it overflow:

9And I will lead them captives to the utmost parts of all the earth.

10Thou therefore shalt go forth. and take beforehand for me all their coasts: and if they will yield themselves unto thee, thou shalt reserve them for me till the day of their punishment.

11But concerning them that rebel, let not thine eye spare them; but put them to the slaughter, and spoil them wheresoever thou goest.

12For as I live, and by the power of my kingdom, whatsoever I have spoken, that will I do by mine hand.

13And take thou heed that thou transgress none of the commandments of thy lord, but accomplish them fully, as I have commanded thee, and defer not to do them.

14Then Holofernes went forth from the presence of his lord, and called ail the governors and captains, and the officers of the army of Assur;

15And he mustered the chosen men for the battle, as his lord had commanded him, unto an hundred and twenty thousand, and twelve thousand archers on horseback;

16And he ranged them, as a great army is ordered for the war.

17And he took camels and asses for their carriages, a very great number; and sheep and oxen and goats without number for their provision:

18And plenty of victual for every man of the army, and very much gold and silver out of the king's house.

19Then he went forth and all his power to go before king Nabuchodonosor in the voyage, and to cover all the face of the earth westward with their chariots, and horsemen, and their chosen footmen.

20A great number also sundry countries came with them like locusts, and like the sand of the earth: for the multitude was without number.

21And they went forth of Nineve three days' journey toward the plain of Bectileth, and pitched from Bectileth near the mountain which is at the left hand of the upper Cilicia.

22Then he took all his army, his footmen, and horsemen and chariots, and went from thence into the hill country;

23And destroyed Phud and Lud, and spoiled all the children of Rasses, and the children of Israel, which were toward the wilderness at the south of the land of the Chellians.

24Then he went over Euphrates, and went through Mesopotamia, and destroyed all the high cities that were upon the river Arbonai, till ye come to the sea.

25And he took the borders of Cilicia, and killed all that resisted him, and came to the borders of Japheth, which were toward the south, over against Arabia.

26He compassed also all the children of Madian, and burned up their tabernacles, and spoiled their sheepcotes.

27Then he went down into the plain of Damascus in the time of wheat harvest, and burnt up all their fields, and destroyed their flocks and herds, also he spoiled their cities, and utterly wasted their countries, and smote all their young men with the edge of the sword.

28Therefore the fear and dread of him fell upon all the inhabitants of the sea coasts, which were in Sidon and Tyrus, and them that dwelt in Sur and Ocina, and all that dwelt in Jemnaan; and they that dwelt in Azotus and Ascalon feared him greatly.

3So they sent ambassadors unto him to treat of peace, saying,

2Behold, we the servants of Nabuchodonosor the great king lie before thee; use us as shall be good in thy sight.

3Behold, our houses, and all our places, and all our fields of wheat, and flocks, and herds, and all the lodges of our tents lie before thy face; use them as it pleaseth thee.

4Behold, even our cities and the inhabitants thereof are thy servants; come and deal with them as seemeth good unto thee.

5So the men came to Holofernes, and declared unto him after this manner.

6Then came he down toward the sea coast, both he and his army, and set garrisons in the high cities, and took out of them chosen men for aid.

7So they and all the country round about received them with garlands, with dances, and with timbrels.

8Yet he did cast down their frontiers, and cut down their groves: for he had decreed to destroy all the gods of the land, that all nations should worship Nabuchodonosor only, and that all tongues and tribes should call upon him as god.

9Also he came over against Esdraelon near unto Judea, over against the great strait of Judea.

10And he pitched between Geba and Scythopolis, and there he tarried a whole month, that he might gather together all the carriages of his army.

4Now the children of Israel, that dwelt in Judea, heard all that Holofernes the chief captain of Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians had done to the nations, and after what manner he had spoiled all their temples, and brought them to nought.

2Therefore they were exceedingly afraid of him, and were troubled for Jerusalem, and for the temple of the Lord their God:

3For they were newly returned from the captivity, and all the people of Judea were lately gathered together: and the vessels, and the altar, and the house, were sanctified after the profanation.

4Therefore they sent into all the coasts of Samaria, and the villages and to Bethoron, and Belmen, and Jericho, and to Choba, and Esora, and to the valley of Salem:

5And possessed themselves beforehand of all the tops of the high mountains, and fortified the villages that were in them, and laid up victuals for the provision of war: for their fields were of late reaped.

6Also Joacim the high priest, which was in those days in Jerusalem, wrote to them that dwelt in Bethulia, and Betomestham, which is over against Esdraelon toward the open country, near to Dothaim,

7Charging them to keep the passages of the hill country: for by them there was an entrance into Judea, and it was easy to stop them that would come up, because the passage was straight, for two men at the most.

8And the children of Israel did as Joacim the high priest had commanded them, with the ancients of all the people of Israel, which dwelt at Jerusalem.

9Then every man of Israel cried to God with great fervency, and with great vehemency did they humble their souls:

10Both they, and their wives and their children, and their cattle, and every stranger and hireling, and their servants bought with money, put sackcloth upon their loins.

11Thus every man and women, and the little children, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, fell before the temple, and cast ashes upon their heads, and spread out their sackcloth before the face of the Lord: also they put sackcloth about the altar,

12And cried to the God of Israel all with one consent earnestly, that he would not give their children for a prey, and their wives for a spoil, and the cities of their inheritance to destruction, and the sanctuary to profanation and reproach, and for the nations to rejoice at.

13So God heard their prayers, and looked upon their afflictions: for the people fasted many days in all Judea and Jerusalem before the sanctuary of the Lord Almighty.

14And Joacim the high priest, and all the priests that stood before the Lord, and they which ministered unto the Lord, had their loins girt with sackcloth, and offered the daily burnt offerings, with the vows and free gifts of the people,

15And had ashes on their mitres, and cried unto the Lord with all their power, that he would look upon all the house of Israel graciously.

5Then was it declared to Holofernes, the chief captain of the army of Assur, that the children of Israel had prepared for war, and had shut up the passages of the hill country, and had fortified all the tops of the high hills and had laid impediments in the champaign countries:

2Wherewith he was very angry, and called all the princes of Moab, and the captains of Ammon, and all the governors of the sea coast,

3And he said unto them, Tell me now, ye sons of Chanaan, who this people is, that dwelleth in the hill country, and what are the cities that they inhabit, and what is the multitude of their army, and wherein is their power and strength, and what king is set over them, or captain of their army;

4And why have they determined not to come and meet me, more than all the inhabitants of the west.

5Then said Achior, the captain of all the sons of Ammon, Let my lord now hear a word from the mouth of thy servant, and I will declare unto thee the truth concerning this people, which dwelleth near thee, and inhabiteth the hill countries: and there shall no lie come out of the mouth of thy servant.

6This people are descended of the Chaldeans:

7And they sojourned heretofore in Mesopotamia, because they would not follow the gods of their fathers, which were in the land of Chaldea.

8For they left the way of their ancestors, and worshipped the God of heaven, the God whom they knew: so they cast them out from the face of their gods, and they fled into Mesopotamia, and sojourned there many days.

9Then their God commanded them to depart from the place where they sojourned, and to go into the land of Chanaan: where they dwelt, and were increased with gold and silver, and with very much cattle.

10But when a famine covered all the land of Chanaan, they went down into Egypt, and sojourned there, while they were nourished, and became there a great multitude, so that one could not number their nation.

11Therefore the king of Egypt rose up against them, and dealt subtilly with them, and brought them low with labouring in brick, and made them slaves.

12Then they cried unto their God, and he smote all the land of Egypt with incurable plagues: so the Egyptians cast them out of their sight.

13And God dried the Red sea before them,

14And brought them to mount Sina, and Cades-Barne, and cast forth all that dwelt in the wilderness.

15So they dwelt in the land of the Amorites, and they destroyed by their strength all them of Esebon, and passing over Jordan they possessed all the hill country.

16And they cast forth before them the Chanaanite, the Pherezite, the Jebusite, and the Sychemite, and all the Gergesites, and they dwelt in that country many days.

17And whilst they sinned not before their God, they prospered, because the God that hateth iniquity was with them.

18But when they departed from the way which he appointed them, they were destroyed in many battles very sore, and were led captives into a land that was not their's, and the temple of their God was cast to the ground, and their cities were taken by the enemies.

19But now are they returned to their God, and are come up from the places where they were scattered, and have possessed Jerusalem, where their sanctuary is, and are seated in the hill country; for it was desolate.

20Now therefore, my lord and governor, if there be any error against this people, and they sin against their God, let us consider that this shall be their ruin, and let us go up, and we shall overcome them.

21But if there be no iniquity in their nation, let my lord now pass by, lest their Lord defend them, and their God be for them, and we become a reproach before all the world.

22And when Achior had finished these sayings, all the people standing round about the tent murmured, and the chief men of Holofernes, and all that dwelt by the sea side, and in Moab, spake that he should kill him.

23For, say they, we will not be afraid of the face of the children of Israel: for, lo, it is a people that have no strength nor power for a strong battle

24Now therefore, lord Holofernes, we will go up, and they shall be a prey to be devoured of all thine army.

6And when the tumult of men that were about the council was ceased, Holofernes the chief captain of the army of Assur said unto Achior and all the Moabites before all the company of other nations,

2And who art thou, Achior, and the hirelings of Ephraim, that thou hast prophesied against us as to day, and hast said, that we should not make war with the people of Israel, because their God will defend them? and who is God but Nabuchodonosor?

3He will send his power, and will destroy them from the face of the earth, and their God shall not deliver them: but we his servants will destroy them as one man; for they are not able to sustain the power of our horses.

4For with them we will tread them under foot, and their mountains shall be drunken with their blood, and their fields shall be filled with their dead bodies, and their footsteps shall not be able to stand before us, for they shall utterly perish, saith king Nabuchodonosor, lord of all the earth: for he said, None of my words shall be in vain.

5And thou, Achior, an hireling of Ammon, which hast spoken these words in the day of thine iniquity, shalt see my face no more from this day, until I take vengeance of this nation that came out of Egypt.

6And then shall the sword of mine army, and the multitude of them that serve me, pass through thy sides, and thou shalt fall among their slain, when I return.

7Now therefore my servants shall bring thee back into the hill country, and shall set thee in one of the cities of the passages:

8And thou shalt not perish, till thou be destroyed with them.

9And if thou persuade thyself in thy mind that they shall be taken, let not thy countenance fall: I have spoken it, and none of my words shall be in vain.

10Then Holofernes commanded his servants, that waited in his tent, to take Achior, and bring him to Bethulia, and deliver him into the hands of the children of Israel.

11So his servants took him, and brought him out of the camp into the plain, and they went from the midst of the plain into the hill country, and came unto the fountains that were under Bethulia.

12And when the men of the city saw them, they took up their weapons, and went out of the city to the top of the hill: and every man that used a sling kept them from coming up by casting of stones against them.

13Nevertheless having gotten privily under the hill, they bound Achior, and cast him down, and left him at the foot of the hill, and returned to their lord.

14But the Israelites descended from their city, and came unto him, and loosed him, and brought him to Bethulia, and presented him to the governors of the city:

15Which were in those days Ozias the son of Micha, of the tribe of Simeon, and Chabris the son of Gothoniel, and Charmis the son of Melchiel.

16And they called together all the ancients of the city, and all their youth ran together, and their women, to the assembly, and they set Achior in the midst of all their people. Then Ozias asked him of that which was done.

17And he answered and declared unto them the words of the council of Holofernes, and all the words that he had spoken in the midst of the princes of Assur, and whatsoever Holofernes had spoken proudly against the house of Israel.

18Then the people fell down and worshipped God, and cried unto God. saying,

19O Lord God of heaven, behold their pride, and pity the low estate of our nation, and look upon the face of those that are sanctified unto thee this day.

20Then they comforted Achior, and praised him greatly.

21And Ozias took him out of the assembly unto his house, and made a feast to the elders; and they called on the God of Israel all that night for help.

7The next day Holofernes commanded all his army, and all his people which were come to take his part, that they should remove their camp against Bethulia, to take aforehand the ascents of the hill country, and to make war against the children of Israel.

2Then their strong men removed their camps in that day, and the army of the men of war was an hundred and seventy thousand footmen, and twelve thousand horsemen, beside the baggage, and other men that were afoot among them, a very great multitude.

3And they camped in the valley near unto Bethulia, by the fountain, and they spread themselves in breadth over Dothaim even to Belmaim, and in length from Bethulia unto Cynamon, which is over against Esdraelon.

4Now the children of Israel, when they saw the multitude of them, were greatly troubled, and said every one to his neighbour, Now will these men lick up the face of the earth; for neither the high mountains, nor the valleys, nor the hills, are able to bear their weight.

5Then every man took up his weapons of war, and when they had kindled fires upon their towers, they remained and watched all that night.

6But in the second day Holofernes brought forth all his horsemen in the sight of the children of Israel which were in Bethulia,

7And viewed the passages up to the city, and came to the fountains of their waters, and took them, and set garrisons of men of war over them, and he himself removed toward his people.

8Then came unto him all the chief of the children of Esau, and all the governors of the people of Moab, and the captains of the sea coast, and said,

9Let our lord now hear a word, that there be not an overthrow in thine army.

10For this people of the children of Israel do not trust in their spears, but in the height of the mountains wherein they dwell, because it is not easy to come up to the tops of their mountains.

11Now therefore, my lord, fight not against them in battle array, and there shall not so much as one man of thy people perish.

12Remain in thy camp, and keep all the men of thine army, and let thy servants get into their hands the fountain of water, which issueth forth of the foot of the mountain:

13For all the inhabitants of Bethulia have their water thence; so shall thirst kill them, and they shall give up their city, and we and our people shall go up to the tops of the mountains that are near, and will camp upon them, to watch that none go out of the city.

14So they and their wives and their children shall be consumed with fire, and before the sword come against them, they shall be overthrown in the streets where they dwell.

15Thus shalt thou render them an evil reward; because they rebelled, and met not thy person peaceably.

16And these words pleased Holofernes and all his servants, and he appointed to do as they had spoken.

17So the camp of the children of Ammon departed, and with them five thousand of the Assyrians, and they pitched in the valley, and took the waters, and the fountains of the waters of the children of Israel.

18Then the children of Esau went up with the children of Ammon, and camped in the hill country over against Dothaim: and they sent some of them toward the south, and toward the east over against Ekrebel, which is near unto Chusi, that is upon the brook Mochmur; and the rest of the army of the Assyrians camped in the plain, and covered the face of the whole land; and their tents and carriages were pitched to a very great multitude.

19Then the children of Israel cried unto the Lord their God, because their heart failed, for all their enemies had compassed them round about, and there was no way to escape out from among them.

20Thus all the company of Assur remained about them, both their footmen, chariots, and horsemen, four and thirty days, so that all their vessels of water failed all the inhibitants of Bethulia.

21And the cisterns were emptied, and they had not water to drink their fill for one day; for they gave them drink by measure.

22Therefore their young children were out of heart, and their women and young men fainted for thirst, and fell down in the streets of the city, and by the passages of the gates, and there was no longer any strength in them.

23Then all the people assembled to Ozias, and to the chief of the city, both young men, and women, and children, and cried with a loud voice, and said before all the elders,

24God be judge between us and you: for ye have done us great injury, in that ye have not required peace of the children of Assur.

25For now we have no helper: but God hath sold us into their hands, that we should be thrown down before them with thirst and great destruction.

26Now therefore call them unto you, and deliver the whole city for a spoil to the people of Holofernes, and to all his army.

27For it is better for us to be made a spoil unto them, than to die for thirst: for we will be his servants, that our souls may live, and not see the death of our infants before our eyes, nor our wives nor our children to die.

28We take to witness against you the heaven and the earth, and our God and Lord of our fathers, which punisheth us according to our sins and the sins of our fathers, that he do not according as we have said this day.

29Then there was great weeping with one consent in the midst of the assembly; and they cried unto the Lord God with a loud voice.

30Then said Ozias to them, Brethren, be of good courage, let us yet endure five days, in the which space the Lord our God may turn his mercy toward us; for he will not forsake us utterly.

31And if these days pass, and there come no help unto us, I will do according to your word.

32And he dispersed the people, every one to their own charge; and they went unto the walls and towers of their city, and sent the women and children into their houses: and they were very low brought in the city.

8Now at that time Judith heard thereof, which was the daughter of Merari, the son of Ox, the son of Joseph, the son of Ozel, the son of Elcia, the son of Ananias, the son of Gedeon, the son of Raphaim, the son of Acitho, the son of Eliu, the son of Eliab, the son of Nathanael, the son of Samael, the son of Salasadal, the son of Israel.

2And Manasses was her husband, of her tribe and kindred, who died in the barley harvest.

3For as he stood overseeing them that bound sheaves in the field, the heat came upon his head, and he fell on his bed, and died in the city of Bethulia: and they buried him with his fathers in the field between Dothaim and Balamo.

4So Judith was a widow in her house three years and four months.

5And she made her a tent upon the top of her house, and put on sackcloth upon her loins and ware her widow's apparel.

6And she fasted all the days of her widowhood, save the eves of the sabbaths, and the sabbaths, and the eves of the new moons, and the new moons and the feasts and solemn days of the house of Israel.

7She was also of a goodly countenance, and very beautiful to behold: and her husband Manasses had left her gold, and silver, and menservants and maidservants, and cattle, and lands; and she remained upon them.

8And there was none that gave her an ill word; ar she feared God greatly.

9Now when she heard the evil words of the people against the governor, that they fainted for lack of water; for Judith had heard all the words that Ozias had spoken unto them, and that he had sworn to deliver the city unto the Assyrians after five days;

10Then she sent her waitingwoman, that had the government of all things that she had, to call Ozias and Chabris and Charmis, the ancients of the city.

11And they came unto her, and she said unto them, Hear me now, O ye governors of the inhabitants of Bethulia: for your words that ye have spoken before the people this day are not right, touching this oath which ye made and pronounced between God and you, and have promised to deliver the city to our enemies, unless within these days the Lord turn to help you.

12And now who are ye that have tempted God this day, and stand instead of God among the children of men?

13And now try the Lord Almighty, but ye shall never know any thing.

14For ye cannot find the depth of the heart of man, neither can ye perceive the things that he thinketh: then how can ye search out God, that hath made all these things, and know his mind, or comprehend his purpose? Nay, my brethren, provoke not the Lord our God to anger.

