Holy Bible

Amplified Version

About the Amplified Version

The Amplified New Testament was published by the Lockman Foundation and Zondervan Publishing House in 1958, with the Old Testament in two parts in 1962 and 1964. The entire Amplified Bible was first published in 1965.

 

In its quest to make the Bible understandable to contemporary readers, the translators chose to use a system of amplification to reveal any shades of meaning that might exist. The translators felt that amplification would help the reader comprehend what the Hebrew or Greek listener understood.

 

The symbols used for the types of amplification are:


 


Old Testament

Genesis

Exodus

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Joshua

Judges

Ruth

1st Samuel

2nd Samuel

1st Kings

2nd Kings

1st Chronicles

2nd Chronicles

Ezra

Nehemiah

Esther

Job

Psalms

Proverbs

Ecclesiastes

Song of Solomon

Isaiah

Jeremiah

Lamentations

Ezekiel

Daniel

Hosea

Joel

Amos

Obadiah

Jonah

Micah

Nahum

Habakkuk

Zephaniah

Haggai

Zechariah

Malachi

New Testament

Matthew

Mark

Luke

John

Acts

Romans

1st Corinthians

2nd Corinthians

Galatians

Ephesians

Philippians

Colossians

1st Thessalonians

2nd Thessalonians

1st Timothy

2nd Timothy

Titus

Philemon

Hebrews

James

1st Peter

2nd Peter

1st John

2nd John

3rd John

Jude

Revelation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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Genesis


1IN THE beginning God (prepared, formed, fashioned, and) created the heavens and the earth.

2The earth was without form and an empty waste, and darkness was upon the face of the very great deep. The Spirit of God was moving (hovering, brooding) over the face of the waters.

3And God said, Let there be light; and there was light.

4And God saw that the light was good (suitable, pleasant) and He approved it; and God separated the light from the darkness.

5And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.

6And God said, Let there be a firmament [the expanse of the sky] in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters [below] from the waters [above].

7And God made the firmament [the expanse] and separated the waters which were under the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse. And it was so.

8And God called the firmament Heavens. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

9And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be collected into one place [of standing], and let the dry land appear. And it was so.

10God called the dry land Earth, and the accumulated waters He called Seas. And God saw that this was good (fitting, admirable) and He approved it.

11And God said, Let the earth put forth [tender] vegetation: plants yielding seed and fruit trees yielding fruit whose seed is in itself, each according to its kind, upon the earth. And it was so.

12The earth brought forth vegetation: plants yielding seed according to their own kinds and trees bearing fruit in which was their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good (suitable, admirable) and He approved it.

13And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

14And God said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be signs and tokens [of God's provident care], and [to mark] seasons, days, and years,

15And let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light upon the earth. And it was so.

16And God made the two great lights--the greater light (the sun) to rule the day and the lesser light (the moon) to rule the night. He also made the stars.

17And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth,

18To rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good (fitting, pleasant) and He approved it.

19And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

20And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly and swarm with living creatures, and let birds fly over the earth in the open expanse of the heavens.

21God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, which the waters brought forth abundantly, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good (suitable, admirable) and He approved it.

22And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let the fowl multiply in the earth.

23And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

24And God said, Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creeping things, and [wild] beasts of the earth according to their kinds. And it was so.

25And God made the [wild] beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and domestic animals according to their kinds, and everything that creeps upon the earth according to its kind. And God saw that it was good (fitting, pleasant) and He approved it.

26God said, Let Us [Father, Son, and Holy Spirit] make mankind in Our image, after Our likeness, and let them have complete authority over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, the [tame] beasts, and over all of the earth, and over everything that creeps upon the earth.

27So God created man in His own image, in the image and likeness of God He created him; male and female He created them.

28And God blessed them and said to them, Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it [using all its vast resources in the service of God and man]; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and over every living creature that moves upon the earth.

29And God said, See, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the land and every tree with seed in its fruit; you shall have them for food.

30And to all the animals on the earth and to every bird of the air and to everything that creeps on the ground--to everything in which there is the breath of life--I have given every green plant for food. And it was so.

31And God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good (suitable, pleasant) and He approved it completely. And there was evening and there was morning, a sixth day.

2THUS THE heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

2And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

3And God blessed (spoke good of) the seventh day, set it apart as His own, and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all His work which He had created and done.

4This is the history of the heavens and of the earth when they were created. In the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens--

5When no plant of the field was yet in the earth and no herb of the field had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not [yet] caused it to rain upon the earth and there was no man to till the ground,

6But there went up a mist (fog, vapor) from the land and watered the whole surface of the ground--

7Then the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath or spirit of life, and man became a living being.

8And the Lord God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden [delight]; and there He put the man whom He had formed (framed, constituted).

9And out of the ground the Lord God made to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight or to be desired--good (suitable, pleasant) for food; the tree of life also in the center of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of [the difference between] good and evil and blessing and calamity.

10Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became four [river] heads.

11The first is named Pishon; it is the one flowing around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

12The gold of that land is of high quality; bdellium (pearl?) and onyx stone are there.

13The second river is named Gihon; it is the one flowing around the whole land of Cush.

14The third river is named Hiddekel [the Tigris]; it is the one flowing east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

15And the Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to tend and guard and keep it.

16And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, You may freely eat of every tree of the garden;

17But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil and blessing and calamity you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.

18Now the Lord God said, It is not good (sufficient, satisfactory) that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper meet (suitable, adapted, complementary) for him.

19And out of the ground the Lord God formed every [wild] beast and living creature of the field and every bird of the air and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them; and whatever Adam called every living creature, that was its name.

20And Adam gave names to all the livestock and to the birds of the air and to every [wild] beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found a helper meet (suitable, adapted, complementary) for him.

21And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam; and while he slept, He took one of his ribs or a part of his side and closed up the [place with] flesh.

22And the rib or part of his side which the Lord God had taken from the man He built up and made into a woman, and He brought her to the man.

23Then Adam said, This [creature] is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of a man.

24Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and shall become united and cleave to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

25And the man and his wife were both naked and were not embarrassed or ashamed in each other's presence.

3NOW THE serpent was more subtle and crafty than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made. And he [Satan] said to the woman, Can it really be that God has said, You shall not eat from every tree of the garden?

2And the woman said to the serpent, We may eat the fruit from the trees of the garden,

3Except the fruit from the tree which is in the middle of the garden. God has said, You shall not eat of it, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.

4But the serpent said to the woman, You shall not surely die,

5For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing the difference between good and evil and blessing and calamity.

6And when the woman saw that the tree was good (suitable, pleasant) for food and that it was delightful to look at, and a tree to be desired in order to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate; and she gave some also to her husband, and he ate.

7Then the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves apronlike girdles.

8And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

9But the Lord God called to Adam and said to him, Where are you?

10He said, I heard the sound of You [walking] in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.

11And He said, Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?

12And the man said, The woman whom You gave to be with me--she gave me [fruit] from the tree, and I ate.

13And the Lord God said to the woman, What is this you have done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled (cheated, outwitted, and deceived) me, and I ate.

14And the Lord God said to the serpent, Because you have done this, you are cursed above all [domestic] animals and above every [wild] living thing of the field; upon your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust [and what it contains] all the days of your life.

15And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her Offspring; He will bruise and tread your head underfoot, and you will lie in wait and bruise His heel.

16To the woman He said, I will greatly multiply your grief and your suffering in pregnancy and the pangs of childbearing; with spasms of distress you will bring forth children. Yet your desire and craving will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.

17And to Adam He said, Because you have listened and given heed to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, saying, You shall not eat of it, the ground is under a curse because of you; in sorrow and toil shall you eat [of the fruits] of it all the days of your life.

18Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth for you, and you shall eat the plants of the field.

19In the sweat of your face shall you eat bread until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you shall return.

20The man called his wife's name Eve [life spring], because she was the mother of all the living.

21For Adam also and for his wife the Lord God made long coats (tunics) of skins and clothed them.

22And the Lord God said, Behold, the man has become like one of Us [the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit], to know [how to distinguish between] good and evil and blessing and calamity; and now, lest he put forth his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever--

23Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the Garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken.

24So [God] drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the Garden of Eden the cherubim and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep and guard the way to the tree of life.

4AND ADAM knew Eve as his wife, and she became pregnant and bore Cain; and she said, I have gotten and gained a man with the help of the Lord.

2And [next] she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

3And in the course of time Cain brought to the Lord an offering of the fruit of the ground.

4And Abel brought of the firstborn of his flock and of the fat portions. And the Lord had respect and regard for Abel and for his offering,

5But for Cain and his offering He had no respect or regard. So Cain was exceedingly angry and indignant, and he looked sad and depressed.

6And the Lord said to Cain, Why are you angry? And why do you look sad and depressed and dejected?

7If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin crouches at your door; its desire is for you, but you must master it.

8And Cain said to his brother, Let us go out to the field. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.

9And the Lord said to Cain, Where is Abel your brother? And he said, I do not know. Am I my brother's keeper?

10And [the Lord] said, What have you done? The voice of your brother's blood is crying to Me from the ground.

11And now you are cursed by reason of the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's [shed] blood from your hand.

12When you till the ground, it shall no longer yield to you its strength; you shall be a fugitive and a vagabond on the earth [in perpetual exile, a degraded outcast].

13Then Cain said to the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear.

14Behold, You have driven me out this day from the face of the land, and from Your face I will be hidden; and I will be a fugitive and a vagabond and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.

15And the Lord said to him, Therefore, if anyone kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark or sign upon Cain, lest anyone finding him should kill him.

16So Cain went away from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod [wandering], east of Eden.

17And Cain's wife [one of Adam's offspring] became pregnant and bore Enoch; and Cain built a city and named it after his son Enoch.

18To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael the father of Methusael, and Methusael the father of Lamech.

19And Lamech took two wives; the name of the one was Adah and of the other was Zillah.

20Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have cattle and purchase possessions.

21His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.

22Zillah bore Tubal-cain; he was the forger of all [cutting] instruments of bronze and iron. The sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

23Lamech said to his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; you wives of Lamech, listen to what I say; for I have slain a man [merely] for wounding me, and a young man [only] for striking and bruising me.

24If Cain is avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech [will be avenged] seventy-sevenfold.

25And Adam's wife again became pregnant, and she bore a son and called his name Seth. For God, she said, has appointed for me another child instead of Abel, for Cain slew him.

26And to Seth also a son was born, whom he named Enosh. At that time men began to call [upon God] by the name of the Lord.

5THIS IS the book (the written record, the history) of the generations of the offspring of Adam. When God created man, He made him in the likeness of God.

2He created them male and female and blessed them and named them [both] Adam [Man] at the time they were created.

3When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, after his image; and he named him Seth.

4After he had Seth, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters.

5So altogether Adam lived 930 years, and he died.

6When Seth was 105 years old, Enosh was born.

7Seth lived after the birth of Enosh 807 years and had other sons and daughters.

8So Seth lived 912 years, and he died.

9When Enosh was 90 years old, Kenan was born to him.

10Enosh lived after the birth of Kenan 815 years and had other sons and daughters.

11So Enosh lived 905 years, and he died.

12When Kenan was 70 years old, Mahalalel was born.

13Kenan lived after the birth of Mahalalel 840 years and had other sons and daughters.

14So Kenan lived 910 years, and he died.

15When Mahalalel was 65 years old, Jared was born.

16Mahalalel lived after the birth of Jared 830 years and had other sons and daughters.

17So Mahalalel lived 895 years, and he died.

18When Jared was 162 years old, Enoch was born.

19Jared lived after the birth of Enoch 800 years and had other sons and daughters.

20So Jared lived 962 years, and he died.

21When Enoch was 65 years old, Methuselah was born.

22Enoch walked [in habitual fellowship] with God after the birth of Methuselah 300 years and had other sons and daughters.

23So all the days of Enoch were 365 years.

24And Enoch walked [in habitual fellowship] with God; and he was not, for God took him [home with Him].

25When Methuselah was 187 years old, Lamech was born to him.

26Methuselah lived after the birth of Lamech 782 years and had other sons and daughters.

27So Methuselah lived 969 years, and he died.

28When Lamech was 182 years old, a son was born.

29He named him Noah, saying, This one shall bring us relief and comfort from our work and the [grievous] toil of our hands due to the ground being cursed by the Lord.

30Lamech lived after the birth of Noah 595 years and had other sons and daughters.

31So all the days of Lamech were 777 years, and he died.

32After Noah was 500 years old, he became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

6WHEN MEN began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them,

2The sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair, and they took wives of all they desired and chose.

3Then the Lord said, My Spirit shall not forever dwell and strive with man, for he also is flesh; but his days shall yet be 120 years.

4There were giants on the earth in those days--and also afterward--when the sons of God lived with the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.

5The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination and intention of all human thinking was only evil continually.

6And the Lord regretted that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved at heart.

7So the Lord said, I will destroy, blot out, and wipe away mankind, whom I have created from the face of the ground--not only man, [but] the beasts and the creeping things and the birds of the air--for it grieves Me and makes Me regretful that I have made them.

8But Noah found grace (favor) in the eyes of the Lord.

9This is the history of the generations of Noah. Noah was a just and righteous man, blameless in his [evil] generation; Noah walked [in habitual fellowship] with God.

10And Noah became the father of three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

11The earth was depraved and putrid in God's sight, and the land was filled with violence (desecration, infringement, outrage, assault, and lust for power).

12And God looked upon the world and saw how degenerate, debased, and vicious it was, for all humanity had corrupted their way upon the earth and lost their true direction.

13God said to Noah, I intend to make an end of all flesh, for through men the land is filled with violence; and behold, I will destroy them and the land.

14Make yourself an ark of gopher or cypress wood; make in it rooms (stalls, pens, coops, nests, cages, and compartments) and cover it inside and out with pitch (bitumen).

15And this is the way you are to make it: the length of the ark shall be 300 cubits, its breadth 50 cubits, and its height 30 cubits [that is, 450 ft. x 75 ft. x 45 ft.].

16You shall make a roof or window [a place for light] for the ark and finish it to a cubit [at least 18 inches] above--and the door of the ark you shall put in the side of it; and you shall make it with lower, second, and third stories.

17For behold, I, even I, will bring a flood of waters upon the earth to destroy and make putrid all flesh under the heavens in which are the breath and spirit of life; everything that is on the land shall die.

18But I will establish My covenant (promise, pledge) with you, and you shall come into the ark--you and your sons and your wife and your sons' wives with you.

19And of every living thing of all flesh [found on land], you shall bring two of every sort into the ark, to keep them alive with you; they shall be male and female.

20Of fowls and birds according to their kinds, of beasts according to their kinds, of every creeping thing of the ground according to its kind--two of every sort shall come in with you, that they may be kept alive.

21Also take with you every sort of food that is eaten, and you shall collect and store it up, and it shall serve as food for you and for them.

22Noah did this; he did all that God commanded him.

7AND THE Lord said to Noah, Come with all your household into the ark, for I have seen you to be righteous (upright and in right standing) before Me in this generation.

2Of every clean beast you shall receive and take with you seven pairs, the male and his mate, and of beasts that are not clean a pair of each kind, the male and his mate,

3Also of the birds of the air seven pairs, the male and the female, to keep seed [their kind] alive over all the earth or land.

4For in seven days I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights, and every living substance and thing that I have made I will destroy, blot out, and wipe away from the face of the earth.

5And Noah did all that the Lord commanded him.

6Noah was 600 years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth or land.

7And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons' wives with him went into the ark because of the waters of the flood.

8Of clean animals and of animals that are not clean, and of birds and fowls, and of everything that creeps on the ground,

9There went in two and two with Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded Noah.

10And after the seven days the floodwaters came upon the earth or land.

11In the year 600 of Noah's life, in the seventeenth day of the second month, that same day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up and burst forth, and the windows and floodgates of the heavens were opened.

12And it rained upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

13On the very same day Noah and Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons with them, went into the ark,

14They and every [wild] beast according to its kind, all the livestock according to their kinds, every moving thing that creeps on the land according to its kind, and every fowl according to its kind, every winged thing of every sort.

15And they went into the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there were the breath and spirit of life.

16And they that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded [Noah]; and the Lord shut him in and closed [the door] round about him.

17The flood [that is, the downpour of rain] was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased and bore up the ark, and it was lifted [high] above the land.

18And the waters became mighty and increased greatly upon the land, and the ark went [gently floating] upon the surface of the waters.

19And the waters prevailed so exceedingly and were so mighty upon the earth that all the high hills under the whole sky were covered.

20[In fact] the waters became fifteen cubits higher, as the high hills were covered.

21And all flesh ceased to breathe that moved upon the earth--fowls and birds, [tame] animals, [wild] beasts, all swarming and creeping things that swarm and creep upon the land, and all mankind.

22Everything on the dry land in whose nostrils were the breath and spirit of life died.

23God destroyed (blotted out) every living thing that was upon the face of the earth; man and animals and the creeping things and the birds of the heavens were destroyed (blotted out) from the land. Only Noah remained alive, and those who were with him in the ark.

24And the waters prevailed [mightily] upon the earth or land 150 days (five months).

8AND GOD [earnestly] remembered Noah and every living thing and all the animals that were with him in the ark; and God made a wind blow over the land, and the waters sank down and abated.

2Also the fountains of the deep and the windows of the heavens were closed, the gushing rain from the sky was checked,

3And the waters receded from the land continually. At the end of 150 days the waters had diminished.

4On the seventeenth day of the seventh month the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat [in Armenia].

5And the waters continued to diminish until the tenth month; on the first day of the tenth month the tops of the high hills were seen.

6At the end of [another] forty days Noah opened a window of the ark which he had made

7And sent forth a raven, which kept going to and fro until the waters were dried up from the land.

8Then he sent forth a dove to see if the waters had decreased from the surface of the ground.

9But the dove found no resting-place on which to roost, and she returned to him to the ark, for the waters were [yet] on the face of the whole land. So he put forth his hand and drew her to him into the ark.

10He waited another seven days and again sent forth the dove out of the ark.

11And the dove came back to him in the evening, and behold, in her mouth was a newly sprouted and freshly plucked olive leaf! So Noah knew that the waters had subsided from the land.

12Then he waited another seven days and sent forth the dove, but she did not return to him any more.

13In the year 601 [of Noah's life], on the first day of the first month, the waters were drying up from the land. And Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and behold, the surface of the ground was drying.

14And on the twenty-seventh day of the second month the land was entirely dry.

15And God spoke to Noah, saying,

16Go forth from the ark, you and your wife and your sons and their wives with you.

17Bring forth every living thing that is with you of all flesh--birds and beasts and every creeping thing that creeps on the ground--that they may breed abundantly on the land and be fruitful and multiply upon the earth.

18And Noah went forth, and his wife and his sons and their wives with him [after being in the ark one year and ten days].

19Every beast, every creeping thing, every bird--and whatever moves on the land--went forth by families out of the ark.

20And Noah built an altar to the Lord and took of every clean [four-footed] animal and of every clean fowl or bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar.

21When the Lord smelled the pleasing odor [a scent of satisfaction to His heart], the Lord said to Himself, I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the imagination (the strong desire) of man's heart is evil and wicked from his youth; neither will I ever again smite and destroy every living thing, as I have done.

22While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.

9AND GOD pronounced a blessing upon Noah and his sons and said to them, Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth.

2And the fear of you and the dread and terror of you shall be upon every beast of the land, every bird of the air, all that creeps upon the ground, and upon all the fish of the sea; they are delivered into your hand.

3Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you; and as I gave you the green vegetables and plants, I give you everything.

4But you shall not eat flesh with the life of it, which is its blood.

5And surely for your lifeblood I will require an accounting; from every beast I will require it; and from man, from every man [who spills another's lifeblood] I will require a reckoning.

6Whoever sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God He made man.

7And you, be fruitful and multiply; bring forth abundantly on the earth and multiply on it.

8Then God spoke to Noah and to his sons with him, saying,

9Behold, I establish My covenant or pledge with you and with your descendants after you

10And with every living creature that is with you--whether the birds, the livestock, or the wild beasts of the earth along with you, as many as came out of the ark--every animal of the earth.

11I will establish My covenant or pledge with you: Never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of a flood; neither shall there ever again be a flood to destroy the earth and make it corrupt.

12And God said, This is the token of the covenant (solemn pledge) which I am making between Me and you and every living creature that is with you, for all future generations:

13I set My bow [rainbow] in the cloud, and it shall be a token or sign of a covenant or solemn pledge between Me and the earth.

14And it shall be that when I bring clouds over the earth and the bow [rainbow] is seen in the clouds,

15I will [earnestly] remember My covenant or solemn pledge which is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters will no more become a flood to destroy and make all flesh corrupt.

16When the bow [rainbow] is in the clouds and I look upon it, I will [earnestly] remember the everlasting covenant or pledge between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.

17And God said to Noah, This [rainbow] is the token or sign of the covenant or solemn pledge which I have established between Me and all flesh upon the earth.

18The sons of Noah who went forth from the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Ham was the father of Canaan [born later].

19These are the three sons of Noah, and from them the whole earth was overspread and stocked with inhabitants.

20And Noah began to cultivate the ground, and he planted a vineyard.

21And he drank of the wine and became drunk, and he was uncovered and lay naked in his tent.

22And Ham, the father of Canaan, glanced at and saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside.

23So Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it upon the shoulders of both, and went backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they did not see their father's nakedness.

24When Noah awoke from his wine, and knew the thing which his youngest son had done to him,

25He exclaimed, Cursed be Canaan! He shall be the servant of servants to his brethren!

26He also said, Blessed be the Lord, the God of Shem! And blessed by the Lord my God be Shem! And let Canaan be his servant.

27May God enlarge Japheth; and let him dwell in the tents of Shem, and let Canaan be his servant.

28And Noah lived after the flood 350 years.

29All the days of Noah were 950 years, and he died.

10THIS IS the history of the generations (descendants) of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. The sons born to them after the flood were:

2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

4The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

5From these the coastland peoples spread. [These are the sons of Japheth] in their lands, each with his own language, by their families within their nations.

6The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt [Mizraim], Put, and Canaan.

7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.

8Cush became the father of Nimrod; he was the first to be a mighty man on the earth.

9He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord.

10The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar [in Babylonia].

11Out of the land he [Nimrod] went forth into Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah,

12And Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah; all these [suburbs combined to form] the great city.

13And Egypt [Mizraim] became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,

14Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorim.

15Canaan became the father of Sidon his firstborn, Heth [the Hittites],

16The Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites,

17The Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites,

18The Arvadites, the Zemarites and the Hamathites. Afterward the families of the Canaanites spread abroad

19And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon as one goes to Gerar as far as Gaza, and as one goes to Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.

20These are the sons of Ham by their families, their languages, their lands, and their nations.

21To Shem also, the younger brother of Japheth and the ancestor of all the children of Eber [including the Hebrews], children were born.

22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.

24Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber.

25To Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg [division], because [the inhabitants of] the earth were divided up in his days; and his brother's name was Joktan.

26Joktan became the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,

27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,

28Obal, Abimael, Sheba,

29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.

30The territory in which they lived extended from Mesha as one goes toward Sephar to the hill country of the east.

31These are Shem's descendants by their families, their languages, their lands, and their nations.

32These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, within their nations; and from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.

11AND THE whole earth was of one language and of one accent and mode of expression.

2And as they journeyed eastward, they found a plain (valley) in the land of Shinar, and they settled and dwelt there.

3And they said one to another, Come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly. So they had brick for stone, and slime (bitumen) for mortar.

4And they said, Come, let us build us a city and a tower whose top reaches into the sky, and let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered over the whole earth.

5And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built.

6And the Lord said, Behold, they are one people and they have all one language; and this is only the beginning of what they will do, and now nothing they have imagined they can do will be impossible for them.

7Come, let Us go down and there confound (mix up, confuse) their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.

8So the Lord scattered them abroad from that place upon the face of the whole earth, and they gave up building the city.

9Therefore the name of it was called Babel--because there the Lord confounded the language of all the earth; and from that place the Lord scattered them abroad upon the face of the whole earth.

10This is the history of the generations of Shem. Shem was 100 years old when he became the father of Arpachshad, two years after the flood.

11And Shem lived after Arpachshad was born 500 years and had other sons and daughters.

12When Arpachshad had lived 35 years, he became the father of Shelah.

13Arpachshad lived after Shelah was born 403 years and had other sons and daughters.

14When Shelah had lived 30 years, he became the father of Eber.

15Shelah lived after Eber was born 403 years and had other sons and daughters.

16When Eber had lived 34 years, he became the father of Peleg.

17And Eber lived after Peleg was born 430 years and had other sons and daughters.

18When Peleg had lived 30 years, he became the father of Reu.

19And Peleg lived after Reu was born 209 years and had other sons and daughters.

20When Reu had lived 32 years, he became the father of Serug.

21And Reu lived after Serug was born 207 years and had other sons and daughters.

22When Serug had lived 30 years, he became the father of Nahor.

23And Serug lived after Nahor was born 200 years and had other sons and daughters.

24When Nahor had lived 29 years, he became the father of Terah.

25And Nahor lived after Terah was born 119 years and had other sons and daughters.

26After Terah had lived 70 years, he became the father of [at different times], Abram and Nahor and Haran, [his firstborn].

27Now this is the history of the descendants of Terah. Terah was the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran was the father of Lot.

28Haran died before his father Terah [died] in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldees.

29And Abram and Nahor took wives. The name of Abram's wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran the father of Milcah and Iscah.

30But Sarai was barren; she had no child.

31And Terah took Abram his son, Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram's wife, and they went forth together to go from Ur of the Chaldees into the land of Canaan; but when they came to Haran, they settled there.

32And Terah lived 205 years; and Terah died in Haran.

12NOW [in Haran] the Lord said to Abram, Go for yourself [for your own advantage] away from your country, from your relatives and your father's house, to the land that I will show you.

2And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you [with abundant increase of favors] and make your name famous and distinguished, and you will be a blessing [dispensing good to others].

3And I will bless those who bless you [who confer prosperity or happiness upon you] and curse him who curses or uses insolent language toward you; in you will all the families and kindred of the earth be blessed [and by you they will bless themselves].

4So Abram departed, as the Lord had directed him; and Lot [his nephew] went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he left Haran.

5Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their possessions that they had gathered, and the persons [servants] that they had acquired in Haran, and they went forth to go to the land of Canaan. When they came to the land of Canaan,

6Abram passed through the land to the locality of Shechem, to the oak or terebinth tree of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.

7Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, I will give this land to your posterity. So Abram built an altar there to the Lord, Who had appeared to him.

8From there he pulled up [his tent pegs] and departed to the mountain on the east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east; and there he built an altar to the Lord and called upon the name of the Lord.

9Abram journeyed on, still going toward the South (the Negeb).

10Now there was a famine in the land, and Abram went down into Egypt to live temporarily, for the famine in the land was oppressive (intense and grievous).

11And when he was about to enter into Egypt, he said to Sarai his wife, I know that you are beautiful to behold.

12So when the Egyptians see you, they will say, This is his wife; and they will kill me, but they will let you live.

13Say, I beg of you, that you are my sister, so that it may go well with me for your sake and my life will be spared because of you.

14And when Abram came into Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

15The princes of Pharaoh also saw her and commended her to Pharaoh, and she was taken into Pharaoh's house [harem].

16And he treated Abram well for her sake; he acquired sheep, oxen, he-donkeys, menservants, maidservants, she-donkeys, and camels.

17But the Lord scourged Pharaoh and his household with serious plagues because of Sarai, Abram's wife.

18And Pharaoh called Abram and said, What is this that you have done to me? Why did you not tell me that she was your wife?

19Why did you say, She is my sister, so that I took her to be my wife? Now then, here is your wife; take her and get away [from here]!

20And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him, and they brought him on his way with his wife and all that he had.

13SO ABRAM went up out of Egypt, he and his wife and all that he had, and Lot with him, into the South [country of Judah, the Negeb].

2Now Abram was extremely rich in livestock and in silver and in gold.

3And he journeyed on from the South [country of Judah, the Negeb] as far as Bethel, to the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Bethel and Ai,

4Where he had built an altar at first; and there Abram called on the name of the Lord.

5But Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents.

6Now the land was not able to nourish and support them so they could dwell together, for their possessions were too great for them to live together.

7And there was strife between the herdsmen of Abram's cattle and the herdsmen of Lot's cattle. And the Canaanite and the Perizzite were dwelling then in the land [making fodder more difficult to obtain].

8So Abram said to Lot, Let there be no strife, I beg of you, between you and me, or between your herdsmen and my herdsmen, for we are relatives.

9Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself, I beg of you, from me. If you take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if you choose the right hand, then I will go to the left.

10And Lot looked and saw that everywhere the Jordan Valley was well watered. Before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [it was all] like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, as you go to Zoar.

11Then Lot chose for himself all the Jordan Valley and [he] traveled east. So they separated.

12Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelt in the cities of the [Jordan] Valley and moved his tent as far as Sodom and dwelt there.

13But the men of Sodom were wicked and exceedingly great sinners against the Lord.

14The Lord said to Abram after Lot had left him, Lift up now your eyes and look from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward and westward;

15For all the land which you see I will give to you and to your posterity forever.

16And I will make your descendants like the dust of the earth, so that if a man could count the dust of the earth, then could your descendants also be counted.

17Arise, walk through the land, the length of it and the breadth of it, for I will give it to you.

18Then Abram moved his tent and came and dwelt among the oaks or terebinths of Mamre, which are at Hebron, and built there an altar to the Lord.

14IN THE days of the kings Amraphel of Shinar, Arioch of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer of Elam, and Tidal of Goiim,

2They made war on the kings Bera of Sodom, Birsha of Gomorrah, Shinab of Admah, Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, that is, Zoar.

3The latter kings joined together [as allies] in the Valley of Siddim, which is [now] the [Dead] Sea of Salt.

4Twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

5And in the fourteenth year, Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him attacked and subdued the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,

6And the Horites in their Mount Seir as far as El-paran, which is on the border of the wilderness.

7Then they turned back and came to En-mishpat, which [now] is Kadesh, and subdued all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who dwelt in Hazazon-tamar.

8Then the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela, that is, Zoar, went out and [together] they joined battle [with those kings] in the Valley of Siddim,

9With the kings Chedorlaomer of Elam, Tidal of Goiim, Amraphel of Shinar, and Arioch of Ellasar--four kings against five.

10Now the Valley of Siddim was full of slime or bitumen pits, and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, they fell (were overthrown) there and the remainder [of the kings] fled to the mountain.

11[The victors] took all the wealth of Sodom and Gomorrah and all the supply of provisions and departed.

12And they also took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods away with them.

13Then one who had escaped came and told Abram the Hebrew [one from the other side], who was living by the oaks or terebinths of Mamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshcol and of Aner--these were allies of Abram.

14When Abram heard that [his nephew] had been captured, he armed (led forth) the 318 trained servants born in his own house and pursued the enemy as far as Dan.

15He divided his forces against them by night, he and his servants, and attacked and routed them, and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is north of Damascus.

16And he brought back all the goods and also brought back his kinsman Lot and his possessions, the women also and the people.

17After his [Abram's] return from the defeat and slaying of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the Valley of Shaveh, that is, the King's Valley.

18Melchizedek king of Salem [later called Jerusalem] brought out bread and wine [for their nourishment]; he was the priest of God Most High,

19And he blessed him and said, Blessed (favored with blessings, made blissful, joyful) be Abram by God Most High, Possessor and Maker of heaven and earth,

20And blessed, praised, and glorified be God Most High, Who has given your foes into your hand! And [Abram] gave him a tenth of all [he had taken].

21And the king of Sodom said to Abram, Give me the persons and keep the goods for yourself.

22But Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lifted up my hand and sworn to the Lord, God Most High, the Possessor and Maker of heaven and earth,

23That I would not take a thread or a shoelace or anything that is yours, lest you should say, I have made Abram rich.

24[Take all] except only what my young men have eaten and the share of the men [allies] who went with me--Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.

15AFTER THESE things, the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram, I am your Shield, your abundant compensation, and your reward shall be exceedingly great.

2And Abram said, Lord God, what can You give me, since I am going on [from this world] childless and he who shall be the owner and heir of my house is this [steward] Eliezer of Damascus?

3And Abram continued, Look, You have given me no child; and [a servant] born in my house is my heir.

4And behold, the word of the Lord came to him, saying, This man shall not be your heir, but he who shall come from your own body shall be your heir.

5And He brought him outside [his tent into the starlight] and said, Look now toward the heavens and count the stars--if you are able to number them. Then He said to him, So shall your descendants be.

6And he [Abram] believed in (trusted in, relied on, remained steadfast to) the Lord, and He counted it to him as righteousness (right standing with God).

7And He said to him, I am the [same] Lord, Who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldees to give you this land as an inheritance.

8But he [Abram] said, Lord God, by what shall I know that I shall inherit it?

9And He said to him, Bring to Me a heifer three years old, a she-goat three years old, a ram three years old, a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

10And he brought Him all these and cut them down the middle [into halves] and laid each half opposite the other; but the birds he did not divide.

11And when the birds of prey swooped down upon the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

12When the sun was setting, a deep sleep overcame Abram, and a horror (a terror, a shuddering fear) of great darkness assailed and oppressed him.

13And [God] said to Abram, Know positively that your descendants will be strangers dwelling as temporary residents in a land that is not theirs [Egypt], and they will be slaves there and will be afflicted and oppressed for 400 years. [Fulfilled in Exod. 12:40.]

14But I will bring judgment on that nation whom they will serve, and afterward they will come out with great possessions.

15And you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried at a good old (hoary) age.

16And in the fourth generation they [your descendants] shall come back here [to Canaan] again, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full and complete.