15For if he will not help us within these five days, he hath power to defend us when he will, even every day, or to destroy us before our enemies.

16Do not bind the counsels of the Lord our God: for God is not as man, that he may be threatened; neither is he as the son of man, that he should be wavering.

17Therefore let us wait for salvation of him, and call upon him to help us, and he will hear our voice, if it please him.

18For there arose none in our age, neither is there any now in these days neither tribe, nor family, nor people, nor city among us, which worship gods made with hands, as hath been aforetime.

19For the which cause our fathers were given to the sword, and for a spoil, and had a great fall before our enemies.

20But we know none other god, therefore we trust that he will not dispise us, nor any of our nation.

21For if we be taken so, all Judea shall lie waste, and our sanctuary shall be spoiled; and he will require the profanation thereof at our mouth.

22And the slaughter of our brethren, and the captivity of the country, and the desolation of our inheritance, will he turn upon our heads among the Gentiles, wheresoever we shall be in bondage; and we shall be an offence and a reproach to all them that possess us.

23For our servitude shall not be directed to favour: but the Lord our God shall turn it to dishonour.

24Now therefore, O brethren, let us shew an example to our brethren, because their hearts depend upon us, and the sanctuary, and the house, and the altar, rest upon us.

25Moreover let us give thanks to the Lord our God, which trieth us, even as he did our fathers.

26Remember what things he did to Abraham, and how he tried Isaac, and what happened to Jacob in Mesopotamia of Syria, when he kept the sheep of Laban his mother's brother.

27For he hath not tried us in the fire, as he did them, for the examination of their hearts, neither hath he taken vengeance on us: but the Lord doth scourge them that come near unto him, to admonish them.

28Then said Ozias to her, All that thou hast spoken hast thou spoken with a good heart, and there is none that may gainsay thy words.

29For this is not the first day wherein thy wisdom is manifested; but from the beginning of thy days all the people have known thy understanding, because the disposition of thine heart is good.

30But the people were very thirsty, and compelled us to do unto them as we have spoken, and to bring an oath upon ourselves, which we will not break.

31Therefore now pray thou for us, because thou art a godly woman, and the Lord will send us rain to fill our cisterns, and we shall faint no more.

32Then said Judith unto them, Hear me, and I will do a thing, which shall go throughout all generations to the children of our nation.

33Ye shall stand this night in the gate, and I will go forth with my waitingwoman: and within the days that ye have promised to deliver the city to our enemies the Lord will visit Israel by mine hand.

34But enquire not ye of mine act: for I will not declare it unto you, till the things be finished that I do.

35Then said Ozias and the princes unto her, Go in peace, and the Lord God be before thee, to take vengeance on our enemies.

36So they returned from the tent, and went to their wards.

9Judith fell upon her face, and put ashes upon her head, and uncovered the sackcloth wherewith she was clothed; and about the time that the incense of that evening was offered in Jerusalem in the house of the Lord Judith cried with a loud voice, and said,

2O Lord God of my father Simeon, to whom thou gavest a sword to take vengeance of the strangers, who loosened the girdle of a maid to defile her, and discovered the thigh to her shame, and polluted her virginity to her reproach; for thou saidst, It shall not be so; and yet they did so:

3Wherefore thou gavest their rulers to be slain, so that they dyed their bed in blood, being deceived, and smotest the servants with their lords, and the lords upon their thrones;

4And hast given their wives for a prey, and their daughters to be captives, and all their spoils to be divided among thy dear children; which were moved with thy zeal, and abhorred the pollution of their blood, and called upon thee for aid: O God, O my God, hear me also a widow.

5For thou hast wrought not only those things, but also the things which fell out before, and which ensued after; thou hast thought upon the things which are now, and which are to come.

6Yea, what things thou didst determine were ready at hand, and said, Lo, we are here: for all thy ways are prepared, and thy judgments are in thy foreknowledge.

7For, behold, the Assyrians are multiplied in their power; they are exalted with horse and man; they glory in the strength of their footmen; they trust in shield, and spear, and bow, and sling; and know not that thou art the Lord that breakest the battles: the Lord is thy name.

8Throw down their strength in thy power, and bring down their force in thy wrath: for they have purposed to defile thy sanctuary, and to pollute the tabernacle where thy glorious name resteth and to cast down with sword the horn of thy altar.

9Behold their pride, and send thy wrath upon their heads: give into mine hand, which am a widow, the power that I have conceived.

10Smite by the deceit of my lips the servant with the prince, and the prince with the servant: break down their stateliness by the hand of a woman.

11For thy power standeth not in multitude nor thy might in strong men: for thou art a God of the afflicted, an helper of the oppressed, an upholder of the weak, a protector of the forlorn, a saviour of them that are without hope.

12I pray thee, I pray thee, O God of my father, and God of the inheritance of Israel, Lord of the heavens and earth, Creator of the waters, king of every creature, hear thou my prayer:

13And make my speech and deceit to be their wound and stripe, who have purposed cruel things against thy covenant, and thy hallowed house, and against the top of Sion, and against the house of the possession of thy children.

14And make every nation and tribe to acknowledge that thou art the God of all power and might, and that there is none other that protecteth the people of Israel but thou.

10Now after that she had ceased to cry unto the God of Israel, and bad made an end of all these words.

2She rose where she had fallen down, and called her maid, and went down into the house in the which she abode in the sabbath days, and in her feast days,

3And pulled off the sackcloth which she had on, and put off the garments of her widowhood, and washed her body all over with water, and anointed herself with precious ointment, and braided the hair of her head, and put on a tire upon it, and put on her garments of gladness, wherewith she was clad during the life of Manasses her husband.

4And she took sandals upon her feet, and put about her her bracelets, and her chains, and her rings, and her earrings, and all her ornaments, and decked herself bravely, to allure the eyes of all men that should see her.

5Then she gave her maid a bottle of wine, and a cruse of oil, and filled a bag with parched corn, and lumps of figs, and with fine bread; so she folded all these things together, and laid them upon her.

6Thus they went forth to the gate of the city of Bethulia, and found standing there Ozias and the ancients of the city, Chabris and Charmis.

7And when they saw her, that her countenance was altered, and her apparel was changed, they wondered at her beauty very greatly, and said unto her.

8The God, the God of our fathers give thee favour, and accomplish thine enterprizes to the glory of the children of Israel, and to the exaltation of Jerusalem. Then they worshipped God.

9And she said unto them, Command the gates of the city to be opened unto me, that I may go forth to accomplish the things whereof ye have spoken with me. So they commanded the young men to open unto her, as she had spoken.

10And when they had done so, Judith went out, she, and her maid with her; and the men of the city looked after her, until she was gone down the mountain, and till she had passed the valley, and could see her no more.

11Thus they went straight forth in the valley: and the first watch of the Assyrians met her,

12And took her, and asked her, Of what people art thou? and whence comest thou? and whither goest thou? And she said, I am a woman of the Hebrews, and am fled from them: for they shall be given you to be consumed:

13And I am coming before Holofernes the chief captain of your army, to declare words of truth; and I will shew him a way, whereby he shall go, and win all the hill country, without losing the body or life of any one of his men.

14Now when the men heard her words, and beheld her countenance, they wondered greatly at her beauty, and said unto her,

15Thou hast saved thy life, in that thou hast hasted to come down to the presence of our lord: now therefore come to his tent, and some of us shall conduct thee, until they have delivered thee to his hands.

16And when thou standest before him, be not afraid in thine heart, but shew unto him according to thy word; and he will entreat thee well.

17Then they chose out of them an hundred men to accompany her and her maid; and they brought her to the tent of Holofernes.

18Then was there a concourse throughout all the camp: for her coming was noised among the tents, and they came about her, as she stood without the tent of Holofernes, till they told him of her.

19And they wondered at her beauty, and admired the children of Israel because of her, and every one said to his neighbour, Who would despise this people, that have among them such women? surely it is not good that one man of them be left who being let go might deceive the whole earth.

20And they that lay near Holofernes went out, and all his servants and they brought her into the tent.

21Now Holofernes rested upon his bed under a canopy, which was woven with purple, and gold, and emeralds, and precious stones.

22So they shewed him of her; and he came out before his tent with silver lamps going before him.

23And when Judith was come before him and his servants they all marvelled at the beauty of her countenance; and she fell down upon her face, and did reverence unto him: and his servants took her up.

11Then said Holofernes unto her, Woman, be of good comfort, fear not in thine heart: for I never hurt any that was willing to serve Nabuchodonosor, the king of all the earth.

2Now therefore, if thy people that dwelleth in the mountains had not set light by me, I would not have lifted up my spear against them: but they have done these things to themselves.

3But now tell me wherefore thou art fled from them, and art come unto us: for thou art come for safeguard; be of good comfort, thou shalt live this night, and hereafter:

4For none shall hurt thee, but entreat thee well, as they do the servants of king Nabuchodonosor my lord.

5Then Judith said unto him, Receive the words of thy servant, and suffer thine handmaid to speak in thy presence, and I will declare no lie to my lord this night.

6And if thou wilt follow the words of thine handmaid, God will bring the thing perfectly to pass by thee; and my lord shall not fail of his purposes.

7As Nabuchodonosor king of all the earth liveth, and as his power liveth, who hath sent thee for the upholding of every living thing: for not only men shall serve him by thee, but also the beasts of the field, and the cattle, and the fowls of the air, shall live by thy power under Nabuchodonosor and all his house.

8For we have heard of thy wisdom and thy policies, and it is reported in all the earth, that thou only art excellent in all the kingdom, and mighty in knowledge, and wonderful in feats of war.

9Now as concerning the matter, which Achior did speak in thy council, we have heard his words; for the men of Bethulia saved him, and he declared unto them all that he had spoken unto thee.

10Therefore, O lord and governor, respect not his word; but lay it up in thine heart, for it is true: for our nation shall not be punished, neither can sword prevail against them, except they sin against their God.

11And now, that my lord be not defeated and frustrate of his purpose, even death is now fallen upon them, and their sin hath overtaken them, wherewith they will provoke their God to anger whensoever they shall do that which is not fit to be done:

12For their victuals fail them, and all their water is scant, and they have determined to lay hands upon their cattle, and purposed to consume all those things, that God hath forbidden them to eat by his laws:

13And are resolved to spend the firstfruits of the the tenths of wine and oil, which they had sanctified, and reserved for the priests that serve in Jerusalem before the face of our God; the which things it is not lawful for any of the people so much as to touch with their hands.

14For they have sent some to Jerusalem, because they also that dwell there have done the like, to bring them a licence from the senate.

15Now when they shall bring them word, they will forthwith do it, and they shall be given to thee to be destroyed the same day.

16Wherefore I thine handmaid, knowing all this, am fled from their presence; and God hath sent me to work things with thee, whereat all the earth shall be astonished, and whosoever shall hear it.

17For thy servant is religious, and serveth the God of heaven day and night: now therefore, my lord, I will remain with thee, and thy servant will go out by night into the valley, and I will pray unto God, and he will tell me when they have committed their sins:

18And I will come and shew it unto thee: then thou shalt go forth with all thine army, and there shall be none of them that shall resist thee.

19And I will lead thee through the midst of Judea, until thou come before Jerusalem; and I will set thy throne in the midst thereof; and thou shalt drive them as sheep that have no shepherd, and a dog shall not so much as open his mouth at thee: for these things were told me according to my foreknowledge, and they were declared unto me, and I am sent to tell thee.

20Then her words pleased Holofernes and all his servants; and they marvelled at her wisdom, and said,

21There is not such a woman from one end of the earth to the other, both for beauty of face, and wisdom of words.

22Likewise Holofernes said unto her. God hath done well to send thee before the people, that strength might be in our hands and destruction upon them that lightly regard my lord.

23And now thou art both beautiful in thy countenance, and witty in thy words: surely if thou do as thou hast spoken thy God shall be my God, and thou shalt dwell in the house of king Nabuchodonosor, and shalt be renowned through the whole earth.

12Then he commanded to bring her in where his plate was set; and bade that they should prepare for her of his own meats, and that she should drink of his own wine.

2And Judith said, I will not eat thereof, lest there be an offence: but provision shall be made for me of the things that I have brought.

3Then Holofernes said unto her, If thy provision should fail, how should we give thee the like? for there be none with us of thy nation.

4Then said Judith unto him As thy soul liveth, my lord, thine handmaid shall not spend those things that I have, before the Lord work by mine hand the things that he hath determined.

5Then the servants of Holofernes brought her into the tent, and she slept till midnight, and she arose when it was toward the morning watch,

6And sent to Holofernes, saving, Let my lord now command that thine handmaid may go forth unto prayer.

7Then Holofernes commanded his guard that they should not stay her: thus she abode in the camp three days, and went out in the night into the valley of Bethulia, and washed herself in a fountain of water by the camp.

8And when she came out, she besought the Lord God of Israel to direct her way to the raising up of the children of her people.

9So she came in clean, and remained in the tent, until she did eat her meat at evening.

10And in the fourth day Holofernes made a feast to his own servants only, and called none of the officers to the banquet.

11Then said he to Bagoas the eunuch, who had charge over all that he had, Go now, and persuade this Hebrew woman which is with thee, that she come unto us, and eat and drink with us.

12For, lo, it will be a shame for our person, if we shall let such a woman go, not having had her company; for if we draw her not unto us, she will laugh us to scorn.

13Then went Bagoas from the presence of Holofernes, and came to her, and he said, Let not this fair damsel fear to come to my lord, and to be honoured in his presence, and drink wine, and be merry with us and be made this day as one of the daughters of the Assyrians, which serve in the house of Nabuchodonosor.

14Then said Judith unto him, Who am I now, that I should gainsay my lord? surely whatsoever pleaseth him I will do speedily, and it shall be my joy unto the day of my death.

15So she arose, and decked herself with her apparel and all her woman's attire, and her maid went and laid soft skins on the ground for her over against Holofernes, which she had received of Bagoas far her daily use, that she might sit and eat upon them.

16Now when Judith came in and sat down, Holofernes his heart was ravished with her, and his mind was moved, and he desired greatly her company; for he waited a time to deceive her, from the day that he had seen her.

17Then said Holofernes unto her, Drink now, and be merry with us.

18So Judith said, I will drink now, my lord, because my life is magnified in me this day more than all the days since I was born.

19Then she took and ate and drank before him what her maid had prepared.

20And Holofernes took great delight in her, and drank more wine than he had drunk at any time in one day since he was born.

13Now when the evening was come, his servants made haste to depart, and Bagoas shut his tent without, and dismissed the waiters from the presence of his lord; and they went to their beds: for they were all weary, because the feast had been long.

2And Judith was left along in the tent, and Holofernes lying along upon his bed: for he was filled with wine.

3Now Judith had commanded her maid to stand without her bedchamber, and to wait for her. coming forth, as she did daily: for she said she would go forth to her prayers, and she spake to Bagoas according to the same purpose.

4So all went forth and none was left in the bedchamber, neither little nor great. Then Judith, standing by his bed, said in her heart, O Lord God of all power, look at this present upon the works of mine hands for the exaltation of Jerusalem.

5For now is the time to help thine inheritance, and to execute thine enterprizes to the destruction of the enemies which are risen against us.

6Then she came to the pillar of the bed, which was at Holofernes' head, and took down his fauchion from thence,

7And approached to his bed, and took hold of the hair of his head, and said, Strengthen me, O Lord God of Israel, this day.

8And she smote twice upon his neck with all her might, and she took away his head from him.

9And tumbled his body down from the bed, and pulled down the canopy from the pillars; and anon after she went forth, and gave Holofernes his head to her maid;

10And she put it in her bag of meat: so they twain went together according to their custom unto prayer: and when they passed the camp, they compassed the valley, and went up the mountain of Bethulia, and came to the gates thereof.

11Then said Judith afar off, to the watchmen at the gate, Open, open now the gate: God, even our God, is with us, to shew his power yet in Jerusalem, and his forces against the enemy, as he hath even done this day.

12Now when the men of her city heard her voice, they made haste to go down to the gate of their city, and they called the elders of the city.

13And then they ran all together, both small and great, for it was strange unto them that she was come: so they opened the gate, and received them, and made a fire for a light, and stood round about them.

14Then she said to them with a loud voice, Praise, praise God, praise God, I say, for he hath not taken away his mercy from the house of Israel, but hath destroyed our enemies by mine hands this night.

15So she took the head out of the bag, and shewed it, and said unto them, behold the head of Holofernes, the chief captain of the army of Assur, and behold the canopy, wherein he did lie in his drunkenness; and the Lord hath smitten him by the hand of a woman.

16As the Lord liveth, who hath kept me in my way that I went, my countenance hath deceived him to his destruction, and yet hath he not committed sin with me, to defile and shame me.

17Then all the people were wonderfully astonished, and bowed themselves and worshipped God, and said with one accord, Blessed be thou, O our God, which hast this day brought to nought the enemies of thy people.

18Then said Ozias unto her, O daughter, blessed art thou of the most high God above all the women upon the earth; and blessed be the Lord God, which hath created the heavens and the earth, which hath directed thee to the cutting off of the head of the chief of our enemies.

19For this thy confidence shall not depart from the heart of men, which remember the power of God for ever.

20And God turn these things to thee for a perpetual praise, to visit thee in good things because thou hast not spared thy life for the affliction of our nation, but hast revenged our ruin, walking a straight way before our God. And all the people said; So be it, so be it.

14Then said Judith unto them, Hear me now, my brethren, and take this head, and hang it upon the highest place of your walls.

2And so soon as the morning shall appear, and the sun shall come forth upon the earth, take ye every one his weapons, and go forth every valiant man out of the city, and set ye a captain over them, as though ye would go down into the field toward the watch of the Assyrians; but go not down.

3Then they shall take their armour, and shall go into their camp, and raise up the captains of the army of Assur, and shall run to the tent of Holofernes, but shall not find him: then fear shall fall upon them, and they shall flee before your face.

4So ye, and all that inhabit the coast of Israel, shall pursue them, and overthrow them as they go.

5But before ye do these things, call me Achior the Ammonite, that he may see and know him that despised the house of Israel, and that sent him to us as it were to his death.

6Then they called Achior out of the house of Ozias; and when he was come, and saw the head of Holofernes in a man's hand in the assembly of the people, he fell down on his face, and his spirit failed.

7But when they had recovered him, he fell at Judith's feet, and reverenced her, and said, Blessed art thou in all the tabernacles of Juda, and in all nations, which hearing thy name shall be astonished.

8Now therefore tell me all the things that thou hast done in these days. Then Judith declared unto him in the midst of the people all that she had done, from the day that she went forth until that hour she spake unto them.

9And when she had left off speaking, the people shouted with a loud voice, and made a joyful noise in their city.

10And when Achior had seen all that the God of Israel had done, he believed in God greatly, and circumcised the flesh of his foreskin, and was joined unto the house of Israel unto this day.

11And as soon as the morning arose, they hanged the head of Holofernes upon the wall, and every man took his weapons, and they went forth by bands unto the straits of the mountain.

12But when the Assyrians saw them, they sent to their leaders, which came to their captains and tribunes, and to every one of their rulers.

13So they came to Holofernes' tent, and said to him that had the charge of all his things, Waken now our lord: for the slaves have been bold to come down against us to battle, that they may be utterly destroyed.

14Then went in Bagoas, and knocked at the door of the tent; for he thought that he had slept with Judith.

15But because none answered, he opened it, and went into the bedchamber, and found him cast upon the floor dead, and his head was taken from him.

16Therefore he cried with a loud voice, with weeping, and sighing, and a mighty cry, and rent his garments.

17After he went into the tent where Judith lodged: and when he found her not, he leaped out to the people, and cried,

18These slaves have dealt treacherously; one woman of the Hebrews hath brought shame upon the house of king Nabuchodonosor: for, behold, Holofernes lieth upon the ground without a head.

19When the captains of the Assyrians' army heard these words, they rent their coats and their minds were wonderfully troubled, and there was a cry and a very great noise throughout the camp.

15And when they that were in the tents heard, they were astonished at the thing that was done.

2And fear and trembling fell upon them, so that there was no man that durst abide in the sight of his neighbour, but rushing out all together, they fled into every way of the plain, and of the hill country.

3They also that had camped in the mountains round about Bethulia fled away. Then the children of Israel, every one that was a warrior among them, rushed out upon them.

4Then sent Ozias to Betomasthem, and to Bebai, and Chobai, and Cola and to all the coasts of Israel, such as should tell the things that were done, and that all should rush forth upon their enemies to destroy them.

5Now when the children of Israel heard it, they all fell upon them with one consent, and slew them unto Chobai: likewise also they that came from Jerusalem, and from all the hill country, (for men had told them what things were done in the camp of their enemies) and they that were in Galaad, and in Galilee, chased them with a great slaughter, until they were past Damascus and the borders thereof.

6And the residue that dwelt at Bethulia, fell upon the camp of Assur, and spoiled them, and were greatly enriched.

7And the children of Israel that returned from the slaughter had that which remained; and the villages and the cities, that were in the mountains and in the plain, gat many spoils: for the multitude was very great.

8Then Joacim the high priest, and the ancients of the children of Israel that dwelt in Jerusalem, came to behold the good things that God had shewed to Israel, and to see Judith, and to salute her.

9And when they came unto her, they blessed her with one accord, and said unto her, Thou art the exaltation of Jerusalem, thou art the great glory of Israel, thou art the great rejoicing of our nation:

10Thou hast done all these things by thine hand: thou hast done much good to Israel, and God is pleased therewith: blessed be thou of the Almighty Lord for evermore. And all the people said, So be it.

11And the people spoiled the camp the space of thirty days: and they gave unto Judith Holofernes his tent, and all his plate, and beds, and vessels, and all his stuff: and she took it and laid it on her mule; and made ready her carts, and laid them thereon.

12Then all the women of Israel ran together to see her, and blessed her, and made a dance among them for her: and she took branches in her hand, and gave also to the women that were with her.

13And they put a garland of olive upon her and her maid that was with her, and she went before all the people in the dance, leading all the women: and all the men of Israel followed in their armour with garlands, and with songs in their mouths.

16Then Judith began to sing this thanksgiving in all Israel, and all the people sang after her this song of praise.

2And Judith said, Begin unto my God with timbrels, sing unto my Lord with cymbals: tune unto him a new psalm: exalt him, and call upon his name.

3For God breaketh the battles: for among the camps in the midst of the people he hath delivered me out of the hands of them that persecuted me.

4Assur came out of the mountains from the north, he came with ten thousands of his army, the multitude whereof stopped the torrents, and their horsemen have covered the hills.

5He bragged that he would burn up my borders, and kill my young men with the sword, and dash the sucking children against the ground, and make mine infants as a prey, and my virgins as a spoil.

6But the Almighty Lord hath disappointed them by the hand of a woman.

7For the mighty one did not fall by the young men, neither did the sons of the Titans smite him, nor high giants set upon him: but Judith the daughter of Merari weakened him with the beauty of her countenance.

8For she put off the garment of her widowhood for the exaltation of those that were oppressed in Israel, and anointed her face with ointment, and bound her hair in a tire, and took a linen garment to deceive him.

9Her sandals ravished his eyes, her beauty took his mind prisoner, and the fauchion passed through his neck.

10The Persians quaked at her boldness, and the Medes were daunted at her hardiness.

11Then my afflicted shouted for joy, and my weak ones cried aloud; but they were astonished: these lifted up their voices, but they were overthrown.

12The sons of the damsels have pierced them through, and wounded them as fugatives' children: they perished by the battle of the Lord.

13I will sing unto the Lord a new song: O Lord, thou art great and glorious, wonderful in strength, and invincible.

14Let all creatures serve thee: for thou spakest, and they were made, thou didst send forth thy spirit, and it created them, and there is none that can resist thy voice.

15For the mountains shall be moved from their foundations with the waters, the rocks shall melt as wax at thy presence: yet thou art merciful to them that fear thee.

16For all sacrifice is too little for a sweet savour unto thee, and all the fat is not sufficient for thy burnt offering: but he that feareth the Lord is great at all times.

17Woe to the nations that rise up against my kindred! the Lord Almighty will take vengeance of them in the day of judgment, in putting fire and worms in their flesh; and they shall feel them, and weep for ever.

18Now as soon as they entered into Jerusalem, they worshipped the Lord; and as soon as the people were purified, they offered their burnt offerings, and their free offerings, and their gifts.

19Judith also dedicated all the stuff of Holofernes, which the people had given her, and gave the canopy, which she had taken out of his bedchamber, for a gift unto the Lord.

20So the people continued feasting in Jerusalem before the sanctuary for the space of three months and Judith remained with them.

21After this time every one returned to his own inheritance, and Judith went to Bethulia, and remained in her own possession, and was in her time honourable in all the country.

22And many desired her, but none knew her all the days of her life, after that Manasses her husband was dead, and was gathered to his people.

23But she increased more and more in honour, and waxed old in her husband's house, being an hundred and five years old, and made her maid free; so she died in Bethulia: and they buried her in the cave of her husband Manasses.

24And the house of Israel lamented her seven days: and before she died, she did distribute her goods to all them that were nearest of kindred to Manasses her husband, and to them that were the nearest of her kindred.

25And there was none that made the children of Israel any more afraid in the days of Judith, nor a long time after her death.



The Remaining Chapters of the Book of

Esther


10And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea.
2And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?
3For Mordecai the Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.

4Then Mardocheus said, God hath done these things.

5For I remember a dream which I saw concerning these matters, and nothing thereof hath failed.

6A little fountain became a river, and there was light, and the sun, and much water: this river is Esther, whom the king married, and made queen:

7And the two dragons are I and Aman.

8And the nations were those that were assembled to destroy the name of the Jews:

9And my nation is this Israel, which cried to God, and were saved: for the Lord hath saved his people, and the Lord hath delivered us from all those evils, and God hath wrought signs and great wonders, which have not been done among the Gentiles.

10Therefore hath he made two lots, one for the people of God, and another for all the Gentiles.

11And these two lots came at the hour, and time, and day of judgment, before God among all nations.

12So God remembered his people, and justified his inheritance.

13Therefore those days shall be unto them in the month Adar, the fourteenth and fifteenth day of the same month, with an assembly, and joy, and with gladness before God, according to the generations for ever among his people.

11In the fourth year of the reign of Ptolemeus and Cleopatra, Dositheus, who said he was a priest and Levite, and Ptolemeus his son, brought this epistle of Phurim, which they said was the same, and that Lysimachus the son of Ptolemeus, that was in Jerusalem, had interpreted it.

2In the second year of the reign of Artexerxes the great, in the first day of the month Nisan, Mardocheus the son of Jairus, the son of Semei, the son of Cisai, of the tribe of Benjamin, had a dream;

3Who was a Jew, and dwelt in the city of Susa, a great man, being a servitor in the king's court.

4He was also one of the captives, which Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon carried from Jerusalem with Jechonias king of Judea; and this was his dream:

5Behold a noise of a tumult, with thunder, and earthquakes, and uproar in the land:

6And, behold, two great dragons came forth ready to fight, and their cry was great.

7And at their cry all nations were prepared to battle, that they might fight against the righteous people.

8And lo a day of darkness and obscurity, tribulation and anguish, affliction and great uproar, upon earth.

9And the whole righteous nation was troubled, fearing their own evils, and were ready to perish.

10Then they cried unto God, and upon their cry, as it were from a little fountain, was made a great flood, even much water.

11The light and the sun rose up, and the lowly were exalted, and devoured the glorious.

12Now when Mardocheus, who had seen this dream, and what God had determined to do, was awake, he bare this dream in mind, and until night by all means was desirous to know it.

12And Mardocheus took his rest in the court with Gabatha and Tharra, the two eunuchs of the king, and keepers of the palace.

2And he heard their devices, and searched out their purposes, and learned that they were about to lay hands upon Artexerxes the king; and so he certified the king of them.

3Then the king examined the two eunuchs, and after that they had confessed it, they were strangled.

4And the king made a record of these things, and Mardocheus also wrote thereof.

5So the king commanded, Mardocheus to serve in the court, and for this he rewarded him.

6Howbeit Aman the son of Amadathus the Agagite, who was in great honour with the king, sought to molest Mardocheus and his people because of the two eunuchs of the king.

13The copy of the letters was this: The great king Artexerxes writeth these things to the princes and governours that are under him from India unto Ethiopia in an hundred and seven and twenty provinces.

2After that I became lord over many nations and had dominion over the whole world, not lifted up with presumption of my authority, but carrying myself always with equity and mildness, I purposed to settle my subjects continually in a quiet life, and making my kingdom peaceable, and open for passage to the utmost coasts, to renew peace, which is desired of all men.

3Now when I asked my counsellors how this might be brought to pass, Aman, that excelled in wisdom among us, and was approved for his constant good will and steadfast fidelity, and had the honour of the second place in the kingdom,

4Declared unto us, that in all nations throughout the world there was scattered a certain malicious people, that had laws contrary to ail nations, and continually despised the commandments of kings, so as the uniting of our kingdoms, honourably intended by us cannot go forward.

5Seeing then we understand that this people alone is continually in opposition unto all men, differing in the strange manner of their laws, and evil affected to our state, working all the mischief they can that our kingdom may not be firmly established:

6Therefore have we commanded, that all they that are signified in writing unto you by Aman, who is ordained over the affairs, and is next unto us, shall all, with their wives and children, be utterly destroyed by the sword of their enemies, without all mercy and pity, the fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar of this present year:

7That they, who of old and now also are malicious, may in one day with violence go into the grave, and so ever hereafter cause our affairs to be well settled, and without trouble.

8Then Mardocheus thought upon all the works of the Lord, and made his prayer unto him,

9Saying, O Lord, Lord, the King Almighty: for the whole world is in thy power, and if thou hast appointed to save Israel, there is no man that can gainsay thee:

10For thou hast made heaven and earth, and all the wondrous things under the heaven.

11Thou art Lord of all things, and and there is no man that can resist thee, which art the Lord.

12Thou knowest all things, and thou knowest, Lord, that it was neither in contempt nor pride, nor for any desire of glory, that I did not bow down to proud Aman.

13For I could have been content with good will for the salvation of Israel to kiss the soles of his feet.

14But I did this, that I might not prefer the glory of man above the glory of God: neither will I worship any but thee, O God, neither will I do it in pride.

15And now, O Lord God and King, spare thy people: for their eyes are upon us to bring us to nought; yea, they desire to destroy the inheritance, that hath been thine from the beginning.

16Despise not the portion, which thou hast delivered out of Egypt for thine own self.

17Hear my prayer, and be merciful unto thine inheritance: turn our sorrow into joy, that we may live, O Lord, and praise thy name: and destroy not the mouths of them that praise thee, O Lord.

18All Israel in like manner cried most earnestly unto the Lord, because their death was before their eyes.

14Queen Esther also, being in fear of death, resorted unto the Lord:

2And laid away her glorious apparel, and put on the garments of anguish and mourning: and instead of precious ointments, she covered her head with ashes and dung, and she humbled her body greatly, and all the places of her joy she filled with her torn hair.

3And she prayed unto the Lord God of Israel, saying, O my Lord, thou only art our King: help me, desolate woman, which have no helper but thee:

4For my danger is in mine hand.

5From my youth up I have heard in the tribe of my family that thou, O Lord, tookest Israel from among all people, and our fathers from all their predecessors, for a perpetual inheritance, and thou hast performed whatsoever thou didst promise them.

6And now we have sinned before thee: therefore hast thou given us into the hands of our enemies,

7Because we worshipped their gods: O Lord, thou art righteous.

8Nevertheless it satisfieth them not, that we are in bitter captivity: but they have stricken hands with their idols,

9That they will abolish the thing that thou with thy mouth hast ordained, and destroy thine inheritance, and stop the mouth of them that praise thee, and quench the glory of thy house, and of thine altar,

10And open the mouths of the heathen to set forth the praises of the idols, and to magnify a fleshly king for ever.

11O Lord, give not thy sceptre unto them that be nothing, and let them not laugh at our fall; but turn their device upon themselves, and make him an example, that hath begun this against us.

12Remember, O Lord, make thyself known in time of our affliction, and give me boldness, O King of the nations, and Lord of all power.

13Give me eloquent speech in my mouth before the lion: turn his heart to hate him that fighteth against us, that there may be an end of him, and of all that are likeminded to him:

14But deliver us with thine hand, and help me that am desolate, and which have no other help but thee.

15Thou knowest all things, O Lord; thou knowest that I hate the glory of the unrighteous, and abhor the bed of the uncircumcised, and of all the heathen.

16Thou knowest my necessity: for I abhor the sign of my high estate, which is upon mine head in the days wherein I shew myself, and that I abhor it as a menstruous rag, and that I wear it not when I am private by myself.

17And that thine handmaid hath not eaten at Aman's table, and that I have not greatly esteemed the king's feast, nor drunk the wine of the drink offerings.

18Neither had thine handmaid any joy since the day that I was brought hither to this present, but in thee, O Lord God of Abraham.

19O thou mighty God above all, hear the voice of the forlorn and deliver us out of the hands of the mischievous, and deliver me out of my fear.

15And upon the third day, when she had ended her prayers, she laid away her mourning garments, and put on her glorious apparel.

2And being gloriously adorned, after she had called upon God, who is the beholder and saviour of all things, she took two maids with her:

3And upon the one she leaned, as carrying herself daintily;

4And the other followed, bearing up her train.

5And she was ruddy through the perfection of her beauty, and her countenance was cheerful and very amiable: but her heart was in anguish for fear.

6Then having passed through all the doors, she stood before the king, who sat upon his royal throne, and was clothed with all his robes of majesty, all glittering with gold and precious stones; and he was very dreadful.

7Then lifting up his countenance that shone with majesty, he looked very fiercely upon her: and the queen fell down, and was pale, and fainted, and bowed herself upon the head of the maid that went before her.

8Then God changed the spirit of the king into mildness, who in a fear leaped from his throne, and took her in his arms, till she came to herself again, and comforted her with loving words and said unto her,

9Esther, what is the matter? I am thy brother, be of good cheer:

10Thou shalt not die, though our our commandment be general: come near.

11And so be held up his golden sceptre, and laid it upon her neck,

12And embraced her, and said, Speak unto me.

13Then said she unto him, I saw thee, my lord, as an angel of God, and my heart was troubled for fear of thy majesty.

14For wonderful art thou, lord, and thy countenance is full of grace.

15And as she was speaking, she fell down for faintness.

16Then the king was troubled, and ail his servants comforted her.

16The great king Artexerxes unto the princes and governors of an hundred and seven and twenty provinces from India unto Ethiopia, and unto all our faithful subjects, greeting.

2Many, the more often they are honoured with the great bounty of their gracious princes, the more proud they are waxen,

3And endeavour to hurt not our subjects only, but not being able to bear abundance, do take in hand to practise also against those that do them good:

4And take not only thankfulness away from among men, but also lifted up with the glorious words of lewd persons, that were never good, they think to escape the justice of God, that seeth all things and hateth evil.

5Oftentimes also fair speech of those, that are put in trust to manage their friends' affairs, hath caused many that are in authority to be partakers of innocent blood, and hath enwrapped them in remediless calamities:

6Beguiling with the falsehood and deceit of their lewd disposition the innocency and goodness of princes.

7Now ye may see this, as we have declared, not so much by ancient histories, as ye may, if ye search what hath been wickedly done of late through the pestilent behaviour of them that are unworthily placed in authority.

8And we must take care for the time to come, that our kingdom may be quiet and peaceable for all men,

9Both by changing our purposes, and always judging things that are evident with more equal proceeding.

10For Aman, a Macedonian, the son of Amadatha, being indeed a stranger from the Persian blood, and far distant from our goodness, and as a stranger received of us,

11Had so far forth obtained the favour that we shew toward every nation, as that he was called our father, and was continually honoured of all the next person unto the king.

12But he, not bearing his great dignity, went about to deprive us of our kingdom and life:

13Having by manifold and cunning deceits sought of us the destruction, as well of Mardocheus, who saved our life, and continually procured our good, as also of blameless Esther, partaker of our kingdom, with their whole nation.

14For by these means he thought, finding us destitute of friends to have translated the kingdom of the Persians to the Macedonians.

15But we find that the Jews, whom this wicked wretch hath delivered to utter destruction, are no evildoers, but live by most just laws:

16And that they be children of the most high and most mighty, living God, who hath ordered the kingdom both unto us and to our progenitors in the most excellent manner.

17Wherefore ye shall do well not to put in execution the letters sent unto you by Aman the son of Amadatha.