17When the sun had gone down and a [thick] darkness had come on, behold, a smoking oven and a flaming torch passed between those pieces.

18On the same day the Lord made a covenant (promise, pledge) with Abram, saying, To your descendants I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river Euphrates--the land of

19The Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites,

20The Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim,

21The Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.

16NOW SARAI, Abram's wife, had borne him no children. She had an Egyptian maid whose name was Hagar.

2And Sarai said to Abram, See here, the Lord has restrained me from bearing [children]. I am asking you to have intercourse with my maid; it may be that I can obtain children by her. And Abram listened to and heeded what Sarai said.

3So Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar her Egyptian maid, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his [secondary] wife.

4And he had intercourse with Hagar, and she became pregnant; and when she saw that she was with child, she looked with contempt upon her mistress and despised her.

5Then Sarai said to Abram, May [the responsibility for] my wrong and deprivation of rights be upon you! I gave my maid into your bosom, and when she saw that she was with child, I was contemptible and despised in her eyes. May the Lord be the judge between you and me.

6But Abram said to Sarai, See here, your maid is in your hands and power; do as you please with her. And when Sarai dealt severely with her, humbling and afflicting her, she [Hagar] fled from her.

7But the Angel of the Lord found her by a spring of water in the wilderness on the road to Shur.

8And He said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, where did you come from, and where are you intending to go? And she said, I am running away from my mistress Sarai.

9The Angel of the Lord said to her, Go back to your mistress and [humbly] submit to her control.

10Also the Angel of the Lord said to her, I will multiply your descendants exceedingly, so that they shall not be numbered for multitude.

11And the Angel of the Lord continued, See now, you are with child and shall bear a son, and shall call his name Ishmael [God hears], because the Lord has heard and paid attention to your affliction.

12And he [Ishmael] will be as a wild ass among men; his hand will be against every man and every man's hand against him, and he will live to the east and on the borders of all his kinsmen.

13So she called the name of the Lord Who spoke to her, You are a God of seeing, for she said, Have I [not] even here [in the wilderness] looked upon Him Who sees me [and lived]? Or have I here also seen [the future purposes or designs of] Him Who sees me?

14Therefore the well was called Beer-lahai-roi [A well to the Living One Who sees me]; it is between Kadesh and Bered.

15And Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram called the name of his son whom Hagar bore Ishmael.

16Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael.

17WHEN ABRAM was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, I am the Almighty God; walk and live habitually before Me and be perfect (blameless, wholehearted, complete).

2And I will make My covenant (solemn pledge) between Me and you and will multiply you exceedingly.

3Then Abram fell on his face, and God said to him,

4As for Me, behold, My covenant (solemn pledge) is with you, and you shall be the father of many nations.

5Nor shall your name any longer be Abram [high, exalted father]; but your name shall be Abraham [father of a multitude], for I have made you the father of many nations.

6And I will make you exceedingly fruitful and I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you.

7And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting, solemn pledge, to be a God to you and to your posterity after you.

8And I will give to you and to your posterity after you the land in which you are a stranger [going from place to place], all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.

9And God said to Abraham, As for you, you shall therefore keep My covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations.

10This is My covenant, which you shall keep, between Me and you and your posterity after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised.

11And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be a token or sign of the covenant (the promise or pledge) between Me and you.

12He who is eight days old among you shall be circumcised, every male throughout your generations, whether born in [your] house or bought with [your] money from any foreigner not of your offspring.

13He that is born in your house and he that is bought with your money must be circumcised; and My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

14And the male who is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.

15And God said to Abraham, As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai; but Sarah [Princess] her name shall be.

16And I will bless her and give you a son also by her. Yes, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples shall come from her.

17Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed and said in his heart, Shall a child be born to a man who is a hundred years old? And shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a son?

18And [he] said to God, Oh, that Ishmael might live before You!

19But God said, Sarah your wife shall bear you a son indeed, and you shall call his name Isaac [laughter]; and I will establish My covenant or solemn pledge with him for an everlasting covenant and with his posterity after him.

20And as for Ishmael, I have heard and heeded you: behold, I will bless him and will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly; He will be the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. [Fulfilled in Gen. 25:12-18.]

21But My covenant, My promise and pledge, I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this season next year.

22And God stopped talking with him and went up from Abraham.

23And Abraham took Ishmael his son and all who were born in his house and all who were bought with his money, every male among [those] of Abraham's house, and circumcised [them] the very same day, as God had said to him.

24And Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised.

25And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised.

26On the very same day Abraham was circumcised, and Ishmael his son as well.

27And all the men of his house, both those born in the house and those bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised along with him.

18NOW THE Lord appeared to Abraham by the oaks or terebinths of Mamre; as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day,

2He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men stood at a little distance from him. He ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the ground

3And said, My lord, if now I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by your servant, I beg of you.

4Let a little water be brought, and you may wash your feet and recline and rest yourselves under the tree.

5And I will bring a morsel (mouthful) of bread to refresh and sustain your hearts before you go on further--for that is why you have come to your servant. And they replied, Do as you have said.

6So Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah and said, Quickly get ready three measures of fine meal, knead it, and bake cakes.

7And Abraham ran to the herd and brought a calf tender and good and gave it to the young man [to butcher]; then he [Abraham] hastened to prepare it.

8And he took curds and milk and the calf which he had made ready, and set it before [the men]; and he stood by them under the tree while they ate.

9And they said to him, Where is Sarah your wife? And he said, [She is here] in the tent.

10[The Lord] said, I will surely return to you when the season comes round, and behold, Sarah your wife will have a son. And Sarah was listening and heard it at the tent door which was behind Him.

11Now Abraham and Sarah were old, well advanced in years; it had ceased to be with Sarah as with [young] women. [She was past the age of childbearing].

12Therefore Sarah laughed to herself, saying, After I have become aged shall I have pleasure and delight, my lord (husband), being old also?

13And the Lord asked Abraham, Why did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I really bear a child when I am so old?

14Is anything too hard or too wonderful for the Lord? At the appointed time, when the season [for her delivery] comes around, I will return to you and Sarah shall have borne a son.

15Then Sarah denied it, saying, I did not laugh; for she was afraid. And He said, No, but you did laugh.

16The men rose up from there and faced toward Sodom, and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

17And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abraham [My friend and servant] what I am going to do,

18Since Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed through him and shall bless themselves by him?

19For I have known (chosen, acknowledged) him [as My own], so that he may teach and command his children and the sons of his house after him to keep the way of the Lord and to do what is just and righteous, so that the Lord may bring Abraham what He has promised him.

20And the Lord said, Because the shriek [of the sins] of Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is exceedingly grievous,

21I will go down now and see whether they have done altogether [as vilely and wickedly] as is the cry of it which has come to Me; and if not, I will know.

22Now the [two] men turned from there and went toward Sodom, but Abraham still stood before the Lord.

23And Abraham came close and said, Will You destroy the righteous (those upright and in right standing with God) together with the wicked?

24Suppose there are in the city fifty righteous; will You destroy the place and not spare it for [the sake of ] the fifty righteous in it?

25Far be it from You to do such a thing--to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as do the wicked! Far be it from You! Shall not the Judge of all the earth execute judgment and do righteously?

26And the Lord said, If I find in the city of Sodom fifty righteous (upright and in right standing with God), I will spare the whole place for their sake.

27Abraham answered, Behold now, I who am but dust and ashes have taken upon myself to speak to the Lord.

28If five of the fifty righteous should be lacking--will You destroy the whole city for lack of five? He said, If I find forty-five, I will not destroy it.

29And [Abraham] spoke to Him yet again, and said, Suppose [only] forty shall be found there. And He said, I will not do it for forty's sake.

30Then [Abraham] said to Him, Oh, let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak [again]. Suppose [only] thirty shall be found there. And He answered, I will not do it if I find thirty there.

31And [Abraham] said, Behold now, I have taken upon myself to speak [again] to the Lord. Suppose [only] twenty shall be found there. And [the Lord] replied, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake.

32And he said, Oh, let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak again only this once. Suppose ten [righteous people] shall be found there. And [the Lord] said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake.

33And the Lord went His way when He had finished speaking with Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place.

19IT WAS evening when the two angels came to Sodom. Lot was sitting at Sodom's [city] gate. Seeing them, Lot rose up to meet them and bowed to the ground.

2And he said, My lords, turn aside, I beg of you, into your servant's house and spend the night and bathe your feet. Then you can arise early and go on your way. But they said, No, we will spend the night in the square.

3[Lot] entreated and urged them greatly until they yielded and [with him] entered his house. And he made them a dinner [with drinking] and had unleavened bread which he baked, and they ate.

4But before they lay down, the men of the city of Sodom, both young and old, all the men from every quarter, surrounded the house.

5And they called to Lot and said, Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us, that we may know (be intimate with) them.

6And Lot went out of the door to the men and shut the door after him

7And said, I beg of you, my brothers, do not behave so wickedly.

8Look now, I have two daughters who are virgins; let me, I beg of you, bring them out to you, and you can do as you please with them. But only do nothing to these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof.

9But they said, Stand back! And they said, This fellow came in to live here temporarily, and now he presumes to be [our] judge! Now we will deal worse with you than with them. So they rushed at and pressed violently against Lot and came close to breaking down the door.

10But the men [the angels] reached out and pulled Lot into the house to them and shut the door after him.

11And they struck the men who were at the door of the house with blindness [which dazzled them], from the youths to the old men, so that they wearied themselves [groping] to find the door.

12And the [two] men asked Lot, Have you any others here--sons-in-law or your sons or your daughters? Whomever you have in the city, bring them out of this place,

13For we will spoil and destroy [Sodom]; for the outcry and shriek against its people has grown great before the Lord, and He has sent us to destroy it.

14And Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were to marry his daughters, and said, Up, get out of this place, for the Lord will spoil and destroy this city! But he seemed to his sons-in-law to be [only] joking.

15When morning came, the angels urged Lot to hurry, saying, Arise, take your wife and two daughters who are here [and be off], lest you [too] be consumed and swept away in the iniquity and punishment of the city.

16But while he lingered, the men seized him and his wife and his two daughters by the hand, for the Lord was merciful to him; and they brought him forth and set him outside the city and left him there.

17And when they had brought them forth, they said, Escape for your life! Do not look behind you or stop anywhere in the whole valley; escape to the mountains [of Moab], lest you be consumed.

18And Lot said to them, Oh, not that, my lords!

19Behold now, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have magnified your kindness and mercy to me in saving my life; but I cannot escape to the mountains, lest the evil overtake me, and I die.

20See now yonder city; it is near enough to flee to, and it is a little one. Oh, let me escape to it! Is it not a little one? And my life will be saved!

21And [the angel] said to him, See, I have yielded to your entreaty concerning this thing also; I will not destroy this city of which you have spoken.

22Make haste and take refuge there, for I cannot do anything until you arrive there. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar [little].

23The sun had risen over the earth when Lot entered Zoar.

24Then the Lord rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of the heavens.

25He overthrew, destroyed, and ended those cities, and all the valley and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.

26But [Lot's] wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

27Abraham went up early the next morning to the place where he [only the day before] had stood before the Lord.

28And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the valley, and saw, and behold, the smoke of the country went up like the smoke of a furnace.

29When God ravaged and destroyed the cities of the plain [of Siddim], He [earnestly] remembered Abraham [imprinted and fixed him indelibly on His mind], and He sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow when He overthrew the cities where Lot lived.

30And Lot went up out of Zoar and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him, for he feared to dwell in Zoar; and he lived in a cave, he and his two daughters.

31The elder said to the younger, Our father is aging, and there is not a man on earth to live with us in the customary way.

32Come, let us make our father drunk with wine, and we will lie with him, so that we may preserve offspring (our race) through our father.

33And they made their father drunk with wine that night, and the older went in and lay with her father; and he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she arose.

34Then the next day the firstborn said to the younger, See here, I lay last night with my father; let us make him drunk with wine tonight also, and then you go in and lie with him, so that we may preserve offspring (our race) through our father.

35And they made their father drunk with wine again that night, and the younger arose and lay with him; and he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she arose.

36Thus both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father.

37The older bore a son, and named him Moab [of a father]; he is the father of the Moabites to this day.

38The younger also bore a son and named him Ben-ammi [son of my people]; he is the father of the Ammonites to this day.

20NOW ABRAHAM journeyed from there toward the South country (the Negeb) and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; and he lived temporarily in Gerar.

2And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister. And Abimelech king of Gerar sent and took Sarah [into his harem].

3But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night and said, Behold, you are a dead man because of the woman whom you have taken [as your own], for she is a man's wife.

4But Abimelech had not come near her, so he said, Lord, will you slay a people who are just and innocent?

5Did not the man tell me, She is my sister? And she herself said, He is my brother. In integrity of heart and innocency of hands I have done this.

6Then God said to him in the dream, Yes, I know you did this in the integrity of your heart, for it was I Who kept you back and spared you from sinning against Me; therefore I did not give you occasion to touch her.

7So now restore to the man his wife, for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and you will live. But if you do not restore her [to him], know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours.

8So Abimelech rose early in the morning and called all his servants and told them all these things; and the men were exceedingly filled with reverence and fear.

9Then Abimelech called Abraham and said to him, What have you done to us? And how have I offended you that you have brought on me and my kingdom a great sin? You have done to me what ought not to be done [to anyone].

10And Abimelech said to Abraham, What did you see [in us] that [justified] you in doing such a thing as this?

11And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely there is no reverence or fear of God at all in this place, and they will slay me because of my wife.

12But truly, she is my sister; she is the daughter of my father but not of my mother; and she became my wife.

13When God caused me to wander from my father's house, I said to her, This kindness you can show me: at every place we stop, say of me, He is my brother.

14Then Abimelech took sheep and oxen and male and female slaves and gave them to Abraham and restored to him Sarah his wife.

15And Abimelech said, Behold, my land is before you; dwell wherever it pleases you.

16And to Sarah he said, Behold, I have given this brother of yours a thousand pieces of silver; see, it is to compensate you [for all that has occurred] and to vindicate your honor before all who are with you; before all men you are cleared and compensated.

17So Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech and his wife and his female slaves, and they bore children,

18For the Lord had closed fast the wombs of all in Abimelech's household because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

21THE LORD visited Sarah as He had said, and the Lord did for her as He had promised.

2For Sarah became pregnant and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time God had told him.

3Abraham named his son whom Sarah bore to him Isaac [laughter].

4And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac when he was eight days old, as God had commanded him.

5Abraham was a hundred years old when Isaac was born.

6And Sarah said, God has made me to laugh; all who hear will laugh with me.

7And she said, Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children at the breast? For I have borne him a son in his old age!

8And the child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.

9Now Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, mocking [Isaac].

10Therefore she said to Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son, for the son of this bondwoman shall not be an heir with my son Isaac.

11And the thing was very grievous (serious, evil) in Abraham's sight on account of his son [Ishmael].

12God said to Abraham, Do not let it seem grievous and evil to you because of the youth and your bondwoman; in all that Sarah has said to you, do what she asks, for in Isaac shall your posterity be called.

13And I will make a nation of the son of the bondwoman also, because he is your offspring.

14So Abraham rose early in the morning and took bread and a bottle of water and gave them to Hagar, putting them on her shoulders, and he sent her and the youth away. And she wandered on [aimlessly] and lost her way in the wilderness of Beersheba.

15When the water in the bottle was all gone, Hagar caused the youth to lie down under one of the shrubs.

16Then she went and sat down opposite him a good way off, about a bowshot, for she said, Let me not see the death of the lad. And as she sat down opposite him, he lifted up his voice and wept and she raised her voice and wept.

17And God heard the voice of the youth, and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven and said to her, What troubles you, Hagar? Fear not, for God has heard the voice of the youth where he is.

18Arise, raise up the youth and support him with your hand, for I intend to make him a great nation.

19Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water; and she went and filled the [empty] bottle with water and caused the youth to drink.

20And God was with the youth, and he developed; and he dwelt in the wilderness and became an archer.

21He dwelt in the Wilderness of Paran; and his mother took a wife for him out of the land of Egypt.

22At that time Abimelech and Phicol the commander of his army said to Abraham, God is with you in everything you do.

23So now, swear to me here by God that you will not deal falsely with me or with my son or with my posterity; but as I have dealt with you kindly, you will do the same with me and with the land in which you have sojourned.

24And Abraham said, I will swear.

25When Abraham complained to and reasoned with Abimelech about a well of water [Abimelech's] servants had violently seized,

26Abimelech said, I know not who did this thing; you did not tell me, and I did not hear of it until today.

27So Abraham took sheep and oxen and gave them to Abimelech, and the two men made a league or covenant.

28Abraham set apart seven ewe lambs of the flock,

29And Abimelech said to Abraham, What do these seven ewe lambs which you have set apart mean?

30He said, You are to accept these seven ewe lambs from me as a witness for me that I dug this well.

31Therefore that place was called Beersheba [well of the oath], because there both parties swore an oath.

32Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba; then Abimelech and Phicol the commander of his army returned to the land of the Philistines.

33Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba and called there on the name of the Lord, the Eternal God.

34And Abraham sojourned in Philistia many days.

22AFTER THESE events, God tested and proved Abraham and said to him, Abraham! And he said, Here I am.

2[God] said, Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the region of Moriah; and offer him there as a burnt offering upon one of the mountains of which I will tell you.

3So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him and his son Isaac; and he split the wood for the burnt offering, and then began the trip to the place of which God had told him.

4On the third day Abraham looked up and saw the place in the distance.

5And Abraham said to his servants, Settle down and stay here with the donkey, and I and the young man will go yonder and worship and come again to you.

6Then Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and laid it on [the shoulders of ] Isaac his son, and he took the fire (the firepot) in his own hand, and a knife; and the two of them went on together.

7And Isaac said to Abraham, My father! And he said, Here I am, my son. [Isaac] said, See, here are the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt sacrifice?

8Abraham said, My son, God Himself will provide a lamb for the burnt offering. So the two went on together.

9When they came to the place of which God had told him, Abraham built an altar there; then he laid the wood in order and bound Isaac his son and laid him on the altar on the wood.

10And Abraham stretched forth his hand and took hold of the knife to slay his son.

11But the Angel of the Lord called to him from heaven and said, Abraham, Abraham! He answered, Here I am.

12And He said, Do not lay your hand on the lad or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear and revere God, since you have not held back from Me or begrudged giving Me your son, your only son.

13Then Abraham looked up and glanced around, and behold, behind him was a ram caught in a thicket by his horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up for a burnt offering and an ascending sacrifice instead of his son!

14So Abraham called the name of that place The Lord Will Provide. And it is said to this day, On the mount of the Lord it will be provided.

15The Angel of the Lord called to Abraham from heaven a second time

16And said, I have sworn by Myself, says the Lord, that since you have done this and have not withheld [from Me] or begrudged [giving Me] your son, your only son,

17In blessing I will bless you and in multiplying I will multiply your descendants like the stars of the heavens and like the sand on the seashore. And your Seed (Heir) will possess the gate of His enemies,

18And in your Seed [ Christ] shall all the nations of the earth be blessed and [by Him] bless themselves, because you have heard and obeyed My voice.

19So Abraham returned to his servants, and they rose up and went with him to Beersheba; there Abraham lived.

20Now after these things, it was told Abraham, Milcah has also borne children to your brother Nahor:

21Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother, Kemuel the father of Aram,

22Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.

23Bethuel became the father of Rebekah. These eight Milcah bore to Nahor, Abraham's brother.

24And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, bore Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.

23SARAH LIVED 127 years; this was the length of the life of Sarah.

2And Sarah died in Kiriath-arba, that is, Hebron, in the land of Canaan. And Abraham went to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.

3And Abraham stood up from before his dead and said to the sons of Heth,

4I am a stranger and a sojourner with you; give me property for a burial place among you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.

5And the Hittites replied to Abraham,

6Listen to us, my lord; you are a mighty prince among us. Bury your dead in any tomb or grave of ours that you choose; none of us will withhold from you his tomb or hinder you from burying your dead.

7And Abraham stood up and bowed himself to the people of the land, the Hittites.

8And he said to them, If you are willing to grant my dead a burial out of my sight, listen to me and ask Ephron son of Zohar for me,

9That he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which he owns--it is at the end of his field. For the full price let him give it to me here in your presence as a burial place to which I may hold fast among you.

10Now Ephron was present there among the sons of Heth; so, in the hearing of all who went in at the gate of his city, Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham, saying,

11No, my lord, hear me; I give you the field, and the cave that is in it I give you. In the presence of the sons of my people I give it to you. Bury your dead.

12Then Abraham bowed himself down before the people of the land.

13And he said to Ephron in the presence of the people of the land, But if you will give it, I beg of you, hear me. I will give you the price of the field; accept it from me, and I will bury my dead there.

14Ephron replied to Abraham, saying,

15My lord, listen to me. The land is worth 400 shekels of silver; what is that between you and me? So bury your dead.

16So Abraham listened to what Ephron said and acted upon it. He weighed to Ephron the silver which he had named in the hearing of the Hittites: 400 shekels of silver, according to the weights current among the merchants.

17So the field of Ephron in Machpelah, which was to the east of Mamre [Hebron]--the field and the cave which was in it, and all the trees that were in the field and in all its borders round about--was made over

18As a possession to Abraham in the presence of the Hittites, before all who went in at his city gate.

19After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah to the east of Mamre, that is, Hebron, in the land of Canaan.

20The field and the cave in it were conveyed to Abraham for a permanent burial place by the sons of Heth.

24NOW ABRAHAM was old, well advanced in years, and the Lord had blessed Abraham in all things.

2And Abraham said to the eldest servant of his house [Eliezer of Damascus], who ruled over all that he had, I beg of you, put your hand under my thigh;

3And you shall swear by the Lord, the God of heaven and earth, that you will not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I have settled,

4But you shall go to my country and to my relatives and take a wife for my son Isaac.

5The servant said to him, But perhaps the woman will not be willing to come along after me to this country. Must I take your son to the country from which you came?

6Abraham said to him, See to it that you do not take my son back there.

7The Lord, the God of heaven, Who took me from my father's house, from the land of my family and my birth, Who spoke to me and swore to me, saying, To your offspring I will give this land--He will send His Angel before you, and you will take a wife from there for my son.

8And if the woman should not be willing to go along after you, then you will be clear from this oath; only you must not take my son back there.

9So the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master and swore to him concerning this matter.

10And the servant took ten of his master's camels and departed, taking some of all his master's treasures with him; thus he journeyed to Mesopotamia [between the Tigris and the Euphrates], to the city of Nahor [Abraham's brother].

11And he made his camels to kneel down outside the city by a well of water at the time of the evening when women go out to draw water.

12And he said, O Lord, God of my master Abraham, I pray You, cause me to meet with good success today, and show kindness to my master Abraham.

13See, I stand here by the well of water, and the daughters of the men of the city are coming to draw water.

14And let it so be that the girl to whom I say, I pray you, let down your jar that I may drink, and she replies, Drink, and I will give your camels drink also--let her be the one whom You have selected and appointed and indicated for Your servant Isaac [to be a wife to him]; and by it I shall know that You have shown kindness and faithfulness to my master.

15Before he had finished speaking, behold, out came Rebekah, who was the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah, who was the wife of Nahor the brother of Abraham, with her water jar on her shoulder.

16And the girl was very beautiful and attractive, chaste and modest, and unmarried. And she went down to the well, filled her water jar, and came up.

17And the servant ran to meet her, and said, I pray you, let me drink a little water from your water jar.

18And she said, Drink, my lord; and she quickly let down her jar onto her hand and gave him a drink.

19When she had given him a drink, she said, I will draw water for your camels also, until they finish drinking.

20So she quickly emptied her jar into the trough and ran again to the well and drew water for all his camels.

21The man stood gazing at her in silence, waiting to know if the Lord had made his trip prosperous.

22And when the camels had finished drinking, the man took a gold earring or nose ring of half a shekel in weight, and for her hands two bracelets of ten shekels in weight in gold,

23And said, Whose daughter are you? I pray you, tell me: Is there room in your father's house for us to lodge there?

24And she said to him, I am the daughter of Bethuel son of Milcah and [her husband] Nahor.

25She said also to him, We have both straw and provender (fodder) enough, and also room in which to lodge.

26The man bowed down his head and worshiped the Lord

27And said, Blessed be the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, Who has not left my master bereft and destitute of His loving-kindness and steadfastness. As for me, going on the way [of obedience and faith] the Lord led me to the house of my master's kinsmen.

28The girl related to her mother's household what had happened.

29Now Rebekah had a brother whose name was Laban, and Laban ran out to the man at the well.

30For when he saw the earring or nose ring, and the bracelets on his sister's arms, and when he heard Rebekah his sister saying, The man said this to me, he went to the man and found him standing by the camels at the well.

31He cried, Come in, you blessed of the Lord! Why do you stand outside? For I have made the house ready and have prepared a place for the camels.

32So the man came into the house; and [Laban] ungirded his camels and gave straw and provender for the camels and water to bathe his feet and the feet of the men who were with him.

33A meal was set before him, but he said, I will not eat until I have told of my errand. And [Laban] said, Speak on.

34And he said, I am Abraham's servant.

35And the Lord has blessed my master mightily, and he has become great; and He has given him flocks, herds, silver, gold, menservants, maidservants, camels, and asses.

36And Sarah my master's wife bore a son to my master when she was old, and to him he has given all that he has.

37And my master made me swear, saying, You must not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, in whose land I dwell,

38But you shall go to my father's house and to my family and take a wife for my son.

39And I said to my master, But suppose the woman will not follow me.

40And he said to me, The Lord, in Whose presence I walk [habitually], will send His Angel with you and prosper your way, and you will take a wife for my son from my kindred and from my father's house.

41Then you shall be clear from my oath, when you come to my kindred; and if they do not give her to you, you shall be free and innocent of my oath.

42I came today to the well and said, O Lord, God of my master Abraham, if You are now causing me to go on my way prosperously--

43See, I am standing by the well of water; now let it be that when the maiden comes out to draw water and I say to her, I pray you, give me a little water from your [water] jar to drink,

44And if she says to me, You drink, and I will draw water for your camels also, let that same woman be the one whom the Lord has selected and indicated for my master's son.

45And before I had finished praying in my heart, behold, Rebekah came out with her [water] jar on her shoulder, and she went down to the well and drew water. And I said to her, I pray you, let me have a drink.

46And she quickly let down her [water] jar from her shoulder and said, Drink, and I will water your camels also. So I drank, and she gave the camels drink also.

47I asked her, Whose daughter are you? She said, The daughter of Bethuel, Nahor's son, whom Milcah bore to him. And I put the earring or nose ring on her face and the bracelets on her arms.

48And I bowed down my head and worshiped the Lord and blessed the Lord, the God of my master Abraham, Who had led me in the right way to take my master's brother's daughter to his son.

49And now if you will deal kindly and truly with my master [showing faithfulness to him], tell me; and if not, tell me, that I may turn to the right or to the left.

50Then Laban and Bethuel answered, The thing comes forth from the Lord; we cannot speak bad or good to you.

51Rebekah is before you; take her and go, and let her be the wife of your master's son, as the Lord has said.

52And when Abraham's servant heard their words, he bowed himself to the ground before the Lord.

53And the servant brought out jewels of silver, jewels of gold, and garments and gave them to Rebekah; he also gave precious things to her brother and her mother.

54Then they ate and drank, he and the men who were with him, and stayed there all night. And in the morning they arose, and he said. Send me away to my master.

55But [Rebekah's] brother and mother said, Let the girl stay with us a few days--at least ten; then she may go.

56But [the servant] said to them, Do not hinder and delay me, seeing that the Lord has caused me to go prosperously on my way. Send me away, that I may go to my master.

57And they said, We will call the girl and ask her [what is] her desire.

58So they called Rebekah and said to her, Will you go with this man? And she said, I will go.

59So they sent away Rebekah their sister and her nurse [Deborah] and Abraham's servant and his men.

60And they blessed Rebekah and said to her, You are our sister; may you become the mother of thousands of ten thousands, and let your posterity possess the gate of their enemies.

61And Rebekah and her maids arose and followed the man upon their camels. Thus the servant took Rebekah and went on his way.

62Now Isaac had returned from going to the well Beer-lahai-roi [A well to the Living One Who sees me], for he [now] dwelt in the South country (the Negeb).

63And Isaac went out to meditate and bow down [in prayer] in the open country in the evening; and he looked up and saw that, behold, the camels were coming.

64And Rebekah looked up, and when she saw Isaac, she dismounted from the camel.

65For she [had] said to the servant, Who is that man walking across the field to meet us? And the servant [had] said, He is my master. So she took a veil and concealed herself with it.

66And the servant told Isaac everything that he had done.

67And Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah's tent, and he took Rebekah and she became his wife, and he loved her; thus Isaac was comforted after his mother's death.

25ABRAHAM TOOK another wife, and her name was Keturah.

2And she bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.

3Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim.

4The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah.

5And Abraham gave all that he had to Isaac.

6But to the sons of his concubines [Hagar and Keturah] Abraham gave gifts, and while he was still living he sent them to the east country, away from Isaac his son [of promise].

7The days of Abraham's life were 175 years.

8Then Abraham's spirit was released, and he died at a good (ample, full) old age, an old man, satisfied and satiated, and was gathered to his people.

9And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is east of Mamre,

10The field which Abraham purchased from the Hittites. There Abraham was buried with Sarah his wife.

11After the death of Abraham, God blessed his son Isaac, and Isaac dwelt at Beer-lahai-roi [A well to the Living One Who sees me].

12Now this is the history of the descendants of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bore to Abraham.

13These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, named in the order of their births: Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael, and Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,

14Mishma, Dumah, Massa,

15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah.

16These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their villages and by their encampments (sheepfolds)--twelve princes according to their tribes. [Foretold in Gen. 17:20.]

17And Ishmael lived 137 years; then his spirit left him, and he died and was gathered to his kindred.

18And [Ishmael's sons] dwelt from Havilah to Shur, which is before Egypt in the direction of Assyria. [Ishmael] dwelt close [to the lands] of all his brethren.

19And this is the history of the descendants of Isaac, Abraham's son: Abraham was the father of Isaac.

20Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Padan-aram, the sister of Laban the Aramean.

21And Isaac prayed much to the Lord for his wife because she was unable to bear children; and the Lord granted his prayer, and Rebekah his wife became pregnant.

22[Two] children struggled together within her; and she said, If it is so [that the Lord has heard our prayer], why am I like this? And she went to inquire of the Lord.

23The Lord said to her, [The founders of] two nations are in your womb, and the separation of two peoples has begun in your body; the one people shall be stronger than the other, and the elder shall serve the younger.

24When her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb.

25The first came out red all over like a hairy garment, and they named him Esau [hairy].

26Afterward his brother came forth, and his hand grasped Esau's heel; so he was named Jacob [supplanter]. Isaac was sixty years old when she gave birth to them.

27When the boys grew up, Esau was a cunning and skilled hunter, a man of the outdoors; but Jacob was a plain and quiet man, dwelling in tents.

28And Isaac loved [and was partial to] Esau, because he ate of Esau's game; but Rebekah loved Jacob.

29Jacob was boiling pottage (lentil stew) one day, when Esau came from the field and was faint [with hunger].

30And Esau said to Jacob, I beg of you, let me have some of that red lentil stew to eat, for I am faint and famished! That is why his name was called Edom [red].

31Jacob answered, Then sell me today your birthright (the rights of a firstborn).

32Esau said, See here, I am at the point of death; what good can this birthright do me?

33Jacob said, Swear to me today [that you are selling it to me]; and he swore to [Jacob] and sold him his birthright.

34Then Jacob gave Esau bread and stew of lentils, and he ate and drank and rose up and went his way. Thus Esau scorned his birthright as beneath his notice.

26AND THERE was a famine in the land, other than the former famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went to Gerar, to Abimelech king of the Philistines.

2And the Lord appeared to him and said, Do not go down to Egypt; live in the land of which I will tell you.

3Dwell temporarily in this land, and I will be with you and will favor you with blessings; for to you and to your descendants I will give all these lands, and I will perform the oath which I swore to Abraham your father.

4And I will make your descendants to multiply as the stars of the heavens, and will give to your posterity all these lands (kingdoms); and by your Offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, or by Him bless themselves,

5For Abraham listened to and obeyed My voice and kept My charge, My commands, My statutes, and My laws.

6So Isaac stayed in Gerar.

7And the men of the place asked him about his wife, and he said, She is my sister; for he was afraid to say, She is my wife--[thinking], Lest the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah, because she is attractive and is beautiful to look upon.

8When he had been there a long time, Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out of a window and saw Isaac caressing Rebekah his wife.

9And Abimelech called Isaac and said, See here, she is certainly your wife! How did you [dare] say to me, She is my sister? And Isaac said to him, Because I thought, Lest I die on account of her.

10And Abimelech said, What is this you have done to us? One of the men might easily have lain with your wife, and you would have brought guilt and sin upon us.

11Then Abimelech charged all his people, He who touches this man or his wife shall surely be put to death.

12Then Isaac sowed seed in that land and received in the same year a hundred times as much as he had planted, and the Lord favored him with blessings.

13And the man became great and gained more and more until he became very wealthy and distinguished;

14He owned flocks, herds, and a great supply of servants, and the Philistines envied him.

15Now all the wells which his father's servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines had closed and filled with earth.

16And Abimelech said to Isaac, Go away from us, for you are much mightier than we are.

17So Isaac went away from there and pitched his tent in the Valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.

18And Isaac dug again the wells of water which had been dug in the days of Abraham his father, for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham; and he gave them the names by which his father had called them.

19Now Isaac's servants dug in the valley and found there a well of living [spring] water.

20And the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled with Isaac's herdsmen, saying, The water is ours. And he named the well Esek [contention] because they quarreled with him.

21Then [his servants] dug another well, and they quarreled over that also; so he named it Sitnah [enmity].

22And he moved away from there and dug another well, and for that one they did not quarrel. He named it Rehoboth [room], saying, For now the Lord has made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.

23Now he went up from there to Beersheba.

24And the Lord appeared to him the same night and said, I am the God of Abraham your father. Fear not, for I am with you and will favor you with blessings and multiply your descendants for the sake of My servant Abraham.

25And [Isaac] built an altar there and called on the name of the Lord and pitched his tent there; and there Isaac's servants were digging a well.

26Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar with Ahuzzah, one of his friends, and Phicol, his army's commander.

27And Isaac said to them, Why have you come to me, seeing that you hate me and have sent me away from you?

28They said, We saw that the Lord was certainly with you; so we said, Let there be now an oath between us [carrying a curse with it to befall the one who breaks it], even between you and us, and let us make a covenant with you

29That you will do us no harm, inasmuch as we have not touched you and have done to you nothing but good and have sent you away in peace. You are now the blessed or favored of the Lord!

30And he made them a [formal] dinner, and they ate and drank.

31And they rose up early in the morning and took oaths [with a curse] with one another; and Isaac sent them on their way and they departed from him in peace.

32That same day Isaac's servants came and told him about the well they had dug, saying, We have found water!

33And he named [the well] Shibah; therefore the name of the city is Beersheba [well of the oath] to this day.

34Now Esau was 40 years old when he took as wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite.

35And they made life bitter and a grief of mind and spirit for Isaac and Rebekah [their parents-in-law].

27WHEN ISAAC was old and his eyes were dim so that he could not see, he called Esau his elder son, and said to him, My son! And he answered him, Here I am.

2He said, See here now; I am old, I do not know when I may die.

3So now, I pray you, take your weapons, your [arrows in a] quiver and your bow, and go out into the open country and hunt game for me,

4And prepare me appetizing meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat of it, [preparatory] to giving you my blessing [as my firstborn] before I die.

5But Rebekah heard what Isaac said to Esau his son; and when Esau had gone to the open country to hunt for game that he might bring it,

6Rebekah said to Jacob her younger son, See here, I heard your father say to Esau your brother,

7Bring me game and make me appetizing meat, so that I may eat and declare my blessing upon you before the Lord before my death.

8So now, my son, do exactly as I command you.

9Go now to the flock, and from it bring me two good and suitable kids; and I will make them into appetizing meat for your father, such as he loves.

10And you shall bring it to your father, that he may eat and declare his blessing upon you before his death.

11But Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Listen, Esau my brother is a hairy man and I am a smooth man.

12Suppose my father feels me; I will seem to him to be a cheat and an imposter, and I will bring [his] curse on me and not [his] blessing.

13But his mother said to him, On me be your curse, my son; only obey my word and go, fetch them to me.

14So [Jacob] went, got [the kids], and brought them to his mother; and his mother prepared appetizing meat with a delightful odor, such as his father loved.

15Then Rebekah took her elder son Esau's best clothes which were with her in the house, and put them on Jacob her younger son.

16And she put the skins of the kids on his hands and on the smooth part of his neck.

17And she gave the savory meat and the bread which she had prepared into the hand of her son Jacob.

18So he went to his father and said, My father. And he said, Here am I; who are you, my son?

19And Jacob said to his father, I am Esau your firstborn; I have done what you told me to do. Now sit up and eat of my game, so that you may proceed to bless me.

20And Isaac said to his son, How is it that you have found the game so quickly, my son? And he said, Because the Lord your God caused it to come to me.

21But Isaac said to Jacob, Come close to me, I beg of you, that I may feel you, my son, and know whether you really are my son Esau or not.

22So Jacob went near to Isaac, and his father felt him and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.

23He could not identify him, because his hands were hairy like his brother Esau's hands; so he blessed him.

24But he said, Are you really my son Esau? He answered, I am.

25Then [Isaac] said, Bring it to me and I will eat of my son's game, that I may bless you. He brought it to him and he ate; and he brought him wine and he drank.

26Then his father Isaac said, Come near and kiss me, my son.

27So he came near and kissed him; and [Isaac] smelled his clothing and blessed him and said, The scent of my son is as the odor of a field which the Lord has blessed.

28And may God give you of the dew of the heavens and of the fatness of the earth and abundance of grain and [new] wine;

29Let peoples serve you and nations bow down to you; be master over your brothers, and let your mother's sons bow down to you. Let everyone be cursed who curses you and favored with blessings who blesses you.

30As soon as Isaac had finished blessing Jacob and Jacob was scarcely gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, Esau his brother came in from his hunting.

31Esau had also prepared savory food and brought it to his father and said to him, Let my father arise and eat of his son's game, that you may bless me.

32And Isaac his father said to him, Who are you? And he replied, I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.

33Then Isaac trembled and shook violently, and he said, Who? Where is he who has hunted game and brought it to me, and I ate of it all before you came and I have blessed him? Yes, and he shall be blessed.

34When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried out with a great and bitter cry and said to his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father!

35[Isaac] said, Your brother came with crafty cunning and treacherous deceit and has taken your blessing.

36[Esau] replied, Is he not rightly named Jacob [the supplanter]? For he has supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright, and now he has taken away my blessing! Have you not still a blessing reserved for me?

37And Isaac answered Esau, Behold, I have made [Jacob] your lord and master; I have given all his brethren to him for servants, and with corn and [new] wine have I sustained him. What then can I do for you, my son?

38Esau said to his father, Have you only one blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, O my father! And Esau lifted up [could not control] his voice and wept aloud.

39Then Isaac his father answered, Your [blessing and] dwelling shall all come from the fruitfulness of the earth and from the dew of the heavens above;

40By your sword you shall live and serve your brother. But [the time shall come] when you will grow restive and break loose, and you shall tear his yoke from off your neck.

41And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him; and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are very near. When [he is gone] I will kill my brother Jacob.

42These words of Esau her elder son were repeated to Rebekah. She sent for Jacob her younger son and said to him, See here, your brother Esau comforts himself concerning you [by intending] to kill you.

43So now, my son, do what I tell you; arise, flee to my brother Laban in Haran;

44Linger and dwell with him for a while until your brother's fury is spent.

45When your brother's anger is diverted from you, he will forget [the wrong] that you have done him. Then I will send and bring you back from there. Why should I be deprived of both of you in one day?

46Then Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth [these wives of Esau]! If Jacob takes a wife of the daughters of Heth such as these Hittite girls around here, what good will my life be to me?

28SO ISAAC called Jacob and blessed him and commanded him, You shall not marry one of the women of Canaan.

2Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Bethuel your mother's father, and take from there as a wife one of the daughters of Laban your mother's brother.

3May God Almighty bless you and make you fruitful and multiply you until you become a group of peoples.

4May He give the blessing [He gave to] Abraham to you and your descendants with you, that you may inherit the land He gave to Abraham, in which you are a sojourner.

5Thus Isaac sent Jacob away. He went to Padan-aram, to Laban son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob and Esau's mother.

6Now Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him to Padan-aram to take him a wife from there, and that as he blessed him, he gave him a charge, saying, You shall not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan;

7And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother and had gone to Padan-aram.

8Also Esau saw that the daughters of Canaan did not please Isaac his father.

9So Esau went to Ishmael and took to be his wife, [in addition] to the wives he [already] had, Mahalath daughter of Ishmael, Abraham's son, the sister of Nebaioth.

10And Jacob left Beersheba and went toward Haran.

11And he came to a certain place and stayed there overnight, because the sun was set. Taking one of the stones of the place, he put it under his head and lay down there to sleep.

12And he dreamed that there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and the angels of God were ascending and descending on it!

13And behold, the Lord stood over and beside him and said, I am the Lord, the God of Abraham your father [forefather] and the God of Isaac; I will give to you and to your descendants the land on which you are lying.

14And your offspring shall be as [countless as] the dust or sand of the ground, and you shall spread abroad to the west and the east and the north and the south; and by you and your Offspring shall all the families of the earth be blessed and bless themselves.

15And behold, I am with you and will keep (watch over you with care, take notice of) you wherever you may go, and I will bring you back to this land; for I will not leave you until I have done all of which I have told you.

16And Jacob awoke from his sleep and he said, Surely the Lord is in this place and I did not know it.

17He was afraid and said, How to be feared and reverenced is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gateway to heaven!

18And Jacob rose early in the morning and took the stone he had put under his head, and he set it up for a pillar (a monument to the vision in his dream), and he poured oil on its top [in dedication].

19And he named that place Bethel [the house of God]; but the name of that city was Luz at first.

20Then Jacob made a vow, saying, If God will be with me and will keep me in this way that I go and will give me food to eat and clothing to wear,

21So that I may come again to my father's house in peace, then the Lord shall be my God;

22And this stone which I have set up as a pillar (monument) shall be God's house [a sacred place to me], and of all [the increase of possessions] that You give me I will give the tenth to You.

29THEN JACOB went [briskly and cheerfully] on his way [400 miles] and came to the land of the people of the East.

2As he looked, he saw a well in the field; and behold, there were three flocks of sheep lying by it, for out of that well the flocks were watered. The stone on the well's mouth was a big one,

3And when all the flocks were gathered there, [the shepherds] would roll the stone from the well's mouth, water the sheep, and replace the stone on the well's mouth.

4And Jacob said to them, My brothers, where are you from? And they said, We are from Haran.

5[Jacob] said to them, Do you know Laban the grandson of Nahor? And they said, We know him.

6He said to them, Is it well with him? And they said, He is doing well; and behold, here comes his daughter Rachel with [his] sheep!

7He said, The sun is still high; it is a long time yet before the flocks need be gathered [in their folds]. [Why not] water the sheep and return them to their pasture?

8But they said, We cannot until all the flocks are gathered together; then [the shepherds] roll the stone from the well's mouth and we water the sheep.

9While he was still talking with them, Rachel came with her father's sheep, for she shepherded them.

10When Jacob saw Rachel daughter of Laban, his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his uncle, Jacob went near and rolled the stone from the well's mouth and watered the flock of his uncle Laban.

11Then Jacob kissed Rachel and he wept aloud.

12Jacob told Rachel he was her father's relative, Rebekah's son; and she ran and told her father.

13When Laban heard of the arrival of Jacob his sister's son, he ran to meet him, and embraced and kissed him and brought him to his house. And [Jacob] told Laban all these things.

14Then Laban said to him, Surely you are my bone and my flesh. And [Jacob] stayed with him a month.

15Then Laban said to Jacob, Just because you are my relative, should you work for me for nothing? Tell me, what shall your wages be?

16Now Laban had two daughters; the name of the elder was Leah and the name of the younger was Rachel.

17Leah's eyes were weak and dull looking, but Rachel was beautiful and attractive.

18And Jacob loved Rachel; so he said, I will work for you for seven years for Rachel your younger daughter.

19And Laban said, It is better that I give her to you than to another man. Stay and live with me.

20And Jacob served seven years for Rachel; and they seemed to him but a few days because of the love he had for her.

21Finally, Jacob said to Laban, Give me my wife, for my time is completed, so that I may take her to me.

22And Laban gathered together all the men of the place and made a feast [with drinking].

23But when night came, he took Leah his daughter and brought her to [Jacob], who had intercourse with her.

24And Laban gave Zilpah his maid to his daughter Leah to be her maid.

25But in the morning [Jacob saw his wife, and] behold, it was Leah! And he said to Laban, What is this you have done to me? Did I not work for you [all those seven years] for Rachel? Why then have you deceived and cheated and thrown me down [like this]?

26And Laban said, It is not permitted in our country to give the younger [in marriage] before the elder.

27Finish the [wedding feast] week [for Leah]; then we will give you [Rachel] also, and you shall work for me yet seven more years in return.

28So Jacob complied and fulfilled [Leah's] week; then [Laban] gave him Rachel his daughter as his wife.

29(And Laban gave Bilhah his maid to Rachel his daughter to be her maid.)

30And Jacob lived with Rachel also as his wife, and he loved Rachel more than Leah and served [Laban] another seven years [for her].

31And when the Lord saw that Leah was despised, He made her able to bear children, but Rachel was barren.

32And Leah became pregnant and bore a son and named him Reuben [See, a son!]; for she said, Because the Lord has seen my humiliation and affliction; now my husband will love me.

33[Leah] became pregnant again and bore a son and said, Because the Lord heard that I am despised, He has given me this son also; and she named him Simeon [God hears].

34And she became pregnant again and bore a son and said, Now this time will my husband be a companion to me, for I have borne him three sons. Therefore he was named Levi [companion].

35Again she conceived and bore a son, and she said, Now will I praise the Lord! So she called his name Judah [praise]; then [for a time] she ceased bearing.

30WHEN RACHEL saw that she bore Jacob no children, she envied her sister, and said to Jacob, Give me children, or else I will die!

2And Jacob became very angry with Rachel and he said, Am I in God's stead, Who has denied you children?

3And she said, See here, take my maid Bilhah and have intercourse with her; and [when the baby comes] she shall deliver it upon my knees, that I by her may also have children.

4And she gave him Bilhah her maid as a [secondary] wife, and Jacob had intercourse with her.

5And Bilhah became pregnant and bore Jacob a son.

6And Rachel said, God has judged and vindicated me, and has heard my plea and has given me a son; so she named him Dan [judged].

7And Bilhah, Rachel's maid, conceived again and bore Jacob a second son.

8And Rachel said, With mighty wrestlings [in prayer to God] I have struggled with my sister and have prevailed; so she named him [this second son Bilhah bore] Naphtali [struggled].

9When Leah saw that she had ceased to bear, she gave Zilpah her maid to Jacob as a [secondary] wife.

10And Zilpah, Leah's maid, bore Jacob a son.

11Then Leah said, Victory and good fortune have come; and she named him Gad [fortune].

12Zilpah, Leah's maid, bore Jacob [her] second son.

13And Leah said, I am happy, for women will call me blessed (happy, fortunate, to be envied); and she named him Asher [happy].

14Now Reuben went at the time of wheat harvest and found some mandrakes (love apples) in the field and brought them to his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray you, some of your son's mandrakes.

15But [Leah] answered, Is it not enough that you have taken my husband without your taking away my son's mandrakes also? And Rachel said, Jacob shall sleep with you tonight [in exchange] for your son's mandrakes.

16And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him and said, You must sleep with me [tonight], for I have certainly paid your hire with my son's mandrakes. So he slept with her that night.

17And God heeded Leah's [prayer], and she conceived and bore Jacob [her] fifth son.

18Leah said, God has given me my hire, because I have given my maid to my husband; and she called his name Issachar [hired].

19And Leah became pregnant again and bore Jacob [her] sixth son.

20Then Leah said, God has endowed me with a good marriage gift [for my husband]; now will he dwell with me [and regard me as his wife in reality], because I have borne him six sons; and she named him Zebulun [dwelling].

21Afterwards she bore a daughter and called her Dinah.

22Then God remembered Rachel and answered her pleading and made it possible for her to have children.

23And [now for the first time] she became pregnant and bore a son; and she said, God has taken away my reproach, disgrace, and humiliation.

24And she called his name Joseph [may he add] and said, May the Lord add to me another son.

25When Rachel had borne Joseph, Jacob said to Laban, Send me away, that I may go to my own place and country.

26Give me my wives and my children, for whom I have served you, and let me go; for you know the work which I have done for you.

27And Laban said to him, If I have found favor in your sight, I pray you [do not go]; for I have learned by experience and from the omens in divination that the Lord has favored me with blessings on your account.

28He said, State your salary and I will give it.

29Jacob answered him, You know how I have served you, and how your possessions, your cattle and sheep and goats, have fared with me.

30For you had little before I came, and it has increased and multiplied abundantly; and the Lord has favored you with blessings wherever I turned. But now, when shall I provide for my own house also?

31[Laban] said, What shall I give you? And Jacob said, You shall not give me anything, if you will do this one thing for me [of which I am about to tell you], and I will again feed and take care of your flock.

32Let me pass through all your flock today, removing from it every speckled and spotted animal and every black one among the sheep, and the spotted and speckled among the goats; and such shall be my wages.

33So later when the matter of my wages is brought before you, my fair dealing will be evident and answer for me. Every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats and black among the sheep, if found with me, shall be counted as stolen.

34And Laban said, Good; let it be done as you say.

35But that same day [Laban] removed the he-goats that were streaked and spotted and all the she-goats that were speckled and spotted, every one that had white on it, and every black lamb, and put them in charge of his sons.

36And he set [a distance of] three days' journey between himself and Jacob; and Jacob was then left in care of the rest of Laban's flock.

37But Jacob took fresh rods of poplar and almond and plane trees and peeled white streaks in them, exposing the white in the rods.

38Then he set the rods which he had peeled in front of the flocks in the watering troughs where the flocks came to drink. And since they bred and conceived when they came to drink,

39The flocks bred and conceived in sight of the rods and brought forth lambs and kids streaked, speckled, and spotted.

40Jacob separated the lambs, and [as he had done with the peeled rods] he also set the faces of the flocks toward the streaked and all the dark in the [new] flock of Laban; and he put his own droves by themselves and did not let them breed with Laban's flock.

41And whenever the stronger animals were breeding, Jacob laid the rods in the watering troughs before the eyes of the flock, that they might breed and conceive among the rods.

42But when the sheep and goats were feeble, he omitted putting the rods there; so the feebler animals were Laban's and the stronger Jacob's.

43Thus the man increased and became exceedingly rich, and had many sheep and goats, and maidservants, menservants, camels, and donkeys.

31JACOB HEARD Laban's sons complaining, Jacob has taken away all that was our father's; he has acquired all this wealth and honor from what belonged to our father.

2And Jacob noticed that Laban looked at him less favorably than before.

3Then the Lord said to Jacob, Return to the land of your fathers and to your people, and I will be with you.

4So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the field to his flock,

5And he said to them, I see how your father looks at me, that he is not [friendly] toward me as before; but the God of my father has been with me.

6You know that I have served your father with all my might and power.

7But your father has deceived me and changed my wages ten times, but God did not allow him to hurt me.

8If he said, The speckled shall be your wages, then all the flock bore speckled; and if he said, The streaked shall be your hire, then all the flock bore streaked.

9Thus God has taken away the flocks of your father and given them to me.

10And I had a dream at the time the flock conceived. I looked up and saw that the rams which mated with the she-goats were streaked, speckled, and spotted.

11And the Angel of God said to me in the dream, Jacob. And I said, Here am I.

12And He said, Look up and see, all the rams which mate with the flock are streaked, speckled, and mottled; for I have seen all that Laban does to you.

13I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed the pillar and where you vowed a vow to Me. Now arise, get out from this land and return to your native land.

14And Rachel and Leah answered him, Is there any portion or inheritance for us in our father's house?

15Are we not counted by him as strangers? For he sold us and has also quite devoured our money [the price you paid for us].

16For all the riches which God has taken from our father are ours and our children's. Now then, whatever God has said to you, do it.

17Then Jacob rose up and set his sons and his wives upon the camels;

18And he drove away all his livestock and all his gain which he had gotten, the livestock he had obtained and accumulated in Padan-aram, to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan.

19Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep [possibly to the feast of sheepshearing], and Rachel stole her father's household gods.

20And Jacob outwitted Laban the Syrian [Aramean] in that he did not tell him that he [intended] to flee and slip away secretly.

21So he fled with all that he had, and arose and crossed the river [Euphrates] and set his face toward the hill country of Gilead.

22But on the third day Laban was told that Jacob had fled.

23So he took his kinsmen with him and pursued after [Jacob] for seven days, and they overtook him in the hill country of Gilead.

24But God came to Laban the Syrian [Aramean] in a dream by night and said to him, Be careful that you do not speak from good to bad to Jacob [peaceably, then violently].

25Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent on the hill, and Laban coming with his kinsmen pitched [his tents] on the same hill of Gilead.

26And Laban said to Jacob, What do you mean stealing away and leaving like this without my knowing it, and carrying off my daughters as if captives of the sword?

27Why did you flee secretly and cheat me and did not tell me, so that I might have sent you away with joy and gladness and with singing, with tambourine and lyre?

28And why did you not permit me to kiss my sons [grandchildren] and my daughters good-bye? Now you have done foolishly [in behaving like this].

29It is in my power to do you harm; but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, Be careful that you do not speak from good to bad to Jacob [peaceably, then violently].

30And now you felt you must go because you were homesick for your father's house, but why did you steal my [household] gods?

31Jacob answered Laban, Because I was afraid; for I thought, Suppose you would take your daughters from me by force.

32The one with whom you find those gods of yours, let him not live. Here before our kinsmen [search my possessions and] take whatever you find that belongs to you. For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen [the images].

33So Laban went into Jacob's tent and into Leah's tent and the tent of the two maids, but he did not find them. Then he went from Leah's tent into Rachel's tent.

34Now Rachel had taken the images (gods) and put them in the camel's saddle and sat on them. Laban searched and felt through all the tent, but did not find them.

35And [Rachel] said to her father, Do not be displeased, my lord, that I cannot rise up before you, for the period of women is upon me and I am unwell. And he searched, but did not find the gods.

36Then Jacob became angry and reproached and argued with Laban. And Jacob said to Laban, What is my fault? What is my sin, that you so hotly pursued me?

37Although you have searched and felt through all my household possessions, what have you found of all your household goods? Put it here before my brethren and yours, that they may judge and decide between us.

38These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your she-goats have not lost their young, and the rams of your flock have not been eaten by me.

39I did not bring you [the carcasses of the animals] torn by wild beasts; I bore the loss of it; you required of me [to make good] all that was stolen, whether it occurred by day or by night.

40This was [my lot]; by day the heat consumed me and by night the cold, and I could not sleep.

41I have been twenty years in your house. I served you fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flocks; and you have changed my wages ten times.

42And if the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Dread [lest he should fall] and Fear [lest he offend] of Isaac, had not been with me, surely you would have sent me away now empty-handed. God has seen my affliction and humiliation and the [wearying] labor of my hands and rebuked you last night.

43Laban answered Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, these children are my children, these flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do today to these my daughters or to their children whom they have borne?

44So come now, let us make a covenant or league, you and I, and let it be for a witness between you and me.

45So Jacob set up a stone for a pillar or monument.

46And Jacob said to his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones and made a heap, and they ate [together] there upon the heap.

47Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha [witness heap, in Aramaic ], but Jacob called it Galeed [ witness heap, in Hebrew. ]

48Laban said, This heap is a witness today between you and me. Therefore it was named Galeed.

49And [the pillar or monument was called] Mizpah [watchpost], for he [Laban] said, May the Lord watch between you and me when we are absent and hidden one from another.

50If you should afflict, humiliate, or lower [divorce] my daughters, or if you should take other wives beside my daughters, although no man is with us [to witness], see (remember), God is witness between you and me.

51And Laban said to Jacob, See this heap and this pillar, which I have set up between you and me.

52This heap is a witness and this pillar is a witness, that I will not pass by this heap to you, and that you will not pass by this heap and this pillar to me, for harm.

53The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, and the god [the object of worship] of their father [Terah, an idolator], judge between us. But Jacob swore [only] by [the one true God] the Dread and Fear of his father Isaac.

54Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain and called his brethren to eat food; and they ate food and lingered all night on the mountain.

55And early in the morning Laban rose up and kissed his grandchildren and his daughters and pronounced a blessing [asking God's favor] on them. Then Laban departed and returned to his home.

32THEN JACOB went on his way, and God's angels met him.

2When Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's army! So he named that place Mahanaim [two armies].

3And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother in the land of Seir, the country of Edom.

4And he commanded them, Say this to my lord Esau: Your servant Jacob says this: I have been living temporarily with Laban and have stayed there till now.

5And I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, menservants, and women servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find mercy and kindness in your sight.

6And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to your brother Esau; and now he is [on the way] to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.

7Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two groups,

8Thinking, If Esau comes to the one group and smites it, then the other group which is left will escape.

9Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the Lord Who said to me, Return to your country and to your people and I will do you good,

10I am not worthy of the least of all the mercy and loving-kindness and all the faithfulness which You have shown to Your servant, for with [only] my staff I passed over this Jordan [long ago], and now I have become two companies.

11Deliver me, I pray You, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, lest he come and smite [us all], the mothers with the children.

12And You said, I will surely do you good and make your descendants as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.

13And Jacob lodged there that night and took from what he had with him as a present for his brother Esau:

14Two hundred she-goats, 20 he-goats, 200 ewes, 20 rams,

15Thirty milk camels with their colts, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 she-donkeys, and 10 [donkey] colts.

16And he put them into the charge of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, Pass over before me and put a space between drove and drove.

17And he commanded the first, When Esau my brother meets you and asks to whom you belong, where you are going, and whose are the animals before you,

18Then you shall say, They are your servant Jacob's; it is a present sent to my lord Esau; and moreover, he is behind us.

19And so he commanded the second and the third and all that followed the droves, saying, This is what you are to say to Esau when you meet him.

20And say, Moreover, your servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me.

21So the present went on before him, and he himself lodged that night in the camp.

22But he rose up that [same] night and took his two wives, his two women servants, and his eleven sons and passed over the ford [of the] Jabbok.

23And he took them and sent them across the brook; also he sent over all that he had.

24And Jacob was left alone, and a Man wrestled with him until daybreak.

25And when [the Man] saw that He did not prevail against [Jacob], He touched the hollow of his thigh; and Jacob's thigh was put out of joint as he wrestled with Him.

26Then He said, Let Me go, for day is breaking. But [Jacob] said, I will not let You go unless You declare a blessing upon me.

27[The Man] asked him, What is your name? And [in shock of realization, whispering] he said, Jacob [supplanter, schemer, trickster, swindler]!

28And He said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob [supplanter], but Israel [contender with God]; for you have contended and have power with God and with men and have prevailed.

29Then Jacob asked Him, Tell me, I pray You, what [in contrast] is Your name? But He said, Why is it that you ask My name? And [the Angel of God declared] a blessing on [Jacob] there.

30And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel [the face of God], saying, For I have seen God face to face, and my life is spared and not snatched away.

31And as he passed Penuel [Peniel], the sun rose upon him, and he was limping because of his thigh.

32That is why to this day the Israelites do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the hollow of the thigh, because [the Angel of the Lord] touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh on the sinew of the hip.

33AND JACOB raised his eyes and looked, and behold, Esau was coming and with him 400 men. So he divided the children to Leah and to Rachel and to the two maids.

2And he put the maids and their children in front, Leah and her children after them, and Rachel and Joseph last of all.

3Then Jacob went over [the stream] before them and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.

4But Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept.

5[Esau] looked up and saw the women and the children and said, Who are these with you? And [Jacob] replied, They are the children whom God has graciously given your servant.

6Then the maids came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves.

7And Leah also with her children came near, and they bowed themselves. After them Joseph and Rachel came near, and they bowed themselves.

8Esau said, What do you mean by all this company which I met? And he said, These are that I might find favor in the sight of my lord.

9And Esau said, I have plenty, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.

10But Jacob replied, No, I beg of you, if now I have found favor in your sight, receive my gift that I am presenting; for truly to see your face is to me as if I had seen the face of God, and you have received me favorably.

11Accept, I beg of you, my blessing and gift that I have brought to you; for God has dealt graciously with me and I have everything. And he kept urging him and he accepted it.

12Then [Esau] said, Let us get started on our journey, and I will go before you.

13But Jacob replied, You know, my lord, that the children are tender and delicate and need gentle care, and the flocks and herds with young are of concern to me; for if the men should overdrive them for a single day, the whole of the flocks would die.

14Let my lord, I pray you, pass over before his servant; and I will lead on slowly, governed by [consideration for] the livestock that set the pace before me and the endurance of the children, until I come to my lord in Seir.

15Then Esau said, Let me now leave with you some of the people who are with me. But [Jacob] said, What need is there for it? Let me find favor in the sight of my lord.

16So Esau turned back that day on his way to Seir.

17But Jacob journeyed to Succoth and built himself a house and made booths or places of shelter for his livestock; so the name of the place is called Succoth [booths].

18When Jacob came from Padan-aram, he arrived safely and in peace at the town of Shechem, in the land of Canaan, and pitched his tents before the [enclosed] town.

19Then he bought the piece of land on which he had encamped from the sons of Hamor, Shechem's father, for a hundred pieces of money.

20There he erected an altar and called it El-Elohe-Israel [God, the God of Israel].

34NOW DINAH daughter of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob, went out [unattended] to see the girls of the place.

2And when Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he seized her, lay with her, and humbled, defiled, and disgraced her.

3But his soul longed for and clung to Dinah daughter of Jacob, and he loved the girl and spoke comfortingly to her young heart's wishes.

4And Shechem said to his father Hamor, Get me this girl to be my wife.

5Jacob heard that [Shechem] had defiled Dinah his daughter. Now his sons were with his livestock in the field. So Jacob held his peace until they came.

6But Hamor father of Shechem went out to Jacob to have a talk with him.

7When Jacob's sons heard it, they came from the field; and they were distressed and grieved and very angry, for [Shechem] had done a vile thing to Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter, which ought not to be done.

8And Hamor conferred with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem craves your daughter [and sister]. I beg of you give her to him to be his wife.

9And make marriages with us and give your daughters to us and take our daughters to you.

10You shall dwell with us; the country will be open to you; live and trade and get your possessions in it.

11And Shechem said to [Dinah's] father and to her brothers, Let me find favor in your eyes, and I will give you whatever you ask of me.

12Ask me ever so much dowry and [marriage] gift, and I will give according to what you tell me; only give me the girl to be my wife.

13The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, [ justifying their intended action by saying, in effect, we are going to do this] because Shechem had defiled and disgraced their sister Dinah.

14They said to them, We cannot do this thing and give our sister to one who is not circumcised, for that would be a reproach and disgrace to us.

15But we do consent to do this: if you will become as we are and every male among you be circumcised,

16Then we will give our daughters to you and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you and become one people.

17But if you will not listen to us and consent to be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go.

18Their words pleased Hamor and his son Shechem.

19And the young man did not delay to do the thing, for he delighted in Jacob's daughter. He was honored above all his family [so, ranking first, he acted first].

20Then Hamor and Shechem his son came to the gate of their [enclosed] town and discussed the matter with the citizens, saying,

21These men are peaceable with us; so let them dwell in the land and trade in it; for the land is large enough [for us and] for them; let us take their daughters for wives and let us give them our daughters.

22But the men will consent to our request that they live among us and be one people only on condition that every male among us be circumcised, as they are.

23Shall not their cattle and their possessions and all their beasts be ours? Only let us consent to them, and they will dwell here with us.

24And all the people who went out of the town gate listened and heeded what Hamor and Shechem said; and every male was circumcised who was a resident of that town.

25But on the third day [after the circumcision] when [all the men] were sore, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's [full] brothers, took their swords, boldly entered the city [without danger], and slew all the males.

26And they killed Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword and took Dinah out of Shechem's house [where she had been all this time] and departed.

27[Then the rest of] Jacob's [eleven] sons came upon the slain and plundered the town, because there their sister had been defiled and disgraced.

28They took their flocks, their herds, their donkeys, and whatever was in the town and in the field;

29All their wealth and all their little ones and their wives they took captive, making spoil even of all [they found] in the houses.

30And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, You have ruined me, making me infamous and embroiling me with the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites and the Perizzites! And we are few in number, and they will gather together against me and attack me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my household.

31And they said, Should he [be permitted to] deal with our sister as with a harlot?

35AND GOD said to Jacob, Arise, go up to Bethel and dwell there. And make there an altar to God Who appeared to you [in a distinct manifestation] when you fled from the presence of Esau your brother.

2Then Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, Put away the [images of] strange gods that are among you, and purify yourselves and change [into fresh] garments;

3Then let us arise and go up to Bethel, and I will make there an altar to God Who answered me in the day of my distress and was with me wherever I went.

4So they [both young men and women] gave to Jacob all the strange gods they had and their earrings which were [worn as charms against evil] in their ears; and Jacob buried and hid them under the oak near Shechem.

5And they journeyed and a terror from God fell on the towns round about them, and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.

6So Jacob came to Luz, that is, Bethel, which is in the land of Canaan, he and all the people with him.

7There he built an altar, and called the place El-bethel [God of Bethel], for there God revealed Himself to him when he fled from the presence of his brother.

8But Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died and was buried below Bethel under an oak; and the name of it was called Allon-bacuth [oak of weeping].

9And God [in a distinctly visible manifestation] appeared to Jacob again when he came out of Padan-aram, and declared a blessing on him.

10Again God said to him, Your name is Jacob [supplanter]; you shall not be called Jacob any longer, but Israel shall be your name. So He called him Israel [contender with God].

11And God said to him, I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall come from you and kings shall be born of your stock;

12The land which I gave Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and to your descendants after you I will give the land.

13Then God ascended from him in the place where He talked with him.

14And Jacob set up a pillar (monument) in the place where he talked with [God], a pillar of stone; and he poured a drink offering on it and he poured oil on it.

15And Jacob called the name of the place where God had talked with him Bethel [house of God].

16And they journeyed from Bethel and had but a little way to go to Ephrath [Bethlehem] when Rachel suffered the pangs of childbirth and had hard labor.

17When she was in hard labor, the midwife said to her, Do not be afraid; you shall have this son also.

18And as her soul was departing, for she died, she called his name Ben-oni [son of my sorrow]; but his father called him Benjamin [son of the right hand].

19So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath, that is, Bethlehem.

20And Jacob set a pillar (monument) on her grave; that is the pillar of Rachel's grave to this day.