18For he that was the worker of these things, is hanged at the gates of Susa with all his family: God, who ruleth all things, speedily rendering vengeance to him according to his deserts.

19Therefore ye shall publish the copy of this letter in all places, that the Jews may freely live after their own laws.

20And ye shall aid them, that even the same day, being the thirteenth day of the twelfth month Adar, they may be avenged on them, who in the time of their affliction shall set upon them.

21For Almighty God hath turned to joy unto them the day, wherein the chosen people should have perished.

22Ye shall therefore among your solemn feasts keep it an high day with all feasting:

23That both now and hereafter there may be safety to us and the well affected Persians; but to those which do conspire against us a memorial of destruction.

24Therefore every city and country whatsoever, which shall not do according to these things, shall be destroyed without mercy with fire and sword, and shall be made not only unpassable for men, but also most hateful to wild beasts and fowls for ever.



Wisdom of Solomon


1Love righteousness, ye that be judges of the earth: think of the Lord with a good (heart,) and in simplicity of heart seek him.

2For he will be found of them that tempt him not; and sheweth himself unto such as do not distrust him.

3For froward thoughts separate from God: and his power, when it is tried, reproveth the unwise.

4For into a malicious soul wisdom shall not enter; nor dwell in the body that is subject unto sin.

5For the holy spirit of discipline will flee deceit, and remove from thoughts that are without understanding, and will not abide when unrighteousness cometh in.

6For wisdom is a loving spirit; and will not acquit a blasphemer of his words: for God is witness of his reins, and a true beholder of his heart, and a hearer of his tongue.

7For the Spirit of the Lord filleth the world: and that which containeth all things hath knowledge of the voice.

8Therefore he that speaketh unrighteous things cannot be hid: neither shall vengeance, when it punisheth, pass by him.

9For inquisition shall be made into the counsels of the ungodly: and the sound of his words shall come unto the Lord for the manifestation of his wicked deeds.

10For the ear of jealousy heareth all things: and the noise of murmurings is not hid.

11Therefore beware of murmuring, which is unprofitable; and refrain your tongue from backbiting: for there is no word so secret, that shall go for nought: and the mouth that belieth slayeth the soul.

12Seek not death in the error of your life: and pull not upon yourselves destruction with the works of your hands.

13For God made not death: neither hath he pleasure in the destruction of the living.

14For he created all things, that they might have their being: and the generations of the world were healthful; and there is no poison of destruction in them, nor the kingdom of death upon the earth:

15(For righteousness is immortal:)

16But ungodly men with their works and words called it to them: for when they thought to have it their friend, they consumed to nought, and made a covenant with it, because they are worthy to take part with it.

2For the ungodly said, reasoning with themselves, but not aright, Our life is short and tedious, and in the death of a man there is no remedy: neither was there any man known to have returned from the grave.

2For we are born at all adventure: and we shall be hereafter as though we had never been: for the breath in our nostrils is as smoke, and a little spark in the moving of our heart:

3Which being extinguished, our body shall be turned into ashes, and our spirit shall vanish as the soft air,

4And our name shall be forgotten in time, and no man shall have our works in remembrance, and our life shall pass away as the trace of a cloud, and shall be dispersed as a mist, that is driven away with the beams of the sun, and overcome with the heat thereof.

5For our time is a very shadow that passeth away; and after our end there is no returning: for it is fast sealed, so that no man cometh again.

6Come on therefore, let us enjoy the good things that are present: and let us speedily use the creatures like as in youth.

7Let us fill ourselves with costly wine and ointments: and let no flower of the spring pass by us:

8Let us crown ourselves with rosebuds, before they be withered:

9Let none of us go without his part of our voluptuousness: let us leave tokens of our joyfulness in every place: for this is our portion, and our lot is this.

10Let us oppress the poor righteous man, let us not spare the widow, nor reverence the ancient gray hairs of the aged.

11Let our strength be the law of justice: for that which is feeble is found to be nothing worth.

12Therefore let us lie in wait for the righteous; because he is not for our turn, and he is clean contrary to our doings: he upbraideth us with our offending the law, and objecteth to our infamy the transgressings of our education.

13He professeth to have the knowledge of God: and he calleth himself the child of the Lord.

14He was made to reprove our thoughts.

15He is grievous unto us even to behold: for his life is not like other men's, his ways are of another fashion.

16We are esteemed of him as counterfeits: he abstaineth from our ways as from filthiness: he pronounceth the end of the just to be blessed, and maketh his boast that God is his father.

17Let us see if his words be true: and let us prove what shall happen in the end of him.

18For if the just man be the son of God, he will help him, and deliver him from the hand of his enemies.

19Let us examine him with despitefulness and torture, that we may know his meekness, and prove his patience.

20Let us condemn him with a shameful death: for by his own saying he shall be respected.

21Such things they did imagine, and were deceived: for their own wickedness hath blinded them.

22As for the mysteries of God, they kn ew them not: neither hoped they for the wages of righteousness, nor discerned a reward for blameless souls.

23For God created man to be immortal, and made him to be an image of his own eternity.

24Nevertheless through envy of the devil came death into the world: and they that do hold of his side do find it.

3But the souls of the righteous are in the hand of God, and there shall no torment touch them.

2In the sight of the unwise they seemed to die: and their departure is taken for misery,

3And their going from us to be utter destruction: but they are in peace.

4For though they be punished in the sight of men, yet is their hope full of immortality.

5And having been a little chastised, they shall be greatly rewarded: for God proved them, and found them worthy for himself.

6As gold in the furnace hath he tried them, and received them as a burnt offering.

7And in the time of their visitation they shall shine, and run to and fro like sparks among the stubble.

8They shall judge the nations, and have dominion over the people, and their Lord shall reign for ever.

9They that put their trust in him shall understand the truth: and such as be faithful in love shall abide with him: for grace and mercy is to his saints, and he hath care for his elect.

10But the ungodly shall be punished according to their own imaginations, which have neglected the righteous, and forsaken the Lord.

11For whoso despiseth wisdom and nurture, he is miserable, and their hope is vain, their labours unfruitful, and their works unprofitable:

12Their wives are foolish, and their children wicked:

13Their offspring is cursed. Wherefore blessed is the barren that is undefiled, which hath not known the sinful bed: she shall have fruit in the visitation of souls.

14And blessed is the eunuch, which with his hands hath wrought no iniquity, nor imagined wicked things against God: for unto him shall be given the special gift of faith, and an inheritance in the temple of the Lord more acceptable to his mind.

15For glorious is the fruit of good labours: and the root of wisdom shall never fall away.

16As for the children of adulterers, they shall not come to their perfection, and the seed of an unrighteous bed shall be rooted out.

17For though they live long, yet shall they be nothing regarded: and their last age shall be without honour.

18Or, if they die quickly, they have no hope, neither comfort in the day of trial.

19For horrible is the end of the unrighteous generation.

4Better it is to have no children, and to have virtue: for the memorial thereof is immortal: because it is known with God, and with men.

2When it is present, men take example at it; and when it is gone, they desire it: it weareth a crown, and triumpheth for ever, having gotten the victory, striving for undefiled rewards.

3But the multiplying brood of the ungodly shall not thrive, nor take deep rooting from bastard slips, nor lay any fast foundation.

4For though they flourish in branches for a time; yet standing not last, they shall be shaken with the wind, and through the force of winds they shall be rooted out.

5The imperfect branches shall be broken off, their fruit unprofitable, not ripe to eat, yea, meet for nothing.

6For children begotten of unlawful beds are witnesses of wickedness against their parents in their trial.

7But though the righteous be prevented with death, yet shall he be in rest.

8For honourable age is not that which standeth in length of time, nor that is measured by number of years.

9But wisdom is the gray hair unto men, and an unspotted life is old age.

10He pleased God, and was beloved of him: so that living among sinners he was translated.

11Yea speedily was he taken away, lest that wickedness should alter his understanding, or deceit beguile his soul.

12For the bewitching of naughtiness doth obscure things that are honest; and the wandering of concupiscence doth undermine the simple mind.

13He, being made perfect in a short time, fulfilled a long time:

14For his soul pleased the Lord: therefore hasted he to take him away from among the wicked.

15This the people saw, and understood it not, neither laid they up this in their minds, That his grace and mercy is with his saints, and that he hath respect unto his chosen.

16Thus the righteous that is dead shall condemn the ungodly which are living; and youth that is soon perfected the many years and old age of the unrighteous.

17For they shall see the end of the wise, and shall not understand what God in his counsel hath decreed of him, and to what end the Lord hath set him in safety.

18They shall see him, and despise him; but God shall laugh them to scorn: and they shall hereafter be a vile carcase, and a reproach among the dead for evermore.

19For he shall rend them, and cast them down headlong, that they shall be speechless; and he shall shake them from the foundation; and they shall be utterly laid waste, and be in sorrow; and their memorial shall perish.

20And when they cast up the accounts of their sins, they shall come with fear: and their own iniquities shall convince them to their face.

5Then shall the righteous man stand in great boldness before the face of such as have afflicted him, and made no account of his labours.

2When they see it, they shall be troubled with terrible fear, and shall be amazed at the strangeness of his salvation, so far beyond all that they looked for.

3And they repenting and groaning for anguish of spirit shall say within themselves, This was he, whom we had sometimes in derision, and a proverb of reproach:

4We fools accounted his life madness, and his end to be without honour:

5How is he numbered among the children of God, and his lot is among the saints!

6Therefore have we erred from the way of truth, and the light of righteousness hath not shined unto us, and the sun of righteousness rose not upon us.

7We wearied ourselves in the way of wickedness and destruction: yea, we have gone through deserts, where there lay no way: but as for the way of the Lord, we have not known it.

8What hath pride profited us? or what good hath riches with our vaunting brought us?

9All those things are passed away like a shadow, and as a post that hasted by;

10And as a ship that passeth over the waves of the water, which when it is gone by, the trace thereof cannot be found, neither the pathway of the keel in the waves;

11Or as when a bird hath flown through the air, there is no token of her way to be found, but the light air being beaten with the stroke of her wings and parted with the violent noise and motion of them, is passed through, and therein afterwards no sign where she went is to be found;

12Or like as when an arrow is shot at a mark, it parteth the air, which immediately cometh together again, so that a man cannot know where it went through:

13Even so we in like manner, as soon as we were born, began to draw to our end, and had no sign of virtue to shew; but were consumed in our own wickedness.

14For the hope of the Godly is like dust that is blown away with the wind; like a thin froth that is driven away with the storm; like as the smoke which is dispersed here and there with a tempest, and passeth away as the remembrance of a guest that tarrieth but a day.

15But the righteous live for evermore; their reward also is with the Lord, and the care of them is with the most High.

16Therefore shall they receive a glorious kingdom, and a beautiful crown from the Lord's hand: for with his right hand shall he cover them, and with his arm shall he protect them.

17He shall take to him his jealousy for complete armour, and make the creature his weapon for the revenge of his enemies.

18He shall put on righteousness as a breastplate, and true judgment instead of an helmet.

19He shall take holiness for an invincible shield.

20His severe wrath shall he sharpen for a sword, and the world shall fight with him against the unwise.

21Then shall the right aiming thunderbolts go abroad; and from the clouds, as from a well drawn bow, shall they fly to the mark.

22And hailstones full of wrath shall be cast as out of a stone bow, and the water of the sea shall rage against them, and the floods shall cruelly drown them.

23Yea, a mighty wind shall stand up against them, and like a storm shall blow them away: thus iniquity shall lay waste the whole earth, and ill dealing shall overthrow the thrones of the mighty.

6Hear therefore, O ye kings, and understand; learn, ye that be judges of the ends of the earth.

2Give ear, ye that rule the people, and glory in the multitude of nations.

3For power is given you of the Lord, and sovereignty from the Highest, who shall try your works, and search out your counsels.

4Because, being ministers of his kingdom, ye have not judged aright, nor kept the law, nor walked after the counsel of God;

5Horribly and speedily shall he come upon you: for a sharp judgment shall be to them that be in high places.

6For mercy will soon pardon the meanest: but mighty men shall be mightily tormented.

7For he which is Lord over all shall fear no man's person, neither shall he stand in awe of any man's greatness: for he hath made the small and great, and careth for all alike.

8But a sore trial shall come upon the mighty.

9Unto you therefore, O kings, do I speak, that ye may learn wisdom, and not fall away.

10For they that keep holiness holily shall be judged holy: and they that have learned such things shall find what to answer.

11Wherefore set your affection upon my words; desire them, and ye shall be instructed.

12Wisdom is glorious, and never fadeth away: yea, she is easily seen of them that love her, and found of such as seek her.

13She preventeth them that desire her, in making herself first known unto them.

14Whoso seeketh her early shall have no great travail: for he shall find her sitting at his doors.

15To think therefore upon her is perfection of wisdom: and whoso watcheth for her shall quickly be without care.

16For she goeth about seeking such as are worthy of her, sheweth herself favourably unto them in the ways, and meeteth them in every thought.

17For the very true beginning of her is the desire of discipline; and the care of discipline is love;

18And love is the keeping of her laws; and the giving heed unto her laws is the assurance of incorruption;

19And incorruption maketh us near unto God:

20Therefore the desire of wisdom bringeth to a kingdom.

21If your delight be then in thrones and sceptres, O ye kings of the people, honour wisdom, that ye may reign for evermore.

22As for wisdom, what she is, and how she came up, I will tell you, and will not hide mysteries from you: but will seek her out from the beginning of her nativity, and bring the knowledge of her into light, and will not pass over the truth.

23Neither will I go with consuming envy; for such a man shall have no fellowship with wisdom.

24But the multitude of the wise is the welfare of the world: and a wise king is the upholding of the people.

25Receive therefore instruction through my words, and it shall do you good.

7I myself also am a mortal man, like to all, and the offspring of him that was first made of the earth,

2And in my mother's womb was fashioned to be flesh in the time of ten months, being compacted in blood, of the seed of man, and the pleasure that came with sleep.

3And when I was born, I drew in the common air, and fell upon the earth, which is of like nature, and the first voice which I uttered was crying, as all others do.

4I was nursed in swaddling clothes, and that with cares.

5For there is no king that had any other beginning of birth.

6For all men have one entrance into life, and the like going out.

7Wherefore I prayed, and understanding was given me: I called upon God, and the spirit of wisdom came to me.

8I preferred her before sceptres and thrones, and esteemed riches nothing in comparison of her.

9Neither compared I unto her any precious stone, because all gold in respect of her is as a little sand, and silver shall be counted as clay before her.

10I loved her above health and beauty, and chose to have her instead of light: for the light that cometh from her never goeth out.

11All good things together came to me with her, and innumerable riches in her hands.

12And I rejoiced in them all, because wisdom goeth before them: and I knew not that she was the mother of them.

13I learned diligently, and do communicate her liberally: I do not hide her riches.

14For she is a treasure unto men that never faileth: which they that use become the friends of God, being commended for the gifts that come from learning.

15God hath granted me to speak as I would, and to conceive as is meet for the things that are given me: because it is he that leadeth unto wisdom, and directeth the wise.

16For in his hand are both we and our words; all wisdom also, and knowledge of workmanship.

17For he hath given me certain knowledge of the things that are, namely, to know how the world was made, and the operation of the elements:

18The beginning, ending, and midst of the times: the alterations of the turning of the sun, and the change of seasons:

19The circuits of years, and the positions of stars:

20The natures of living creatures, and the furies of wild beasts: the violence of winds, and the reasonings of men: the diversities of plants and the virtues of roots:

21And all such things as are either secret or manifest, them I know.

22For wisdom, which is the worker of all things, taught me: for in her is an understanding spirit holy, one only, manifold, subtil, lively, clear, undefiled, plain, not subject to hurt, loving the thing that is good quick, which cannot be letted, ready to do good,

23Kind to man, steadfast, sure, free from care, having all power, overseeing all things, and going through all understanding, pure, and most subtil, spirits.

24For wisdom is more moving than any motion: she passeth and goeth through all things by reason of her pureness.

25For she is the breath of the power of God, and a pure influence flowing from the glory of the Almighty: therefore can no defiled thing fall into her.

26For she is the brightness of the everlasting light, the unspotted mirror of the power of God, and the image of his goodness.

27And being but one, she can do all things: and remaining in herself, she maketh all things new: and in all ages entering into holy souls, she maketh them friends of God, and prophets.

28For God loveth none but him that dwelleth with wisdom.

29For she is more beautiful than the sun, and above all the order of stars: being compared with the light, she is found before it.

30For after this cometh night: but vice shall not prevail against wisdom.

8Wisdom reacheth from one end to another mightily: and sweetly doth she order all things.

2I loved her, and sought her out from my youth, I desired to make her my spouse, and I was a lover of her beauty.

3In that she is conversant with God, she magnifieth her nobility: yea, the Lord of all things himself loved her.

4For she is privy to the mysteries of the knowledge of God, and a lover of his works.

5If riches be a possession to be desired in this life; what is richer than wisdom, that worketh all things?

6And if prudence work; who of all that are is a more cunning workman than she?

7And if a man love righteousness her labours are virtues: for she teacheth temperance and prudence, justice and fortitude: which are such things, as en can have nothing more profitable in their life.

8If a man desire much experience, she knoweth things of old, and conjectureth aright what is to come: she knoweth the subtilties of speeches, and can expound dark sentences: she foreseeth signs and wonders, and the events of seasons and times.

9Therefore I purposed to take her to me to live with me, knowing that she would be a counsellor of good things, and a comfort in cares and grief.

10For her sake I shall have estimation among the multitude, and honour with the elders, though I be young.

11I shall be found of a quick conceit in judgment, and shall be admired in the sight of great men.

12When I hold my tongue, they shall bide my leisure, and when I speak, they shall give good ear unto me: if I talk much, they shall lay their hands upon their mouth.

13Moreover by the means of her I shall obtain immortality, and leave behind me an everlasting memorial to them that come after me.

14I shall set the people in order, and the nations shall be subject unto me.

15Horrible tyrants shall be afraid, when they do but hear of me; I shall be found good among the multitude, and valiant in war.

16After I am come into mine house, I will repose myself with her: for her conversation hath no bitterness; and to live with her hath no sorrow, but mirth and joy.

17Now when I considered these things in myself, and pondered them in my heart, how that to be allied unto wisdom is immortality;

18And great pleasure it is to have her friendship; and in the works of her hands are infinite riches; and in the exercise of conference with her, prudence; and in talking with her, a good report; I went about seeking how to take her to me.