21Then Israel journeyed on and spread his tent on the other side of the tower of Edar.

22When Israel dwelt there, Reuben [his eldest son] went and lay with Bilhah his father's concubine; and Israel heard about it. Now Jacob's sons were twelve.

23The sons of Leah: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.

24The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.

25The sons of Bilhah, Rachel's maid: Dan and Naphtali.

26And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's maid: Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob born to him in Padan-aram.

27And Jacob came to Isaac his father at Mamre or Kiriath-arba, that is, Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned.

28Now the days of Isaac were 180 years.

29And Isaac's spirit departed; he died and was gathered to his people, being an old man, satisfied and satiated with days; his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

36NOW THIS is the history of the descendants of Esau, that is, Edom.

2Esau took his wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon the Hivite,

3And Basemath, Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebaioth.

4Adah bore to Esau, Eliphaz; Basemath bore Reuel;

5And Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the sons of Esau born to him in Canaan.

6Now Esau took his wives, his sons, his daughters, and all the members of his household, his cattle, all his beasts, and all his possessions which he had obtained in the land of Canaan, and he went into a land away from his brother Jacob.

7For their great flocks and herds and possessions [which they had collected] made it impossible for them to dwell together; the land in which they were strangers could not support them because of their livestock.

8So Esau dwelt in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.

9And this is the history of the descendants of Esau the father of the Edomites in the hill country of Seir.

10These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz, the son of Adah, Esau's wife, and Reuel, the son of Basemath, Esau's wife.

11And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz.

12And Timna was a concubine of Eliphaz, Esau's son; and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These are the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.

13These are the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the sons of Basemath, Esau's wife.

14And these are the sons of Oholibamah daughter of Anah, the son of Zibeon, Esau's wife. She bore to Esau: Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

15These are the chiefs of the sons of Esau: The sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau: Chiefs Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz,

16Korah, Gatam, and Amalek. These are the chiefs of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; they are the sons of Adah.

17These are the sons of Reuel, Esau's son: Chiefs Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, Mizzah. These are the chiefs of Reuel in the land of Edom; they are the sons of Basemath, Esau's wife.

18These are the sons of Oholibamah, Esau's wife: Chiefs Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are the chiefs born of Oholibamah daughter of Anah, Esau's wife.

19These are the sons of Esau, that is, Edom, and these are their chiefs.

20These are the sons of Seir the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,

21Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These are the chiefs of the Horites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom.

22The sons of Lotan are Hori and Hemam; and Lotan's sister is Timna.

23The sons of Shobal are these: Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.

24These are the sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah. This is the Anah who found the hot springs in the wilderness as he pastured the donkeys of Zibeon his father.

25The children of Anah are these: Dishon and Oholibamah daughter of Anah [Esau's wife].

26These are the sons of Dishon: Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.

27Ezer's sons are these: Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.

28The sons of Dishan are these: Uz and Aran.

29The Horite chiefs are these: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,

30Dishon, Ezer, Dishan. These are the Horite chiefs, according to their clans, in the land of Seir.

31And these are the kings who reigned in Edom before any king reigned over the Israelites:

32Bela son of Beor reigned in Edom. And the name of his city was Dinhabah.

33Now Bela died, and Jobab son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.

34Then Jobab died, and Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead.

35And Husham died, and Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, reigned in his stead. The name of his [enclosed] city was Avith.

36Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah succeeded him.

37Then Samlah died, and Shaul of Rehoboth on the river [Euphrates] reigned in his stead.

38And Shaul died, and Baal-hanan son of Achbor reigned in his stead.

39Baal-hanan son of Achbor died, and then Hadar reigned. His [enclosed] city was Pau; his wife's name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.

40And these are the names of the chiefs of Esau, according to their families and places of residence, by their names: Chiefs Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,

41Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon,

42Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,

43Magdiel, and Iram. These are the chiefs of Edom [that is, of Esau the father of the Edomites], according to their dwelling places in their land.

37SO JACOB dwelt in the land in which his father had been a stranger and sojourner, in the land of Canaan.

2This is the history of the descendants of Jacob and this is Jacob's line. Joseph, when he was seventeen years old, was shepherding the flock with his brothers; the lad was with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father's [secondary] wives; and Joseph brought to his father a bad report of them.

3Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children because he was the son of his old age, and he made him a [distinctive] long tunic with sleeves.

4But when his brothers saw that their father loved [Joseph] more than all of his brothers, they hated him and could not say, Peace [in friendly greeting] to him or speak peaceably to him.

5Now Joseph had a dream and he told it to his brothers, and they hated him still more.

6And he said to them, Listen now and hear, I pray you, this dream that I have dreamed:

7We [brothers] were binding sheaves in the field, and behold, my sheaf arose and stood upright, and behold, your sheaves stood round about my sheaf and bowed down!

8His brothers said to him, Shall you indeed reign over us? Or are you going to have us as your subjects and dominate us? And they hated him all the more for his dreams and for what he said.

9But Joseph dreamed yet another dream and told it to his brothers [also]. He said, See here, I have dreamed again, and behold, [this time not only] eleven stars [but also] the sun and the moon bowed down and did reverence to me!

10And he told it to his father [as well as] his brethren. But his father rebuked him and said to him, What is the meaning of this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and your mother and your brothers actually come to bow down ourselves to the earth and do homage to you?

11Joseph's brothers envied him and were jealous of him, but his father observed the saying and pondered over it.

12Joseph's brothers went to shepherd and feed their father's flock near Shechem.

13[One day] Israel said to Joseph, Do not your brothers shepherd my flock at Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them. And he said, Here I am.

14And [Jacob] said to him, Go, I pray you, see whether everything is all right with your brothers and with the flock; then come back and bring me word. So he sent him out of the Hebron Valley, and he came to Shechem.

15And a certain man found him, and behold, he had lost his way and was wandering in the open country. The man asked him, What are you trying to find?

16And he said, I am looking for my brothers. Tell me, I pray you, where they are pasturing our flocks.

17But the man said, [They were here, but] they have gone. I heard them say, Let us go to Dothan. And Joseph went after his brothers and found them at Dothan.

18And when they saw him far off, even before he came near to them, they conspired to kill him.

19And they said one to another, See, here comes this dreamer and master of dreams.

20So come on now, let us kill him and throw his body into some pit; then we will say [to our father], Some wild and ferocious animal has devoured him; and we shall see what will become of his dreams!

21Now Reuben heard it and he delivered him out of their hands by saying, Let us not kill him.

22And Reuben said to them, Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit or well that is out here in the wilderness and lay no hand on him. He was trying to get Joseph out of their hands in order to rescue him and deliver him again to his father.

23When Joseph had come to his brothers, they stripped him of his [distinctive] long garment which he was wearing;

24Then they took him and cast him into the [well-like] pit which was empty; there was no water in it.

25Then they sat down to eat their lunch. When they looked up, behold, they saw a caravan of Ishmaelites [mixed Arabians] coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing gum [of the styrax tree], balm (balsam), and myrrh or ladanum, going on their way to carry them down to Egypt.

26And Judah said to his brothers, What do we gain if we slay our brother and conceal his blood?

27Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites [and Midianites, these mixed Arabians who are approaching], and let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brothers consented.

28Then as the Midianite [and Ishmaelite] merchants were passing by, the brothers pulled Joseph up and lifted him out of the well. And they sold him for twenty pieces of silver to the Ishmaelites, who took Joseph [captive] into Egypt.

29Then Reuben [who had not been there when the brothers plotted to sell the lad] returned to the pit; and behold, Joseph was not in the pit, and he rent his clothes.

30He rejoined his brothers and said, The boy is not there! And I, where shall I go [to hide from my father]?

31Then they took Joseph's [distinctive] long garment, killed a young goat, and dipped the garment in the blood;

32And they sent the garment to their father, saying, We have found this! Examine and decide whether it is your son's tunic or not.

33He said, My son's long garment! An evil [wild] beast has devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.

34And Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, and mourned many days for his son.

35And all his sons and daughters attempted to console him, but he refused to be comforted and said, I will go down to Sheol (the place of the dead) to my son mourning. And his father wept for him.

36And the Midianites [and Ishmaelites] sold [Joseph] in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and the captain and chief executioner of the [royal] guard.

38AT THAT time Judah withdrew from his brothers and went to [lodge with] a certain Adullamite named Hirah.

2There Judah saw and met a daughter of Shuah, a Canaanite; he took her as wife and lived with her.

3And she became pregnant and bore a son, and he called him Er.

4And she conceived again and bore a son and named him Onan.

5Again she conceived and bore a son and named him Shelah. [They were living] at Chezib when she bore him.

6Now Judah took a wife for Er, his firstborn; her name was Tamar.

7And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord slew him.

8Then Judah told Onan, Marry your brother's widow; live with her and raise offspring for your brother.

9But Onan knew that the family would not be his, so when he cohabited with his brother's widow, he prevented conception, lest he should raise up a child for his brother.

10And the thing which he did displeased the Lord; therefore He slew him also.

11Then Judah said to Tamar, his daughter-in-law, Remain a widow at your father's house till Shelah my [youngest] son is grown; for he thought, Lest perhaps [if Shelah should marry her] he would die also, as his brothers did. So Tamar went and lived in her father's house.

12But later Judah's wife, the daughter of Shuah, died; and when Judah was comforted, he went up to his sheepshearers at Timnath with his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

13Then it was told Tamar, Listen, your father-in-law is going up to Timnath to shear his sheep.

14So she put off her widow's garments and covered herself with a veil, wrapped herself up [in disguise], and sat in the entrance of Enaim, which is by the road to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown and she was not given to him as his wife.

15When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot or devoted prostitute [under a vow to her goddess], for she had covered her face [as such women did].

16He turned to her by the road and said, Come, let me have intercourse with you; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, What will you give me that you may have intercourse with me?

17He answered, I will send you a kid from the flock. And she said, Will you give me a pledge (deposit) until you send it?

18And he said, What pledge shall I give you? She said, Your signet [seal], your [signet] cord, and your staff that is in your hand. And he gave them to her and came in to her, and she became pregnant by him.

19And she arose and went away and laid aside her veil and put on the garments of her widowhood.

20And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the woman's hand; but he was unable to find her.

21He asked the men of that place, Where is the harlot or cult prostitute who was openly by the roadside? They said, There was no harlot or temple prostitute here.

22So he returned to Judah and said, I cannot find her; and also the local men said, There was no harlot or temple prostitute around here.

23And Judah said, Let her keep [the pledge articles] for herself, lest we be made ashamed. I sent this kid, but you have not found her.

24But about three months later Judah was told, Tamar your daughter-in-law has played the harlot, and also she is with child by her lewdness. And Judah said, Bring her forth and let her be burned!

25When she was brought forth, she [took the things he had given her in pledge and] sent [them] to her father-in-law, saying, I am with child by the man to whom these articles belong. Then she added, Make out clearly, I pray you, to whom these belong, the signet [seal], [signet] cord, and staff.

26And Judah acknowledged them and said, She has been more righteous and just than I, because I did not give her to Shelah my son. And he did not cohabit with her again.

27Now when the time came for her to be delivered, behold, there were twins in her womb.

28And when she was in labor, one baby put out his hand; and the midwife took his hand and bound upon it a scarlet thread, saying, This baby was born first.

29But he drew back his hand, and behold, his brother was born first. And she said, What a breaking forth you have made for yourself! Therefore his name was called Perez [breaking forth].

30And afterward his brother who had the scarlet thread on his hand was born and was named Zerah [scarlet].

39AND JOSEPH was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain and chief executioner of the [royal] guard, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had brought him down there.

2But the Lord was with Joseph, and he [though a slave] was a successful and prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.

3And his master saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lord made all that he did to flourish and succeed in his hand.

4So Joseph pleased [Potiphar] and found favor in his sight, and he served him. And [his master] made him supervisor over his house and he put all that he had in his charge.

5From the time that he made him supervisor in his house and over all that he had, the Lord blessed the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; and the Lord's blessing was on all that he had in the house and in the field.

6And [Potiphar] left all that he had in Joseph's charge and paid no attention to anything he had except the food he ate. Now Joseph was an attractive person and fine-looking.

7Then after a time his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph, and she said, Lie with me.

8But he refused and said to his master's wife, See here, with me in the house my master has concern about nothing; he has put all that he has in my care.

9He is not greater in this house than I am; nor has he kept anything from me except you, for you are his wife. How then can I do this great evil and sin against God?

10She spoke to Joseph day after day, but he did not listen to her, to lie with her or to be with her.

11Then it happened about this time that Joseph went into the house to attend to his duties, and none of the men of the house were indoors.

12And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me! But he left his garment in her hand and fled and got out [of the house].

13And when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled away,

14She called to the men of her household and said to them, Behold, he [your master] has brought in a Hebrew to us to mock and insult us; he came in where I was to lie with me, and I screamed at the top of my voice.

15And when he heard me screaming and crying, he left his garment with me and fled and got out of the house.

16And she laid up his garment by her until his master came home.

17Then she told him the same story, saying, The Hebrew servant whom you brought among us came to me to mock and insult me.

18And when I screamed and cried, he left his garment with me and fled out [of the house].

19And when [Joseph's] master heard the words of his wife, saying to him, This is the way your servant treated me, his wrath was kindled.

20And Joseph's master took him and put him in the prison, a place where the state prisoners were confined; so he was there in the prison.

21But the Lord was with Joseph, and showed him mercy and loving-kindness and gave him favor in the sight of the warden of the prison.

22And the warden of the prison committed to Joseph's care all the prisoners who were in the prison; and whatsoever was done there, he was in charge of it.

23The prison warden paid no attention to anything that was in [Joseph's] charge, for the Lord was with him and made whatever he did to prosper.

40NOW SOME time later the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their lord, Egypt's king.

2And Pharaoh was angry with his officers, the chief of the butlers and the chief of the bakers.

3He put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the prison where Joseph was confined.

4And the captain of the guard put them in Joseph's charge, and he served them; and they continued in custody for some time.

5And they both dreamed a dream in the same night, each man according to [the personal significance of] the interpretation of his dream--the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison.

6When Joseph came to them in the morning and looked at them, he saw that they were sad and depressed.

7So he asked Pharaoh's officers who were in custody with him in his master's house, Why do you look so dejected and sad today?

8And they said to him, We have dreamed dreams, and there is no one to interpret them. And Joseph said to them, Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell me [your dreams], I pray you.

9And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph and said to him, In my dream I saw a vine before me,

10And on the vine were three branches. Then it was as though it budded; its blossoms burst forth and the clusters of them brought forth ripe grapes [almost all at once].

11And Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup; then I gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand.

12And Joseph said to him, This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days.

13Within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your position, and you will again put Pharaoh's cup into his hand, as when you were his butler.

14But think of me when it shall be well with you and show kindness, I beg of you, to me, and mention me to Pharaoh and get me out of this house.

15For truly I was carried away from the land of the Hebrews by unlawful force, and here too I have done nothing for which they should put me into the dungeon.

16When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was good, he said to Joseph, I also dreamed, and behold, I had three cake baskets on my head.

17And in the uppermost basket were some of all kinds of baked food for Pharaoh, but the birds [of prey] were eating out of the basket on my head.

18And Joseph answered, This is the interpretation of it: The three baskets are three days.

19Within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head but will have you beheaded and hung on a tree, and [you will not so much as be given burial, but] the birds will eat your flesh.

20And on the third day, Pharaoh's birthday, he made a feast for all his servants; and he lifted up the heads of the chief butler and the chief baker [by inviting them also] among his servants.

21And he restored the chief butler to his butlership, and the butler gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand;

22But [Pharaoh] hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them.

23But [even after all that] the chief butler gave no thought to Joseph, but forgot [all about] him.

41AFTER TWO full years, Pharaoh dreamed that he stood by the river [Nile].

2And behold, there came up out of the river [Nile] seven well-favored cows, sleek and handsome and fat; and they grazed in the reed grass [in a marshy pasture].

3And behold, seven other cows came up after them out of the river [Nile], ill favored and gaunt and ugly, and stood by the fat cows on the bank of the river [Nile].

4And the ill-favored, gaunt, and ugly cows ate up the seven well-favored and fat cows. Then Pharaoh awoke.

5But he slept and dreamed the second time; and behold, seven ears of grain came out on one stalk, plump and good.

6And behold, after them seven ears [of grain] sprouted, thin and blighted by the east wind.

7And the seven thin ears [of grain] devoured the seven plump and full ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream.

8So when morning came his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all the magicians and all the wise men of Egypt. And Pharaoh told them his dreams, but not one could interpret them to [him].

9Then the chief butler said to Pharaoh, I remember my faults today.

10When Pharaoh was angry with his servants and put me in custody in the captain of the guard's house, both me and the chief baker,

11We dreamed a dream in the same night, he and I; we dreamed each of us according to [the significance of] the interpretation of his dream.

12And there was there with us a young man, a Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard and chief executioner; and we told him our dreams, and he interpreted them to us, to each man according to the significance of his dream.

13And as he interpreted to us, so it came to pass; I was restored to my office [as chief butler], and the baker was hanged.

14Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon. But Joseph [first] shaved himself, changed his clothes, and made himself presentable; then he came into Pharaoh's presence.

15And Pharaoh said to Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it; and I have heard it said of you that you can understand a dream and interpret it.

16Joseph answered Pharaoh, It is not in me; God [not I] will give Pharaoh a [favorable] answer of peace.

17And Pharaoh said to Joseph, In my dream, behold, I stood on the bank of the river [Nile];

18And behold, there came up out of the river [Nile] seven fat, sleek, and handsome cows, and they grazed in the reed grass [of a marshy pasture].

19And behold, seven other cows came up after them, undernourished, gaunt, and ugly [just skin and bones; such emaciated animals] as I have never seen in all of Egypt.

20And the lean and ill favored cows ate up the seven fat cows that had come first.

21And when they had eaten them up, it could not be detected and known that they had eaten them, for they were still as thin and emaciated as at the beginning. Then I awoke. [But again I fell asleep and dreamed.]

22And I saw in my dream, and behold, seven ears [of grain] growing on one stalk, plump and good.

23And behold, seven [other] ears, withered, thin, and blighted by the east wind, sprouted after them.

24And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears. Now I told this to the magicians, but there was no one who could tell me what it meant.

25Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, The [two] dreams are one; God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do.

26The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears [of grain] are seven years; the [two] dreams are one [in their meaning].

27And the seven thin and ill favored cows that came up after them are seven years, and also the seven empty ears [of grain], blighted and shriveled by the east wind; they are seven years of hunger and famine.

28This is the message just as I have told Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do.

29Take note! Seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt are coming.

30Then there will come seven years of hunger and famine, and [there will be so much want that] all the great abundance of the previous years will be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and hunger (destitution, starvation) will exhaust (consume, finish) the land.

31And the plenty will become quite unknown in the land because of that following famine, for it will be very woefully severe.

32That the dream was sent twice to Pharaoh and in two forms indicates that this thing which God will very soon bring to pass is fully prepared and established by God.

33So now let Pharaoh seek out and provide a man discreet, understanding, proficient, and wise and set him over the land of Egypt [as governor].

34Let Pharaoh do this; then let him select and appoint officers over the land, and take one-fifth [of the produce] of the [whole] land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years [year by year].

35And let them gather all the food of these good years that are coming and lay up grain under the direction and authority of Pharaoh, and let them retain food [in fortified granaries] in the cities.

36And that food shall be put in store for the country against the seven years of hunger and famine that are to come upon the land of Egypt, so that the land may not be ruined and cut off by the famine.

37And the plan seemed good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants.

38And Pharaoh said to his servants, Can we find this man's equal, a man in whom is the spirit of God?

39And Pharaoh said to Joseph, Forasmuch as [your] God has shown you all this, there is nobody as intelligent and discreet and understanding and wise as you are.

40You shall have charge over my house, and all my people shall be governed according to your word [with reverence, submission, and obedience]. Only in matters of the throne will I be greater than you are.

41Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.

42And Pharaoh took off his [signet] ring from his hand and put it on Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in [official] vestments of fine linen and put a gold chain about his neck;

43He made him to ride in the second chariot which he had, and [officials] cried before him, Bow the knee! And he set him over all the land of Egypt.

44And Pharaoh said to Joseph, I am Pharaoh, and without you shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.

45And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphenath-paneah and he gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, to be his wife. And Joseph made an [inspection] tour of all the land of Egypt.

46Joseph [who had been in Egypt thirteen years] was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went [about his duties] through all the land of Egypt.

47In the seven abundant years the earth brought forth by handfuls [for each seed planted].

48And he gathered up all the [surplus] food of the seven [good] years in the land of Egypt and stored up the food in the cities; he stored away in each city the food from the fields around it.

49And Joseph gathered grain as the sand of the sea, very much, until he stopped counting, for it could not be measured.

50Now to Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, whom Asenath daughter of Potiphera, the priest of On, bore to him.

51And Joseph called the firstborn Manasseh [making to forget], For God, said he, has made me forget all my toil and hardship and all my father's house.

52And the second he called Ephraim [to be fruitful], For [he said] God has caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.

53When the seven years of plenty were ended in the land of Egypt,

54The seven years of scarcity and famine began to come, as Joseph had said they would; the famine was in all [the surrounding] lands, but in all of Egypt there was food.

55But when all the land of Egypt was weakened with hunger, the people [there] cried to Pharaoh for food; and Pharaoh said to [them] all, Go to Joseph; what he says to you, do.

56When the famine was over all the land, Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold to the Egyptians; for the famine grew extremely distressing in the land of Egypt.

57And all countries came to Egypt to Joseph to buy grain, because the famine was severe over all [the known] earth.

42NOW WHEN Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt, he said to his sons, Why do you look at one another?

2For, he said, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt; get down there and buy [grain] for us, that we may live and not die.

3So ten of Joseph's brethren went to buy grain in Egypt.

4But Benjamin, Joseph's [full] brother, Jacob did not send with his brothers; for he said, Lest perhaps some harm or injury should befall him.

5So the sons of Israel came to buy grain among those who came, for there was hunger and general lack of food in the land of Canaan.

6Now Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was who sold to all the people of the land; and Joseph's [half] brothers came and bowed themselves down before him with their faces to the ground.

7Joseph saw his brethren and he recognized them, but he treated them as if he were a stranger to them and spoke roughly to them. He said, Where do you come from? And they replied, From the land of Canaan to buy food.

8Joseph knew his brethren, but they did not know him.

9And Joseph remembered the dreams he had dreamed about them and said to them, You are spies and with unfriendly purpose you have come to observe [secretly] the nakedness of the land.

10But they said to him, No, my lord, but your servants have come [only] to buy food.

11We are all one man's sons; we are true men; your servants are not spies.

12And he said to them, No, but you have come to see the nakedness of the land.

13But they said, Your servants are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; the youngest is today with our father, and one is not.

14And Joseph said to them, It is as I said to you, You are spies.

15You shall be proved by this test: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go away from here unless your youngest brother comes here.

16Send one of you and let him bring your brother, and you will be kept in prison, that your words may be proved whether there is any truth in you; or else by the life of Pharaoh you certainly are spies.

17Then he put them all in custody for three days.

18And Joseph said to them on the third day, Do this and live! I reverence and fear God.

19If you are true men, let one of your brothers be bound in your prison, but [the rest of] you go and carry grain for those weakened with hunger in your households.

20But bring your youngest brother to me, so your words will be verified and you shall live. And they did so.

21And they said one to another, We are truly guilty about our brother, for we saw the distress and anguish of his soul when he begged us [to let him go], and we would not hear. So this distress and difficulty has come upon us.

22Reuben answered them, Did I not tell you, Do not sin against the boy, and you would not hear? Therefore, behold, his blood is required [of us].

23But they did not know that Joseph understood them, for he spoke to them through an interpreter.

24And he turned away from them and wept; then he returned to them and talked with them, and took from them Simeon and bound him before their eyes.

25Then [privately] Joseph commanded that their sacks be filled with grain, every man's money be restored to his sack, and provisions be given to them for the journey. And this was done for them.

26They loaded their donkeys with grain and left.

27And as one of them opened his sack to give his donkey fodder at the lodging place, he caught sight of his money; for behold, it was in his sack's mouth.

28And he said to his brothers, My money is restored! Here it is in my sack! And their hearts failed them and they were afraid and turned trembling one to another, saying, What is this that God has done to us?

29When they came to Jacob their father in Canaan, they told him all that had befallen them, saying,

30The man who is the lord of the land spoke roughly to us and took us for spies of the country.

31And we said to him, We are true men, not spies.

32We are twelve brothers with the same father; one is no more, and the youngest is today with our father in the land of Canaan.

33And the man, the lord of the country, said to us, By this test I will know whether or not you are honest men: leave one of your brothers here with me and take grain for your famishing households and be gone.

34Bring your youngest brother to me; then I will know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. And I will deliver to you your brother [whom I have kept bound in prison], and you may do business in the land.

35When they emptied their sacks, behold, every man's parcel of money was in his sack! When both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.

36And Jacob their father said to them, You have bereaved me! Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and you would take Benjamin from me. All these things are against me!

37And Reuben said to his father, Slay my two sons if I do not bring [Benjamin] back to you. Deliver him into my keeping, and I will bring him back to you.

38But [Jacob] said, My son shall not go down with you, for his brother is dead and he alone is left [of his mother's children]; if harm or accident should befall him on the journey you are to take, you would bring my hoary head down to Sheol (the place of the dead) with grief.

43BUT THE hunger and destitution and starvation were very severe and extremely distressing in the land [Canaan].

2And when [the families of Jacob's sons] had eaten up the grain which the men had brought from Egypt, their father said to them, Go again; buy us a little food.

3But Judah said to him, The man solemnly and sternly warned us, saying, You shall not see my face again unless your brother is with you.

4If you will send our brother with us, we will go down [to Egypt] and buy you food;

5But if you will not send him, we will not go down; for the man said to us, You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.

6And Israel said, Why did you do me such a wrong and suffer this evil to come upon me by telling the man that you had another brother?

7And they said, The man asked us straightforward questions about ourselves and our relatives. He said, Is your father still alive? Have you another brother? And we answered him accordingly. How could we know that he would say, Bring your brother down here?

8And Judah said to Israel his father, Send the lad with me and we will arise and go, that we may live and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.

9I will be security for him; you shall require him of me [personally]; if I do not bring him back to you and put him before you, then let me bear the blame forever.

10For if we had not lingered like this, surely by now we would have returned the second time.

11And their father Israel said to them, If it must be so, now do this; take of the choicest products in the land in your sacks and carry down a present to the man, a little balm (balsam) and a little honey, aromatic spices and gum (of rock rose) or ladanum, pistachio nuts, and almonds.

12And take double the [grain] money with you; and the money that was put back in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again with you; there is a possibility that [its being in your sacks] was an oversight.

13Take your brother and arise and return to the man;

14May God Almighty give you mercy and favor before the man, that he may release to you your other brother and Benjamin. If I am bereaved [of my sons], I am bereaved.

15Then the men took the present, and they took double the [grain] money with them, and Benjamin; and they arose and went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

16And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the steward of his house, Bring the men into the house and kill an animal and make ready, for the men will dine with me at noon.

17And the man did as Joseph ordered and brought the men to Joseph's house.

18The men were afraid because they were brought to Joseph's house; and they said, We are brought in because of the money that was returned in our sacks the first time we came, so that he may find occasion to accuse and assail us, take us for slaves, and seize our donkeys.

19So they came near to the steward of Joseph's house and talked with him at the door of the house,

20And said, O sir, we came down truly the first time to buy food;

21And when we came to the inn, we opened our sacks and there was each man's money, full weight, returned in the mouth of his sack. Now we have brought it back again.

22And we have brought down with us other money to buy food; we do not know who put our money in our sacks.

23But [the steward] said, Peace be to you, fear not; your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks. I received your money. And he brought Simeon out to them.

24And the man brought the men into Joseph's house and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their donkeys provender.

25And they made ready the present they had brought for Joseph before his coming at noon, for they heard that they were to dine there.

26And when Joseph came home, they brought into the house to him the present which they had with them, and bowed themselves to him to the ground.

27He asked them of their welfare and said, Is your old father well, of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?

28And they answered, Your servant our father is in good health; he is still alive. And they bowed down their heads and made obeisance.

29And he looked up and saw his [full] brother Benjamin, his mother's [only other] son, and said, Is this your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me? And he said, God be gracious to you, my son!

30And Joseph hurried from the room, for his heart yearned for his brother, and he sought privacy to weep; so he entered his chamber and wept there.

31And he washed his face and went out, and, restraining himself, said, Let dinner be served.

32And [the servants] set out [the food] for [Joseph] by himself, and for [his brothers] by themselves, and for those Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, according to the Egyptian custom not to eat food with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination to the Egyptians.

33And [Joseph's brothers] were given seats before him--the eldest according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth; and the men looked at one another amazed [that so much was known about them].

34[Joseph] took and sent helpings to them from before him, but Benjamin's portion was five times as much as any of theirs. And they drank freely and were merry with him.

44AND HE commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his sack's mouth.

2And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack's mouth of the youngest, with his grain money. And [the steward] did according to what Joseph had said.

3As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their donkeys.

4When they had left the city and were not yet far away, Joseph said to his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when you overtake them, say to them, Why have you rewarded evil for good? [Why have you stolen the silver cup?]

5Is it not my master's drinking cup with which he divines [the future]? You have done wrong in doing this.

6And the steward overtook them, and he said to them these same words.

7They said to him, Why does my lord say these things? Far be it from your servants to do such a thing!

8Note that the money which we found in the mouths of our sacks we brought back to you from the land of Canaan. Is it likely then that we would steal from your master's house silver or gold?

9With whomever of your servants [your master's cup] is found, not only let that one die, but the rest of us will be my lord's slaves.

10And the steward said, Now let it be as you say: he with whom [the cup] is found shall be my slave, but [the rest of] you shall be blameless.

11Then quickly every man lowered his sack to the ground and every man opened his sack.

12And [the steward] searched, beginning with the eldest and stopping with the youngest; and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.

13Then they rent their clothes; and after each man had loaded his donkey again, they returned to the city.

14Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house, for he was still there; and they fell prostrate before him.

15Joseph said to them, What is this thing that you have done? Do you not realize that such a man as I can certainly detect and know by divination [everything you do without other knowledge of it]?

16And Judah said, What shall we say to my lord? What shall we reply? Or how shall we clear ourselves, since God has found out and exposed the iniquity of your servants? Behold, we are my lord's slaves, the rest of us as well as he with whom the cup is found.

17But [Joseph] said, God forbid that I should do that; but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for [the rest of] you, arise and go in peace to your father.

18Then Judah came close to [Joseph] and said, O my lord, let your servant, I pray you, speak a word to you in private, and let not your anger blaze against your servant, for you are as Pharaoh [so I will speak as if directly to him].

19My lord asked his servants, saying, Have you a father or a brother?

20And we said to my lord, We have a father--an old man--and a young [brother, the] child of his old age; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother's [offspring], and his father loves him.

21And you said to your servants, Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him.

22And we said to my lord, The lad cannot leave his father; for if he should do so, his father would die.

23And you told your servants, Unless your youngest brother comes with you, you shall not see my face again.

24And when we went back to your servant my father, we told him what my lord had said.

25And our father said, Go again and buy us a little food.

26But we said, We cannot go down. If our youngest brother is with us, then we will go down; for we may not see the man's face except our youngest brother is with us.

27And your servant my father said to us, You know that [Rachel] my wife bore me two sons:

28And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn to pieces, and I have never seen him since.

29And if you take this son also from me, and harm or accident should befall him, you will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow and evil to Sheol (the place of the dead).

30Now therefore, when I come to your servant my father and the lad is not with us, since his life is bound up in the lad's life and his soul knit with the lad's soul,

31When he sees that the lad is not with us, he will die; and your servants will be responsible for his death and will bring down the gray hairs of your servant our father with sorrow to Sheol.

32For your servant became security for the lad to my father, saying, If I do not bring him to you, then I will bear the blame to my father forever.

33Now therefore, I pray you, let your servant remain instead of the youth [to be] a slave to my lord, and let the young man go home with his [half] brothers.

34For how can I go up to my father if the lad is not with me?--lest I witness the woe and the evil that will come upon my father.

45THEN JOSEPH could not restrain himself [any longer] before all those who stood by him, and he called out, Cause every man to go out from me! So no one stood there with Joseph while he made himself known to his brothers.

2And he wept and sobbed aloud, and the Egyptians [who had just left him] heard it, and the household of Pharaoh heard about it.

3And Joseph said to his brothers, I am Joseph! Is my father still alive? And his brothers could not reply, for they were distressingly disturbed and dismayed at [the startling realization that they were in] his presence.

4And Joseph said to his brothers, Come near to me, I pray you. And they did so. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt!

5But now, do not be distressed and disheartened or vexed and angry with yourselves because you sold me here, for God sent me ahead of you to preserve life.

6For these two years the famine has been in the land, and there are still five years more in which there will be neither plowing nor harvest.

7God sent me before you to preserve for you a posterity and to continue a remnant on the earth, to save your lives by a great escape and save for you many survivors.

8So now it was not you who sent me here, but God; and He has made me a father to Pharaoh and lord of all his house and ruler over all the land of Egypt.

9Hurry and go up to my father and tell him, Your son Joseph says this to you: God has put me in charge of all Egypt. Come down to me; do not delay.

10You will live in the land of Goshen, and you will be close to me--you and your children and your grandchildren, your flocks, your herds, and all you have.

11And there I will sustain and provide for you, so that you and your household and all that are yours may not come to poverty and want, for there are yet five [more] years of [the scarcity, hunger, and starvation of ] famine.

12Now notice! Your own eyes and the eyes of my brother Benjamin can see that I am talking to you personally [in your language and not through an interpreter].

13And you shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt and of all that you have seen; and you shall hurry and bring my father down here.

14And he fell on his brother Benjamin's neck and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck.

15Moreover, he kissed all his brothers and wept upon them; and after that his brothers conversed with him.

16When the report was heard in Pharaoh's house that Joseph's brothers had come, it pleased Pharaoh and his servants well.

17And Pharaoh said to Joseph, Tell your brothers this: Load your animals and return to the land of Canaan,

18And get your father and your households and come to me. And I will give you the best in the land of Egypt and you will live on the fat of the land.

19You therefore command them, saying, You do this: take wagons from the land of Egypt for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father and come.

20Also do not look with regret or concern upon your goods, for the best of all the land of Egypt is yours.

21And the sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them wagons, as the order of Pharaoh permitted, and gave them provisions for the journey.

22To each of them he gave changes of raiment, but to Benjamin he gave 300 pieces of silver and five changes of raiment.

23And to his father he sent as follows: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten she-donkeys laden with grain, bread, and nourishing food and provision for his father [to supply all who were with him] on the way.

24So he sent his brothers away, and they departed, and he said to them, See that you do not disagree (get excited, quarrel) along the road.

25So they went up out of Egypt and came into the land of Canaan to Jacob their father,

26And they said to him, Joseph is still alive! And he is governor over all the land of Egypt! And Jacob's heart began to stop beating and [he almost] fainted, for he did not believe them.

27But when they told him all the words of Joseph which he had said to them, and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived [and warmth and life returned].

28And Israel said, It is enough! Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.

46SO ISRAEL made his journey with all that he had and came to Beersheba [a place hallowed by sacred memories] and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac.

2And God spoke to Israel in visions of the night, and said, Jacob! Jacob! And he said, Here am I.

3And He said, I am God, the God of your father; do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will there make of you a great nation.

4I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also surely bring you [your people Israel] up again; and Joseph will put his hand upon your eyes [when they are about to close in death].

5So Jacob arose and set out from Beersheba, and Israel's sons conveyed their father, their little ones, and their wives in the wagons that Pharaoh had sent to carry him.

6And they took their cattle and the gains which they had acquired in the land of Canaan and came into Egypt, Jacob and all his offspring with him:

7His sons and his sons' sons with him, his daughters and his sons' daughters--all his offspring he brought with him into Egypt.

8And these are the names of the descendants of Israel who came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn.

9And the sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.

10The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman.

11The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

12The sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah; but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.

13The sons of Issachar: Tola, Puvah, Iob, and Shimron.

14The sons of Zebulun: Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.

15These are the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Padan-aram, together with his daughter Dinah. All of his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three.

16The sons of Gad: Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.

17The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and Serah their sister. And the sons of Beriah: Heber and Malchiel.

18These are the sons of Zilpah, [the maid] whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter. And these she bore to Jacob--sixteen persons all told.

19The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife: Joseph and Benjamin.

20And to Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, whom Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, bore to him.

21And the sons of Benjamin: Bela, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard.

22These are the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob--fourteen persons in all.

23The son of Dan: Hushim.

24The sons of Naphtali: Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.

25These are the sons of Bilhah, [the maid] whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter. And she bore these to Jacob--seven persons in all.

26All the persons who came with Jacob into Egypt--who were his own offspring, not counting the wives of Jacob's sons--were sixty-six persons all told.

27And the sons of Joseph, who were born to him in Egypt, were two persons. All the persons of the house of Jacob [including Joseph and Jacob himself], who came into Egypt, were seventy.

28And he sent Judah before him to Joseph, to direct him to Goshen and meet him there; and they came into the land of Goshen.

29Then Joseph made ready his chariot and went up to meet Israel his father in Goshen; and he presented himself and gave distinct evidence of himself to him [that he was Joseph], and [each] fell on the [other's] neck and wept on his neck a good while.

30And Israel said to Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen your face [and know] that you are still alive.

31Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household, I will go up and tell Pharaoh and say to him, My brothers and my father's household, who were in the land of Canaan, have come to me.

32And the men are shepherds, for their occupation has been keeping livestock, and they have brought their flocks and their herds and all that they have.

33When Pharaoh calls you and says, What is your occupation?

34You shall say, Your servants' occupation has been as keepers of livestock from our youth until now, both we and our fathers before us--in order that you may live in the land of Goshen, for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians.

47THEN JOSEPH came and told Pharaoh, My father and my brothers, with their flocks and their herds and all that they own, have come from the land of Canaan, and they are in the land of Goshen.

2And from among his brothers he took five men and presented them to Pharaoh.

3And Pharaoh said to his brothers, What is your occupation? And they said to Pharaoh, Your servants are shepherds, both we and our fathers before us.

4Moreover, they said to Pharaoh, We have come to sojourn in the land, for your servants have no pasture for our flocks, for the famine is very severe in Canaan. So now, we pray you, let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.

5And Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, saying, Your father and your brothers have come to you.

6The land of Egypt is before you; make your father and your brothers dwell in the best of the land. Let them live in the land of Goshen. And if you know of any men of ability among them, put them in charge of my cattle.

7Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father and presented him before Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.

8And Pharaoh asked Jacob, How old are you?

9Jacob said to Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are 130 years; few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and they have not attained to those of the life of my fathers in their pilgrimage.

10And Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence.

11Joseph settled his father and brethren and gave them a possession in Egypt in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses (Goshen), as Pharaoh commanded.

12And Joseph supplied his father and his brethren and all his father's household with food, according to [the needs of] their families.

13[In the course of time] there was no food in all the land, for the famine was distressingly severe, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan hung in doubt and wavered by reason of the hunger (destitution, starvation) of the famine.

14And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan [in payment] for the grain which they bought, and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh's house.

15And when the money was exhausted in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, Give us food! Why should we die before your very eyes? For we have no money left.

16Joseph said, Give up your livestock, and I will give you food in exchange for [them] if your money is gone.

17So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and [he] gave them food in exchange for the horses, flocks, cattle of the herds, and the donkeys; and he supplied them with food in exchange for all their livestock that year.

18When that year was ended, they came to [Joseph] the second year and said to him, We will not hide from my lord [the fact] that our money is spent; my lord also has our herds of livestock; there is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our lands.

19Why should we perish before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we and our land will be servants to Pharaoh. And give us seed [to plant], that we may live and not die, and that the land may not be desolate.

20And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field because of the overwhelming severity of the famine upon them. The land became Pharaoh's,

21And as for the people, he removed them to cities and practically made slaves of them [at their own request], from one end of the borders of Egypt to the other.

22Only the priests' land he did not buy, for the priests had a fixed pension from Pharaoh and lived on the amount Pharaoh gave them. So they did not sell their land.

23Then Joseph said to the people, Behold, I have today bought you and your land for Pharaoh. Now here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land.

24At [harvest time when you reap] the increase, you shall give one-fifth of it to Pharaoh, and four-fifths shall be your own to use for seed for the field and as food for you and those of your households and for your little ones.

25And they said, You have saved our lives! Let us find favor in the sight of my lord; and we will be Pharaoh's servants.

26And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt--to this day--that Pharaoh should have the fifth part [of the crops]; it was the priests' land only which did not become Pharaoh's.

27And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they gained possessions there and grew and multiplied exceedingly.

28And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years; so Jacob reached the age of 147 years.

29When the time drew near that Israel must die, he called his son Joseph and said to him, If now I have found favor in your sight, put your hand under my thigh and [promise to] deal loyally and faithfully with me. Do not bury me, I beg of you, in Egypt,

30But let me lie with my fathers; you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burying place. And [Joseph] said, I will do as you have directed.

31Then Jacob said, Swear to me [that you will do it]. And he swore to him. And Israel bowed himself upon the head of the bed.

48SOME TIME after these things occurred, someone told Joseph, Behold, your father is sick. And he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim [and went to Goshen].

2When Jacob was told, Your son Joseph has come to you, Israel collected his strength and sat up on the bed.

3And Jacob said to Joseph, God Almighty appeared to me at Luz [Bethel] in the land of Canaan and blessed me

4And said to me, Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make you a multitude of people and will give this land to your descendants after you as an everlasting possession.

5And now your two sons, [Ephraim and Manasseh], who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine. [I am adopting them, and now] as Reuben and Simeon, [they] shall be mine.

6But other sons who may be born after them shall be your own; and they shall be called after the names of these [two] brothers and reckoned as belonging to them [when they come] into their inheritance.

7And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died at my side in the land of Canaan on the way, when yet there was but a little way to come to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath, that is, Bethlehem.

8When Israel [almost blind] saw Joseph's sons, he said, Who are these?

9And Joseph said to his father, They are my sons, whom God has given me in this place. And he said, Bring them to me, I pray you, that I may bless them.

10Now Israel's eyes were dim from age, so that he could not see. And Joseph brought them near to him, and he kissed and embraced them.

11Israel said to Joseph, I had not thought that I would see your face, but see, God has shown me your offspring also.

12Then Joseph took [the boys] from [his father's embrace] and he bowed [before him] with his face to the earth.

13Then Joseph took both [boys], Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel's left, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel's right, and brought them close to him.

14And Israel reached out his right hand and laid it on the head of Ephraim, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh's head, crossing his hands intentionally, for Manasseh was the firstborn.

15Then [Jacob] blessed Joseph and said, God [Himself ], before Whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac lived and walked habitually, God [Himself ], Who has [been my Shepherd and has led and] fed me from the time I came into being until this day,

16The redeeming Angel [that is, the Angel the Redeemer--not a created being but the Lord Himself] Who has redeemed me continually from every evil, bless the lads! And let my name be perpetuated in them [may they be worthy of having their names coupled with mine], and the names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them become a multitude in the midst of the earth.

17When Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on Ephraim's head, it displeased him; and he held up his father's hand to move it to Manasseh's head.

18And Joseph said, Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn; put your right hand upon his head.

19But his father refused and said, I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people and shall be great; but his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his offspring shall become a multitude of nations.

20And he blessed them that day, saying, By you shall Israel bless [one another], saying, May God make you like Ephraim and like Manasseh. And he set Ephraim before Manasseh.

21And Israel said to Joseph, Behold, I [am about to] die, but God will be with you and bring you again to the land of your fathers.

22Moreover, I have given to you [Joseph] one portion [Shechem, one mountain slope] more than any of your brethren, which I took [reclaiming it] out of the hand of the Amorites with my sword and with my bow.

49AND JACOB called for his sons and said, Gather yourselves together [around me], that I may tell you what shall befall you in the latter or last days.

2Gather yourselves together and hear, you sons of Jacob; and hearken to Israel your father.

3Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, the beginning (the firstfruits) of my manly strength and vigor; [your birthright gave you] the preeminence in dignity and the preeminence in power.

4But unstable and boiling over like water, you shall not excel and have the preeminence [of the firstborn], because you went to your father's bed; you defiled it--he went to my couch!

5Simeon and Levi are brothers [equally headstrong, deceitful, vindictive, and cruel]; their swords are weapons of violence.

6O my soul, come not into their secret council; unto their assembly let not my honor be united [for I knew nothing of their plot], because in their anger they slew men [an honored man, Shechem, and the Shechemites], and in their self-will they disabled oxen.

7Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce, and their wrath, for it was cruel. I will divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel.

8Judah, you are the one whom your brothers shall praise; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father's sons shall bow down to you.

9Judah, a lion's cub! With the prey, my son, you have gone high up [the mountain]. He stooped down, he crouched like a lion, and like a lioness--who dares provoke and rouse him?

10The scepter or leadership shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until Shiloh [the Messiah, the Peaceful One] comes to Whom it belongs, and to Him shall be the obedience of the people.

11Binding His foal to the vine and His donkey's colt to the choice vine, He washes His garments in wine and His clothes in the blood of grapes.

12His eyes are darker and more sparkling than wine, and His teeth whiter than milk.

13Zebulun shall live toward the seashore, and he shall be a haven and a landing place for ships; and his border shall be toward Sidon.

14Issachar is a strong-boned donkey crouching down between the sheepfolds.

15And he saw that rest was good and that the land was pleasant; and he bowed his shoulder to bear [his burdens] and became a servant to tribute [subjected to forced labor].

16Dan shall judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.

17Dan shall be a serpent by the way, a horned snake in the path, that bites at the horse's heels, so that his rider falls backward.

18I wait for Your salvation, O Lord.

19Gad--a raiding troop shall raid him, but he shall raid at their heels and assault them [victoriously].

20Asher's food [supply] shall be rich and fat, and he shall yield and deliver royal delights.

21Naphtali is a hind let loose which yields lovely fawns.

22Joseph is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough by a well (spring or fountain), whose branches run over the wall.

23Skilled archers have bitterly attacked and sorely worried him; they have shot at him and persecuted him.

24But his bow remained strong and steady and rested in the Strength that does not fail him, for the arms of his hands were made strong and active by the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob, by the name of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,

25By the God of your father, Who will help you, and by the Almighty, Who will bless you with blessings of the heavens above, blessings lying in the deep beneath, blessings of the breasts and of the womb.

26The blessings of your father [on you] are greater than the blessings of my forefathers [Abraham and Isaac on me] and are as lasting as the bounties of the eternal hills; they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him who was the consecrated one and the one separated from his brethren and [the one who] is prince among them.

27Benjamin is a ravenous wolf, in the morning devouring the prey and at night dividing the spoil.

28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them as he blessed them, blessing each one according to the blessing suited to him.

29He charged them and said to them, I am to be gathered to my [departed] people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,

30In the cave in the field at Machpelah, east of Mamre in the land of Canaan, that Abraham bought, along with the field of Ephron the Hittite, to possess as a cemetery.

31There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife, there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah.

32The purchase of the field and the cave that is in it was from the sons of Heth.

33When Jacob had finished commanding his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed and breathed his last and was gathered to his [departed] people.

50THEN JOSEPH fell upon his father's face and wept over him and kissed him.

2And Joseph ordered his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel.

3Then forty days were devoted [to this purpose] for him, for that is the customary number of days required for those who are embalmed. And the Egyptians wept and bemoaned him [as they would for royalty] for seventy days.

4And when the days of his weeping and deep grief were past, Joseph said to [the nobles of] the house of Pharaoh, If now I have found grace in your eyes, speak, I pray you, to Pharaoh [for Joseph was dressed in mourning and could not do so himself], saying,

5My father made me swear, saying, I am about to die; in my tomb which I hewed out for myself in the land of Canaan, there you shall bury me. So now let me go up, I pray you, and bury my father, and I will come again.

6And Pharaoh said, Go up and bury your father, as he made you swear.

7And Joseph went up [to Canaan] to bury his father; and with him went all the officials of Pharaoh--the nobles of his court, and the elders of his house and all the nobles and elders of the land of Egypt--

8And all the household of Joseph and his brethren and his father's household. Only their little ones and their flocks and herds they left in the land of Goshen.

9And there went with [Joseph] both chariots and horsemen; and it was a very great company.

10And they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond [west of] the Jordan, and there they mourned with a great lamentation and extreme demonstrations of sorrow [according to Egyptian custom]; and [Joseph] made a mourning for his father seven days.

11When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning at the floor of Atad, they said, This is a grievous mourning for the Egyptians. Therefore the place was called Abel-mizraim [mourning of Egypt]; it is west of the Jordan.

12Thus [Jacob's] sons did for him as he had commanded them.

13For his sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, east of Mamre, which Abraham bought, along with the field, for a possession as a burying place from Ephron the Hittite.

14After he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brethren and all who had gone up with him.

15When Joseph's brethren saw that their father was dead, they said, Perhaps now Joseph will hate us and will pay us back for all the evil we did to him.

16And they sent a messenger to Joseph, saying, Your father commanded before he died, saying,

17So shall you say to Joseph: Forgive (take up and away all resentment and all claim to requital concerning), I pray you now, the trespass of your brothers and their sin, for they did evil to you. Now, we pray you, forgive the trespass of the servants of your father's God. And Joseph wept when they spoke thus to him.

18Then his brothers went and fell down before him, saying, See, we are your servants (your slaves)!

19And Joseph said to them, Fear not; for am I in the place of God? [Vengeance is His, not mine.]

20As for you, you thought evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring about that many people should be kept alive, as they are this day.

21Now therefore, do not be afraid. I will provide for and support you and your little ones. And he comforted them [imparting cheer, hope, strength] and spoke to their hearts [kindly].

22Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he and his father's household. And Joseph lived 110 years.

23And Joseph saw Ephraim's children of the third generation; the children also of Machir son of Manasseh were brought up on Joseph's knees.

24And Joseph said to his brethren, I am going to die. But God will surely visit you and bring you out of this land to the land He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob [to give you].

25And Joseph took an oath from the sons of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and you will carry up my bones from here.

26So Joseph died, being 110 years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.


 


Exodus


1THESE ARE the names of the sons of Israel who came into Egypt with Jacob, each with his household:

2Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,

3Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,

4Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher.

5All the offspring of Jacob were seventy persons; Joseph was already in Egypt.

6Then Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation.

7But the descendants of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, and the land was full of them.

8Now a new king arose over Egypt who did not know Joseph.

9He said to his people, Behold, the Israelites are too many and too mighty for us [and they outnumber us both in people and in strength].

10Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply more and, should war befall us, they join our enemies, fight against us, and escape out of the land.

11So they set over [the Israelites] taskmasters to afflict and oppress them with [increased] burdens. And [the Israelites] built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh.

12But the more [the Egyptians] oppressed them, the more they multiplied and expanded, so that [the Egyptians] were vexed and alarmed because of the Israelites.

13And the Egyptians reduced the Israelites to severe slavery.

14They made their lives bitter with hard service in mortar, brick, and all kinds of work in the field. All their service was with harshness and severity.

15Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, of whom one was named Shiprah and the other Puah,

16When you act as midwives to the Hebrew women and see them on the birthstool, if it is a son, you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, she shall live.

17But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt commanded, but let the male babies live.

18So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, Why have you done this thing and allowed the male children to live?

19The midwives answered Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women; they are vigorous and quickly delivered; their babies are born before the midwife comes to them.

20So God dealt well with the midwives and the people multiplied and became very strong.

21And because the midwives revered and feared God, He made them households [of their own].

22Then Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son born [to the Hebrews] you shall cast into the river [Nile], but every daughter you shall allow to live.

2NOW [Amram] a man of the house of Levi [the priestly tribe] went and took as his wife [Jochebed] a daughter of Levi.

2And the woman became pregnant and bore a son; and when she saw that he was [exceedingly] beautiful, she hid him three months.

3And when she could no longer hide him, she took for him an ark or basket made of bulrushes or papyrus [making it watertight by] daubing it with bitumen and pitch. Then she put the child in it and laid it among the rushes by the brink of the river [Nile].

4And his sister [Miriam] stood some distance away to learn what would be done to him.

5Now the daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, and her maidens walked along the bank; she saw the ark among the rushes and sent her maid to fetch it.

6When she opened it, she saw the child; and behold, the baby cried. And she took pity on him and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children!

7Then his sister said to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call a nurse of the Hebrew women to nurse the child for you?

8Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the girl went and called the child's mother.

9Then Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Take this child away and nurse it for me, and I will give you your wages. So the woman took the child and nursed it.

10And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh's daughter and he became her son. And she called him Moses, for she said, Because I drew him out of the water.

11One day, after Moses was grown, it happened that he went out to his brethren and looked at their burdens; and he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of [Moses'] brethren.

12He looked this way and that way, and when he saw no one, he killed the Egyptian and hid him in the sand.

13He went out the second day and saw two Hebrew men quarreling and fighting; and he said to the unjust aggressor, Why are you striking your comrade?

14And the man said, Who made you a prince and a judge over us? Do you intend to kill me as you killed the Egyptian? Then Moses was afraid and thought, Surely this thing is known.

15When Pharaoh heard of it, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from Pharaoh's presence and took refuge in the land of Midian, where he sat down by a well.

16Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and drew water and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

17The shepherds came and drove them away; but Moses stood up and helped them and watered their flock.

18And when they came to Reuel [Jethro] their father, he said, How is it that you have come so soon today?

19They said, An Egyptian delivered us from the shepherds; also he drew water for us and watered the flock.

20He said to his daughters, Where is he? Why have you left the man? Call him, that he may eat bread.

21And Moses was content to dwell with the man; and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.

22And she bore a son, and he called his name Gershom [expulsion, or a stranger there]; for he said, I have been a stranger and a sojourner in a foreign land.

23However, after a long time [nearly forty years] the king of Egypt died; and the Israelites were sighing and groaning because of the bondage. They kept crying, and their cry because of slavery ascended to God.

24And God heard their sighing and groaning and [earnestly] remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.

25God saw the Israelites and took knowledge of them and concerned Himself about them [knowing all, understanding, remembering all].

3NOW MOSES kept the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian; and he led the flock to the back or west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb or Sinai, the mountain of God.

2The Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, yet was not consumed.

3And Moses said, I will now turn aside and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.

4And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called to him out of the midst of the bush and said, Moses, Moses! And he said, Here am I.

5God said, Do not come near; put your shoes off your feet, for the place on which you stand is holy ground.

6Also He said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God.

7And the Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters and oppressors; for I know their sorrows and sufferings and trials.

8And I have come down to deliver them out of the hand and power of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a land good and large, a land flowing with milk and honey [a land of plenty]--to the place of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite.

9Now behold, the cry of the Israelites has come to Me, and I have also seen how the Egyptians oppress them.

10Come now therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh, that you may bring forth My people, the Israelites, out of Egypt.

11And Moses said to God, Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?

12God said, I will surely be with you; and this shall be the sign to you that I have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain [Horeb, or Sinai].

13And Moses said to God, Behold, when I come to the Israelites and say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you, and they say to me, What is His name? What shall I say to them?

14And God said to Moses, I AM WHO I AM and WHAT I AM, and I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE; and He said, You shall say this to the Israelites: I AM has sent me to you!

15God said also to Moses, This shall you say to the Israelites: The Lord, the God of your fathers, of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has sent me to you! This is My name forever, and by this name I am to be remembered to all generations.

16Go, gather the elders of Israel together [the mature teachers and tribal leaders], and say to them, The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared to me, saying, I have surely visited you and seen that which is done to you in Egypt;

17And I have declared that I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, to a land flowing with milk and honey.

18And [the elders] shall believe and obey your voice; and you shall go, you and the elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt and you shall say to him, The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us; and now let us go, we beseech you, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.

19And I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go [unless forced to do so], no, not by a mighty hand.

20So I will stretch out My hand and smite Egypt with all My wonders which I will do in it; and after that he will let you go.

21And I will give this people favor and respect in the sight of the Egyptians; and it shall be that when you go, you shall not go empty-handed.

22But every woman shall [insistently] solicit of her neighbor and of her that may be residing at her house jewels and articles of silver and gold, and garments, which you shall put on your sons and daughters; and you shall strip the Egyptians [of belongings due to you].

4AND MOSES answered, But behold, they will not believe me or listen to and obey my voice; for they will say, The Lord has not appeared to you.

2And the Lord said to him, What is that in your hand? And he said, A rod.

3And He said, Cast it on the ground. And he did so and it became a serpent [the symbol of royal and divine power worn on the crown of the Pharaohs]; and Moses fled from before it.

4And the Lord said to Moses, Put forth your hand and take it by the tail. And he stretched out his hand and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand,

5[This you shall do, said the Lord] that the elders may believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has indeed appeared to you.

6The Lord said also to him, Put your hand into your bosom. He put his hand into his bosom, and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous, as white as snow.

7[God] said, Put your hand into your bosom again. So he put his hand back into his bosom, and when he took it out, behold, it was restored as the rest of his flesh.

8[Then God said] If they will not believe you or heed the voice or the testimony of the first sign, they may believe the voice or the witness of the second sign.

9But if they will also not believe these two signs or heed your voice, you shall take some water of the river [Nile] and pour it upon the dry land; and the water which you take out of the river [Nile] shall become blood on the dry land.

10And Moses said to the Lord, O Lord, I am not eloquent or a man of words, neither before nor since You have spoken to Your servant; for I am slow of speech and have a heavy and awkward tongue.

11And the Lord said to him, Who has made man's mouth? Or who makes the dumb, or the deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? Is it not I, the Lord?

12Now therefore go, and I will be with your mouth and will teach you what you shall say.

13And he said, Oh, my Lord, I pray You, send by the hand of [some other] whom You will [send].

14Then the anger of the Lord blazed against Moses; He said, Is there not Aaron your brother, the Levite? I know he can speak well. Also, he is coming out to meet you, and when he sees you, he will be overjoyed.

15You must speak to him and put the words in his mouth; and I will be with your mouth and with his mouth and will teach you what you shall do.

16He shall speak for you to the people, acting as a mouthpiece for you, and you shall be as God to him.

17And you shall take this rod in your hand with which you shall work the signs [that prove I sent you].

18And Moses went away and, returning to Jethro his father-in-law, said to him, Let me go back, I pray you, to my relatives in Egypt to see whether they are still alive. And Jethro said to Moses, Go in peace.

19The Lord said to Moses in Midian, Go back to Egypt; for all the men who were seeking your life [for killing the Egyptian] are dead.

20And Moses took his wife and his sons and set them on donkeys, and he returned to the land of Egypt; and Moses took the rod of God in his hand.

21And the Lord said to Moses, When you return into Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all those miracles and wonders which I have put in your hand; but I will make him stubborn and harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.

22And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus says the Lord, Israel is My son, even My firstborn.

23And I say to you, Let My son go, that he may serve Me; and if you refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay your son, your firstborn.

24Along the way at a [resting-] place, the Lord met [Moses] and sought to kill him [made him acutely and almost fatally ill].

25[Now apparently he had failed to circumcise one of his sons, his wife being opposed to it; but seeing his life in such danger] Zipporah took a flint knife and cut off the foreskin of her son and cast it to touch [Moses'] feet, and said, Surely a husband of blood you are to me!

26When He let [Moses] alone [to recover], Zipporah said, A husband of blood are you because of the circumcision.

27The Lord said to Aaron, Go into the wilderness to meet Moses. And he went, and met him in the mountain of God [Horeb, or Sinai] and kissed him.

28Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord with which He had sent him, and all the signs with which He had charged him.

29Moses and Aaron went and gathered together [in Egypt] all the elders of the Israelites.

30Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people.

31And the people believed; and when they heard that the Lord had visited the Israelites, and that He had looked [in compassion] upon their affliction, they bowed their heads and worshiped.

5AFTERWARD MOSES and Aaron went in and told Pharaoh, Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, Let My people go, that they may hold a feast to Me in the wilderness.

2But Pharaoh said, Who is the Lord, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I know not the Lord, neither will I let Israel go.

3And they said, The God of the Hebrews has met with us; let us go, we pray you, three days' journey into the desert and sacrifice to the Lord our God, lest He fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword.

4The king of Egypt said to Moses and Aaron, Why do you take the people from their jobs? Get to your burdens!

5Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and you make them rest from their burdens!

6The very same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people and their officers,

7You shall no more give the people straw to make brick; let them go and gather straw for themselves.

8But the number of the bricks which they made before you shall still require of them; you shall not diminish it in the least. For they are idle; that is why they cry, Let us go and sacrifice to our God.

9Let heavier work be laid upon the men that they may labor at it and pay no attention to lying words.

10The taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they said to the people, Thus says Pharaoh, I will not give you straw.

11Go, get straw where you can find it; but your work shall not be diminished in the least.

12So the people were scattered through all the land of Egypt to gather the short stubble instead of straw.

13And the taskmasters were urgent, saying, Finish your work, your daily quotas, as when there was straw.

14And the Hebrew foremen, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten and were asked, Why have you not fulfilled all your quota of making bricks yesterday and today, as before?

15Then the Hebrew foremen came to Pharaoh and cried, Why do you deal like this with your servants?

16No straw is given to your servants, yet they say to us, Make bricks! And behold, your servants are beaten, but the fault is in your own people.

17But [Pharaoh] said, You are idle, lazy and idle! That is why you say, Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord.

18Get out now and get to work; for no straw shall be given you, yet you shall deliver the full quota of bricks.

19And the Hebrew foremen saw that they were in an evil situation when it was said, You shall not diminish in the least your full daily quota of bricks.

20And the foremen met Moses and Aaron, who were standing in the way as they came forth from Pharaoh.

21And the foremen said to them, The Lord look upon you and judge, because you have made us a rotten stench to be detested by Pharaoh and his servants and have put a sword in their hand to slay us.

22Then Moses turned again to the Lord and said, O Lord, why have You dealt evil to this people? Why did You ever send me?

23For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he has done evil to this people, neither have You delivered Your people at all.

6THEN THE Lord said to Moses, Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh; for [compelled] by a strong hand he will [not only] let them go, but he will drive them out of his land with a strong hand.

2And God said to Moses, I am the Lord.

3I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as God Almighty [El-Shaddai], but by My name the Lord [Yahweh--the redemptive name of God] I did not make Myself known to them [in acts and great miracles].

4I have also established My covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their temporary residence in which they were strangers.

5I have also heard the groaning of the Israelites whom the Egyptians have enslaved; and I have [earnestly] remembered My covenant [with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob].

6Accordingly, say to the Israelites, I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will free you from their bondage, and I will rescue you with an outstretched arm [with special and vigorous action] and by mighty acts of judgment.

7And I will take you to Me for a people, and I will be to you a God; and you shall know that it is I, the Lord your God, Who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

8And I will bring you into the land concerning which I lifted up My hand and swore that I would give it to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you for a heritage. I am the Lord [you have the pledge of My changeless omnipotence and faithfulness].

9Moses told this to the Israelites, but they refused to listen to Moses because of their impatience and anguish of spirit and because of their cruel bondage.

10The Lord said to Moses,

11Go in, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the Israelites go out of his land.

12But Moses said to the Lord, Behold, [my own people] the Israelites have not listened to me; how then shall Pharaoh give heed to me, who am of deficient and impeded speech?

13But the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, and gave them a command for the Israelites and for Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.

14These are the heads of their clans. The sons of Reuben, Israel's firstborn: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi; these are the families of Reuben.

15The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman; these are the families of Simeon.

16These are the names of the sons of Levi according to their births: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari; and Levi lived 137 years.

17The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimi, by their families.

18The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel; and Kohath lived 133 years.

19The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of Levi according to their generations.

20Amram took Jochebed his father's sister as wife, and she bore him Aaron and Moses; and Amram lived 137 years.

21The sons of Izhar: Korah, Nepheg, and Zichri.

22The sons of Uzziel: Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri.

23Aaron took Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, as wife; she bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

24The sons of Korah: Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These are the families of the Korahites.

25Eleazar, Aaron's son, took one of the daughters of Putiel as wife; and she bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers' houses of the Levites by their families.

26These are the [same] Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, Bring out the Israelites from the land of Egypt by their hosts,

27And who spoke to [the] Pharaoh king of Egypt about bringing the Israelites out of Egypt; these are that Moses and Aaron.

28On the day when the Lord spoke to Moses in Egypt,

29The Lord said to Moses, I am the Lord; tell Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say to you.

30But Moses said to the Lord, Behold, I am of deficient and impeded speech; how then shall Pharaoh listen to me?

7THE LORD said to Moses, Behold, I make you as God to Pharaoh [to declare My will and purpose to him]; and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.

2You shall speak all that I command you, and Aaron your brother shall tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go out of his land.

3And I will make Pharaoh's heart stubborn and hard, and multiply My signs, My wonders, and miracles in the land of Egypt.

4But Pharaoh will not listen to you, and I will lay My hand upon Egypt and bring forth My hosts, My people the Israelites, out of the land of Egypt by great acts of judgment.

5The Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord when I stretch forth My hand upon Egypt and bring out the Israelites from among them.

6And Moses and Aaron did so, as the Lord commanded them.

7Now Moses was 80 years old and Aaron 83 years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.

8And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron,

9When Pharaoh says to you, Prove [your authority] by a miracle, then tell Aaron, Throw your rod down before Pharaoh, that it may become a serpent.

10So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did as the Lord had commanded; Aaron threw down his rod before Pharaoh and his servants, and it became a serpent.

11Then Pharaoh called for the wise men [skilled in magic and divination] and the sorcerers (wizards and jugglers). And they also, these magicians of Egypt, did similar things with their enchantments and secret arts.

12For they cast down every man his rod and they became serpents; but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.

13But Pharaoh's heart was hardened and stubborn and he would not listen to them, just as the Lord had said.

14Then the Lord said to Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hard and stubborn; he refuses to let the people go.

15Go to Pharaoh in the morning; he will be going out to the water; wait for him by the river's brink; and the rod which was turned to a serpent you shall take in your hand.

16And say to him, The Lord, the God of the Hebrews has sent me to you, saying, Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness; and behold, heretofore you have not listened.

17Thus says the Lord, In this you shall know, recognize, and understand that I am the Lord: behold, I will smite with the rod in my hand the waters in the [Nile] River, and they shall be turned to blood.

18The fish in the river shall die, the river shall become foul smelling, and the Egyptians shall loathe to drink from it.

19And the Lord said to Moses, Say to Aaron, Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, rivers, pools, and ponds of water, that they may become blood; and there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, in containers both of wood and of stone.

20Moses and Aaron did as the Lord commanded; [Aaron] lifted up the rod and smote the waters in the river in the sight of Pharaoh and his servants, and all the waters in the river were turned to blood.

21And the fish in the river died; and the river became foul smelling, and the Egyptians could not drink its water, and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.

22But the magicians of Egypt did the same by their enchantments and secret arts; and Pharaoh's heart was made hard and obstinate, and he did not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the Lord had said.