19For I was a witty child, and had a good spirit.

20Yea rather, being good, I came into a body undefiled.

21Nevertheless, when I perceived that I could not otherwise obtain her, except God gave her me; and that was a point of wisdom also to know whose gift she was; I prayed unto the Lord, and besought him, and with my whole heart I said,

9O God of my fathers, and Lord of mercy, who hast made all things with thy word,

2And ordained man through thy wisdom, that he should have dominion over the creatures which thou hast made,

3And order the world according to equity and righteousness, and execute judgment with an upright heart:

4Give me wisdom, that sitteth by thy throne; and reject me not from among thy children:

5For I thy servant and son of thine handmaid am a feeble person, and of a short time, and too young for the understanding of judgment and laws.

6For though a man be never so perfect among the children of men, yet if thy wisdom be not with him, he shall be nothing regarded.

7Thou hast chosen me to be a king of thy people, and a judge of thy sons and daughters:

8Thou hast commanded me to build a temple upon thy holy mount, and an altar in the city wherein thou dwellest, a resemblance of the holy tabernacle, which thou hast prepared from the beginning.

9And wisdom was with thee: which knoweth thy works, and was present when thou madest the world, and knew what was acceptable in thy sight, and right in thy commandments.

10O send her out of thy holy heavens, and from the throne of thy glory, that being present she may labour with me, that I may know what is pleasing unto thee.

11For she knoweth and understandeth all things, and she shall lead me soberly in my doings, and preserve me in her power.

12So shall my works be acceptable, and then shall I judge thy people righteously, and be worthy to sit in my father's seat.

13For what man is he that can know the counsel of God? or who can think what the will of the Lord is?

14For the thoughts of mortal men are miserable, and our devices are but uncertain.

15For the corruptible body presseth down the soul, and the earthy tabernacle weigheth down the mind that museth upon many things.

16And hardly do we guess aright at things that are upon earth, and with labour do we find the things that are before us: but the things that are in heaven who hath searched out?

17And thy counsel who hath known, except thou give wisdom, and send thy Holy Spirit from above?

18For so the ways of them which lived on the earth were reformed, and men were taught the things that are pleasing unto thee, and were saved through wisdom.

10She preserved the first formed father of the world, that was created alone, and brought him out of his fall,

2And gave him power to rule all things.

3But when the unrighteous went away from her in his anger, he perished also in the fury wherewith he murdered his brother.

4For whose cause the earth being drowned with the flood, wisdom again preserved it, and directed the course of the righteous in a piece of wood of small value.

5Moreover, the nations in their wicked conspiracy being confounded, she found out the righteous, and preserved him blameless unto God, and kept him strong against his tender compassion toward his son.

6When the ungodly perished, she delivered the righteous man, who fled from the fire which fell down upon the five cities.

7Of whose wickedness even to this day the waste land that smoketh is a testimony, and plants bearing fruit that never come to ripeness: and a standing pillar of salt is a monument of an unbelieving soul.

8For regarding not wisdom, they gat not only this hurt, that they knew not the things which were good; but also left behind them to the world a memorial of their foolishness: so that in the things wherein they offended they could not so much as be hid.

9Rut wisdom delivered from pain those that attended upon her.

10When the righteous fled from his brother's wrath she guided him in right paths, shewed him the kingdom of God, and gave him knowledge of holy things, made him rich in his travels, and multiplied the fruit of his labours.

11In the covetousness of such as oppressed him she stood by him, and made him rich.

12She defended him from his enemies, and kept him safe from those that lay in wait, and in a sore conflict she gave him the victory; that he might know that goodness is stronger than all.

13When the righteous was sold, she forsook him not, but delivered him from sin: she went down with him into the pit,

14And left him not in bonds, till she brought him the sceptre of the kingdom, and power against those that oppressed him: as for them that had accused him, she shewed them to be liars, and gave him perpetual glory.

15She delivered the righteous people and blameless seed from the nation that oppressed them.

16She entered into the soul of the servant of the Lord, and withstood dreadful kings in wonders and signs;

17Rendered to the righteous a reward of their labours, guided them in a marvellous way, and was unto them for a cover by day, and a light of stars in the night season;

18Brought them through the Red sea, and led them through much water:

19But she drowned their enemies, and cast them up out of the bottom of the deep.

20Therefore the righteous spoiled the ungodly, and praised thy holy name, O Lord, and magnified with one accord thine hand, that fought for them.

21For wisdom opened the mouth of the dumb, and made the tongues of them that cannot speak eloquent.

11She prospered their works in the hand of the holy prophet.

2They went through the wilderness that was not inhabited, and pitched tents in places where there lay no way.

3They stood against their enemies, and were avenged of their adversaries.

4When they were thirsty, they called upon thee, and water was given them out of the flinty rock, and their thirst was quenched out of the hard stone.

5For by what things their enemies were punished, by the same they in their need were benefited.

6For instead of of a perpetual running river troubled with foul blood,

7For a manifest reproof of that commandment, whereby the infants were slain, thou gavest unto them abundance of water by a means which they hoped not for:

8Declaring by that thirst then how thou hadst punished their adversaries.

9For when they were tried albeit but in mercy chastised, they knew how the ungodly were judged in wrath and tormented, thirsting in another manner than the just.

10For these thou didst admonish and try, as a father: but the other, as a severe king, thou didst condemn and punish.

11Whether they were absent or present, they were vexed alike.

12For a double grief came upon them, and a groaning for the remembrance of things past.

13For when they heard by their own punishments the other to be benefited, they had some feeling of the Lord.

14For whom they respected with scorn, when he was long before thrown out at the casting forth of the infants, him in the end, when they saw what came to pass, they admired.

15But for the foolish devices of their wickedness, wherewith being deceived they worshipped serpents void of reason, and vile beasts, thou didst send a multitude of unreasonable beasts upon them for vengeance;

16That they might know, that wherewithal a man sinneth, by the same also shall he be punished.

17For thy Almighty hand, that made the world of matter without form, wanted not means to send among them a multitude of bears or fierce lions,

18Or unknown wild beasts, full of rage, newly created, breathing out either a fiery vapour, or filthy scents of scattered smoke, or shooting horrible sparkles out of their eyes:

19Whereof not only the harm might dispatch them at once, but also the terrible sight utterly destroy them.

20Yea, and without these might they have fallen down with one blast, being persecuted of vengeance, and scattered abroad through the breath of thy power: but thou hast ordered all things in measure and number and weight.

21For thou canst shew thy great strength at all times when thou wilt; and who may withstand the power of thine arm?

22For the whole world before thee is as a little grain of the balance, yea, as a drop of the morning dew that falleth down upon the earth.

23But thou hast mercy upon all; for thou canst do all things, and winkest at the sins of men, because they should amend.

24For thou lovest all the things that are, and abhorrest nothing which thou hast made: for never wouldest thou have made any thing, if thou hadst hated it.

25And how could any thing have endured, if it had not been thy will? or been preserved, if not called by thee?

26But thou sparest all: for they are thine, O Lord, thou lover of souls.

12For thine incorruptible Spirit is in all things.

2Therefore chastenest thou them by little and little that offend, and warnest them by putting them in remembrance wherein they have offended, that leaving their wickedness they may believe on thee, O Lord.

3For it was thy will to destroy by the hands of our fathers both those old inhabitants of thy holy land,

4Whom thou hatedst for doing most odious works of witchcrafts, and wicked sacrifices;

5And also those merciless murderers of children, and devourers of man's flesh, and the feasts of blood,

6With their priests out of the midst of their idolatrous crew, and the parents, that killed with their own hands souls destitute of help:

7That the land, which thou esteemedst above all other, might receive a worthy colony of God's children.

8Nevertheless even those thou sparedst as men, and didst send wasps, forerunners of thine host, to destroy them by little and little.

9Not that thou wast unable to bring the ungodly under the hand of the righteous in battle, or to destroy them at once with cruel beasts, or with one rough word:

10But executing thy judgments upon them by little and little, thou gavest them place of repentance, not being ignorant that they were a naughty generation, and that their malice was bred in them, and that their cogitation would never be changed.

11For it was a cursed seed from the beginning; neither didst thou for fear of any man give them pardon for those things wherein they sinned.

12For who shall say, What hast thou done? or who shall withstand thy judgment? or who shall accuse thee for the nations that perish, whom thou made? or who shall come to stand against thee, to be revenged for the unrighteous men?

13For neither is there any God but thou that careth for all, to whom thou mightest shew that thy judgment is not unright.

14Neither shall king or tyrant be able to set his face against thee for any whom thou hast punished.

15Forsomuch then as thou art righteous thyself, thou orderest all things righteously: thinking it not agreeable with thy power to condemn him that hath not deserved to be punished.

16For thy power is the beginning of righteousness, and because thou art the Lord of all, it maketh thee to be gracious unto all.

17For when men will not believe that thou art of a full power, thou shewest thy strength, and among them that know it thou makest their boldness manifest.

18But thou, mastering thy power, judgest with equity, and orderest us with great favour: for thou mayest use power when thou wilt.

19But by such works hast thou taught thy people that the just man should be merciful, and hast made thy children to be of a good hope that thou givest repentance for sins.

20For if thou didst punish the enemies of thy children, and the condemned to death, with such deliberation, giving them time and place, whereby they might be delivered from their malice:

21With how great circumspection didst thou judge thine own sons, unto whose fathers thou hast sworn, and made covenants of good promises?

22Therefore, whereas thou dost chasten us, thou scourgest our enemies a thousand times more, to the intent that, when we judge, we should carefully think of thy goodness, and when we ourselves are judged, we should look for mercy.

23Wherefore, whereas men have lived dissolutely and unrighteously, thou hast tormented them with their own abominations.

24For they went astray very far in the ways of error, and held them for gods, which even among the beasts of their enemies were despised, being deceived, as children of no understanding.

25Therefore unto them, as to children without the use of reason, thou didst send a judgment to mock them.

26But they that would not be reformed by that correction, wherein he dallied with them, shall feel a judgment worthy of God.

27For, look, for what things they grudged, when they were punished, that is, for them whom they thought to be gods; now being punished in them, when they saw it, they acknowledged him to be the true God, whom before they denied to know: and therefore came extreme damnation upon them.

13Surely vain are all men by nature, who are ignorant of God, and could not out of the good things that are seen know him that is: neither by considering the works did they acknowledge the workmaster;

2But deemed either fire, or wind, or the swift air, or the circle of the stars, or the violent water, or the lights of heaven, to be the gods which govern the world.

3With whose beauty if they being delighted took them to be gods; let them know how much better the Lord of them is: for the first author of beauty hath created them.

4But if they were astonished at their power and virtue, let them understand by them, how much mightier he is that made them.

5For by the greatness and beauty of the creatures proportionably the maker of them is seen.

6But yet for this they are the less to be blamed: for they peradventure err, seeking God, and desirous to find him.

7For being conversant in his works they search him diligently, and believe their sight: because the things are beautiful that are seen.

8Howbeit neither are they to be pardoned.

9For if they were able to know so much, that they could aim at the world; how did they not sooner find out the Lord thereof?

10But miserable are they, and in dead things is their hope, who call them gods, which are the works of men's hands, gold and silver, to shew art in, and resemblances of beasts, or a stone good for nothing, the work of an ancient hand.

11Now a carpenter that felleth timber, after he hath sawn down a tree meet for the purpose, and taken off all the bark skilfully round about, and hath wrought it handsomely, and made a vessel thereof fit for the service of man's life;

12And after spending the refuse of his work to dress his meat, hath filled himself;

13And taking the very refuse among those which served to no use, being a crooked piece of wood, and full of knots, hath carved it diligently, when he had nothing else to do, and formed it by the skill of his understanding, and fashioned it to the image of a man;

14Or made it like some vile beast, laying it over with vermilion, and with paint colouring it red, and covering every spot therein;

15And when he had made a convenient room for it, set it in a wall, and made it fast with iron:

16For he provided for it that it might not fall, knowing that it was unable to help itself; for it is an image, and hath need of help:

17Then maketh he prayer for his goods, for his wife and children, and is not ashamed to speak to that which hath no life.

18For health he calleth upon that which is weak: for life prayeth to that which is dead; for aid humbly beseecheth that which hath least means to help: and for a good journey he asketh of that which cannot set a foot forward:

19And for gaining and getting, and for good success of his hands, asketh ability to do of him, that is most unable to do any thing.

14Again, one preparing himself to sail, and about to pass through the raging waves, calleth upon a piece of wood more rotten than the vessel that carrieth him.

2For verily desire of gain devised that, and the workman built it by his skill.

3But thy providence, O Father, governeth it: for thou hast made a way in the sea, and a safe path in the waves;

4Shewing that thou canst save from all danger: yea, though a man went to sea without art.

5Nevertheless thou wouldest not that the works of thy wisdom should be idle, and therefore do men commit their lives to a small piece of wood, and passing the rough sea in a weak vessel are saved.

6For in the old time also, when the proud giants perished, the hope of the world governed by thy hand escaped in a weak vessel, and left to all ages a seed of generation.

7For blessed is the wood whereby righteousness cometh.

8But that which is made with hands is cursed, as well it, as he that made it: he, because he made it; and it, because, being corruptible, it was called god.

9For the ungodly and his ungodliness are both alike hateful unto God.

10For that which is made shall be punished together with him that made it.

11Therefore even upon the idols of the Gentiles shall there be a visitation: because in the creature of God they are become an abomination, and stumblingblocks to the souls of men, and a snare to the feet of the unwise.

12For the devising of idols was the beginning of spiritual fornication, and the invention of them the corruption of life.

13For neither were they from the beginning, neither shall they be for ever.

14For by the vain glory of men they entered into the world, and therefore shall they come shortly to an end.

15For a father afflicted with untimely mourning, when he hath made an image of his child soon taken away, now honoured him as a god, which was then a dead man, and delivered to those that were under him ceremonies and sacrifices.

16Thus in process of time an ungodly custom grown strong was kept as a law, and graven images were worshipped by the commandments of kings.

17Whom men could not honour in presence, because they dwelt far off, they took the counterfeit of his visage from far, and made an express image of a king whom they honoured, to the end that by this their forwardness they might flatter him that was absent, as if he were present.

18Also the singular diligence of the artificer did help to set forward the ignorant to more superstition.

19For he, peradventure willing to please one in authority, forced all his skill to make the resemblance of the best fashion.

20And so the multitude, allured by the grace of the work, took him now for a god, which a little before was but honoured.

21And this was an occasion to deceive the world: for men, serving either calamity or tyranny, did ascribe unto stones and stocks the incommunicable name.

22Moreover this was not enough for them, that they erred in the knowledge of God; but whereas they lived in the great war of ignorance, those so great plagues called they peace.

23For whilst they slew their children in sacrifices, or used secret ceremonies, or made revellings of strange rites;

24They kept neither lives nor marriages any longer undefiled: but either one slew another traiterously, or grieved him by adultery.

25So that there reigned in all men without exception blood, manslaughter, theft, and dissimulation, corruption, unfaithfulness, tumults, perjury,

26Disquieting of good men, forgetfulness of good turns, defiling of souls, changing of kind, disorder in marriages, adultery, and shameless uncleanness.

27For the worshipping of idols not to be named is the beginning, the cause, and the end, of all evil.

28For either they are mad when they be merry, or prophesy lies, or live unjustly, or else lightly forswear themselves.

29For insomuch as their trust is in idols, which have no life; though they swear falsely, yet they look not to be hurt.

30Howbeit for both causes shall they be justly punished: both because they thought not well of God, giving heed unto idols, and also unjustly swore in deceit, despising holiness.

31For it is not the power of them by whom they swear: but it is the just vengeance of sinners, that punisheth always the offence of the ungodly.

15But thou, O God, art gracious and true, longsuffering, and in mercy ordering all things,

2For if we sin, we are thine, knowing thy power: but we will not sin, knowing that we are counted thine.

3For to know thee is perfect righteousness: yea, to know thy power is the root of immortality.

4For neither did the mischievous invention of men deceive us, nor an image spotted with divers colours, the painter's fruitless labour;

5The sight whereof enticeth fools to lust after it, and so they desire the form of a dead image, that hath no breath.

6Both they that make them, they that desire them, and they that worship them, are lovers of evil things, and are worthy to have such things to trust upon.

7For the potter, tempering soft earth, fashioneth every vessel with much labour for our service: yea, of the same clay he maketh both the vessels that serve for clean uses, and likewise also all such as serve to the contrary: but what is the use of either sort, the potter himself is the judge.

8And employing his labours lewdly, he maketh a vain god of the same clay, even he which a little before was made of earth himself, and within a little while after returneth to the same, out when his life which was lent him shall be demanded.

9Notwithstanding his care is, not that he shall have much labour, nor that his life is short: but striveth to excel goldsmiths and silversmiths, and endeavoureth to do like the workers in brass, and counteth it his glory to make counterfeit things.

10His heart is ashes, his hope is more vile than earth, and his life of less value than clay:

11Forasmuch as he knew not his Maker, and him that inspired into him an active soul, and breathed in a living spirit.

12But they counted our life a pastime, and our time here a market for gain: for, say they, we must be getting every way, though it be by evil means.

13For this man, that of earthly matter maketh brittle vessels and graven images, knoweth himself to offend above all others.

14And all the enemies of thy people, that hold them in subjection, are most foolish, and are more miserable than very babes.

15For they counted all the idols of the heathen to be gods: which neither have the use of eyes to see, nor noses to draw breath, nor ears to hear, nor fingers of hands to handle; and as for their feet, they are slow to go.

16For man made them, and he that borrowed his own spirit fashioned them: but no man can make a god like unto himself.

17For being mortal, he worketh a dead thing with wicked hands: for he himself is better than the things which he worshippeth: whereas he lived once, but they never.

18Yea, they worshipped those beasts also that are most hateful: for being compared together, some are worse than others.

19Neither are they beautiful, so much as to be desired in respect of beasts: but they went without the praise of God and his blessing.

16Therefore by the like were they punished worthily, and by the multitude of beasts tormented.

2Instead of which punishment, dealing graciously with thine own people, thou preparedst for them meat of a strange taste, even quails to stir up their appetite:

3To the end that they, desiring food, might for the ugly sight of the beasts sent among them lothe even that, which they must needs desire; but these, suffering penury for a short space, might be made partakers of a strange taste.