23And Pharaoh turned and went into his house; neither did he take even this to heart.

24And all the Egyptians dug round about the river for water to drink, for they could not drink the water of the [Nile].

25Seven days passed after the Lord had smitten the river.

8THEN THE Lord said to Moses, Go to Pharaoh and say to him, Thus says the Lord, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

2And if you refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite your entire land with frogs;

3And the river shall swarm with frogs which shall go up and come into your house, into your bedchamber and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and upon your people, and into your ovens, your kneading bowls, and your dough.

4And the frogs shall come up on you and on your people and all your servants.

5And the Lord said to Moses, Say to Aaron, Stretch out your hand with your rod over the rivers, the streams and canals, and over the pools, and cause frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.

6So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up and covered the land.

7But the magicians did the same thing with their enchantments and secret arts, and brought up [more] frogs upon the land of Egypt.

8Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Entreat the Lord, that He may take away the frogs from me and my people; and I will let the people go that they may sacrifice to the Lord.

9Moses said to Pharaoh, Glory over me in this: dictate when I shall pray [to the Lord] for you, your servants, and your people, that the frogs may be destroyed from you and your houses and remain only in the river.

10And [Pharaoh] said, Tomorrow. [Moses] said, Let it be as you say, that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God.

11And the frogs shall depart from you and your houses and from your servants and your people; they shall remain in the river only.

12So Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried to the Lord [as he had agreed with Pharaoh] concerning the frogs which He had brought against him.

13And the Lord did according to the word of Moses, and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the courtyards and villages, and out of the fields.

14[The people] gathered them together in heaps, and the land was loathsome and stank.

15But when Pharaoh saw that there was temporary relief, he made his heart stubborn and hard and would not listen or heed them, just as the Lord had said.

16Then the Lord said to Moses, Say to Aaron, Stretch out your rod and strike the dust of the ground, that it may become biting gnats or mosquitoes throughout all the land of Egypt.

17And they did so; Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod and struck the dust of the earth, and there came biting gnats or mosquitoes on man and beast; all the dust of the land became biting gnats or mosquitoes throughout all the land of Egypt.

18The magicians tried by their enchantments and secret arts to bring forth gnats or mosquitoes, but they could not; and there were gnats or mosquitoes on man and beast.

19Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, This is the finger of God! But Pharaoh's heart was hardened and strong and he would not listen to them, just as the Lord had said.

20Then the Lord said to Moses, Rise up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes forth to the water; and say to him, Thus says the Lord, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

21Else, if you will not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms [of bloodsucking gadflies] upon you, your servants, and your people, and into your houses; and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms [of bloodsucking gadflies], and also the ground on which they stand.

22But on that day I will sever and set apart the land of Goshen in which My people dwell, that no swarms [of gadflies] shall be there, so that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of the earth.

23And I will put a division and a sign of deliverance between My people and your people. By tomorrow shall this sign be in evidence.

24And the Lord did so; and there came heavy and oppressive swarms [of bloodsucking gadflies] into the house of Pharaoh and his servants' houses; and in all of Egypt the land was corrupted and ruined by reason of the great invasion [of gadflies].

25And Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Go, sacrifice to your God [here] in the land [of Egypt].

26And Moses said, It is not suitable or right to do that; for the animals the Egyptians hold sacred and will not permit to be slain are those which we are accustomed to sacrifice to the Lord our God; if we did this before the eyes of the Egyptians, would they not stone us?

27We will go a three days' journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to the Lord our God, as He will command us.

28So Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to the Lord your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away. Entreat [your God] for me.

29Moses said, I go out from you, and I will entreat the Lord that the swarms [of bloodsucking gadflies] may depart from Pharaoh, his servants, and his people tomorrow; only let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the Lord.

30So Moses went out from Pharaoh and entreated the Lord.

31And the Lord did as Moses had spoken: He removed the swarms [of attacking gadflies] from Pharaoh, from his servants, and his people; there remained not one.

32But Pharaoh hardened his heart and made it stubborn this time also, nor would he let the people go.

9THEN THE Lord said to Moses, Go to Pharaoh and tell him, Thus says the Lord God of the Hebrews: Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

2If you refuse to let them go and still hold them,

3Behold, the hand of the Lord [will fall] upon your livestock which are out in the field, upon the horses, the donkeys, the camels, the herds and the flocks; there shall be a very severe plague.

4But the Lord shall make a distinction between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing shall die of all that belongs to the Israelites.

5And the Lord set a time, saying, Tomorrow the Lord will do this thing in the land.

6And the Lord did that the next day, and all [kinds of] the livestock of Egypt died; but of the livestock of the Israelites not one died.

7Pharaoh sent to find out, and behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. But the heart of Pharaoh was hardened [his mind was set] and he did not let the people go.

8The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, Take handfuls of ashes or soot from the brickkiln and let Moses sprinkle them toward the heavens in the sight of Pharaoh.

9And it shall become small dust over all the land of Egypt, and become boils breaking out in sores on man and beast in all the land [occupied by the Egyptians].

10So they took ashes or soot of the kiln and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses threw them toward the sky, and it became boils erupting in sores on man and beast.

11And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of their boils; for the boils were on the magicians and all the Egyptians.

12But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, making it strong and obstinate, and he did not listen to them or heed them, just as the Lord had told Moses.

13Then the Lord said to Moses, Rise up early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh and say to him, Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

14For this time I will send all My plagues upon your heart and upon your servants and your people, that you may recognize and know that there is none like Me in all the earth.

15For by now I could have put forth My hand and have struck you and your people with pestilence, and you would have been cut off from the earth.

16But for this very purpose have I let you live, that I might show you My power, and that My name may be declared throughout all the earth.

17Since you are still exalting yourself [in haughty defiance] against My people by not letting them go,

18Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very heavy and dreadful fall of hail, such as has not been in Egypt from its founding until now.

19Send therefore now and gather your cattle in hastily, and all that you have in the field; for every man and beast that is in the field and is not brought home shall be struck by the hail and shall die.

20Then he who feared the word of the Lord among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his livestock flee into the houses and shelters.

21And he who ignored the word of the Lord left his servants and his livestock in the field.

22The Lord said to Moses, Stretch forth your hand toward the heavens, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man and beast, and upon all the vegetation of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.

23Then Moses stretched forth his rod toward the heavens, and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and fire (lightning) ran down to and along the ground, and the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt.

24So there was hail and fire flashing continually in the midst of the weighty hail, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.

25The hail struck down throughout all the land of Egypt everything that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail beat down all the vegetation of the field and shattered every tree of the field.

26Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites were, was there no hail.

27And Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, I have sinned this time; the Lord is in the right and I and my people are in the wrong.

28Entreat the Lord, for there has been enough of these mighty thunderings and hail [these voices of God]; I will let you go; you shall stay here no longer.

29Moses said to him, As soon as I leave the city, I will stretch out my hands to the Lord; the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail, that you may know that the earth is the Lord's.

30But as for you and your servants, I know that you do not yet [reverently] fear the Lord God.

31The flax and the barley were smitten and ruined, for the barley was in the ear and the flax in bloom.

32But the wheat and spelt [another wheat] were not smitten, for they ripen late and were not grown up yet.

33So Moses left the city and Pharaoh, and stretched forth his hands to the Lord; and the thunder and hail ceased, and rain was no longer poured upon the earth.

34But when Pharaoh saw that the rain, the hail, and the thunder had ceased, he sinned yet more, and toughened and stiffened his hard heart, he and his servants.

35So Pharaoh's heart was strong and obstinate; he would not let the Israelites go, just as the Lord had said by Moses.

10THE LORD said to Moses, Go to Pharaoh, for I have made his heart hard, and his servants' hearts, that I might show these My signs [of divine power] before him,

2And that you may recount in the ears of your son and of your grandson what I have done in derision of the Egyptians and what things I have [repeatedly] done there--My signs [of divine power] done among them--that you may recognize and know that I am the Lord.

3So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

4For if you refuse to let My people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your country.

5And they shall cover the land so that one cannot see the ground; and they shall eat the remainder of what escaped and is left to you from the hail, and they shall eat every tree of yours that grows in the field;

6The locusts shall fill your houses and those of all your servants and of all the Egyptians, as neither your fathers nor your fathers' fathers have seen from their birth until this day. Then Moses departed from Pharaoh.

7And Pharaoh's servants said to him, How long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the Lord their God; do you not yet understand and know that Egypt is destroyed?

8So Moses and Aaron were brought again to Pharaoh; and he said to them, Go, serve the Lord your God; but just who are to go?

9And Moses said, We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our herds [all of us and all we have], for we must hold a feast to the Lord.

10Pharaoh said to them, Let the Lord be with you, if I ever let you go with your little ones! See, you have some evil purpose in mind.

11Not so! You that are men, [without your families] go and serve the Lord, for that is what you want. And [Moses and Aaron] were driven from Pharaoh's presence.

12Then the Lord said to Moses, Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up on the land of Egypt and eat all the vegetation of the land, all that the hail has left.

13And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind upon the land all that day and all that night; when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.

14And the locusts came up over all the land of Egypt and settled down on the whole country of Egypt, a very dreadful mass of them; never before were there such locusts as these, nor will there ever be again.

15For they covered the whole land, so that the ground was darkened, and they ate every bit of vegetation of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left; there remained not a green thing of the trees or the plants of the field in all the land of Egypt.

16Then Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron in haste. He said, I have sinned against the Lord your God and you.

17Now therefore forgive my sin, I pray you, only this once, and entreat the Lord your God only that He may remove from me this [plague of] death.

18Then Moses left Pharaoh and entreated the Lord.

19And the Lord turned a violent west wind, which lifted the locusts and drove them into the Red Sea; not one locust remained in all the country of Egypt.

20But the Lord made Pharaoh's heart more strong and obstinate, and he would not let the Israelites go.

21And the Lord said to Moses, Stretch out your hand toward the heavens, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness which may be felt.

22So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and for three days a thick darkness was all over the land of Egypt.

23The Egyptians could not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days; but all the Israelites had natural light in their dwellings.

24And Pharaoh called to Moses, and said, Go, serve the Lord; let your little ones also go with you; it is only your flocks and your herds that must not go.

25But Moses said, You must give into our hand also sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.

26Our livestock also shall go with us; there shall not a hoof be left behind; for of them must we take to serve the Lord our God, and we know not with what we must serve the Lord until we arrive there.

27But the Lord made Pharaoh's heart stronger and more stubborn, and he would not let them go.

28And Pharaoh said to Moses, Get away from me! See that you never enter my presence again, for the day you see my face again you shall die!

29And Moses said, You have spoken truly; I will never see your face again.

11THEN THE Lord said to Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more on Pharaoh and on Egypt; afterwards he will let you go. When he lets you go from here, he will thrust you out altogether.

2Speak now in the hearing of the people, and let every man solicit and ask of his neighbor, and every woman of her neighbor, jewels of silver and jewels of gold.

3And the Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was exceedingly great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants and of the people.

4And Moses said, Thus says the Lord, About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt;

5And all the firstborn in the land [the pride, hope, and joy] of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the maidservant who is behind the hand mill, and all the firstborn of beasts.

6There shall be a great cry in all the land of Egypt, such as has never been nor ever shall be again.

7But against any of the Israelites shall not so much as a dog move his tongue against man or beast, that you may know that the Lord makes a distinction between the Egyptians and Israel.

8And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, Get out, and all the people who follow you! And after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in great anger.

9Then the Lord said to Moses, Pharaoh will not listen to you, that My wonders and miracles may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.

10Moses and Aaron did all these wonders and miracles before Pharaoh; and the Lord hardened Pharaoh's stubborn heart, and he did not let the Israelites go out of his land.

12THE LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt,

2This month shall be to you the beginning of months, the first month of the year to you.

3Tell all the congregation of Israel, On the tenth day of this month they shall take every man a lamb or kid, according to [the size of] the family of which he is the father, a lamb or kid for each house.

4And if the household is too small to consume the lamb, let him and his next door neighbor take it according to the number of persons, every man according to what each can eat shall make your count for the lamb.

5Your lamb or kid shall be without blemish, a male of the first year; you shall take it from the sheep or the goats.

6And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall [each] kill [his] lamb in the evening.

7They shall take of the blood and put it on the two side posts and on the lintel [above the door space] of the houses in which they shall eat [the Passover lamb].

8They shall eat the flesh that night roasted; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.

9Eat not of it raw nor boiled at all with water, but roasted--its head, its legs, and its inner parts.

10You shall let nothing of the meat remain until the morning; and the bones and unedible bits which remain of it until morning you shall burn with fire.

11And you shall eat it thus: [as fully prepared for a journey] your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste. It is the Lord's Passover.

12For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment [proving their helplessness]. I am the Lord.

13The blood shall be for a token or sign to you upon [the doorposts of] the houses where you are, [that] when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague shall be upon you to destroy you when I smite the land of Egypt.

14And this day shall be to you for a memorial. You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations, keep it as an ordinance forever.

15[In celebration of the Passover in future years] seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away leaven [symbolic of corruption] out of your houses; for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel.

16On the first day you shall hold a solemn and holy assembly, and on the seventh day there shall be a solemn and holy assembly; no kind of work shall be done in them, save [preparation of] that which every person must eat--that only may be done by you.

17And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day have I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore shall you observe this day throughout your generations as an ordinance forever.

18In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread [and continue] until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.

19Seven days no leaven [symbolic of corruption] shall be found in your houses; whoever eats what is leavened shall be excluded from the congregation of Israel, whether a stranger or native-born.

20You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread [during that week].

21Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said to them, Go forth, select and take a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover [lamb].

22And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood in the basin, and touch the lintel above the door and the two side posts with the blood; and none of you shall go out of his house until morning.

23For the Lord will pass through to slay the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood upon the lintel and the two side posts, the Lord will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to slay you.

24You shall observe this rite for an ordinance to you and to your sons forever.

25When you come to the land which the Lord will give you, as He has promised, you shall keep this service.

26When your children shall say to you, What do you mean by this service?

27You shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord's Passover, for He passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when He slew the Egyptians but spared our houses. And the people bowed their heads and worshiped.

28The Israelites went and, as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

29At midnight the Lord slew every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the prisoner in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock.

30Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

31He called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, get out from among my people, both you and the Israelites; and go, serve the Lord, as you said.

32Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone! And [ask your God to] bless me also.

33The Egyptians were urgent with the people to depart, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We are all dead men.

34The people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their clothes on their shoulders.

35The Israelites did according to the word of Moses; and they [urgently] asked of the Egyptians jewels of silver and of gold, and clothing.

36The Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they gave them what they asked. And they stripped the Egyptians [of those things].

37The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about 600,000 men on foot, besides women and children.

38And a mixed multitude went also with them, and very much livestock, both flocks and herds.

39They baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought from Egypt; it was not leavened because they were driven from Egypt and could not delay, nor had they prepared for themselves any food.

40Now the time the Israelites dwelt in Egypt was 430 years.

41At the end of the 430 years, even that very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out of Egypt.

42It was a night of watching unto the Lord and to be much observed for bringing them out of Egypt; this same night of watching unto the Lord is to be observed by all the Israelites throughout their generations.

43The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat of it;

44But every man's servant who is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then may he eat of it.

45A foreigner or hired servant shall not eat of it.

46In one house shall it be eaten [by one company]; you shall not carry any of the flesh outside the house; neither shall you break a bone of it.

47All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

48When a stranger sojourning with you wishes to keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it.

49There shall be one law for the native-born and for the stranger or foreigner who sojourns among you.

50Thus did all the Israelites; as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

51And on that very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

13THE LORD said to Moses,

2Sanctify (consecrate, set apart) to Me all the firstborn [males]; whatever is first to open the womb among the Israelites, both of man and of beast, is Mine.

3And Moses said to the people, [Earnestly] remember this day in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage and bondmen, for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from this place; no leavened bread shall be eaten.

4This day you go forth in the month Abib.

5And when the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which He promised and swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey [a land of plenty], you shall keep this service in this month.

6Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread and the seventh day shall be a feast to the Lord.

7Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days; no leavened bread shall be seen with you, neither shall there be leaven in all your territory.

8You shall explain to your son on that day, This is done because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.

9It shall be as a sign to you upon your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the law of the Lord may be in your mouth; for with a strong hand the Lord has brought you out of Egypt.

10You shall therefore keep this ordinance at this time from year to year.

11And when the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as He promised and swore to you and your fathers, and shall give it to you,

12You shall set apart to the Lord all that first opens the womb. All the firstlings of your livestock that are males shall be the Lord's.

13Every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem by [substituting for it] a lamb, or if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck; and every firstborn among your sons shall you redeem.

14And when, in time to come, your son asks you, What does this mean? You shall say to him, By strength of hand the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage and bondmen.

15For when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the Lord slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and of livestock. Therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all the males that first open the womb; but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.

16And it shall be as a reminder upon your hand or as frontlets between your eyes, for by a strong hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.

17When Pharaoh let the people go, God led them not by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was nearer; for God said, Lest the people change their purpose when they see war and return to Egypt.

18But God led the people around by way of the wilderness toward the Red Sea. And the Israelites went up marshaled [in ranks] out of the land of Egypt.

19And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for [Joseph] had strictly sworn the Israelites, saying, Surely God will be with you, and you must carry my bones away from here with you.

20They journeyed from Succoth and encamped at Etham on the edge of the wilderness.

21The Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.

22The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.

14AND THE Lord said to Moses,

2Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the [Red] Sea, before Baal-zephon. You shall encamp opposite it by the sea.

3For Pharaoh will say of the Israelites, They are entangled in the land; the wilderness has shut them in.

4I will harden (make stubborn, strong) Pharaoh's heart, that he will pursue them, and I will gain honor and glory over Pharaoh and all his host, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so.

5It was told the king of Egypt that the people had fled; and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was changed toward the people, and they said, What is this we have done? We have let Israel go from serving us!

6And he made ready his chariots and took his army,

7And took 600 chosen chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.

8The Lord made hard and strong the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the Israelites, for [they] left proudly and defiantly.

9The Egyptians pursued them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army, and overtook them encamped at the [Red] Sea by Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.

10When Pharaoh drew near, the Israelites looked up, and behold, the Egyptians were marching after them; and the Israelites were exceedingly frightened and cried out to the Lord.

11And they said to Moses, Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you treated us this way and brought us out of Egypt?

12Did we not tell you in Egypt, Let us alone; let us serve the Egyptians? For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness.

13Moses told the people, Fear not; stand still (firm, confident, undismayed) and see the salvation of the Lord which He will work for you today. For the Egyptians you have seen today you shall never see again.

14The Lord will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace and remain at rest.

15The Lord said to Moses, Why do you cry to Me? Tell the people of Israel to go forward!

16Lift up your rod and stretch out your hand over the sea and divide it, and the Israelites shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

17And I, behold, I will harden (make stubborn and strong) the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go [into the sea] after them; and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and all his host, his chariots, and horsemen.

18The Egyptians shall know and realize that I am the Lord when I have gained honor and glory over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.

19And the Angel of God Who went before the host of Israel moved and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before them and stood behind them,

20Coming between the host of Egypt and the host of Israel. It was a cloud and darkness to the Egyptians, but it gave light by night to the Israelites; and the one host did not come near the other all night.

21Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night and made the sea dry land; and the waters were divided.

22And the Israelites went into the midst of the sea on dry ground, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.

23The Egyptians pursued and went in after them into the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

24And in the morning watch the Lord through the pillar of fire and cloud looked down on the host of the Egyptians and discomfited [them],

25And bound (clogged, took off) their chariot wheels, making them drive heavily; and the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the Lord fights for them against the Egyptians!

26Then the Lord said to Moses, Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots and horsemen.

27So Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength and normal flow when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled into it [being met by it]; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians and shook them off into the midst of the sea.

28The waters returned and covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that pursued them; not even one of them remained.

29But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the midst of the sea, the waters being a wall to them on their right hand and on their left.

30Thus the Lord saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the seashore.

31And Israel saw that great work which the Lord did against the Egyptians, and the people [reverently] feared the Lord and trusted in (relied on, remained steadfast to) the Lord and to His servant Moses.

15THEN MOSES and the Israelites sang this song to the Lord, saying, I will sing to the Lord, for He has triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider or its chariot has He thrown into the sea.

2The Lord is my Strength and my Song, and He has become my Salvation; this is my God, and I will praise Him, my father's God, and I will exalt Him.

3The Lord is a Man of War; the Lord is His name.

4Pharaoh's chariots and his host has He cast into the sea; his chosen captains also are sunk in the Red Sea.

5The floods cover them; they sank in the depths [clad in mail] like a stone.

6Your right hand, O Lord, is glorious in power; Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy.

7In the greatness of Your majesty You overthrow those rising against You. You send forth Your fury; it consumes them like stubble.

8With the blast of Your nostrils the waters piled up, the floods stood fixed in a heap, the deeps congealed in the heart of the sea.

9The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my desire shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.

10You [Lord] blew with Your wind, the sea covered them; [clad in mail] they sank as lead in the mighty waters.

11Who is like You, O Lord, among the gods? Who is like You, glorious in holiness, awesome in splendor, doing wonders?

12You stretched out Your right hand, the earth's [sea] swallowed them.

13You in Your mercy and loving-kindness have led forth the people whom You have redeemed; You have guided them in Your strength to Your holy habitation.

14The peoples have heard of it; they tremble; pangs have taken hold on the inhabitants of Philistia.

15Now the chiefs of Edom are dismayed; the mighty men of Moab [renowned for strength], trembling takes hold of them; all the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away--little by little.

16Terror and dread fall upon them; because of the greatness of Your arm they are as still as a stone--till Your people pass by and over [into Canaan], O Lord, till the people pass by whom You have purchased.

17You will bring them in [to the land] and plant them on Your own mountain, the place, O Lord, You have made for Your dwelling, the sanctuary, O Lord, which Your hands have established.

18The Lord will reign forever and ever.

19For the horses of Pharaoh went with his chariots and horsemen into the sea, and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea upon them, but the Israelites walked on dry ground in the midst of the sea.

20Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out after her with timbrels and dancing.

21And Miriam responded to them, Sing to the Lord, for He has triumphed gloriously and is highly exalted; the horse and his rider He has thrown into the sea.

22Then Moses led Israel onward from the Red Sea and they went into the Wilderness of Shur; they went three days [thirty-three miles] in the wilderness and found no water.

23When they came to Marah, they could not drink its waters for they were bitter; therefore it was named Marah [bitterness].

24The people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

25And he cried to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a tree which he cast into the waters, and the waters were made sweet. There [the Lord] made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there He proved them,

26Saying, If you will diligently hearken to the voice of the Lord your God and will do what is right in His sight, and will listen to and obey His commandments and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases upon you which I brought upon the Egyptians, for I am the Lord Who heals you.

27And they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees; and they encamped there by the waters.

16THEY SET out from Elim, and all the congregation of Israel came to the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they left the land of Egypt.

2And the whole congregation of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness,

3And said to them, Would that we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the fleshpots and ate bread to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

4Then the Lord said to Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from the heavens for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in My law or not.

5On the sixth day they shall prepare to bring in twice as much as they gather daily.

6So Moses and Aaron said to all Israel, At evening you shall know that the Lord has brought you out from the land of Egypt,

7And in the morning you shall see the glory of the Lord, for He hears your murmurings against the Lord. For what are we, that you murmur against us?

8And Moses said, [This will happen] when the Lord gives you in the evening flesh to eat and in the morning bread to the full, because the Lord has heard your grumblings which you murmur against Him; what are we? Your murmurings are not against us, but against the Lord.

9And Moses said to Aaron, Say to all the congregation of Israel, Come near before the Lord, for He has heard your murmurings.

10And as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud!

11The Lord said to Moses,

12I have heard the murmurings of the Israelites; speak to them, saying, At twilight you shall eat meat, and between the two evenings you shall be filled with bread; and you shall know that I am the Lord your God.

13In the evening quails came up and covered the camp; and in the morning the dew lay round about the camp.

14And when the dew had gone, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a fine, round and flakelike thing, as fine as hoarfrost on the ground.

15When the Israelites saw it, they said one to another, Manna [What is it?]. For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat.

16This is what the Lord has commanded: Let every man gather of it as much as he will need, an omer for each person, according to the number of your persons; take it, every man for those in his tent.

17The [people] did so, and gathered, some more, some less.

18When they measured it with an omer, he who gathered much had nothing over, and he who gathered little had no lack; each gathered according to his need.

19Moses said, Let none of it be left until morning.

20But they did not listen to Moses; some of them left of it until morning, and it bred worms, became foul, and stank; and Moses was angry with them.

21They gathered it every morning, each as much as he needed, for when the sun became hot it melted.

22And on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each person; and all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses.

23He said to them, The Lord has said, Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord; bake and boil what you will bake and boil today; and all that remains over put aside for you to keep until morning.

24They laid it aside till morning, as Moses told them; and it did not become foul, neither was it wormy.

25Moses said, Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord. Today you shall find none in the field.

26Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there shall be none.

27On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather, but they found none.

28The Lord said to Moses, How long do you [people] refuse to keep My commandments and My laws?

29See, the Lord has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day the bread for two days; let every man remain in his place; let no man leave his place on the seventh day.

30So the people rested on the seventh day.

31The house of Israel called the bread manna; it was like coriander seed, white, and it tasted like wafers made with honey.

32Moses said, This is what the Lord commands, Take an omer of it to be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.

33And Moses said to Aaron, Take a pot and put an omer of manna in it, and lay it up before the Lord, to be kept throughout your generations.

34As the Lord commanded Moses, Aaron laid it up before the Testimony to be kept [in the ark].

35And the Israelites ate manna forty years, until they came to a habitable land; they ate the manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

36(Now an omer is the tenth of an ephah.)

17ALL THE congregation of the Israelites moved on from the Wilderness of Sin by stages, according to the commandment of the Lord, and encamped at Rephidim; but there was no water for the people to drink.

2Therefore, the people contended with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said to them, Why do you find fault with me? Why do you tempt the Lord and try His patience?

3But the people thirsted there for water, and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Why did you bring us up out of Egypt to kill us and our children and livestock with thirst?

4So Moses cried to the Lord, What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me.

5And the Lord said to Moses, Pass on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel; and take in your hand the rod with which you smote the river [Nile], and go.

6Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at [Mount] Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

7He called the place Massah [proof ] and Meribah [contention] because of the faultfinding of the Israelites and because they tempted and tried the patience of the Lord, saying, Is the Lord among us or not?

8Then came Amalek [descendants of Esau] and fought with Israel at Rephidim.

9And Moses said to Joshua, Choose us out men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand.

10So Joshua did as Moses said and fought with Amalek; and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the hilltop.

11When Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed; and when he lowered his hand, Amalek prevailed.

12But Moses' hands were heavy and grew weary. So [the other men] took a stone and put it under him and he sat on it. Then Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side and one on the other side; so his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

13And Joshua mowed down and disabled Amalek and his people with the sword.

14And the Lord said to Moses, Write this for a memorial in the book and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens.

15And Moses built an altar and called the name of it, The Lord is my Banner;

16And he said, Because [theirs] is a hand against the throne of the Lord, the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.

18NOW JETHRO [Reuel], the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, and that the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt.

2Then Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after Moses had sent her back [to her father],

3And her two sons, of whom the name of the one was Gershom [ expulsion, or a stranger there], for Moses said, I have been an alien in a strange land;

4And the name of the other was Eliezer [God is help], for the God of my father, said Moses, was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.

5And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, came with Moses' sons and his wife to the wilderness where he was encamped at the mount of God [Horeb, or Sinai].

6And he said [in a message] to Moses, I, your father-in-law Jethro, am come to you and your wife and her two sons with her.

7And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed in homage and kissed him; and each asked the other of his welfare and they came into the tent.

8Moses told his father-in-law all the Lord had done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians for Israel's sake and all the hardships that had come upon them by the way and how the Lord delivered them.

9Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness the Lord had done to Israel in that He had delivered them out of the hand of the Egyptians.

10Jethro said, Blessed be the Lord, Who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharaoh, Who has delivered the people [Israel] from under the hand of the Egyptians.

11Now I know that the Lord is greater than all gods. Yes, in the [very] thing in which they dealt proudly [He showed Himself infinitely superior to all their gods].

12And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices [to offer] to God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law before God.

13Next day Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood around Moses from morning till evening.

14When Moses' father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, What is this that you do for the people? Why do you sit alone, and all the people stand around you from morning till evening?

15Moses said to his father-in-law, Because the people come to me to inquire of God.

16When they have a dispute they come to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor, and I make them know the statutes of God and His laws.

17Moses' father-in-law said to him, The thing that you are doing is not good.

18You will surely wear out both yourself and this people with you, for the thing is too heavy for you; you are not able to perform it all by yourself.

19Listen now to [me]; I will counsel you, and God will be with you. You shall represent the people before God, bringing their cases and causes to Him,

20Teaching them the decrees and laws, showing them the way they must walk and the work they must do.

21Moreover, you shall choose able men from all the people--God-fearing men of truth who hate unjust gain--and place them over thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens, to be their rulers.

22And let them judge the people at all times; every great matter they shall bring to you, but every small matter they shall judge. So it will be easier for you, and they will bear the burden with you.

23If you will do this, and God so commands you, you will be able to endure [the strain], and all these people also will go to their [tents] in peace.

24So Moses listened to and heeded the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.

25Moses chose able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.

26And they judged the people at all times; the hard cases they brought to Moses, but every small matter they decided themselves.

27Then Moses let his father-in-law depart, and he went his way into his own land.

19IN THE third month after the Israelites left the land of Egypt, the same day, they came into the Wilderness of Sinai.

2When they had departed from Rephidim and had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, they encamped there before the mountain.

3And Moses went up to God, and the Lord called to him out of the mountain, Say this to the house of Jacob and tell the Israelites:

4You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to Myself.

5Now therefore, if you will obey My voice in truth and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own peculiar possession and treasure from among and above all peoples; for all the earth is Mine.

6And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests, a holy nation [consecrated, set apart to the worship of God]. These are the words you shall speak to the Israelites.

7So Moses called for the elders of the people and told them all these words which the Lord commanded him.

8And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord has spoken we will do. And Moses reported the words of the people to the Lord.

9And the Lord said to Moses, Behold, I come to you in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you and believe you and remain steadfast forever. Then Moses told the words of the people to the Lord.

10And the Lord said to Moses, Go and sanctify the people [set them apart for God] today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes

11And be ready by the third day, for the third day the Lord will come down upon Mount Sinai [in the cloud] in the sight of all the people.

12And you shall set bounds for the people round about, saying, Take heed that you go not up into the mountain or touch the border of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.

13No hand shall touch it [or the offender], but he shall surely be stoned or shot [with arrows]; whether beast or man, he shall not live. When the trumpet sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.

14So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and sanctified them [set them apart for God], and they washed their clothes.

15And he said to the people, Be ready by the day after tomorrow; do not go near a woman.

16The third morning there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.

17Then Moses brought the people from the camp to meet God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.

18Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke, for the Lord descended upon it in fire; its smoke ascended like that of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly.

19As the trumpet blast grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and God answered him with a voice.

20The Lord came down upon Mount Sinai to the top of the mountain, and the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

21The Lord said to Moses, Go down and warn the people, lest they break through to the Lord to gaze and many of them perish.

22And also let the priests, who come near to the Lord, sanctify (set apart) themselves [for God], lest the Lord break forth against them.

23And Moses said to the Lord, The people cannot come up to Mount Sinai, for You Yourself charged us, saying, Set bounds about the mountain and sanctify it [set it apart for God].

24Then the Lord said to him, Go, get down and you shall come up, you and Aaron with you; but let not the priests and the people break through to come up to the Lord, lest He break forth against them.

25So Moses went down to the people and told them.

20THEN GOD spoke all these words:

2I am the Lord your God, Who has brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

3You shall have no other gods before or besides Me.

4You shall not make yourself any graven image [to worship it] or any likeness of anything that is in the heavens above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;

5You shall not bow down yourself to them or serve them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me,

6But showing mercy and steadfast love to a thousand generations of those who love Me and keep My commandments.

7You shall not use or repeat the name of the Lord your God in vain [that is, lightly or frivolously, in false affirmations or profanely]; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.

8[Earnestly] remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy (withdrawn from common employment and dedicated to God).

9Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

10But the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, your daughter, your manservant, your maidservant, your domestic animals, or the sojourner within your gates.

11For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. That is why the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it [set it apart for His purposes].

12Regard (treat with honor, due obedience, and courtesy) your father and mother, that your days may be long in the land the Lord your God gives you.

13You shall not commit murder.

14You shall not commit adultery.

15You shall not steal.

16You shall not witness falsely against your neighbor.

17You shall not covet your neighbor's house, your neighbor's wife, or his manservant, or his maidservant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.

18Now all the people perceived the thunderings and the lightnings and the noise of the trumpet and the smoking mountain, and as [they] looked they trembled with fear and fell back and stood afar off.

19And they said to Moses, You speak to us and we will listen, but let not God speak to us, lest we die.

20And Moses said to the people, Fear not; for God has come to prove you, so that the [reverential] fear of Him may be before you, that you may not sin.

21And the people stood afar off, but Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

22And the Lord said to Moses, Thus shall you say to the Israelites, You have seen for yourselves that I have talked with you from heaven.

23You shall not make [gods to share] with Me [My glory and your worship]; gods of silver or gods of gold you shall not make for yourselves.

24An altar of earth you shall make to Me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, your sheep and your oxen. In every place where I record My name and cause it to be remembered I will come to you and bless you.

25And if you will make Me an altar of stone, you shall not build it of hewn stone, for if you lift up a tool upon it you have polluted it.

26Neither shall you go up by steps to My altar, that your nakedness be not exposed upon it.

21NOW THESE are the ordinances you [Moses] shall set before [the Israelites].

2If you buy a Hebrew servant [as the result of debt or theft], he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, paying nothing.

3If he came [to you] by himself, he shall go out by himself; if he came married, then his wife shall go out with him.

4If his master has given him a wife and she has borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out [of your service] alone.

5But if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go free,

6Then his master shall bring him to God [the judges as His agents]; he shall bring him to the door or doorpost and shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him for life.

7If a man sells his daughter to be a maidservant or bondwoman, she shall not go out [in six years] as menservants do.

8If she does not please her master who has not espoused her to himself, he shall let her be redeemed. To sell her to a foreign people he shall have no power, for he has dealt faithlessly with her.

9And if he espouses her to his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter.

10If he marries again, her food, clothing, and privilege as a wife shall he not diminish.

11And if he does not do these three things for her, then shall she go out free, without payment of money.

12Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.

13But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God allowed him to fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee [for protection until duly tried].

14But if a man comes willfully upon another to slay him craftily, you shall take him from My altar [to which he may have fled for protection], that he may die.

15Whoever strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

16Whoever kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or is found with him in his possession, shall surely be put to death.

17Whoever curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

18If men quarrel and one strikes another with a stone or with his fist and he does not die but keeps his bed,

19If he rises again and walks about leaning upon his staff, then he that struck him shall be clear, except he must pay for the loss of his time and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

20And if a man strikes his servant or his maid with a rod and he [or she] dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished.

21But if the servant lives on for a day or two, the offender shall not be punished, for he [has injured] his own property.

22If men contend with each other, and a pregnant woman [interfering] is hurt so that she has a miscarriage, yet no further damage follows, [the one who hurt her] shall surely be punished with a fine [paid] to the woman's husband, as much as the judges determine.

23But if any damage follows, then you shall give life for life,

24Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

25Burn for burn, wound for wound, and lash for lash.

26And if a man hits the eye of his servant or the eye of his maid so that it is destroyed, he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.

27And if he knocks out his manservant's tooth or his maidservant's tooth, he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

28If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, then the ox shall surely be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be clear.

29But if the ox has tried to gore before, and its owner has been warned but has not kept it closed in and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also put to death.

30If a ransom is put on [the man's] life, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is laid upon him.

31If the [man's ox] has gored another's son or daughter, he shall be dealt with according to this same rule.

32If the ox gores a manservant or a maidservant, the owner shall give to their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

33If a man leaves a pit open or digs a pit and does not cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it,

34The owner of the pit shall make it good; he shall give money to the animal's owner, but the dead beast shall be his.

35If one man's ox hurts another's so that it dies, they shall sell the live ox and divide the price of it; the dead ox also they shall divide between them.

36Or if it is known that the ox has gored in the past, and its owner has not kept it closed in, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his.

22IF A man steals an ox or sheep and kills or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for an ox, or four sheep for a sheep.

2If a thief is found breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no blood shed for him.

3But if the sun has risen [so he can be seen], blood must be shed for slaying him. The thief [if he lives] must make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

4If the beast which he stole is found in his possession alive, whether it is ox or ass or sheep, he shall restore double.

5If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over or lets his beast loose and it feeds in another man's field, he shall make restitution of the best of his own field or his own vineyard.

6If fire breaks out and catches so that the stacked grain or standing grain or the field be consumed, he who kindled the fire shall make full restitution.

7If a man delivers to his neighbor money or goods to keep and it is stolen out of the neighbor's house, then, if the thief is found, he shall pay double.

8But if the thief is not found, the house owner shall appear before God [the judges as His agents] to find whether he stole his neighbor's goods.

9For every unlawful deed, whether it concerns ox, donkey, sheep, clothing, or any lost thing at all, which another identifies as his, the cause of both parties shall come before God [the judges]. Whomever [they] shall condemn shall pay his neighbor double.

10If a man delivers to his neighbor a donkey or an ox or a sheep or any beast to keep and it dies or is hurt or driven away, no man seeing it,

11Then an oath before the Lord shall be required between the two that the man has not taken his neighbor's property; and the owner of it shall accept his word and not require him to make good the loss.

12But if it is stolen when in his care, he shall make restitution to its owner.

13If it be torn in pieces [by some wild beast or by accident], let him bring [the mangled carcass] for witness; he shall not make good what was torn.

14And if a man borrows anything of his neighbor and it gets hurt or dies without its owner being with it, the borrower shall make full restitution.

15But if the owner is with it [when the damage is done], the borrower shall not make it good. If it is a hired thing, the damage is included in its hire.

16If a man seduces a virgin not betrothed and lies with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to become his wife.

17If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equivalent to the dowry of virgins.

18You shall not allow a woman to live who practices sorcery.

19Whoever lies carnally with a beast shall surely be put to death.

20He who sacrifices to any god but the Lord only shall be utterly destroyed.

21You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him; for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

22You shall not afflict any widow or fatherless child.

23If you afflict them in any way and they cry at all to Me, I will surely hear their cry;

24And My wrath shall burn; I will kill you with the sword, and your wives shall be widows and your children fatherless.

25If you lend money to any of My people with you who is poor, you shall not be to him as a creditor, neither shall you require interest from him.

26If you ever take your neighbor's garment in pledge, you shall give it back to him before the sun goes down;

27For that is his only covering, his clothing for his body. In what shall he sleep? When he cries to Me, I will hear, for I am gracious and merciful.

28You shall not revile God [the judges as His agents] or esteem lightly or curse a ruler of your people.

29You shall not delay to bring to Me from the fullness [of your harvested grain] and the outflow [of your grape juice and olive oil]; give Me the firstborn of your sons [or redeem them].

30Likewise shall you do with your oxen and your sheep. Seven days the firstborn [beast] shall be with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

31And you shall be holy men [consecrated] to Me; therefore you shall not eat any flesh that is torn by beasts in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs.

23YOU SHALL not repeat or raise a false report; you shall not join with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

2You shall not follow a crowd to do evil; nor shall you bear witness at a trial so as to side with a multitude to pervert justice.

3Neither shall you be partial to a poor man in his trial [just because he is poor].

4If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey going astray, you shall surely bring it back to him again.

5If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying [helpless] under his load, you shall refrain from leaving the man to cope with it alone; you shall help him to release the animal.

6You shall not pervert the justice due to your poor in his cause.

7Keep far from a false matter and [be very careful] not to condemn to death the innocent and the righteous, for I will not justify and acquit the wicked.

8You shall take no bribe, for the bribe blinds those who have sight and perverts the testimony and the cause of the righteous.

9Also you shall not oppress a temporary resident, for you know the heart of a stranger and sojourner, seeing you were strangers and sojourners in Egypt.

10Six years you shall sow your land and reap its yield.

11But the seventh year you shall release it and let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat [what the land voluntarily yields], and what they leave the wild beasts shall eat. In like manner you shall deal with your vineyard and olive grove.

12Six days you shall do your work, but the seventh day you shall rest and keep Sabbath, that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your bondwoman, and the alien, may be refreshed.

13In all I have said to you take heed; do not mention the name of other gods [either in blessing or cursing]; do not let such speech be heard from your mouth.

14Three times in the year you shall keep a feast to Me.

15You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread; seven days you shall eat unleavened bread as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt. None shall appear before Me empty-handed.

16Also you shall keep the Feast of Harvest [Pentecost], [acknowledging] the firstfruits of your toil, of what you sow in the field. And [third] you shall keep the Feast of Ingathering [Booths or Tabernacles] at the end of the year, when you gather in the fruit of your labors from the field.

17Three times in the year all your males shall appear before the Lord God.

18You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread [but keep it unmixed], neither shall the fat of My feast remain all night until morning.

19The first of the firstfruits of your ground you shall bring into the house of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk.

20Behold, I send an Angel before you to keep and guard you on the way and to bring you to the place I have prepared.

21Give heed to Him, listen to and obey His voice; be not rebellious before Him or provoke Him, for He will not pardon your transgression; for My Name is in Him.

22But if you will indeed listen to and obey His voice and all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

23When My Angel goes before you and brings you to the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, and I reject them and blot them out,

24You shall not bow down to their gods or serve them or do after their works; but you shall utterly overthrow them and break down their pillars and images.

25You shall serve the Lord your God; He shall bless your bread and water, and I will take sickness from your midst.

26None shall lose her young by miscarriage or be barren in your land; I will fulfill the number of your days.

27I will send My terror before you and will throw into confusion all the people to whom you shall come, and I will make all your foes turn from you [in flight].

28And I will send hornets before you which shall drive out the Hivite, Canaanite, and Hittite from before you.

29I will not drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land become desolate [for lack of attention] and the wild beasts multiply against you.

30Little by little I will drive them out from before you, until you have increased and are numerous enough to take possession of the land.

31I will set your borders from the Red Sea to the Sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the river [Euphrates]; for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand and you shall drive them out before you.

32You shall make no covenant with them or with their gods.

33They shall not dwell in your land, lest they make you sin against Me; for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare to you.

24GOD SAID to Moses, Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu [Aaron's sons], and seventy of Israel's elders, and worship at a distance.

2Moses alone shall come near the Lord; the others shall not come near, and neither shall the people come up with him.

3Moses came and told the people all that the Lord had said and all the ordinances; and all the people answered with one voice, All that the Lord has spoken we will do.

4Moses wrote all the words of the Lord. He rose up early in the morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain and set up twelve pillars representing Israel's twelve tribes.

5And he sent young Israelite men, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen to the Lord.

6And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he dashed against the altar.

7Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read in the hearing of the people; and they said, All that the Lord has said we will do, and we will be obedient.

8And Moses took the [remaining half of the] blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant which the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.

9Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up [the mountainside].

10And they saw the God of Israel [that is, a convincing manifestation of His presence], and under His feet it was like pavement of bright sapphire stone, like the very heavens in clearness.

11And upon the nobles of the Israelites He laid not His hand [to conceal Himself from them, to rebuke their daring, or to harm them]; but they saw [the manifestation of the presence of] God, and ate and drank.

12And the Lord said to Moses, Come up to Me into the mountain and be there, and I will give you tables of stone, with the law and the commandments which I have written that you may teach them.

13So Moses rose up with Joshua his attendant; and Moses went up into the mountain of God.

14And he said to the elders, Tarry here for us until we come back to you; remember, Aaron and Hur are with you; whoever has a cause, let him go to them.

15Then Moses went up into the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain.

16The glory of the Lord rested on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days. On the seventh day [God] called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud.

17And the glory of the Lord appeared to the Israelites like devouring fire on the top of the mountain.

18Moses entered into the midst of the cloud and went up the mountain, and Moses was on the mountain forty days and nights.

25AND THE Lord said to Moses,

2Speak to the Israelites, that they take for Me an offering. From every man who gives it willingly and ungrudgingly with his heart you shall take My offering.

3This is the offering you shall receive from them: gold, silver, and bronze,

4Blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and fine twined linen and goats' hair,

5Rams' skins tanned red, goatskins, dolphin or porpoise skins, acacia wood,

6Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil and for sweet incense,

7Onyx stones, and stones for setting in the ephod and in the breastplate.

8Let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them.

9And you shall make it according to all that I show you, the pattern of the tabernacle or dwelling and the pattern of all the furniture of it.

10They shall make an ark of acacia wood: two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high.

11You shall overlay the ark with pure gold, inside and out, and make a gold crown, a rim or border, around its top.

12You shall cast four gold rings and attach them to the four lower corners of it, two rings on either side.

13You shall make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold,

14And put the poles through the rings on the ark's sides, by which to carry it.

15The poles shall remain in the rings of the ark; they shall not be removed from it [that the ark be not touched].

16And you shall put inside the ark the Testimony [the Ten Commandments] which I will give you.

17And you shall make a mercy seat (a covering) of pure gold, two cubits and a half long and a cubit and a half wide.

18And you shall make two cherubim (winged angelic figures) of [solid] hammered gold on the two ends of the mercy seat.

19Make one cherub on each end, making the cherubim of one piece with the mercy seat, on the two ends of it.

20And the cherubim shall spread out their wings above, covering the mercy seat with their wings, facing each other and looking down toward the mercy seat.

21You shall put the mercy seat on the top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the Testimony [the Ten Commandments] that I will give you.

22There I will meet with you and, from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim that are upon the ark of the Testimony, I will speak intimately with you of all which I will give you in commandment to the Israelites.

23Also, make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long, one cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high [for the showbread].

24You shall overlay it with pure gold and make a crown, a rim or molding, of gold around the top of it;

25And make a frame of a handbreadth around and below the top of it and put around it a gold molding as a border.

26You shall make for it four rings of gold and fasten them at the four corners that are on the table's four legs.

27Close against the frame shall the rings be as places for the poles to pass to carry the table [of showbread].

28You shall make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, that the table may be carried with them.

29And you shall make its plates [for showbread] and cups [for incense], and its flagons and bowls [for liquids in sacrifice]; make them of pure gold.

30And you shall set the showbread (the bread of the Presence) on the table before Me always.

31You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. Of beaten and turned work shall the lampstand be made, both its base and its shaft; its cups, its knobs, and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.

32Six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the lampstand out of the one side and three branches out of its other side;

33Three cups made like almond blossoms, each with a knob and a flower on one branch, and three cups made like almond blossoms on the other branch with a knob and a flower; so for the six branches coming out of the lampstand;

34And on the [center shaft] itself you shall [make] four cups like almond blossoms with their knobs and their flowers.

35Also make a knob [on the shaft] under each pair of the six branches going out from the lampstand and one piece with it;

36Their knobs and their branches shall be of one piece with it; the whole of it one beaten work of pure gold.

37And you shall make the lamps of the [lampstand] to include a seventh one [at the top of the shaft]. [The priests] shall set up the [seven] lamps of it so they may give light in front of it.

38Its snuffers and its ashtrays shall be of pure gold.

39Use a talent of pure gold for it, including all these utensils.

40And see to it that you copy [exactly] their pattern which was shown you on the mountain.

26MOREOVER, YOU shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains; of fine twined linen, and blue and purple and scarlet [stuff], with cherubim skillfully embroidered shall you make them.

2The length of one curtain shall be twenty-eight cubits and the breadth of one curtain four cubits; each of the curtains shall measure the same.

3The five curtains shall be coupled to one another, and the other five curtains shall be coupled to one another.

4And you shall make loops of blue on the edge of the last curtain in the first set, and likewise in the second set.

5Fifty loops you shall make on the one curtain and fifty loops on the edge of the last curtain that is in the second coupling or set, so that the loops on one correspond to the loops on the other.

6And you shall make fifty clasps of gold and fasten the curtains together with the clasps; then the tabernacle shall be one whole.

7And make curtains of goats' hair to be a [second] covering over the tabernacle; eleven curtains shall you make.

8One curtain shall be thirty cubits long and four cubits wide; and the eleven curtains shall all measure the same.

9You shall join together five curtains by themselves and six curtains by themselves, and shall double over the sixth curtain in the front of the tabernacle [to make a closed door].

10And make fifty loops on the edge of the outmost curtain in the one set and fifty loops on the edge of the outmost curtain in the second set.

11You shall make fifty clasps of bronze and put the clasps into the loops and couple the tent together, that it may be one whole.

12The surplus that remains of the tent curtains, the half curtain that remains, shall hang over the back of the tabernacle.

13And the cubit on the one side and the cubit on the other side of what remains in the length of the curtains of the tent shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle, on this side and that side, to cover it.

14You shall make a [third] covering for the tent of rams' skins tanned red, and a [fourth] covering above that of dolphin or porpoise skins.

15And you shall make the upright frame for the tabernacle of boards of acacia wood.

16Ten cubits shall be the length of a board and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board.

17Make two tenons in each board for dovetailing and fitting together; so shall you do for all the tabernacle boards.

18And make the boards for the tabernacle: twenty boards for the south side;

19And you shall make forty silver sockets under the twenty boards, two sockets under each board for its two tenons.

20And for the north side of the tabernacle there shall be twenty boards

21And their forty silver sockets, two sockets under each board.

22For the back or west side of the tabernacle you shall make six boards.

23Make two boards for the corners of the tabernacle in the rear on both sides.

24They shall be coupled down below and coupled together on top with one ring. Thus shall it be for both of them; they shall form the two corners.

25And that will be eight boards and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets, two sockets under each board.

26And you shall make bars of acacia wood: five for the boards of one side,

27And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the rear end of the tabernacle, for the back wall to the west.

28And the middle bar halfway up the boards shall pass through from end to end.

29You shall overlay the boards with gold and make their rings of gold to hold the bars and overlay the bars with gold.

30You shall erect the tabernacle after the plan of it shown you on the mountain.

31And make a veil of blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and fine twined linen, skillfully worked with cherubim on it.

32You shall hang it on four pillars of acacia wood overlaid with gold, with gold hooks, on four sockets of silver.

33And you shall hang the veil from the clasps and bring the ark of the Testimony into place within the veil; and the veil shall separate for you the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place.

34And you shall put the mercy seat on the ark of the Testimony in the Most Holy Place.

35And you shall set the table [for the showbread] outside the veil [in the Holy Place] on the north side and the lampstand opposite the table on the south side of the tabernacle.

36You shall make a hanging [to form a screen] for the door of the tent of blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and fine twined linen, embroidered.

37You shall make five pillars of acacia wood to support the hanging curtain and overlay them with gold; their hooks shall be of gold, and you shall cast five [base] sockets of bronze for them.

27AND MAKE the altar of acacia wood, five cubits square and three cubits high [within reach of all].

2Make horns for it on its four corners; they shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.

3You shall make pots to take away its ashes, and shovels, basins, forks, and firepans; make all its utensils of bronze.

4Also make for it a grate, a network of bronze; and on the net you shall make four bronze rings at its four corners.

5And you shall put it under the ledge of the altar, so that the net will extend halfway down the altar.

6And make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood overlaid with bronze.

7The poles shall be put through the rings on the two sides of the altar, with which to carry it.

8You shall make [the altar] hollow with slabs or planks; as shown you on the mountain, so shall it be made.

9And you shall make the court of the tabernacle. On the south side the court shall have hangings of fine twined linen, a hundred cubits long for one side;

10Their pillars shall be twenty and their sockets twenty, of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their joinings shall be of silver;

11Likewise for the north side hangings, a hundred cubits long, and their twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their joinings shall be of silver.

12And for the breadth of the court on the west side there shall be hangings of fifty cubits, with ten pillars and ten sockets.

13The breadth of the court to the front, the east side, shall be fifty cubits.

14The hangings for one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits, with three pillars and three sockets.

15On the other side the hangings shall be fifteen cubits, with three pillars and three sockets.

16And for the gate of the court there shall be a hanging [for a screen] twenty cubits long, of blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and fine twined linen, embroidered. It shall have four pillars and four sockets for them.

17All the pillars round about the court shall be joined together with silver rods; their hooks shall be of silver and their sockets of bronze.

18The length of the court shall be a hundred cubits and the breadth fifty and the height five cubits, [with hangings of] fine twined linen and sockets of bronze.

19All the tabernacle's utensils and instruments used in all its service, and all its pegs and all the pegs for the court, shall be of bronze.

20You shall command the Israelites to provide you with pure oil of crushed olives for the light, to cause it to burn continually [every night].

21In the Tent of Meeting [of God with His people], outside the veil which sets apart the Testimony, Aaron and his sons shall keep it burning from evening to morning before the Lord. It shall be a statute to be observed on behalf of the Israelites throughout their generations.

28FROM AMONG the Israelites take your brother Aaron and his sons with him, that he may minister to Me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.

2And you shall make for Aaron your brother sacred garments [appointed official dress set apart for special holy services] for honor and for beauty.

3Tell all who are expert, whom I have endowed with skill and good judgment, that they shall make Aaron's garments to sanctify him for My priesthood.

4They shall make these garments: a breastplate, an ephod [a distinctive vestment to which the breastplate was to be attached], a robe, long and sleeved tunic of checkerwork, a turban, and a sash or band. They shall make sacred garments for Aaron your brother and his sons to minister to Me in the priest's office.

5They shall receive [from the people] and use gold, and blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and fine linen.

6And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and fine twined linen, skillfully woven and worked.

7It shall have two shoulder straps to join the two [back and front] edges, that it may be held together.

8The skillfully woven girding band which is on the ephod shall be made of the same, of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and fine twined linen.

9And you shall take two onyx or beryl stones and engrave on them the names of the twelve sons of Israel;

10Six of their names on one stone and the six names of the rest on the other stone, arranged in order of their birth.

11With the work of a stone engraver, like the engravings of a signet, you shall engrave the two stones according to the names of the sons of Israel. You shall have them set in sockets or rosettes of gold.

12And you shall put the two stones upon the [two] shoulder straps of the ephod [of the high priest] as memorial stones for Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names upon his two shoulders as a memorial before the Lord.

13And you shall make sockets or rosettes of gold for settings,

14And two chains of pure gold, like cords shall you twist them, and fasten the corded chains to the settings.

15You shall make a breastplate of judgment, in skilled work; like the workmanship of the ephod shall you make it, of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff ], and of fine twined linen.

16The breastplate shall be square and doubled; a span [nine inches] shall be its length and a span shall be its breadth.

17You shall set in it four rows of stones: a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle shall be the first row;

18The second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond [so called at that time];

19The third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;

20And the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper; they shall be set in gold filigree.

21And the stones shall be twelve, according to the names of the sons of Israel, like the engravings of a signet, each with its name for the twelve tribes.

22You shall make for the breastplate chains of pure gold twisted like cords.

23You shall make on the breastplate two rings of gold and put [them] on the two edges of the breastplate.

24And you shall put the two twisted, cordlike chains of gold in the two rings which are on the edges of the breastplate.

25The other two ends of the two twisted, cordlike chains you shall fasten in the two sockets or rosettes in front, putting them on the shoulder straps of the ephod;

26And make two rings of gold and put them at the two ends of the breastplate on its inside edge next to the ephod.

27Two gold rings you shall make and attach them to the lower part of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod in front, close by where they join, above the skillfully woven girdle or band of the ephod.

28And they shall bind the breastplate by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may be above the skillfully woven girding band of the ephod, and that the breastplate may not become loose from the ephod.

29So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart when he goes into the Holy Place, to bring them in continual remembrance before the Lord.

30In the breastplate of judgment you shall put the Urim and the Thummim [unspecified articles used when the high priest asked God's counsel for all Israel]; they shall be upon Aaron's heart when he goes in before the Lord, and Aaron shall bear the judgment (rights, judicial decisions) of the Israelites upon his heart before the Lord continually.

31Make the robe [to be worn beneath] the ephod all of blue.

32There shall be a hole in the center of it [to slip over the head], with a binding of woven work around the hole, like the opening in a coat of mail or a garment, that it may not fray or tear.

33And you shall make pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] around about its skirts, with gold bells between them;

34A gold bell and a pomegranate, a gold bell and a pomegranate, round about on the skirts of the robe.

35Aaron shall wear the robe when he ministers, and its sound shall be heard when he goes [alone] into the Holy of Holies before the Lord and when he comes out, lest he die there.

36And you shall make a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLY TO THE LORD.

37You shall fasten it on the front of the turban with a blue cord.

38It shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may take upon himself and bear [any] iniquity [connected with] the holy things which the Israelites shall give and dedicate; and it shall always be upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord [in the priest's person].

39And you shall weave the long and sleeved tunic of checkerwork of fine linen or silk and make a turban of fine linen or silk; and you shall make a girdle, the work of the embroiderer.

40For Aaron's sons you shall make long and sleeved tunics and belts or sashes and caps, for glory and honor and beauty.

41And you shall put them on Aaron your brother and his sons with him, and shall anoint them and ordain and sanctify them [set them apart for God], that they may serve Me as priests.

42You shall make for them [white] linen trunks to cover their naked flesh, reaching from the waist to the thighs.

43And they shall be on Aaron and his sons when they go into the Tent of Meeting or when they come near to the altar to minister in the Holy Place, lest they bring iniquity upon themselves and die; it shall be a statute forever to Aaron and to his descendants after him.

29THIS IS what you shall do to consecrate (set them apart) that they may serve Me as priests. Take one young bull and two rams, all without blemish,

2And unleavened bread and unleavened cakes mixed with oil and unleavened wafers spread with oil; of fine flour shall you make them.

3You shall put them in one basket and bring them in [it], and bring also the bull and the two rams;

4And bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Tent of Meeting [out where the laver is] and wash them with water.

5Then take the garments and put on Aaron the long and sleeved tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastplate, and gird him with the skillfully woven girding band of the ephod.

6And you shall put the turban or miter upon his head and put the holy crown upon the turban.

7Then take the anointing oil and pour it on his head and anoint him.

8And bring his sons and put long and sleeved tunics on them.

9And you shall gird them with sashes or belts, Aaron and his sons, and bind caps on them; and the priest's office shall be theirs by a perpetual statute. Thus you shall ordain and consecrate Aaron and his sons.

10Then bring the bull before the Tent of Meeting, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon its head.

11And you shall kill the bull before the Lord by the door of the Tent of Meeting.

12And you shall take of the blood of the bull and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour out all the blood at the base of the altar.

13And take all the fat that covers the entrails, and the appendage that is on the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, and burn them on the altar.

14But the flesh of the bull, its hide, and the contents of its entrails you shall burn with fire outside the camp; it is a sin offering.

15You shall also take one of the rams, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon the head of the ram.

16And you shall kill the ram and you shall take its blood and throw it against the altar round about.

17And you shall cut the ram in pieces and wash its entrails and legs and put them with its pieces and its head,

18And you shall burn the whole ram upon the altar. It is a burnt offering to the Lord; it is a sweet and satisfying fragrance, an offering made by fire to the Lord.

19And you shall take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon the head of the ram;

20Then you shall kill the ram and take part of its blood and put it on the tip of the right ears of Aaron and his sons and on the thumb of their right hands and on the great toe of their right feet, and dash the rest of the blood against the altar round about.

21Then you shall take part of the blood that is on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron and his garments and on his sons and their garments; and he and his garments and his sons and their garments shall be sanctified and made holy.

22Also you shall take the fat of the ram, the fat tail, the fat that covers the entrails, the appendage on the liver, the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, and the right thigh; for it is a ram of consecration and ordination.

23Take also one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the Lord.

24And put all these in the hands of Aaron and his sons and they shall wave them for a wave offering before the Lord.

25Then you shall take them from their hands, add them to the burnt offering, and burn them on the altar for a sweet and satisfying fragrance before the Lord; it is an offering made by fire to the Lord.

26And take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration and ordination and wave it for a wave offering before the Lord; and it shall be your portion [Moses].

27And you shall sanctify (set apart for God) the waved breast of the ram used in the ordination and the waved thigh of the priests' portion, since it is for Aaron and his sons.

28It shall be for Aaron and his sons as their due portion from the Israelites perpetually, an offering from the Israelites of their peace and thanksgiving sacrifices, their offering to the Lord.

29The holy garments of Aaron shall pass to his descendants who succeed him, to be anointed in them and to be consecrated and ordained in them.

30And that son who is [high] priest in his stead shall put them on [each day for] seven days when he comes into the Tent of Meeting to minister in the Holy Place.

31You shall take the ram of the consecration and ordination and boil its flesh in a holy and set-apart place.

32Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram and the bread in the basket, at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

33They shall eat those things with which atonement was made, to ordain and consecrate them; but a stranger (layman) shall not eat of them because they are holy (set apart to the worship of God).

34And if any of the flesh or bread for the ordination remains until morning, you shall burn it with fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holy (set apart to the worship of God).

35Thus shall you do to Aaron and to his sons according to all I have commanded you; during seven days shall you ordain them.

36You shall offer every day a bull as a sin offering for atonement. And you shall cleanse the altar by making atonement for it, and anoint it to consecrate it.

37Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar and sanctify it [set it apart for God]; and the altar shall be most holy; whoever or whatever touches the altar must be holy (set apart for God's service).

38Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two lambs a year old shall be offered day by day continually.

39One lamb you shall offer in the morning and the other lamb in the evening;

40And with the one lamb a tenth measure of fine flour mixed with a fourth of a hin of beaten oil, and a fourth of a hin of wine for a drink offering [to be poured out].

41And the other lamb you shall offer at evening, and do with it as with the cereal offering of the morning and with the drink offering, for a sweet and satisfying fragrance, an offering made by fire to the Lord.

42This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the Tent of Meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you to speak there to you.

43There I will meet with the Israelites, and the Tent of Meeting shall be sanctified by My glory [the Shekinah, God's visible presence].

44And I will sanctify the Tent of Meeting and the altar; I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons to minister to Me in the priest's office.

45And I will dwell among the Israelites and be their God.

46And they shall know [from personal experience] that I am the Lord their God, Who brought them forth out of the land of Egypt that I might dwell among them; I am the Lord their God.

30AND YOU shall make an altar to burn incense upon; of acacia wood you shall make it.

2A cubit shall be its length and a cubit its breadth; its top shall be square and it shall be two cubits high. Its horns shall be of one piece with it.

3And you shall overlay it with pure gold, its top and its sides round about and its horns, and you shall make a crown (a rim or molding) of gold around it.

4You shall make two golden rings under the rim of it, on the two ribs on the two opposite sides of it; and they shall be holders for the poles with which to carry it.

5And you shall make the poles of acacia wood, overlaid with gold.

6You shall put the altar [of incense] in front and outside of the veil that screens the ark of the Testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the Testimony (the Law, the tables of stone), where I will meet with you.

7And Aaron shall burn on it incense of sweet spices; every morning when he trims and fills the lamps he shall burn it.

8And when Aaron lights the lamps in the evening, he shall burn it, a perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations.

9You shall offer no unholy incense on the altar nor burnt sacrifice nor cereal offering; and you shall pour no libation (drink offering) on it.

10Aaron shall make atonement upon the horns of it once a year; with the blood of the sin offering of atonement once in the year shall he make atonement upon and for it throughout your generations. It is most holy to the Lord.

11And the Lord said to Moses,

12When you take the census of the Israelites, every man shall give a ransom for himself to the Lord when you number them, that no plague may fall upon them when you number them.

13This is what everyone shall give as he joins those already numbered: a half shekel, in terms of the sanctuary shekel, a shekel being twenty gerahs; a half shekel as an offering to the Lord.

14Everyone from twenty years old and upward, as he joins those already numbered, shall give this offering to the Lord.

15The rich shall not give more and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel when [you] give this offering to the Lord to make atonement for yourselves.

16And you shall take the atonement money of the Israelites and use it [exclusively] for the service of the Tent of Meeting, that it may bring the Israelites to remembrance before the Lord, to make atonement for yourselves.

17And the Lord said to Moses,

18You shall also make a laver or large basin of bronze, and its base of bronze, for washing; and you shall put it [outside in the court] between the Tent of Meeting and the altar [of burnt offering], and you shall put water in it;

19There Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet.

20When they go into the Tent of Meeting, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn an offering made by fire to the Lord,

21So they shall wash their hands and their feet, lest they die; it shall be a perpetual statute for [Aaron] and his descendants throughout their generations.

22Moreover, the Lord said to Moses,

23Take the best spices: of liquid myrrh 500 shekels, of sweet-scented cinnamon half as much, 250 shekels, of fragrant calamus 250 shekels,

24And of cassia 500 shekels, in terms of the sanctuary shekel, and of olive oil a hin.

25And you shall make of these a holy anointing oil, a perfume compounded after the art of the perfumer; it shall be a sacred anointing oil.

26And you shall anoint the Tent of Meeting with it, and the ark of the Testimony,

27And the [showbread] table and all its utensils, and the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense,

28And the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the laver [for cleansing] and its base.

29You shall sanctify (separate) them, that they may be most holy; whoever and whatever touches them must be holy (set apart to God).

30And you shall anoint Aaron and his sons and sanctify (separate) them, that they may minister to Me as priests.

31And say to the Israelites, This is a holy anointing oil [symbol of the Holy Spirit], sacred to Me alone throughout your generations.

32It shall not be poured upon a layman's body, nor shall you make any other like it in composition; it is holy, and you shall hold it sacred.

33Whoever compounds any like it or puts any of it upon an outsider shall be cut off from his people.

34Then the Lord said to Moses, Take sweet spices--stacte, onycha, and galbanum, sweet spices with pure frankincense, an equal amount of each--

35And make of them incense, a perfume after the perfumer's art, seasoned with salt and mixed, pure and sacred.

36You shall beat some of it very small and put some of it before the Testimony in the Tent of Meeting, where I will meet with you; it shall be to you most holy.

37And the incense which you shall make according to its composition you shall not make for yourselves; it shall be to you holy to the Lord.

38Whoever makes any like it for perfume shall be cut off from his people.

31AND THE Lord said to Moses,

2See, I have called by name Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah.

3And I have filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom and ability, in understanding and intelligence, and in knowledge, and in all kinds of craftsmanship,

4To devise skillful works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in bronze,

5And in cutting of stones for setting, and in carving of wood, to work in all kinds of craftsmanship.

6And behold, I have appointed with him Aholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan; and to all who are wisehearted I have given wisdom and ability to make all that I have commanded you:

7The Tent of Meeting, the ark of the Testimony, the mercy seat that is on it, all the furnishings of the tent--

8The table [of the showbread] and its utensils, the pure lampstand with all its utensils, the altar of incense,

9The altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, the laver and its base--

10The finely worked garments, the holy garments for Aaron the [high] priest and for his sons to minister as priests,

11And the anointing oil and incense of sweet spices for the Holy Place. According to all that I have commanded you shall they do.