4For it was requisite, that upon them exercising tyranny should come penury, which they could not avoid: but to these it should only be shewed how their enemies were tormented.

5For when the horrible fierceness of beasts came upon these, and they perished with the stings of crooked serpents, thy wrath endured not for ever:

6But they were troubled for a small season, that they might be admonished, having a sign of salvation, to put them in remembrance of the commandment of thy law.

7For he that turned himself toward it was not saved by the thing that he saw, but by thee, that art the Saviour of all.

8And in this thou madest thine enemies confess, that it is thou who deliverest from all evil:

9For them the bitings of grasshoppers and flies killed, neither was there found any remedy for their life: for they were worthy to be punished by such.

10But thy sons not the very teeth of venomous dragons overcame: for thy mercy was ever by them, and healed them.

11For they were pricked, that they should remember thy words; and were quickly saved, that not falling into deep forgetfulness, they might be continually mindful of thy goodness.

12For it was neither herb, nor mollifying plaister, that restored them to health: but thy word, O Lord, which healeth all things.

13For thou hast power of life and death: thou leadest to the gates of hell, and bringest up again.

14A man indeed killeth through his malice: and the spirit, when it is gone forth, returneth not; neither the soul received up cometh again.

15But it is not possible to escape thine hand.

16For the ungodly, that denied to know thee, were scourged by the strength of thine arm: with strange rains, hails, and showers, were they persecuted, that they could not avoid, and through fire were they consumed.

17For, which is most to be wondered at, the fire had more force in the water, that quencheth all things: for the world fighteth for the righteous.

18For sometime the flame was mitigated, that it might not burn up the beasts that were sent against the ungodly; but themselves might see and perceive that they were persecuted with the judgment of God.

19And at another time it burneth even in the midst of water above the power of fire, that it might destroy the fruits of an unjust land.

20Instead whereof thou feddest thine own people with angels' food, and didst send them from heaven bread prepared without their labour, able to content every man's delight, and agreeing to every taste.

21For thy sustenance declared thy sweetness unto thy children, and serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.

22But snow and ice endured the fire, and melted not, that they might know that fire burning in the hail, and sparkling in the rain, did destroy the fruits of the enemies.

23But this again did even forget his own strength, that the righteous might be nourished.

24For the creature that serveth thee, who art the Maker increaseth his strength against the unrighteous for their punishment, and abateth his strength for the benefit of such as put their trust in thee.

25Therefore even then was it altered into all fashions, and was obedient to thy grace, that nourisheth all things, according to the desire of them that had need:

26That thy children, O Lord, whom thou lovest, might know, that it is not the growing of fruits that nourisheth man: but that it is thy word, which preserveth them that put their trust in thee.

27For that which was not destroyed of the fire, being warmed with a little sunbeam, soon melted away:

28That it might be known, that we must prevent the sun to give thee thanks, and at the dayspring pray unto thee.

29For the hope of the unthankful shall melt away as the winter's hoar frost, and shall run away as unprofitable water.

17For great are thy judgments, and cannot be expressed: therefore unnurtured souls have erred.

2For when unrighteous men thought to oppress the holy nation; they being shut up in their houses, the prisoners of darkness, and fettered with the bonds of a long night, lay there exiled from the eternal providence.

3For while they supposed to lie hid in their secret sins, they were scattered under a dark veil of forgetfulness, being horribly astonished, and troubled with strange apparitions.

4For neither might the corner that held them keep them from fear: but noises as of waters falling down sounded about them, and sad visions appeared unto them with heavy countenances.

5No power of the fire might give them light: neither could the bright flames of the stars endure to lighten that horrible night.

6Only there appeared unto them a fire kindled of itself, very dreadful: for being much terrified, they thought the things which they saw to be worse than the sight they saw not.

7As for the illusions of art magick, they were put down, and their vaunting in wisdom was reproved with disgrace.

8For they, that promised to drive away terrors and troubles from a sick soul, were sick themselves of fear, worthy to be laughed at.

9For though no terrible thing did fear them; yet being scared with beasts that passed by, and hissing of serpents,

10They died for fear, denying that they saw the air, which could of no side be avoided.

11For wickedness, condemned by her own witness, is very timorous, and being pressed with conscience, always forecasteth grievous things.

12For fear is nothing else but a betraying of the succours which reason offereth.

13And the expectation from within, being less, counteth the ignorance more than the cause which bringeth the torment.

14But they sleeping the same sleep that night, which was indeed intolerable, and which came upon them out of the bottoms of inevitable hell,

15Were partly vexed with monstrous apparitions, and partly fainted, their heart failing them: for a sudden fear, and not looked for, came upon them.

16So then whosoever there fell down was straitly kept, shut up in a prison without iron bars,

17For whether he were husbandman, or shepherd, or a labourer in the field, he was overtaken, and endured that necessity, which could not be avoided: for they were all bound with one chain of darkness.

18Whether it were a whistling wind, or a melodious noise of birds among the spreading branches, or a pleasing fall of water running violently,

19Or a terrible sound of stones cast down, or a running that could not be seen of skipping beasts, or a roaring voice of most savage wild beasts, or a rebounding echo from the hollow mountains; these things made them to swoon for fear.

20For the whole world shined with clear light, and none were hindered in their labour:

21Over them only was spread an heavy night, an image of that darkness which should afterward receive them: but yet were they unto themselves more grievous than the darkness.

18Nevertheless thy saints had a very great light, whose voice they hearing, and not seeing their shape, because they also had not suffered the same things, they counted them happy.

2But for that they did not hurt them now, of whom they had been wronged before, they thanked them, and besought them pardon for that they had been enemies.

3Instead whereof thou gavest them a burning pillar of fire, both to be a guide of the unknown journey, and an harmless sun to entertain them honourably.

4For they were worthy to be deprived of light and imprisoned in darkness, who had kept thy sons shut up, by whom the uncorrupt light of the law was to be given unto the world.

5And when they had determined to slay the babes of the saints, one child being cast forth, and saved, to reprove them, thou tookest away the multitude of their children, and destroyedst them altogether in a mighty water.

6Of that night were our fathers certified afore, that assuredly knowing unto what oaths they had given credence, they might afterwards be of good cheer.

7So of thy people was accepted both the salvation of the righteous, and destruction of the enemies.

8For wherewith thou didst punish our adversaries, by the same thou didst glorify us, whom thou hadst called.

9For the righteous children of good men did sacrifice secretly, and with one consent made a holy law, that the saints should be like partakers of the same good and evil, the fathers now singing out the songs of praise.

10But on the other side there sounded an ill according cry of the enemies, and a lamentable noise was carried abroad for children that were bewailed.

11The master and the servant were punished after one manner; and like as the king, so suffered the common person.

12So they all together had innumerable dead with one kind of death; neither were the living sufficient to bury them: for in one moment the noblest offspring of them was destroyed.

13For whereas they would not believe any thing by reason of the enchantments; upon the destruction of the firstborn, they acknowledged this people to be the sons of God.

14For while all things were in quiet silence, and that night was in the midst of her swift course,

15Thine Almighty word leaped down from heaven out of thy royal throne, as a fierce man of war into the midst of a land of destruction,

16And brought thine unfeigned commandment as a sharp sword, and standing up filled all things with death; and it touched the heaven, but it stood upon the earth.

17Then suddenly visions of horrible dreams troubled them sore, and terrors came upon them unlooked for.

18And one thrown here, and another there, half dead, shewed the cause of his death.

19For the dreams that troubled them did foreshew this, lest they should perish, and not know why they were afflicted.

20Yea, the tasting of death touched the righteous also, and there was a destruction of the multitude in the wilderness: but the wrath endured not long.

21For then the blameless man made haste, and stood forth to defend them; and bringing the shield of his proper ministry, even prayer, and the propitiation of incense, set himself against the wrath, and so brought the calamity to an end, declaring that he was thy servant.

22So he overcame the destroyer, not with strength of body, nor force of arms, but with a word subdued him that punished, alleging the oaths and covenants made with the fathers.

23For when the dead were now fallen down by heaps one upon another, standing between, he stayed the wrath, and parted the way to the living.

24For in the long garment was the whole world, and in the four rows of the stones was the glory of the fathers graven, and thy Majesty upon the daidem of his head.

25Unto these the destroyer gave place, and was afraid of them: for it was enough that they only tasted of the wrath.

19As for the ungodly, wrath came upon them without mercy unto the end: for he knew before what they would do;

2How that having given them leave to depart, and sent them hastily away, they would repent and pursue them.

3For whilst they were yet mourning and making lamentation at the graves of the dead, they added another foolish device, and pursued them as fugitives, whom they had intreated to be gone.

4For the destiny, whereof they were worthy, drew them unto this end, and made them forget the things that had already happened, that they might fulfil the punishment which was wanting to their torments:

5And that thy people might pass a wonderful way: but they might find a strange death.

6For the whole creature in his proper kind was fashioned again anew, serving the peculiar commandments that were given unto them, that thy children might be kept without hurt:

7As namely, a cloud shadowing the camp; and where water stood before, dry land appeared; and out of the Red sea a way without impediment; and out of the violent stream a green field:

8Wherethrough all the people went that were defended with thy hand, seeing thy marvellous strange wonders.

9For they went at large like horses, and leaped like lambs, praising thee, O Lord, who hadst delivered them.

10For they were yet mindful of the things that were done while they sojourned in the strange land, how the ground brought forth flies instead of cattle, and how the river cast up a multitude of frogs instead of fishes.

11But afterwards they saw a new generation of fowls, when, being led with their appetite, they asked delicate meats.

12For quails came up unto them from the sea for their contentment.

13And punishments came upon the sinners not without former signs by the force of thunders: for they suffered justly according to their own wickedness, insomuch as they used a more hard and hateful behaviour toward strangers.

14For the Sodomites did not receive those, whom they knew not when they came: but these brought friends into bondage, that had well deserved of them.

15And not only so, but peradventure some respect shall be had of those, because they used strangers not friendly:

16But these very grievously afflicted them, whom they had received with feastings, and were already made partakers of the same laws with them.

17Therefore even with blindness were these stricken, as those were at the doors of the righteous man: when, being compassed about with horrible great darkness, every one sought the passage of his own doors.

18For the elements were changed in themselves by a kind of harmony, like as in a psaltery notes change the name of the tune, and yet are always sounds; which may well be perceived by the sight of the things that have been done.

19For earthly things were turned into watery, and the things, that before swam in the water, now went upon the ground.

20The fire had power in the water, forgetting his own virtue: and the water forgat his own quenching nature.

21On the other side, the flames wasted not the flesh of the corruptible living things, though they walked therein; neither melted they the icy kind of heavenly meat that was of nature apt to melt.

22For in all things, O Lord, thou didst magnify thy people, and glorify them, neither didst thou lightly regard them: but didst assist them in every time and place.



Sirach


1All wisdom cometh from the Lord, and is with him for ever.

2Who can number the sand of the sea, and the drops of rain, and the days of eternity?

3Who can find out the height of heaven, and the breadth of the earth, and the deep, and wisdom?

4Wisdom hath been created before all things, and the understanding of prudence from everlasting.

5The word of God most high is the fountain of wisdom; and her ways are everlasting commandments.

6To whom hath the root of wisdom been revealed? or who hath known her wise counsels?

7Unto whom hath the knowledge of wisdom been made manifest? and who hath understood her great experience?

8There is one wise and greatly to be feared, the Lord sitting upon his throne.

9He created her, and saw her, and numbered her, and poured her out upon all his works.

10She is with all flesh according to his gift, and he hath given her to them that love him.

11The fear of the Lord is honour, and glory, and gladness, and a crown of rejoicing.

12The fear of the Lord maketh a merry heart, and giveth joy, and gladness, and a long life.

13Whoso feareth the Lord, it shall go well with him at the last, and he shall find favour in the day of his death.

14To fear the Lord is the beginning of wisdom: and it was created with the faithful in the womb.

15She hath built an everlasting foundation with men, and she shall continue with their seed.

16To fear the Lord is fulness of wisdom, and filleth men with her fruits.

17She filleth all their house with things desirable, and the garners with her increase.

18The fear of the Lord is a crown of wisdom, making peace and perfect health to flourish; both which are the gifts of God: and it enlargeth their rejoicing that love him.

19Wisdom raineth down skill and knowledge of understanding standing, and exalteth them to honour that hold her fast.

20The root of wisdom is to fear the Lord, and the branches thereof are long life.

21The fear of the Lord driveth away sins: and where it is present, it turneth away wrath.

22A furious man cannot be justified; for the sway of his fury shall be his destruction.

23A patient man will tear for a time, and afterward joy shall spring up unto him.

24He will hide his words for a time, and the lips of many shall declare his wisdom.

25The parables of knowledge are in the treasures of wisdom: but godliness is an abomination to a sinner.

26If thou desire wisdom, keep the commandments, and the Lord shall give her unto thee.

27For the fear of the Lord is wisdom and instruction: and faith and meekness are his delight.

28Distrust not the fear of the Lord when thou art poor: and come not unto him with a double heart.

29Be not an hypocrite in the sight of men, and take good heed what thou speakest.

30Exalt not thyself, lest thou fall, and bring dishonour upon thy soul, and so God discover thy secrets, and cast thee down in the midst of the congregation, because thou camest not in truth to the fear of the Lord, but thy heart is full of deceit.

2My son, if thou come to serve the Lord, prepare thy soul for temptation.

2Set thy heart aright, and constantly endure, and make not haste in time of trouble.

3Cleave unto him, and depart not away, that thou mayest be increased at thy last end.

4Whatsoever is brought upon thee take cheerfully, and be patient when thou art changed to a low estate.

5For gold is tried in the fire, and acceptable men in the furnace of adversity.

6Believe in him, and he will help thee; order thy way aright, and trust in him.

7Ye that fear the Lord, wait for his mercy; and go not aside, lest ye fall.

8Ye that fear the Lord, believe him; and your reward shall not fail.

9Ye that fear the Lord, hope for good, and for everlasting joy and mercy.

10Look at the generations of old, and see; did ever any trust in the Lord, and was confounded? or did any abide in his fear, and was forsaken? or whom did he ever despise, that called upon him?

11For the Lord is full of compassion and mercy, longsuffering, and very pitiful, and forgiveth sins, and saveth in time of affliction.

12Woe be to fearful hearts, and faint hands, and the sinner that goeth two ways!

13Woe unto him that is fainthearted! for he believeth not; therefore shall he not be defended.

14Woe unto you that have lost patience! and what will ye do when the Lord shall visit you?

15They that fear the Lord will not disobey his Word; and they that love him will keep his ways.

16They that fear the Lord will seek that which is well, pleasing unto him; and they that love him shall be filled with the law.

17They that fear the Lord will prepare their hearts, and humble their souls in his sight,

18Saying, We will fall into the hands of the Lord, and not into the hands of men: for as his majesty is, so is his mercy.

3Hear me your father, O children, and do thereafter, that ye may be safe.

2For the Lord hath given the father honour over the children, and hath confirmed the authority of the mother over the sons.

3Whoso honoureth his father maketh an atonement for his sins:

4And he that honoureth his mother is as one that layeth up treasure.

5Whoso honoureth his father shall have joy of his own children; and when he maketh his prayer, he shall be heard.

6He that honoureth his father shall have a long life; and he that is obedient unto the Lord shall be a comfort to his mother.

7He that feareth the Lord will honour his father, and will do service unto his parents, as to his masters.

8Honour thy father and mother both in word and deed, that a blessing may come upon thee from them.

9For the blessing of the father establisheth the houses of children; but the curse of the mother rooteth out foundations.

10Glory not in the dishonour of thy father; for thy father's dishonour is no glory unto thee.

11For the glory of a man is from the honour of his father; and a mother in dishonour is a reproach to the children.

12My son, help thy father in his age, and grieve him not as long as he liveth.

13And if his understanding fail, have patience with him; and despise him not when thou art in thy full strength.

14For the relieving of thy father shall not be forgotten: and instead of sins it shall be added to build thee up.

15In the day of thine affliction it shall be remembered; thy sins also shall melt away, as the ice in the fair warm weather.

16He that forsaketh his father is as a blasphemer; and he that angereth his mother is cursed: of God.

17My son, go on with thy business in meekness; so shalt thou be beloved of him that is approved.

18The greater thou art, the more humble thyself, and thou shalt find favour before the Lord.

19Many are in high place, and of renown: but mysteries are revealed unto the meek.

20For the power of the Lord is great, and he is honoured of the lowly.

21Seek not out things that are too hard for thee, neither search the things that are above thy strength.

22But what is commanded thee, think thereupon with reverence, for it is not needful for thee to see with thine eyes the things that are in secret.

23Be not curious in unnecessary matters: for more things are shewed unto thee than men understand.

24For many are deceived by their own vain opinion; and an evil suspicion hath overthrown their judgment.

25Without eyes thou shalt want light: profess not the knowledge therefore that thou hast not.

26A stubborn heart shall fare evil at the last; and he that loveth danger shall perish therein.

27An obstinate heart shall be laden with sorrows; and the wicked man shall heap sin upon sin.

28In the punishment of the proud there is no remedy; for the plant of wickedness hath taken root in him.

29The heart of the prudent will understand a parable; and an attentive ear is the desire of a wise man.

30Water will quench a flaming fire; and alms maketh an atonement for sins.

31And he that requiteth good turns is mindful of that which may come hereafter; and when he falleth, he shall find a stay.

4My son, defraud not the poor of his living, and make not the needy eyes to wait long.

2Make not an hungry soul sorrowful; neither provoke a man in his distress.

3Add not more trouble to an heart that is vexed; and defer not to give to him that is in need.

4Reject not the supplication of the afflicted; neither turn away thy face from a poor man.

5Turn not away thine eye from the needy, and give him none occasion to curse thee:

6For if he curse thee in the bitterness of his soul, his prayer shall be heard of him that made him.

7Get thyself the love of the congregation, and bow thy head to a great man.

8Let it not grieve thee to bow down thine ear to the poor, and give him a friendly answer with meekness.

9Deliver him that suffereth wrong from the hand of the oppressor; and be not fainthearted when thou sittest in judgment.

10Be as a father unto the fatherless, and instead of an husband unto their mother: so shalt thou be as the son of the most High, and he shall love thee more than thy mother doth.

11Wisdom exalteth her children, and layeth hold of them that seek her.

12He that loveth her loveth life; and they that seek to her early shall be filled with joy.

13He that holdeth her fast shall inherit glory; and wheresoever she entereth, the Lord will bless.

14They that serve her shall minister to the Holy One: and them that love her the Lord doth love.

15Whoso giveth ear unto her shall judge the nations: and he that attendeth unto her shall dwell securely.

16If a man commit himself unto her, he shall inherit her; and his generation shall hold her in possession.

17For at the first she will walk with him by crooked ways, and bring fear and dread upon him, and torment him with her discipline, until she may trust his soul, and try him by her laws.

18Then will she return the straight way unto him, and comfort him, and shew him her secrets.

19But if he go wrong, she will forsake him, and give him over to his own ruin.

20Observe the opportunity, and beware of evil; and be not ashamed when it concerneth thy soul.

21For there is a shame that bringeth sin; and there is a shame which is glory and grace.

22Accept no person against thy soul, and let not the reverence of any man cause thee to fall.

23And refrain not to speak, when there is occasion to do good, and hide not thy wisdom in her beauty.

24For by speech wisdom shall be known: and learning by the word of the tongue.

25In no wise speak against the truth; but be abashed of the error of thine ignorance.

26Be not ashamed to confess thy sins; and force not the course of the river.

27Make not thyself an underling to a foolish man; neither accept the person of the mighty.

28Strive for the truth unto death, and the Lord shall fight for thee.

29Be not hasty in thy tongue, and in thy deeds slack and remiss.

30Be not as a lion in thy house, nor frantick among thy servants.

31Let not thine hand be stretched out to receive, and shut when thou shouldest repay.

5Set thy heart upon thy goods; and say not, I have enough for my life.

2Follow not thine own mind and thy strength, to walk in the ways of thy heart:

3And say not, Who shall controul me for my works? for the Lord will surely revenge thy pride.

4Say not, I have sinned, and what harm hath happened unto me? for the Lord is longsuffering, he will in no wise let thee go.

5Concerning propitiation, be not without fear to add sin unto sin:

6And say not His mercy is great; he will be pacified for the multitude of my sins: for mercy and wrath come from him, and his indignation resteth upon sinners.

7Make no tarrying to turn to the Lord, and put not off from day to day: for suddenly shall the wrath of the Lord come forth, and in thy security thou shalt be destroyed, and perish in the day of vengeance.

8Set not thine heart upon goods unjustly gotten, for they shall not profit thee in the day of calamity.

9Winnow not with every wind, and go not into every way: for so doth the sinner that hath a double tongue.

10Be stedfast in thy understanding; and let thy word be the same.

11Be swift to hear; and let thy life be sincere; and with patience give answer.

12If thou hast understanding, answer thy neighbour; if not, lay thy hand upon thy mouth.

13Honour and shame is in talk: and the tongue of man is his fall.

14Be not called a whisperer, and lie not in wait with thy tongue: for a foul shame is upon the thief, and an evil condemnation upon the double tongue.

15Be not ignorant of any thing in a great matter or a small.

6Instead of a friend become not an enemy; for thereby thou shalt inherit an ill name, shame, and reproach: even so shall a sinner that hath a double tongue.

2Extol not thyself in the counsel of thine own heart; that thy soul be not torn in pieces as a bull straying alone.

3Thou shalt eat up thy leaves, and lose thy fruit, and leave thyself as a dry tree.

4A wicked soul shall destroy him that hath it, and shall make him to be laughed to scorn of his enemies.

5Sweet language will multiply friends: and a fairspeaking tongue will increase kind greetings.

6Be in peace with many: nevertheless have but one counsellor of a thousand.

7If thou wouldest get a friend, prove him first and be not hasty to credit him.

8For some man is a friend for his own occasion, and will not abide in the day of thy trouble.

9And there is a friend, who being turned to enmity, and strife will discover thy reproach.

10Again, some friend is a companion at the table, and will not continue in the day of thy affliction.

11But in thy prosperity he will be as thyself, and will be bold over thy servants.

12If thou be brought low, he will be against thee, and will hide himself from thy face.

13Separate thyself from thine enemies, and take heed of thy friends.

14A faithfull friend is a strong defence: and he that hath found such an one hath found a treasure.

15Nothing doth countervail a faithful friend, and his excellency is invaluable.

16A faithful friend is the medicine of life; and they that fear the Lord shall find him.

17Whoso feareth the Lord shall direct his friendship aright: for as he is, so shall his neighbour be also.

18My son, gather instruction from thy youth up: so shalt thou find wisdom till thine old age.

19Come unto her as one that ploweth and soweth, and wait for her good fruits: for thou shalt not toil much in labouring about her, but thou shalt eat of her fruits right soon.

20She is very unpleasant to the unlearned: he that is without understanding will not remain with her.

21She will lie upon him as a mighty stone of trial; and he will cast her from him ere it be long.

22For wisdom is according to her name, and she is not manifest unto many.

23Give ear, my son, receive my advice, and refuse not my counsel,

24And put thy feet into her fetters, and thy neck into her chain.

25Bow down thy shoulder, and bear her, and be not grieved with her bonds.

26Come unto her with thy whole heart, and keep her ways with all thy power.

27Search, and seek, and she shall be made known unto thee: and when thou hast got hold of her, let her not go.

28For at the last thou shalt find her rest, and that shall be turned to thy joy.

29Then shall her fetters be a strong defence for thee, and her chains a robe of glory.

30For there is a golden ornament upon her, and her bands are purple lace.

31Thou shalt put her on as a robe of honour, and shalt put her about thee as a crown of joy.

32My son, if thou wilt, thou shalt be taught: and if thou wilt apply thy mind, thou shalt be prudent.

33If thou love to hear, thou shalt receive understanding: and if thou bow thine ear, thou shalt be wise,

34Stand in the multitude of the elders; and cleave unto him that is wise.

35Be willing to hear every godly discourse; and let not the parables of understanding escape thee.

36And if thou seest a man of understanding, get thee betimes unto him, and let thy foot wear the steps of his door.

37Let thy mind be upon the ordinances of the Lord and meditate continually in his commandments: he shall establish thine heart, and give thee wisdom at thine owns desire.

7Do no evil, so shall no harm come unto thee.

2Depart from the unjust, and iniquity shall turn away from thee.

3My son, sow not upon the furrows of unrighteousness, and thou shalt not reap them sevenfold.

4Seek not of the Lord preeminence, neither of the king the seat of honour.

5justify not thyself before the Lord; and boast not of thy wisdom before the king.

6Seek not to be judge, being not able to take away iniquity; lest at any time thou fear the person of the mighty, an stumblingblock in the way of thy uprightness.

7Offend not against the multitude of a city, and then thou shalt not cast thyself down among the people.

8Bind not one sin upon another; for in one thou shalt not be unpunished.

9Say not, God will look upon the multitude of my oblations, and when I offer to the most high God, he will accept it.

10Be not fainthearted when thou makest thy prayer, and neglect not to give alms.

11Laugh no man to scorn in the bitterness of his soul: for there is one which humbleth and exalteth.

12Devise not a lie against thy brother; neither do the like to thy friend.

13Use not to make any manner of lie: for the custom thereof is not good.

14Use not many words in a multitude of elders, and make not much babbling when thou prayest.

15Hate not laborious work, neither husbandry, which the most High hath ordained.

16Number not thyself among the multitude of sinners, but remember that wrath will not tarry long.

17Humble thyself greatly: for the vengeance of the ungodly is fire and worms.

18Change not a friend for any good by no means; neither a faithful brother for the gold of Ophir.

19Forego not a wise and good woman: for her grace is above gold.

20Whereas thy servant worketh truly, entreat him not evil. nor the hireling that bestoweth himself wholly for thee.

21Let thy soul love a good servant, and defraud him not of liberty.

22Hast thou cattle? have an eye to them: and if they be for thy profit, keep them with thee.

23Hast thou children? instruct them, and bow down their neck from their youth.

24Hast thou daughters? have a care of their body, and shew not thyself cheerful toward them.

25Marry thy daughter, and so shalt thou have performed a weighty matter: but give her to a man of understanding.

26Hast thou a wife after thy mind? forsake her not: but give not thyself over to a light woman.

27Honour thy father with thy whole heart, and forget not the sorrows of thy mother.

28Remember that thou wast begotten of them; and how canst thou recompense them the things that they have done for thee?

29Fear the Lord with all thy soul, and reverence his priests.

30Love him that made thee with all thy strength, and forsake not his ministers.

31Fear the Lord, and honor the priest; and give him his portion, as it is commanded thee; the firstfruits, and the trespass offering, and the gift of the shoulders, and the sacrifice of sanctification, and the firstfruits of the holy things.

32And stretch thine hand unto the poor, that thy blessing may be perfected.

33A gift hath grace in the sight of every man living; and for the dead detain it not.

34Fail not to be with them that weep, and mourn with them that mourn.

35Be not slow to visit the sick: for that shall make thee to be beloved.

36Whatsoever thou takest in hand, remember the end, and thou shalt never do amiss.

8Strive not with a mighty man' lest thou fall into his hands.

2Be not at variance with a rich man, lest he overweigh thee: for gold hath destroyed many, and perverted the hearts of kings.

3Strive not with a man that is full of tongue, and heap not wood upon his fire.

4Jest not with a rude man, lest thy ancestors be disgraced.

5Reproach not a man that turneth from sin, but remember that we are all worthy of punishment.

6Dishonour not a man in his old age: for even some of us wax old.

7Rejoice not over thy greatest enemy being dead, but remember that we die all.

8Despise not the discourse of the wise, but acquaint thyself with their proverbs: for of them thou shalt learn instruction, and how to serve great men with ease.

9Miss not the discourse of the elders: for they also learned of their fathers, and of them thou shalt learn understanding, and to give answer as need requireth.

10Kindle not the coals of a sinner, lest thou be burnt with the flame of his fire.

11Rise not up in anger at the presence of an injurious person, lest he lie in wait to entrap thee in thy words

12Lend not unto him that is mightier than thyself; for if thou lendest him, count it but lost.

13Be not surety above thy power: for if thou be surety, take care to pay it.

14Go not to law with a judge; for they will judge for him according to his honour.

15Travel not by the way with a bold fellow, lest he become grievous unto thee: for he will do according to his own will, and thou shalt perish with him through his folly.

16Strive not with an angry man, and go not with him into a solitary place: for blood is as nothing in his sight, and where there is no help, he will overthrow thee.

17Consult not with a fool; for he cannot keep counsel.

18Do no secret thing before a stranger; for thou knowest not what he will bring forth.

19Open not thine heart to every man, lest he requite thee with a shrewd turn.

9Be not jealous over the wife of thy bosom, and teach her not an evil lesson against thyself.

2Give not thy soul unto a woman to set her foot upon thy substance.

3Meet not with an harlot, lest thou fall into her snares.

4Use not much the company of a woman that is a singer, lest thou be taken with her attempts.

5Gaze not on a maid, that thou fall not by those things that are precious in her.

6Give not thy soul unto harlots, that thou lose not thine inheritance.

7Look not round about thee in the streets of the city, neither wander thou in the solitary place thereof.

8Turn away thine eye from a beautiful woman, and look not upon another's beauty; for many have been deceived by the beauty of a woman; for herewith love is kindled as a fire.

9Sit not at all with another man's wife, nor sit down with her in thine arms, and spend not thy money with her at the wine; lest thine heart incline unto her, and so through thy desire thou fall into destruction.

10Forsake not an old friend; for the new is not comparable to him: a new friend is as new wine; when it is old, thou shalt drink it with pleasure.

11Envy not the glory of a sinner: for thou knowest not what shall be his end.

12Delight not in the thing that the ungodly have pleasure in; but remember they shall not go unpunished unto their grave.

13Keep thee far from the man that hath power to kill; so shalt thou not doubt the fear of death: and if thou come unto him, make no fault, lest he take away thy life presently: remember that thou goest in the midst of snares, and that thou walkest upon the battlements of the city.

14As near as thou canst, guess at thy neighbour, and consult with the wise.

15Let thy talk be with the wise, and all thy communication in the law of the most High.

16And let just men eat and drink with thee; and let thy glorying be in the fear of the Lord.

17For the hand of the artificer the work shall be commended: and the wise ruler of the people for his speech.

18A man of an ill tongue is dangerous in his city; and he that is rash in his talk shall be hated.

10A wise judge will instruct his people; and the government of a prudent man is well ordered.

2As the judge of the people is himself, so are his officers; and what manner of man the ruler of the city is, such are all they that dwell therein.

3An unwise king destroyeth his people; but through the prudence of them which are in authority the city shall be inhabited.

4The power of the earth is in the hand of the Lord, and in due time he will set over it one that is profitable.

5In the hand of God is the prosperity of man: and upon the person of the scribe shall he lay his honour.

6Bear not hatred to thy neighbour for every wrong; and do nothing at all by injurious practices.

7Pride is hateful before God and man: and by both doth one commit iniquity.

8Because of unrighteous dealings, injuries, and riches got by deceit, the kingdom is translated from one people to another.

9Why is earth and ashes proud? There is not a more wicked thing than a covetous man: for such an one setteth his own soul to sale; because while he liveth he casteth away his bowels.

10The physician cutteth off a long disease; and he that is to day a king to morrow shall die.

11For when a man is dead, he shall inherit creeping things, beasts, and worms.

12The beginning of pride is when one departeth from God, and his heart is turned away from his Maker.

13For pride is the beginning of sin, and he that hath it shall pour out abomination: and therefore the Lord brought upon them strange calamities, and overthrew them utterly.

14The Lord hath cast down the thrones of proud princes, and set up the meek in their stead.

15The Lord hath plucked up the roots of the proud nations, and planted the lowly in their place.

16The Lord overthrew countries of the heathen, and destroyed them to the foundations of the earth.

17He took some of them away, and destroyed them, and hath made their memorial to cease from the earth.

18Pride was not made for men, nor furious anger for them that are born of a woman.

19They that fear the Lord are a sure seed, and they that love him an honourable plant: they that regard not the law are a dishonourable seed; they that transgress the commandments are a deceivable seed.

20Among brethren he that is chief is honorable; so are they that fear the Lord in his eyes.

21The fear of the Lord goeth before the obtaining of authority: but roughness and pride is the losing thereof.

22Whether he be rich, noble, or poor, their glory is the fear of the Lord.

23It is not meet to despise the poor man that hath understanding; neither is it convenient to magnify a sinful man.

24Great men, and judges, and potentates, shall be honoured; yet is there none of them greater than he that feareth the Lord.

25Unto the servant that is wise shall they that are free do service: and he that hath knowledge will not grudge when he is reformed.

26Be not overwise in doing thy business; and boast not thyself in the time of thy distress.

27Better is he that laboureth, and aboundeth in all things, than he that boasteth himself, and wanteth bread.

28My son, glorify thy soul in meekness, and give it honour according to the dignity thereof.

29Who will justify him that sinneth against his own soul? and who will honour him that dishonoureth his own life?

30The poor man is honoured for his skill, and the rich man is honoured for his riches.

31He that is honoured in poverty, how much more in riches? and he that is dishonourable in riches, how much more in poverty?

11Wisdom lifteth up the head of him that is of low degree, and maketh him to sit among great men.

2Commend not a man for his beauty; neither abhor a man for his outward appearance.

3The bee is little among such as fly; but her fruit is the chief of sweet things.

4Boast not of thy clothing and raiment, and exalt not thyself in the day of honour: for the works of the Lord are wonderful, and his works among men are hidden.

5Many kings have sat down upon the ground; and one that was never thought of hath worn the crown.

6Many mighty men have been greatly disgraced; and the honourable delivered into other men's hands.

7Blame not before thou hast examined the truth: understand first, and then rebuke.

8Answer not before thou hast heard the cause: neither interrupt men in the midst of their talk.

9Strive not in a matter that concerneth thee not; and sit not in judgment with sinners.

10My son, meddle not with many matters: for if thou meddle much, thou shalt not be innocent; and if thou follow after, thou shalt not obtain, neither shalt thou escape by fleeing.

11There is one that laboureth, and taketh pains, and maketh haste, and is so much the more behind.

12Again, there is another that is slow, and hath need of help, wanting ability, and full of poverty; yet the eye of the Lord looked upon him for good, and set him up from his low estate,

13And lifted up his head from misery; so that many that saw from him is peace over all the

14Prosperity and adversity, life and death, poverty and riches, come of the Lord.

15Wisdom, knowledge, and understanding of the law, are of the Lord: love, and the way of good works, are from him.

16Error and darkness had their beginning together with sinners: and evil shall wax old with them that glory therein.

17The gift of the Lord remaineth with the ungodly, and his favour bringeth prosperity for ever.

18There is that waxeth rich by his wariness and pinching, and this his the portion of his reward:

19Whereas he saith, I have found rest, and now will eat continually of my goods; and yet he knoweth not what time shall come upon him, and that he must leave those things to others, and die.

20Be stedfast in thy covenant, and be conversant therein, and wax old in thy work.

21Marvel not at the works of sinners; but trust in the Lord, and abide in thy labour: for it is an easy thing in the sight of the Lord on the sudden to make a poor man rich.

22The blessing of the Lord is in the reward of the godly, and suddenly he maketh his blessing flourish.

23Say not, What profit is there of my service? and what good things shall I have hereafter?

24Again, say not, I have enough, and possess many things, and what evil shall I have hereafter?

25In the day of prosperity there is a forgetfulness of affliction: and in the day of affliction there is no more remembrance of prosperity.

26For it is an easy thing unto the Lord in the day of death to reward a man according to his ways.

27The affliction of an hour maketh a man forget pleasure: and in his end his deeds shall be discovered.

28Judge none blessed before his death: for a man shall be known in his children.

29Bring not every man into thine house: for the deceitful man hath many trains.

30Like as a partridge taken and kept in a cage, so is the heart of the proud; and like as a spy, watcheth he for thy fall:

31For he lieth in wait, and turneth good into evil, and in things worthy praise will lay blame upon thee.

32Of a spark of fire a heap of coals is kindled: and a sinful man layeth wait for blood.

33Take heed of a mischievous man, for he worketh wickedness; lest he bring upon thee a perpetual blot.

34Receive a stranger into thine house, and he will disturb thee, and turn thee out of thine own.

12When thou wilt do good know to whom thou doest it; so shalt thou be thanked for thy benefits.

2Do good to the godly man, and thou shalt find a recompence; and if not from him, yet from the most High.