12And the Lord said to Moses,

13Say to the Israelites, Truly you shall keep My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I, the Lord, sanctify you [set you apart for Myself ].

14You shall keep the Sabbath therefore, for it is holy to you; everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does work on the Sabbath shall be cut off from among his people.

15Six days may work be done, but the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, sacred to the Lord; whoever does work on the Sabbath day shall surely be put to death.

16Wherefore the Israelites shall keep the Sabbath to observe it throughout their generations, a perpetual covenant.

17It is a sign between Me and the Israelites forever; for in six days the Lord made the heavens and earth, and on the seventh day He ceased and was refreshed.

18And He gave to Moses, when He had ceased communing with him on Mount Sinai, the two tables of the Testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

32WHEN THE people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, [they] gathered together to Aaron, and said to him, Up, make us gods to go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.

2So Aaron replied, Take the gold rings from the ears of your wives, your sons, and daughters, and bring them to me.

3So all the people took the gold rings from their ears and brought them to Aaron.

4And he received the gold at their hand and fashioned it with a graving tool and made it a molten calf; and they said, These are your gods, O Israel, which brought you up out of the land of Egypt!

5And when Aaron saw the molten calf, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, Tomorrow shall be a feast to the Lord.

6And they rose up early the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play.

7The Lord said to Moses, Go down, for your people, whom you brought out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves;

8They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them; they have made them a molten calf and have worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, These are your gods, O Israel, that brought you up out of the land of Egypt!

9And the Lord said to Moses, I have seen this people, and behold, it is a stiff-necked people;

10Now therefore let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them and that I may destroy them; but I will make of you a great nation.

11But Moses besought the Lord his God, and said, Lord, why does Your wrath blaze hot against Your people, whom You have brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power and a mighty hand?

12Why should the Egyptians say, For evil He brought them forth, to slay them in the mountains and consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from Your fierce wrath, and change Your mind concerning this evil against Your people.

13[Earnestly] remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swore by Your own self and said to them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give to your seed, and they shall inherit it forever.

14Then the Lord turned from the evil which He had thought to do to His people.

15And Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tables of the Testimony in his hand, tables or tablets that were written on both sides.

16The tables were the work of God; the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.

17And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp.

18But Moses said, It is not the sound of shouting for victory, neither is it the sound of the cry of the defeated, but the sound of singing that I hear.

19And as soon as he came near to the camp he saw the calf and the dancing. And Moses' anger blazed hot and he cast the tables out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain.

20And he took the calf they had made and burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder and scattered it on the water and made the Israelites drink it.

21And Moses said to Aaron, What did this people do to you, that you have brought so great a sin upon them?

22And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord blaze hot; you know the people, that they are set on evil.

23For they said to me, Make us gods which shall go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.

24I said to them, Those who have any gold, let them take it off. So they gave it to me; then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.

25And when Moses saw that the people were unruly and unrestrained (for Aaron had let them get out of control, so that they were a derision and object of shame among their enemies),

26Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Whoever is on the Lord's side, let him come to me. And all the Levites [the priestly tribe] gathered together to him.

27And he said to them, Thus says the Lord God of Israel, Every man put his sword on his side and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbor.

28And the sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses; and there fell of the people that day about 3000 men.

29And Moses said [to the Levites, By your obedience to God's command] you have consecrated yourselves today [as priests] to the Lord, each man [at the cost of being] against his own son and his own brother, that the Lord may restore and bestow His blessing upon you this day.

30The next day Moses said to the people, You have sinned a great sin. And now I will go up to the Lord; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.

31So Moses returned to the Lord, and said, Oh, these people have sinned a great sin and have made themselves gods of gold!

32Yet now, if You will forgive their sin--and if not, blot me, I pray You, out of Your book which You have written!

33But the Lord said to Moses, Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him [not you] out of My book.

34But now go, lead the people to the place of which I have told you. Behold, My Angel shall go before you. Nevertheless, in the day when I punish I will visit their sin upon them!

35And the Lord sent a plague upon the people because they made the calf which Aaron fashioned for them.

33THE LORD said to Moses, Depart, go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought from the land of Egypt, to the land which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, To your descendants I will give it.

2I will send an Angel before you, and I will drive out the Canaanite, Amorite, Hittite, Perizzite, Hivite, and Jebusite.

3Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; but I will not go up among you, for you are a stiff-necked people, lest I destroy you on the way.

4When the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned and no man put on his ornaments.

5For the Lord had said to Moses, Say to the Israelites, You are a stiff-necked people! If I should come among you for one moment, I would consume and destroy you. Now therefore [penitently] leave off your ornaments, that I may know what to do with you.

6And the Israelites left off all their ornaments, from Mount Horeb onward.

7Now Moses used to take [his own] tent and pitch it outside the camp, far off from the camp, and he called it the tent of meeting [of God with His own people]. And everyone who sought the Lord went out to [that temporary] tent of meeting which was outside the camp.

8When Moses went out to the tent of meeting, all the people rose and stood, every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses until he had gone into the tent.

9When Moses entered the tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the door of the tent, and the Lord would talk with Moses.

10And all the people saw the pillar of cloud stand at the tent door, and all the people rose up and worshiped, every man at his tent door.

11And the Lord spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. Moses returned to the camp, but his minister Joshua son of Nun, a young man, did not depart from the [temporary prayer] tent.

12Moses said to the Lord, See, You say to me, Bring up this people, but You have not let me know whom You will send with me. Yet You said, I know you by name and you have also found favor in My sight.

13Now therefore, I pray You, if I have found favor in Your sight, show me now Your way, that I may know You [progressively become more deeply and intimately acquainted with You, perceiving and recognizing and understanding more strongly and clearly] and that I may find favor in Your sight. And [Lord, do] consider that this nation is Your people.

14And the Lord said, My Presence shall go with you, and I will give you rest.

15And Moses said to the Lord, If Your Presence does not go with me, do not carry us up from here!

16For by what shall it be known that I and Your people have found favor in Your sight? Is it not in Your going with us so that we are distinguished, I and Your people, from all the other people upon the face of the earth?

17And the Lord said to Moses, I will do this thing also that you have asked, for you have found favor, loving-kindness, and mercy in My sight and I know you personally and by name.

18And Moses said, I beseech You, show me Your glory.

19And God said, I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim My name, THE LORD, before you; for I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy and loving-kindness on whom I will show mercy and loving-kindness.

20But, He said, You can not see My face, for no man shall see Me and live.

21And the Lord said, Behold, there is a place beside Me, and you shall stand upon the rock,

22And while My glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft of the rock and cover you with My hand until I have passed by.

23Then I will take away My hand and you shall see My back; but My face shall not be seen.

34THE LORD said to Moses, Cut two tables of stone like the first, and I will write upon these tables the words that were on the first tables, which you broke.

2Be ready and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to Me on the top of the mountain.

3And no man shall come up with you, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mountain; neither let flocks or herds feed before that mountain.

4So Moses cut two tables of stone like the first, and he rose up early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and took in his hand two tables of stone.

5And the Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there and proclaimed the name of the Lord.

6And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord! the Lord! a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abundant in loving-kindness and truth,

7Keeping mercy and loving-kindness for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but Who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children's children, to the third and fourth generation.

8And Moses made haste to bow his head toward the earth and worshiped.

9And he said, If now I have found favor and loving-kindness in Your sight, O Lord, let the Lord, I pray You, go in the midst of us, although it is a stiff-necked people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for Your inheritance.

10And the Lord said, Behold, I lay down [afresh the terms of the mutual agreement between Israel and Me] a covenant. Before all your people I will do marvels (wonders, miracles) such as have not been wrought or created in all the earth or in any nation; and all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the Lord; for it is a terrible thing [fearful and full of awe] that I will do with you.

11Observe what I command you this day. Behold, I drive out before you the Amorite, Canaanite, Hittite, Perizzite, Hivite, and Jebusite.

12Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant or mutual agreement with the inhabitants of the land to which you go, lest it become a snare in the midst of you.

13But you shall destroy their altars, dash in pieces their pillars (obelisks, images), and cut down their Asherim [symbols of the goddess Asherah];

14For you shall worship no other god; for the Lord, Whose name is Jealous, is a jealous (impassioned) God,

15Lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and when they play the harlot after their gods and sacrifice to their gods and one invites you, you eat of his food sacrificed to idols,

16And you take of their daughters for your sons, and their daughters play the harlot after their gods and make your sons play the harlot after their gods.

17You shall make for yourselves no molten gods.

18The Feast of Unleavened Bread you shall keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the time of the month of Abib; for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt.

19All the males that first open the womb among your livestock are Mine, whether ox or sheep.

20But the firstling of a donkey [an unclean beast] you shall redeem with a lamb or kid, and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And none of you shall appear before Me empty-handed.

21Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even in plowing time and in harvest you shall rest [on the Sabbath].

22You shall observe the Feast of Weeks, the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year's end.

23Three times in the year shall all your males appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel.

24For I will cast out the nations before you and enlarge your borders; neither shall any man desire [and molest] your land when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times in the year.

25You shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover be left until morning.

26The first of the firstfruits of your ground you shall bring to the house of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a kid in his mother's milk.

27And the Lord said to Moses, Write these words, for after the purpose and character of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.

28Moses was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he ate no bread and drank no water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.

29When Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tables of the Testimony in his hand, he did not know that the skin of his face shone and sent forth beams by reason of his speaking with the Lord.

30When Aaron and all the Israelites saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and they feared to come near him.

31But Moses called to them; and Aaron and all the leaders of the congregation returned to him, and [he] talked with them.

32Afterward all the Israelites came near, and he gave them in commandment all the Lord had said to him in Mount Sinai.

33And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil on his face.

34But when Moses went in before the Lord to speak with Him, he took the veil off until he came out. And he came out and told the Israelites what he was commanded.

35The Israelites saw the face of Moses, how the skin of it shone; and Moses put the veil on his face again until he went in to speak with God.

35MOSES GATHERED all the congregation of the Israelites together and said to them, These are the things which the Lord has commanded that you do:

2Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day shall be to you a holy day, a Sabbath of rest to the Lord; whoever works [on that day] shall be put to death.

3You shall kindle no fire in all your dwellings on the Sabbath day.

4And Moses said to all the congregation of the Israelites, This is what the Lord commanded:

5Take from among you an offering to the Lord. Whoever is of a willing and generous heart, let him bring the Lord's offering: gold, silver, and bronze;

6Blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], fine linen; goats' hair;

7And rams' skins tanned red, and skins of dolphins or porpoises; and acacia wood;

8And oil for the light; and spices for anointing oil and for fragrant incense;

9And onyx stones and other stones to be set for the ephod and the breastplate.

10And let every able and wisehearted man among you come and make all that the Lord has commanded:

11The tabernacle, its tent and its covering, its hooks, its boards, its bars, its pillars, and its sockets or bases;

12The ark and its poles, with the mercy seat, and the veil of the screen;

13The table and its poles and all its utensils, and the showbread (the bread of the Presence);

14The lampstand also for the light, and its utensils and its lamps, and the oil for the light;

15And the incense altar and its poles, the anointing oil and the fragrant incense, the hanging or screen for the door at the entrance of the tabernacle;

16The altar of burnt offering, with its bronze grating, its poles and all its utensils, the laver and its base;

17The court's hangings, its pillars and their sockets or bases, and the hanging or screen for the gate of the court;

18The pegs of the tabernacle and of the court, and their cords,

19The finely wrought garments for ministering in the Holy Place, the holy garments for Aaron the [high] priest and for his sons to minister as priests.

20Then all the congregation of the Israelites left Moses' presence.

21And they came, each one whose heart stirred him up and whose spirit made him willing, and brought the Lord's offering to be used for the [new] Tent of Meeting, for all its service, and the holy garments.

22They came, both men and women, all who were willinghearted, and brought brooches, earrings or nose rings, signet rings, and armlets or necklaces, all jewels of gold, everyone bringing an offering of gold to the Lord.

23And everyone with whom was found blue or purple or scarlet [stuff], or fine linen, or goats' hair, or rams' skins made red [in tanning], or dolphin or porpoise skins brought them.

24Everyone who could make an offering of silver or bronze brought it as the Lord's offering, and every man with whom was found any acacia wood for any work of the service brought it.

25All the women who had ability and were wisehearted spun with their hands and brought what they had spun of blue and purple and scarlet [stuff] and fine linen;

26And all the women who had ability and whose hearts stirred them up in wisdom spun the goats' hair.

27The leaders brought onyx stones and stones to be set for the ephod and for the breastplate,

28And spice, and oil for the light and for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense.

29The Israelites brought a freewill offering to the Lord, all men and women whose hearts made them willing and moved them to bring anything for any of the work which the Lord had commanded by Moses to be done.

30And Moses said to the Israelites, See, the Lord called by name Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah;

31And He has filled him with the Spirit of God, with ability and wisdom, with intelligence and understanding, and with knowledge and all craftsmanship,

32To devise artistic designs, to work in gold, silver, and bronze,

33In cutting of stones for setting, and in carving of wood, for work in every skilled craft.

34And God has put in Bezalel's heart that he may teach, both he and Aholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan.

35He has filled them with wisdom of heart and ability to do all manner of craftsmanship, of the engraver, of the skillful workman, of the embroiderer in blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of those who do or design any skilled work.

36BEZALEL AND Aholiab and every wisehearted man in whom the Lord has put wisdom and understanding to know how to do all the work for the service of the sanctuary shall work according to all that the Lord has commanded.

2And Moses called Bezalel and Aholiab and every able and wisehearted man in whose mind the Lord had put wisdom and ability, everyone whose heart stirred him up to come to do the work;

3And they received from Moses all the freewill offerings which the Israelites had brought for doing the work of the sanctuary, to prepare it for service. And they continued to bring him freewill offerings every morning.

4And all the wise and able men who were doing the work on the sanctuary came, every man from the work he was doing,

5And they said to Moses, The people bring much more than enough for doing the work which the Lord commanded to do.

6So Moses commanded and it was proclaimed in all the camp, Let no man or woman do anything more for the sanctuary offering. So the people were restrained from bringing,

7For the stuff they had was sufficient to do all the work and more.

8And all the able and wisehearted men among them who did the work on the tabernacle made ten curtains of fine twined linen and blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], with cherubim skillfully worked on them.

9The length of each curtain was twenty-eight cubits and its breadth four cubits; all the curtains were one size.

10[Bezalel] coupled five curtains one to another and the other five curtains he coupled one to another.

11And he made loops of blue on the outer edge of the last curtain in the first set; this he did also on the inner edge of the first curtain in the second set.

12Fifty loops he made in the one curtain and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which was the second set; the loops were opposite one another.

13And he made fifty clasps of gold and coupled the curtains together with the clasps so that the tabernacle became one unit.

14And he made eleven curtains of goats' hair for a tent over the tabernacle.

15The length of one curtain was thirty cubits and four cubits was the breadth; the eleven curtains were of equal size.

16And he coupled five curtains by themselves and the other six curtains by themselves.

17And he made fifty loops on the outmost edge of the curtain to be coupled and fifty loops he made on the inner edge of the second curtain to be coupled.

18He made fifty clasps of bronze to couple the tent together into one whole.

19He made a covering for the tent of rams' skins tanned red, and above it a covering of dolphin or porpoise skins.

20He made boards of acacia wood for the upright framework of the tabernacle.

21The length of a board was ten cubits and the breadth one cubit and a half.

22Each board had two tenons (projections) to fit into a mortise to form a clutch; he did this for all the boards of the tabernacle.

23And he made thus the boards [for frames] for the tabernacle: twenty boards for the south side,

24And he made under the twenty boards forty sockets or bases of silver, two sockets under one board for its two tenons or hands, and two sockets under another board for its two tenons.

25For the other side of the tabernacle, the north side, he made twenty boards

26And their forty sockets or bases of silver, two sockets under [the end of] each board.

27And for the rear or west side of the tabernacle he made six [frame] boards.

28And two boards he made for each corner of the tabernacle in the rear.

29They were separate below but linked together at the top with one ring; thus he made both of them in both corners.

30There were eight boards with sixteen sockets or bases of silver, and under [the end of] each board two sockets.

31He made bars of acacia wood, five for the [frame] boards of the one side of the tabernacle,

32And five bars for the boards of its other side, and five bars for the boards at the rear or west side.

33And he made the middle bar pass through halfway up the boards from one end to the other.

34He overlaid the boards and the bars with gold and made their rings of gold as places for the bars.

35And he made the veil of blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and fine twined linen, with cherubim skillfully worked.

36For [the veil] he made four pillars of acacia [wood] and overlaid them with gold; their hooks were of gold, and he cast for them four sockets or bases of silver.

37And he made a screen for the tent door of blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and fine twined linen, embroidered,

38And he made the five pillars of it with their hooks, and overlaid their ornamental tops and joinings with gold, but their five sockets were of bronze.

37BEZALEL MADE the ark of acacia wood--two cubits and a half was the length of it, a cubit and a half the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it.

2He overlaid it with pure gold within and without and made a molding or crown of gold to go around the top of it.

3He cast four rings of gold for its four corners, two rings on either side.

4He made poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold.

5He put the poles through the rings at the sides of the ark to carry it.

6[Bezalel] made the mercy seat of pure gold, two cubits and a half its length and one cubit and a half its breadth.

7And he made two cherubim of beaten gold; on the two ends of the mercy seat he made them,

8One cherub at one end and one at the other end; of one piece with the mercy seat he made the cherubim at its two ends.

9And the cherubim spread out their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces to each other, looking down to the mercy seat.

10Bezalel made the [showbread] table of acacia wood; it was two cubits long, a cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high.

11He overlaid it with pure gold and made a molding of gold around its top.

12And he made a border around it [just under the top] a handbreadth wide, and a molding of gold around the border.

13And he cast for it four rings of gold and fastened the rings on the four corners that were at its four legs.

14Close to the border were the rings, the places for the poles to pass through to carry the [showbread] table.

15[Bezalel] made the poles of acacia wood to carry the [showbread] table and overlaid them with gold.

16He made of pure gold the vessels which were to be on the table, its plates and dishes [for bread], its bowls and flagons for pouring [liquid sacrifices].

17And he made the lampstand of pure gold; its base and shaft were made of hammered work; its cups, its knobs, and its flowers were of one piece with it.

18There were six branches going out of the sides of the lampstand, three branches out of one side of it and three branches out of the other side of it;

19Three cups made like almond blossoms in one branch, each with a [calyx] knob and a flower, and three cups made like almond blossoms in the [opposite] branch, each with a [calyx] knob and a flower; and so for the six branches going out of the lampstand.

20On [the shaft of] the lampstand were four cups made like almond blossoms, with knobs and flowers [one at the top].

21And a knob under each pair of branches, of one piece with the lampstand, for the six branches going out of it.

22Their knobs and their branches were of one piece with it, all of it hammered work of pure gold.

23And he made of pure gold its seven lamps, its snuffers, and its ashtrays.

24Of a talent of pure gold he made the lampstand and all its utensils.

25And [Bezalel] made the incense altar of acacia wood; its top was a cubit square and it was two cubits high; the horns were one piece with it.

26He overlaid it with pure gold, its top, its sides round about, and its horns; also he made a rim around it of gold.

27And he made two rings of gold for it under its rim, on its two opposite sides, as places for the poles [to pass through] to carry it.

28And he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold.

29He also made the holy anointing oil [symbol of the Holy Spirit] and the pure, fragrant incense, after the perfumer's art.

38BEZALEL MADE the burnt offering altar of acacia wood; its top was five cubits square and it was three cubits high.

2He made its horns on the four corners of it; the horns were of one piece with it, and he overlaid it with bronze.

3He made all the utensils and vessels of the altar, the pots, shovels, basins, forks or fleshhooks, and firepans; all its utensils and vessels he made of bronze.

4And he made for the altar a bronze grate of network under its ledge, extending halfway down it.

5He cast four rings for the four corners of the bronze grating to be places for the poles [with which to carry it].

6And he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with bronze.

7And he put the poles through the rings on the altar's sides with which to carry it; he made it hollow with planks.

8He made the laver and its base of bronze from the mirrors of the women who ministered at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

9And he made the court: for the south side the hangings of the court were of fine twined linen, a hundred cubits;

10Their pillars and their bronze sockets or bases were twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their joinings were silver.

11And for the north side the hangings were [also] a hundred cubits; their pillars and their sockets or bases of bronze were twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their joinings were of silver.

12But for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits; their pillars and their sockets or bases were ten; the hooks of the pillars and their joinings were of silver.

13And for the front, the east side, fifty cubits.

14The hangings for one side of the gate were fifteen cubits; their pillars three and their sockets or bases three.

15Also for the other side of the court gate, left and right, were hangings of fifteen cubits; their pillars three and their sockets or bases three.

16All the hangings around the court were of fine twined linen.

17The sockets for the pillars were of bronze, the hooks of the pillars and their joinings of silver, the overlaying of their tops of silver, and all the pillars of the court were joined with silver.

18The hanging or screen for the gate of the court was embroidered in blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and fine twined linen; the length was twenty cubits and the height in the breadth was five cubits, corresponding to the hangings of the court.

19Their pillars were four and their sockets of bronze four; their hooks were of silver, and the overlaying of their tops and their joinings were of silver.

20All the pegs for the tabernacle and around the court were of bronze.

21This is the sum of the things for the tabernacle of the Testimony, as counted at the command of Moses, for the work of the Levites under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron, the [high] priest.

22Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the Lord commanded Moses.

23With him was Aholiab son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, a skillful craftsman, and embroiderer in blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and in fine linen.

24All the gold that was used for the work in all the building and furnishing of the sanctuary, the gold from the offering, was 29 talents and 730 shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary.

25And the silver from those numbered of the congregation was 100 talents and 1,775 shekels, by sanctuary standards:

26A beka for each man, that is, half a shekel, by the sanctuary shekel, for everyone who was counted, from twenty years old and upward, for 603,550 men.

27The 100 talents of silver were for casting the sockets or bases of the sanctuary and of the veil; 100 sockets for the 100 talents, a talent for a socket.

28Of the 1,775 shekels he made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their tops, and made joinings for them.

29The bronze of the offering was 70 talents and 2,400 shekels.

30With it Bezalel made the sockets for the door of the Tent of Meeting, and the bronze altar and the bronze grate for it, and all the utensils of the altar,

31The sockets of the court round about and of the court gate, and all the pegs of the tabernacle and around the court.

39AND OF the blue and purple and scarlet [stuff] they made finely wrought garments for serving in the Holy Place; they made the holy garments for Aaron, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

2And Bezalel made the ephod of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and fine twined linen.

3And they beat the gold into thin sheets and cut it into wires to work into the blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff] and the fine linen, in skilled design.

4They made shoulder pieces for the ephod, joined to it at its two edges.

5And the skillfully woven band on it, to gird it on, was of the same piece and workmanship with it, of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and fine twined linen, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

6And they prepared the onyx stones enclosed in settings of gold filigree and engraved as signets are engraved with the names of the sons of Israel.

7And he put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod to be stones of memorial or remembrance for the Israelites, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

8And [Bezalel] made the breastplate skillfully, like the work of the ephod, of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet [stuff], and fine twined linen.

9The breastplate was a [hand's] span square when doubled over.

10And they set in it four rows of stones; a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle made the first row;

11The second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;

12The third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;

13And the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper; they were enclosed in settings of gold filigree.

14There were twelve stones with their names according to those of the sons of Israel, engraved like a signet, each with its name, according to the twelve tribes.

15And they made [at the ends] of the breastplate twisted chains like cords, of pure gold.

16And they made two settings of gold filigree and two gold rings which they put on the two ends of the breastplate.

17And they put the two twisted cords or woven chains of gold in the two rings on the end edges of the breastplate.

18And the other two ends of the twisted cords or chains of gold they put on the two settings and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, in front.

19They made two rings of gold and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, on the inside edge of it next to the ephod.

20And they made two [other] gold rings and attached them to the two shoulder pieces of the ephod underneath, in front, at its joining above the skillfully woven band of the ephod.

21They bound the breastplate by its rings to those of the ephod with a blue lace, that it might lie upon the skillfully woven band of the ephod and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod, as the Lord commanded Moses.

22And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work all of blue.

23And there was an opening [for the head] in the middle of the robe like the hole in a coat of mail, with a binding around it, that it should not be torn.

24On the skirts of the robe they made pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet [stuff] and twined linen.

25And they made bells of pure gold and put [them] between the pomegranates around the skirts of the robe;

26A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about on the skirts of the robe for ministering, as the Lord commanded Moses.

27And they made the long and sleeved tunics woven of fine linen for Aaron and his sons,

28And the turban, and the ornamental caps of fine linen, and the breeches of fine twined linen,

29The girdle or sash of fine twined linen, and blue, purple, and scarlet embroidery, as the Lord commanded Moses.

30And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold and wrote upon it an inscription, like the engravings of a signet, HOLY TO THE LORD.

31They tied to it a lace of blue to fasten it on the turban above, as the Lord commanded Moses.

32Thus all the work of the tabernacle of the Tent of Meeting was finished; according to all that the Lord commanded Moses, so the Israelites had done.

33And they brought the tabernacle to Moses: the tent and all its furnishings, its clasps, its [frame] boards, its bars, its pillars, its sockets or bases;

34And the covering of rams' skins made red, and the covering of dolphin or porpoise skins, and the veil of the screen;

35The ark of the Testimony, its poles, and the mercy seat;

36The table and all its utensils, and the showbread (bread of the Presence);

37The pure [gold] lampstand and its lamps, with the lamps set in order, all its utensils, and the oil for the light;

38The golden altar, the anointing oil, the fragrant incense, and the hanging for the door of the tent;

39The bronze altar and its grate of bronze, its poles and all its utensils; the laver and its base;

40The hangings of the court, its pillars and sockets or bases, and the screen for the court gate, its cords, and pegs, and all the utensils for the service of the tabernacle, for the Tent of Meeting [of God with His people];

41The finely worked vestments for ministering in the Holy Place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons to minister as priests.

42According to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so the Israelites had done all the work.

43And Moses inspected all the work, and behold, they had done it; as the Lord had commanded, so had they done it. And Moses blessed them.

40AND THE Lord said to Moses,

2On the first day of the first month you shall set up the tabernacle of the Tent of Meeting [of God with you].

3And you shall put in it the ark of the Testimony and screen the ark [of God's Presence] with the veil.

4You shall bring in the [showbread] table and set in order the things that are to be upon it; and you shall bring in the lampstand and set up and light its lamps.

5You shall set the golden altar for the incense before the ark of the Testimony [outside the veil] and put the hanging or screen at the tabernacle door.

6You shall set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the Tent of Meeting.

7And you shall set the laver between the Tent of Meeting and the altar and put water in it.

8And you shall set up the court [curtains] round about and hang up the hanging or screen at the court gate.

9You shall take the anointing oil and anoint the tabernacle and all that is in it, and shall consecrate it and all its furniture, and it shall be holy.

10You shall anoint the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils; and consecrate (set apart for God) the altar, and the altar shall be most holy.

11And you shall anoint the laver and its base and consecrate it.

12You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Tent of Meeting and wash them with water.

13You shall put on Aaron the holy garments, and anoint and consecrate him, so he may serve Me as priest.

14And you shall bring his sons and put long and sleeved tunics on them,

15And you shall anoint them as you anointed their father, that they may minister to Me as priests; for their anointing shall be to them for an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.

16Thus did Moses; according to all that the Lord commanded him, so he did.

17And on the first day of the first month in the second year the tabernacle was erected.

18Moses set up the tabernacle, laid its sockets, set up its boards, put in its bars, and erected its pillars.

19[Moses] spread the tent over the tabernacle and put the covering of the tent over it, as the Lord had commanded him.

20He took the Testimony [the Ten Commandments] and put it into the ark, and set the poles [in the rings] on the ark, and put the mercy seat on top of the ark.

21[Moses] brought the ark into the tabernacle and set up the veil of the screen and screened the ark of the Testimony, as the Lord had commanded him.

22Moses put the table [of showbread] in the Tent of Meeting on the north side of the tabernacle outside the veil;

23He set the bread [of the Presence] in order on it before the Lord, as the Lord had commanded him.

24And he put the lampstand in the Tent of Meeting opposite the table on the south side of the tabernacle.

25Moses set up and lighted the lamps before the Lord, as the Lord commanded him.

26He put the golden altar [of incense] in the Tent of Meeting before the veil;

27He burned sweet incense [symbol of prayer] upon it, as the Lord commanded him.

28And he set up the hanging or screen at the door of the tabernacle.

29[Moses] put the altar of burnt offering at the door of the tabernacle of the Tent of Meeting and offered on it the burnt offering and the cereal offering, as the Lord commanded him.

30And Moses set the laver between the Tent of Meeting and the altar and put water in it for washing.

31And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet there.

32When they went into the Tent of Meeting or came near the altar, they washed, as the Lord commanded Moses.

33And he erected the court round about the tabernacle and the altar and set up the hanging or screen at the court gate. So Moses finished the work.

34Then the cloud [the Shekinah, God's visible presence] covered the Tent of Meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle!

35And Moses was not able to enter the Tent of Meeting because the cloud remained upon it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.

36In all their journeys, whenever the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the Israelites went onward;

37But if the cloud was not taken up, they did not journey on till the day that it was taken up.

38For throughout all their journeys the cloud of the Lord was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel.


 


Leviticus


1THE LORD called to Moses out of the Tent of Meeting, and said to him,

2Say to the Israelites, When any man of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of [domestic] animals from the herd or from the flock.

3If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish; he shall offer it at the door of the Tent of Meeting, that he may be accepted before the Lord.

4And he shall lay [both] his hands upon the head of the burnt offering [transferring symbolically his guilt to the victim], and it shall be an acceptable atonement for him.

5The man shall kill the young bull before the Lord, and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall present the blood and dash [it] round about upon the altar that is at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

6And he shall skin the burnt offering and cut it into pieces.

7And the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire on the altar and lay wood in order on the fire;

8And Aaron's sons the priests shall lay the pieces, the head and the fat, in order on the wood on the fire on the altar.

9But its entrails and its legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall burn all of it on the altar for a burnt offering, an offering by fire, a sweet and satisfying odor to the Lord.

10And if the man's offering is of the flock, from the sheep or the goats, for a burnt offering, he shall offer a male without blemish.

11And he shall kill it on the north side of the altar before the Lord, and Aaron's sons the priests shall dash its blood round about against the altar.

12And [the man] shall cut it into pieces, with its head and its fat, and the priest shall lay them in order on the wood that is on the fire on the altar.

13But he shall wash the entrails and legs with water. The priest shall offer all of it and burn it on the altar; it is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a sweet and satisfying fragrance to the Lord.

14And if the offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds, then [the man] shall bring turtledoves or young pigeons.

15And the priest shall bring it to the altar, and wring off its head, and burn it on the altar; and its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar.

16And he shall take away its crop with its feathers and cast it beside the altar on the east side, in the place for ashes.

17And he shall split it open [holding it] by its wings, but shall not cut it in two. And the priest shall burn it on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire; it is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a sweet and satisfying odor to the Lord.

2WHEN ANYONE offers a cereal offering to the Lord, it shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil over it and lay frankincense on it.

2And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests. Out of it he shall take a handful of the fine flour and oil, with all its frankincense, and the priest shall burn this on the altar as the memorial portion of it, an offering made by fire, of a sweet and satisfying fragrance to the Lord.

3What is left of the cereal offering shall be Aaron's and his sons'; it is a most holy part of the offerings made to the Lord by fire.

4When you bring as an offering cereal baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.

5If your offering is cereal baked on a griddle, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mixed with oil.

6You shall break it in pieces and pour oil on it; it is a cereal offering.

7And if your offering is cereal cooked in the frying pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.

8And you shall bring the cereal offering that is made of these things to the Lord; it shall be presented to the priest, and he shall bring it to the [bronze] altar.

9The priest shall take from the cereal offering its memorial portion and burn it on the altar, an offering made by fire, a sweet and satisfying fragrance to the Lord.

10What is left of the cereal offering shall be Aaron's and his sons'; it is a most holy part of the offerings made to the Lord by fire.

11No cereal offering that you bring to the Lord shall be made with leaven, for you shall burn no leaven or honey in any offering made by fire to the Lord.

12As an offering of firstfruits you may offer leaven and honey to the Lord, but they shall not be burned on the altar for a sweet odor [to the Lord, for their aid to fermentation is symbolic of corruption in the human heart].

13Every cereal offering you shall season with salt [symbol of preservation]; neither shall you allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking from your cereal offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.

14If you offer a cereal offering of your firstfruits to the Lord, you shall offer for it of your firstfruits grain in the ear parched with fire, bruised and crushed grain out of the fresh and fruitful ear.

15And you shall put oil on it and lay frankincense on it; it is a cereal offering.

16The priest shall burn as its memorial portion part of the bruised and crushed grain of it and part of the oil of it, with all its frankincense; it is an offering made by fire to the Lord.

3IF A man's offering is a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offers an animal from the herd, whether male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the Lord.

2He shall lay [both] his hands upon the head of his offering and kill it at the door of the Tent of Meeting; and Aaron's sons the priests shall throw the blood against the altar round about.

3And from the sacrifice of the peace offering, an offering made by fire to the Lord, he shall offer the fat that covers and is upon the entrails,

4And the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the appendage of the liver which he shall take away with the kidneys.

5Aaron's sons shall burn it all on the altar upon the burnt offering which is on the wood on the fire, an offering made by fire, of a sweet and satisfying odor to the Lord.

6If his peace offering to the Lord is an animal from the flock, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish.

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