3There can no good come to him that is always occupied in evil, nor to him that giveth no alms.

4Give to the godly man, and help not a sinner.

5Do well unto him that is lowly, but give not to the ungodly: hold back thy bread, and give it not unto him, lest he overmaster thee thereby: for else thou shalt receive twice as much evil for all the good thou shalt have done unto him.

6For the most High hateth sinners, and will repay vengeance unto the ungodly, and keepeth them against the mighty day of their punishment.

7Give unto the good, and help not the sinner.

8A friend cannot be known in prosperity: and an enemy cannot be hidden in adversity.

9In the prosperity of a man enemies will be grieved: but in his adversity even a friend will depart.

10Never trust thine enemy: for like as iron rusteth, so is his wickedness.

11Though he humble himself, and go crouching, yet take good heed and beware of him, and thou shalt be unto him as if thou hadst wiped a lookingglass, and thou shalt know that his rust hath not been altogether wiped away.

12Set him not by thee, lest, when he hath overthrown thee, he stand up in thy place; neither let him sit at thy right hand, lest he seek to take thy seat, and thou at the last remember my words, and be pricked therewith.

13Who will pity a charmer that is bitten with a serpent, or any such as come nigh wild beasts?

14So one that goeth to a sinner, and is defiled with him in his sins, who will pity?

15For a while he will abide with thee, but if thou begin to fall, he will not tarry.

16An enemy speaketh sweetly with his lips, but in his heart he imagineth how to throw thee into a pit: he will weep with his eyes, but if he find opportunity, he will not be satisfied with blood.

17If adversity come upon thee, thou shalt find him there first; and though he pretend to help thee, yet shall he undermine thee.

18He will shake his head, and clap his hands, and whisper much, and change his countenance.

13He that toucheth pitch shall be defiled therewith; and he that hath fellowship with a proud man shall be like unto him.

2Burden not thyself above thy power while thou livest; and have no fellowship with one that is mightier and richer than thyself: for how agree the kettle and the earthen pot together? for if the one be smitten against the other, it shall be broken.

3The rich man hath done wrong, and yet he threateneth withal: the poor is wronged, and he must intreat also.

4If thou be for his profit, he will use thee: but if thou have nothing, he will forsake thee.

5If thou have any thing, he will live with thee: yea, he will make thee bare, and will not be sorry for it.

6If he have need of thee, he will deceive thee, and smile upon thee, and put thee in hope; he will speak thee fair, and say, What wantest thou?

7And he will shame thee by his meats, until he have drawn thee dry twice or thrice, and at the last he will laugh thee to scorn afterward, when he seeth thee, he will forsake thee, and shake his head at thee.

8Beware that thou be not deceived and brought down in thy jollity.

9If thou be invited of a mighty man, withdraw thyself, and so much the more will he invite thee.

10Press thou not upon him, lest thou be put back; stand not far off, lest thou be forgotten.

11Affect not to be made equal unto him in talk, and believe not his many words: for with much communication will he tempt thee, and smiling upon thee will get out thy secrets:

12But cruelly he will lay up thy words, and will not spare to do thee hurt, and to put thee in prison.

13Observe, and take good heed, for thou walkest in peril of thy overthrowing: when thou hearest these things, awake in thy sleep.

14Love the Lord all thy life, and call upon him for thy salvation.

15Every beast loveth his like, and every man loveth his neighbor.

16All flesh consorteth according to kind, and a man will cleave to his like.

17What fellowship hath the wolf with the lamb? so the sinner with the godly.

18What agreement is there between the hyena and a dog? and what peace between the rich and the poor?

19As the wild ass is the lion's prey in the wilderness: so the rich eat up the poor.

20As the proud hate humility: so doth the rich abhor the poor.

21A rich man beginning to fall is held up of his friends: but a poor man being down is thrust away by his friends.

22When a rich man is fallen, he hath many helpers: he speaketh things not to be spoken, and yet men justify him: the poor man slipped, and yet they rebuked him too; he spake wisely, and could have no place.

23When a rich man speaketh, every man holdeth his tongue, and, look, what he saith, they extol it to the clouds: but if the poor man speak, they say, What fellow is this? and if he stumble, they will help to overthrow him.

24Riches are good unto him that hath no sin, and poverty is evil in the mouth of the ungodly.

25The heart of a man changeth his countenance, whether it be for good or evil: and a merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance.

26A cheerful countenance is a token of a heart that is in prosperity; and the finding out of parables is a wearisome labour of the mind.

14Blessed is the man that hath not slipped with his mouth, and is not pricked with the multitude of sins.

2Blessed is he whose conscience hath not condemned him, and who is not fallen from his hope in the Lord.

3Riches are not comely for a niggard: and what should an envious man do with money?

4He that gathereth by defrauding his own soul gathereth for others, that shall spend his goods riotously.

5He that is evil to himself, to whom will he be good? he shall not take pleasure in his goods.

6There is none worse than he that envieth himself; and this is a recompence of his wickedness.

7And if he doeth good, he doeth it unwillingly; and at the last he will declare his wickedness.

8The envious man hath a wicked eye; he turneth away his face, and despiseth men.

9A covetous man's eye is not satisfied with his portion; and the iniquity of the wicked drieth up his soul.

10A wicked eye envieth his bread, and he is a niggard at his table.

11My son, according to thy ability do good to thyself, and give the Lord his due offering.

12Remember that death will not be long in coming, and that the covenant of the grave is not shewed unto thee.

13Do good unto thy friend before thou die, and according to thy ability stretch out thy hand and give to him.

14Defraud not thyself of the good day, and let not the part of a good desire overpass thee.

15Shalt thou not leave thy travails unto another? and thy labours to be divided by lot?

16Give, and take, and sanctify thy soul; for there is no seeking of dainties in the grave.

17All flesh waxeth old as a garment: for the covenant from the beginning is, Thou shalt die the death.

18As of the green leaves on a thick tree, some fall, and some grow; so is the generation of flesh and blood, one cometh to an end, and another is born.

19Every work rotteth and consumeth away, and the worker thereof shall go withal.

20Blessed is the man that doth meditate good things in wisdom, and that reasoneth of holy things by his understanding. ing.

21He that considereth her ways in his heart shall also have understanding in her secrets.

22Go after her as one that traceth, and lie in wait in her ways.

23He that prieth in at her windows shall also hearken at her doors.

24He that doth lodge near her house shall also fasten a pin in her walls.

25He shall pitch his tent nigh unto her, and shall lodge in a lodging where good things are.

26He shall set his children under her shelter, and shall lodge under her branches.

27By her he shall be covered from heat, and in her glory shall he dwell.

15He that feareth the Lord will do good, and he that hath the knowledge of the law shall obtain her.

2And as a mother shall she meet him, and receive him as a wife married of a virgin.

3With the bread of understanding shall she feed him, and give him the water of wisdom to drink.

4He shall be stayed upon her, and shall not be moved; and shall rely upon her, and shall not be confounded.

5She shall exalt him above his neighbours, and in the midst of the congregation shall she open his mouth.

6He shall find joy and a crown of gladness, and she shall cause him to inherit an everlasting name.

7But foolish men shall not attain unto her, and sinners shall not see her.

8For she is far from pride, and men that are liars cannot remember her.

9Praise is not seemly in the mouth of a sinner, for it was not sent him of the Lord.

10For praise shall be uttered in wisdom, and the Lord will prosper it.

11Say not thou, It is through the Lord that I fell away: for thou oughtest not to do the things that he hateth.

12Say not thou, He hath caused me to err: for he hath no need of the sinful man.

13The Lord hateth all abomination; and they that fear God love it not.

14He himself made man from the beginning, and left him in the hand of his counsel;

15If thou wilt, to keep the commandments, and to perform acceptable faithfulness.

16He hath set fire and water before thee: stretch forth thy hand unto whether thou wilt.

17Before man is life and death; and whether him liketh shall be given him.

18For the wisdom of the Lord is great, and he is mighty in power, and beholdeth all things:

19And his eyes are upon them that fear him, and he knoweth every work of man.

20He hath commanded no man to do wickedly, neither hath he given any man licence to sin.

16Desire not a multitude of unprofitable children, neither delight in ungodly sons.

2Though they multiply, rejoice not in them, except the fear of the Lord be with them.

3Trust not thou in their life, neither respect their multitude: for one that is just is better than a thousand; and better it is to die without children, than to have them that are ungodly.

4For by one that hath understanding shall the city be replenished: but the kindred of the wicked shall speedily become desolate.

5Many such things have I seen with mine eyes, and mine ear hath heard greater things than these.

6In the congregation of the ungodly shall a fire be kindled; and in a rebellious nation wrath is set on fire.

7He was not pacified toward the old giants, who fell away in the strength of their foolishness.

8Neither spared he the place where Lot sojourned, but abhorred them for their pride.

9He pitied not the people of perdition, who were taken away in their sins:

10Nor the six hundred thousand footmen, who were gathered together in the hardness of their hearts.

11And if there be one stiffnecked among the people, it is marvel if he escape unpunished: for mercy and wrath are with him; he is mighty to forgive, and to pour out displeasure.

12As his mercy is great, so is his correction also: he judgeth a man according to his works

13The sinner shall not escape with his spoils: and the patience of the godly shall not be frustrate.

14Make way for every work of mercy: for every man shall find according to his works.

15The Lord hardened Pharaoh, that he should not know him, that his powerful works might be known to the world.

16His mercy is manifest to every creature; and he hath separated his light from the darkness with an adamant.

17Say not thou, I will hide myself from the Lord: shall any remember me from above? I shall not be remembered among so many people: for what is my soul among such an infinite number of creatures?

18Behold, the heaven, and the heaven of heavens, the deep, and the earth, and all that therein is, shall be moved when he shall visit.

19The mountains also and foundations of the earth be shaken with trembling, when the Lord looketh upon them.

20No heart can think upon these things worthily: and who is able to conceive his ways?

21It is a tempest which no man can see: for the most part of his works are hid.

22Who can declare the works of his justice? or who can endure them? for his covenant is afar off, and the trial of all things is in the end.

23He that wanteth understanding will think upon vain things: and a foolish man erring imagineth follies.

24by son, hearken unto me, and learn knowledge, and mark my words with thy heart.

25I will shew forth doctrine in weight, and declare his knowledge exactly.

26The works of the Lord are done in judgment from the beginning: and from the time he made them he disposed the parts thereof.

27He garnished his works for ever, and in his hand are the chief of them unto all generations: they neither labour, nor are weary, nor cease from their works.

28None of them hindereth another, and they shall never disobey his word.

29After this the Lord looked upon the earth, and filled it with his blessings.

30With all manner of living things hath he covered the face thereof; and they shall return into it again.

17The Lord created man of the earth, and turned him into it again.

2He gave them few days, and a short time, and power also over the things therein.

3He endued them with strength by themselves, and made them according to his image,

4And put the fear of man upon all flesh, and gave him dominion over beasts and fowls.

5They received the use of the five operations of the Lord, and in the sixth place he imparted them understanding, and in the seventh speech, an interpreter of the cogitations thereof.

6Counsel, and a tongue, and eyes, ears, and a heart, gave he them to understand.

7Withal he filled them with the knowledge of understanding, and shewed them good and evil.

8He set his eye upon their hearts, that he might shew them the greatness of his works.

9He gave them to glory in his marvellous acts for ever, that they might declare his works with understanding.

10And the elect shall praise his holy name.

11Beside this he gave them knowledge, and the law of life for an heritage.

12He made an everlasting covenant with them, and shewed them his judgments.

13Their eyes saw the majesty of his glory, and their ears heard his glorious voice.

14And he said unto them, Beware of all unrighteousness; and he gave every man commandment concerning his neighbour.

15Their ways are ever before him, and shall not be hid from his eyes.

16Every man from his youth is given to evil; neither could they make to themselves fleshy hearts for stony.

17For in the division of the nations of the whole earth he set a ruler over every people; but Israel is the Lord's portion:

18Whom, being his firstborn, he nourisheth with discipline, and giving him the light of his love doth not forsake him.

19Therefore all their works are as the sun before him, and his eyes are continually upon their ways.

20None of their unrighteous deeds are hid from him, but all their sins are before the Lord

21But the Lord being gracious and knowing his workmanship, neither left nor forsook them, but spared them.

22The alms of a man is as a signet with him, and he will keep the good deeds of man as the apple of the eye, and give repentance to his sons and daughters.

23Afterwards he will rise up and reward them, and render their recompence upon their heads.

24But unto them that repent, he granted them return, and comforted those that failed in patience.

25Return unto the Lord, and forsake thy sins, make thy prayer before his face, and offend less.

26Turn again to the most High, and turn away from iniquity: for he will lead thee out of darkness into the light of health, and hate thou abomination vehemently.

27Who shall praise the most High in the grave, instead of them which live and give thanks?

28Thanksgiving perisheth from the dead, as from one that is not: the living and sound in heart shall praise the Lord.

29How great is the lovingkindness of the Lord our God, and his compassion unto such as turn unto him in holiness!

30For all things cannot be in men, because the son of man is not immortal.

31What is brighter than the sun? yet the light thereof faileth; and flesh and blood will imagine evil.

32He vieweth the power of the height of heaven; and all men are but earth and ashes.

18He that liveth for ever Hath created all things in general.

2The Lord only is righteous, and there is none other but he,

3Who governeth the world with the palm of his hand, and all things obey his will: for he is the King of all, by his power dividing holy things among them from profane.

4To whom hath he given power to declare his works? and who shall find out his noble acts?

5Who shall number the strength of his majesty? and who shall also tell out his mercies?

6As for the wondrous works of the Lord, there may nothing be taken from them, neither may any thing be put unto them, neither can the ground of them be found out.

7When a man hath done, then he beginneth; and when he leaveth off, then he shall be doubtful.

8What is man, and whereto serveth he? what is his good, and what is his evil?

9The number of a man's days at the most are an hundred years.

10As a drop of water unto the sea, and a gravelstone in comparison of the sand; so are a thousand years to the days of eternity.

11Therefore is God patient with them, and poureth forth his mercy upon them.

12He saw and perceived their end to be evil; therefore he multiplied his compassion.

13The mercy of man is toward his neighbour; but the mercy of the Lord is upon all flesh: he reproveth, and nurtureth, and teacheth and bringeth again, as a shepherd his flock.

14He hath mercy on them that receive discipline, and that diligently seek after his judgments.

15My son, blemish not thy good deeds, neither use uncomfortable words when thou givest any thing.

16Shall not the dew asswage the heat? so is a word better than a gift.

17Lo, is not a word better than a gift? but both are with a gracious man.

18A fool will upbraid churlishly, and a gift of the envious consumeth the eyes.

19Learn before thou speak, and use physick or ever thou be sick.

20Before judgment examine thyself, and in the day of visitation thou shalt find mercy.

21Humble thyself before thou be sick, and in the time of sins shew repentance.

22Let nothing hinder thee to pay thy vow in due time, and defer not until death to be justified.

23Before thou prayest, prepare thyself; and be not as one that tempteth the Lord.

24Think upon the wrath that shall be at the end, and the time of vengeance, when he shall turn away his face.

25When thou hast enough, remember the time of hunger: and when thou art rich, think upon poverty and need.

26From the morning until the evening the time is changed, and all things are soon done before the Lord.

27A wise man will fear in every thing, and in the day of sinning he will beware of offence: but a fool will not observe time.

28Every man of understanding knoweth wisdom, and will give praise unto him that found her.

29They that were of understanding in sayings became also wise themselves, and poured forth exquisite parables.

30Go not after thy lusts, but refrain thyself from thine appetites.

31If thou givest thy soul the desires that please her, she will make thee a laughingstock to thine enemies that malign thee.

32Take not pleasure in much good cheer, neither be tied to the expence thereof.

33Be not made a beggar by banqueting upon borrowing, when thou hast nothing in thy purse: for thou shalt lie in wait for thine own life, and be talked on.

19A labouring man that A is given to drunkenness shall not be rich: and he that contemneth small things shall fall by little and little.

2Wine and women will make men of understanding to fall away: and he that cleaveth to harlots will become impudent.

3Moths and worms shall have him to heritage, and a bold man shall be taken away.

4He that is hasty to give credit is lightminded; and he that sinneth shall offend against his own soul.

5Whoso taketh pleasure in wickedness shall be condemned: but he that resisteth pleasures crowneth his life.

6He that can rule his tongue shall live without strife; and he that hateth babbling shall have less evil.

7Rehearse not unto another that which is told unto thee, and thou shalt fare never the worse.

8Whether it be to friend or foe, talk not of other men's lives; and if thou canst without offence, reveal them not.

9For he heard and observed thee, and when time cometh he will hate thee.

10If thou hast heard a word, let it die with thee; and be bold, it will not burst thee.

11A fool travaileth with a word, as a woman in labour of a child.

12As an arrow that sticketh in a man's thigh, so is a word within a fool's belly.

13Admonish a friend, it may be he hath not done it: and if he have done it, that he do it no more.

14Admonish thy friend, it may be he hath not said it: and if he have, that he speak it not again.

15Admonish a friend: for many times it is a slander, and believe not every tale.

16There is one that slippeth in his speech, but not from his heart; and who is he that hath not offended with his tongue?

17Admonish thy neighbour before thou threaten him; and not being angry, give place to the law of the most High.

18The fear of the Lord is the first step to be accepted of him, and wisdom obtaineth his love.

19The knowledge of the commandments of the Lord is the doctrine of life: and they that do things that please him shall receive the fruit of the tree of immortality.

20The fear of the Lord is all wisdom; and in all wisdom is the performance of the law, and the knowledge of his omnipotency.

21If a servant say to his master, I will not do as it pleaseth thee; though afterward he do it, he angereth him that nourisheth him.

22The knowledge of wickedness is not wisdom, neither at any time the counsel of sinners prudence.

23There is a wickedness, and the same an abomination; and there is a fool wanting in wisdom.

24He that hath small understanding, and feareth God, is better than one that hath much wisdom, and transgresseth the law of the most High.

25There is an exquisite subtilty, and the same is unjust; and there is one that turneth aside to make judgment appear; and there is a wise man that justifieth in judgment.

26There is a wicked man that hangeth down his head sadly; but inwardly he is full of deceit,

27Casting down his countenance, and making as if he heard not: where he is not known, he will do thee a mischief before thou be aware.

28And if for want of power he be hindered from sinning, yet